NASB — Luke 3 — KJV

John the Baptist Preaches

1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when aPontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and bHerod was tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip was tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene, 2 in the high priesthood of aAnnas and bCaiaphas, cthe word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness. 3 And he came into all athe district around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins; 4 as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

[1] aMt 27:2 bMt 14:1
[2] aJn 18:13, 24; Ac 4:6 bMt 26:3 cLk 3:3-10: Mt 3:1-10; Mk 1:3-5
[3] aMt 3:5
[4] aIs 40:3
[5] IOr leveled aIs 40:4
[6] IOr mankind aIs 40:5 bLk 2:30

7 ¶ So he [began] saying to the crowds who were going out to be baptized by him, “aYou brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance, and ado not begin to say Ito yourselves, ‘bWe have Abraham for our father,’ for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham. 9 Indeed the axe is already laid at the root of the trees; so aevery tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.”

[7] aMt 12:34; 23:33
[8] IOr in aLk 5:21; 13:25, 26; 14:9 bJn 8:33
[9] aMt 7:19; Lk 13:6-9

10 ¶ And the crowds were questioning him, saying, “aThen what shall we do?” 11 And he would answer and say to them, “The man who has two tunics is to ashare with him who has none; and he who has food is to do likewise.” 12 And [some] atax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what shall we do?” 13 And he said to them, “ICollect no more than what you have been ordered to.” 14 [Some] soldiers were questioning him, saying, “And [what about] us, what shall we do?” And he said to them, “Do not take money from anyone by force, or aaccuse [anyone] falsely, and bbe content with your wages.”

[10] aLk 3:12, 14; Ac 2:37, 38
[11] aIs 58:7; 1Ti 6:17, 18; Jm 2:14-20
[12] aLk 7:29
[13] IOr Exact
[14] aEx 20:16; 23:1 bPhp 4:11

15 ¶ Now while the people were in a state of expectation and all were Iwondering in their hearts about John, aas to whether he was IIthe Christ, 16 aJohn answered and said to them all, “As for me, I baptize you with water; but One is coming who is mightier than I, and I am not fit to untie the thong of His sandals; He will baptize you Iwith the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His awinnowing fork is in His hand to thoroughly clear His threshing floor, and to gather the wheat into His barn; but He will burn up the chaff with bunquenchable fire.”

[15] IOr reasoning or debating III.e. the Messiah aJn 1:19f
[16] IThe Gr here can be translated in, with or by aLk 3:16, 17: Mt 3:11, 12; Mk 1:7, 8
[17] aIs 30:24 bMk 9:43, 48

18 ¶ So with many other exhortations he preached the gospel to the people. 19 But when aHerod the tetrarch was reprimanded by him because of aHerodias, his brother’s wife, and because of all the wicked things which bHerod had done, 20 Herod also added this to them all: ahe locked John up in prison.

[19] aMt 14:3; Mk 6:17 bMt 14:1; Lk 3:1
[20] aJn 3:24

Jesus Is Baptized

21aNow when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while He was bpraying, heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “aYou are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”

[21] aLk 3:21, 22: Mt 3:13-17; Mk 1:9-11 bMt 14:23; Lk 5:16; 9:18, 28f
[22] aPs 2:7; Is 42:1; Mt 3:17; 17:5; Mk 1:11; Lk 9:35; 2P 1:17

Genealogy of Jesus

23aWhen He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, Ias was supposed, the son of bJoseph, IIthe son of IIIEli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of IHesli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, athe son of Zerubbabel, the son of IShealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of IJoshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of IJudah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 athe son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of ISalmon, the son of IINahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of IRam, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, athe son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of IReu, the son of Peleg, the son of IIHeber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, athe son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

[23] ILit as it was being thought IILit of Eli, and so throughout the genealogy IIIAlso spelled Heli aMt 4:17; Ac 1:1 bMt 1:16; Lk 3:23-27
[25] IAlso spelled Esli
[27] IGr Salathiel; names of people in the Old Testament are given in their Old Testament form through v 38 aMt 1:12
[29] IGr Jesus
[30] IGr Judas
[32] IGr Sala IIGr Naasson aLk 3:32-34: Mt 1:1-6
[33] IGr Arni
[34] aLk 3:34-36: Gn 11:26-30; 1Ch 1:24-27
[35] IGr Ragau IIGr Eber
[36] aLk 3:36-38: Gn 5:3-32; 1Ch 1:1-4

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The preaching and baptism of John:

1 ¶ Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. 3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; 4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways [shall be] made smooth; 6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God. 7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. 9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 10 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? 11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. 12 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? 13 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. 14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your wages.

[1] Gn 49:10; Mt 14:3; Mk 6:17; Lk 2:1; 3:19; 9:7; 23:1, 6, 24; Ac 4:27; 23:26; 24:27; 26:30.
[2] Is 40:3; Jr 1:2; 2:1; Ezk 1:3; Ho 1:1; Jna 1:1; Mi 1:1; Zp 1:1; Mt 3:1; 11:7; Mk 1:3; Lk 1:59, 80; Jn 1:23; 11:49; 18:13, 24; Ac 4:6.
[3] Mt 3:5, 6, 11; Mk 1:4; Lk 1:77; Jn 1:28, 31; 3:26; Ac 13:24; 19:4; 22:16.
[4] Is 40:3; 57:14; 62:10; Mal 4:6; Mt 3:3; Mk 1:3; Lk 1:16, 76; Jn 1:7, 23, 26; 3:28.
[5] Is 2:11; 35:6; 40:4; 42:16; 45:2; 49:11; 61:1; Ezk 17:24; Lk 1:51; He 12:12; Jm 1:9.
[6] Ps 98:2; Is 40:5; 49:6; 52:10; Mk 16:15; Lk 2:10, 30; Ro 10:12, 18.
[7] Gn 3:15; Ps 58:4; Is 59:5; Mt 3:7; 23:33; Jn 8:44; Ac 13:10; 1Th 1:10; He 6:18; 1Jn 3:8.
[8] Jsh 4:3; Is 1:16; 48:1; Jr 7:4; Ezk 18:27; Mt 8:11; 21:43; Lk 13:28; 16:23; 19:40; Jn 8:33; Ac 26:20; Ro 4:16; 9:7; 2Co 7:10; Ga 3:28; 5:22; Php 1:11; He 6:7.
[9] Is 10:33; Ezk 15:2; 31:18; Dn 4:14, 23; Mt 3:10; 7:19; Lk 13:7, 9; 23:29; Jn 15:6; He 10:28; 12:29.
[10] Lk 3:8; Ac 2:37; 9:6; 16:30.
[11] Is 58:7; Dn 4:27; Mt 25:40; Mk 14:5; Lk 11:41; 18:22; 19:8; Jn 13:29; Ac 10:2, 4, 31; 2Co 8:3; 1Ti 6:18; He 6:10; Jm 1:27; 2:15; 1Jn 3:17; 4:20.
[12] Mt 21:31; Lk 7:29; 15:1; 18:13.
[13] Ps 18:23; Pv 28:13; Is 1:16; 55:6; Ezk 18:21, 27; Mi 6:8; Mt 7:12; Lk 19:8; 1Co 6:10; Ep 4:28; Tit 2:11; He 12:1.
[14] Ex 20:16; 23:1; Lv 19:11; Mt 8:5; Lk 19:8; Ac 10:7; Ro 13:9; Php 2:15; 4:11; 1Ti 6:8; Tit 2:3; He 13:5; Rv 12:10.

his testimony of Christ.

15 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not; 16 John answered, saying unto [them] all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: 17 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. 18 And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people. 19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,

[15] Jn 1:19; 3:28; 10:24.
[16] Pv 1:23; Is 4:4; 32:15; 44:3; Ezk 36:25; Jol 2:28; Zc 13:9; Mal 3:2; Mt 3:11; Mk 1:7; Jn 1:26, 33; 7:38; Ac 1:5; 2:3, 17, 33; 10:44; 11:15, 16; 13:24; 19:4; 1Co 12:13.
[17] Ps 1:4; 21:9; Jr 15:7; Mi 4:12; Mt 3:12; 13:30; Mk 9:43.
[18] Jn 1:15, 29, 34; 3:29; Ac 2:40.
[19] Pv 9:7; 15:12; Mt 11:2; 14:3; Mk 6:17.

Herod imprisoneth John.

20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

[20] 2K 21:16; 24:4; 2Ch 24:17; 36:16; Ne 9:26; Jr 2:30; Mt 21:35; 22:6; 23:31; Lk 13:31; 1Th 2:15; Rv 16:6.

Christ baptized, receiveth testimony from heaven.

21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

[21] Mt 3:13, 16; Mk 1:9, 10; Lk 9:28; Jn 1:32; 12:27.
[22] Ps 2:7; Is 42:1; Mt 12:18; 17:5; 27:43; Lk 9:34; Col 1:13; 1P 2:4; 2P 1:17.

The age, and genealogy of Christ from Joseph upwards.

23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli, 24 Which was [the son] of Matthat, which was [the son] of Levi, which was [the son] of Melchi, which was [the son] of Janna, which was [the son] of Joseph, 25 Which was [the son] of Mattathias, which was [the son] of Amos, which was [the son] of Naum, which was [the son] of Esli, which was [the son] of Nagge, 26 Which was [the son] of Maath, which was [the son] of Mattathias, which was [the son] of Semei, which was [the son] of Joseph, which was [the son] of Juda, 27 Which was [the son] of Joanna, which was [the son] of Rhesa, which was [the son] of Zorobabel, which was [the son] of Salathiel, which was [the son] of Neri, 28 Which was [the son] of Melchi, which was [the son] of Addi, which was [the son] of Cosam, which was [the son] of Elmodam, which was [the son] of Er, 29 Which was [the son] of Jose, which was [the son] of Eliezer, which was [the son] of Jorim, which was [the son] of Matthat, which was [the son] of Levi, 30 Which was [the son] of Simeon, which was [the son] of Juda, which was [the son] of Joseph, which was [the son] of Jonan, which was [the son] of Eliakim, 31 Which was [the son] of Melea, which was [the son] of Menan, which was [the son] of Mattatha, which was [the son] of Nathan, which was [the son] of David, 32 Which was [the son] of Jesse, which was [the son] of Obed, which was [the son] of Booz, which was [the son] of Salmon, which was [the son] of Naasson, 33 Which was [the son] of Aminadab, which was [the son] of Aram, which was [the son] of Esrom, which was [the son] of Phares, which was [the son] of Juda, 34 Which was [the son] of Jacob, which was [the son] of Isaac, which was [the son] of Abraham, which was [the son] of Thara, which was [the son] of Nachor, 35 Which was [the son] of Saruch, which was [the son] of Ragau, which was [the son] of Phalec, which was [the son] of Heber, which was [the son] of Sala, 36 Which was [the son] of Cainan, which was [the son] of Arphaxad, which was [the son] of Sem, which was [the son] of Noe, which was [the son] of Lamech, 37 Which was [the son] of Mathusala, which was [the son] of Enoch, which was [the son] of Jared, which was [the son] of Maleleel, which was [the son] of Cainan, 38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.

[23] Gn 41:46; Nu 4:3, 35, 39, 43, 47; Mt 1:16; 13:55; Mk 6:3; Lk 4:22; Jn 6:42.
[31] 2S 5:14; 1Ch 3:5; 14:4; Zc 12:12.
[32] Nu 1:7; 2:3; 7:12; Ru 4:18; 1S 17:58; 20:31; 1K 12:16; 1Ch 2:10, 11; Ps 72:20; Is 11:1; Mt 1:3; Ac 13:22.
[33] Gn 29:35; 38:29; 46:12; 49:8; Nu 26:20; Ru 4:12, 19; 1Ch 2:4, 9; 9:4; Mt 1:2, 3.
[34] Gn 11:24; 21:3; 25:26; Jsh 24:2; 1Ch 1:24, 34; Mt 1:2; Ac 7:8.
[35] Gn 10:24, 25; 11:12, 16, 18.
[36] Gn 5:29, 32; 6:8, 22; 7:1, 13, 23; 8:1; 9:1, 18, 26; 10:21; 11:10, 12; 1Ch 1:17; Ezk 14:14; Lk 17:27; He 11:7; 1P 3:20; 2P 2:5.
[37] Gn 5:6; 1Ch 1:1.
[38] Gn 1:26; 2:7; 4:25; 5:1, 3; Is 64:8; Ac 17:26; 1Co 15:45, 47.

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