John the Baptist Preaches
1 Now° in the fifteenth° year° of the reign° of Tiberius° Caesar°, when aPontius° Pilate° was governor° of Judea°, and bHerod° was tetrarch° of Galilee°, and his brother° Philip° was tetrarch° of the region° of Ituraea° and Trachonitis°, and Lysanias° was tetrarch° of Abilene°,
2 in the high° priesthood° of aAnnas° and bCaiaphas°, cthe word° of God° came° to John°, the son° of Zacharias°, in the wilderness°.
3 And he came° into all° athe district° around° the Jordan°, preaching° a baptism° of repentance° for the forgiveness° of sins°;
4 as it is written° in the book° of the words° of Isaiah° the prophet°,
 aMt 27:2 bMt 14:1
 aJn 18:13, 24; Ac 4:6 bMt 26:3 cLk 3:3-10: Mt 3:1-10; Mk 1:3-5
 aMt 3:5
 aIs 40:3
 IOr leveled aIs 40:4
 IOr mankind aIs 40:5 bLk 2:30
7 ¶ So° he [began] saying° to the crowds° who were going° out to be baptized° by him, “aYou brood° of vipers°, who° warned° you to flee° from the wrath° to come°? 8 Therefore° bear° fruits° in keeping° with repentance°, and ado not begin° to say° Ito yourselves°, ‘bWe have° Abraham° for our father°,’ for I say° to you that from these° stones° God° is able° to raise° up children° to Abraham°. 9 Indeed° the axe° is already° laid° at the root° of the trees°; so° aevery° tree° that does not bear° good° fruit° is cut° down° and thrown° into the fire°.”
10 ¶ And the crowds° were questioning° him, saying°, “aThen° what° shall we do°?” 11 And he would answer° and say° to them, “The man who has° two° tunics° is to ashare° with him who has° none°; and he who has° food° is to do° likewise°.” 12 And [some] atax° collectors° also° came° to be baptized°, and they said° to him, “Teacher°, what° shall we do°?” 13 And he said° to them, “ICollect° no° more° than° what you have been ordered° to.” 14 [Some] soldiers° were questioning° him, saying°, “And [what about] us, what° shall we do°?” And he said° to them, “Do not take° money° from anyone° by force°, or° aaccuse° [anyone] falsely°, and bbe content° with your wages°.”
 aLk 3:12, 14; Ac 2:37, 38
 aIs 58:7; 1Ti 6:17, 18; Jm 2:14-20
 aLk 7:29
 IOr Exact
 aEx 20:16; 23:1 bPhp 4:11
15 ¶ Now° while the people° were in a state° of expectation° and all° were Iwondering° in their hearts° about° John°, aas to whether° he was IIthe Christ°, 16 aJohn° answered° and said° to them all°, “As for me, I baptize° you with water°; but One is coming° who is mightier° than I, and I am° not fit° to untie° the thong° of His sandals°; He will baptize° you Iwith the Holy° Spirit° and fire°. 17 His awinnowing° fork° is in His hand° to thoroughly° clear° His threshing° floor°, and to gather° the wheat° into His barn°; but He will burn° up the chaff° with bunquenchable° fire°.”
 IOr reasoning or debating III.e. the Messiah aJn 1:19f
 IThe Gr here can be translated in, with or by aLk 3:16, 17: Mt 3:11, 12; Mk 1:7, 8
 aIs 30:24 bMk 9:43, 48
18 ¶ So° with many° other° exhortations° he preached° the gospel° to the people°. 19 But when aHerod° the tetrarch° was reprimanded° by him because° of aHerodias°, his brother’s° wife°, and because° of all° the wicked° things° which° bHerod° had done°, 20 Herod also° added° this° to them all°: ahe locked° John° up in prison°.
Jesus Is Baptized
21 ¶ aNow° when° all° the people° were baptized°, Jesus° was also° baptized°, and while He was bpraying°, heaven° was opened°, 22 and the Holy° Spirit° descended° upon Him in bodily° form° like° a dove°, and a voice° came° out of heaven°, “aYou are My beloved° Son°, in You I am° well-pleased°.”
 aLk 3:21, 22: Mt 3:13-17; Mk 1:9-11 bMt 14:23; Lk 5:16; 9:18, 28f
 aPs 2:7; Is 42:1; Mt 3:17; 17:5; Mk 1:11; Lk 9:35; 2P 1:17
Genealogy of Jesus
23 ¶ aWhen He began° His ministry, Jesus° Himself° was about° thirty° years° of age°, being°, Ias was supposed°, the son° of bJoseph°, IIthe son° of IIIEli°, 24 the son of Matthat°, the son of Levi°, the son of Melchi°, the son of Jannai°, the son of Joseph°, 25 the son of Mattathias°, the son of Amos°, the son of Nahum°, the son of IHesli°, the son of Naggai°, 26 the son of Maath°, the son of Mattathias°, the son of Semein°, the son of Josech°, the son of Joda°, 27 the son of Joanan°, the son of Rhesa°, athe son of Zerubbabel°, the son of IShealtiel°, the son of Neri°, 28 the son of Melchi°, the son of Addi°, the son of Cosam°, the son of Elmadam°, the son of Er°, 29 the son of IJoshua°, the son of Eliezer°, the son of Jorim°, the son of Matthat°, the son of Levi°, 30 the son of Simeon°, the son of IJudah°, the son of Joseph°, the son of Jonam°, the son of Eliakim°, 31 the son of Melea°, the son of Menna°, the son of Mattatha°, the son of Nathan°, the son of David°, 32 athe son of Jesse°, the son of Obed°, the son of Boaz°, the son of ISalmon°, the son of IINahshon°, 33 the son of Amminadab°, the son of Admin°, the son of IRam°, the son of Hezron°, the son of Perez°, the son of Judah°, 34 the son of Jacob°, the son of Isaac°, athe son of Abraham°, the son of Terah°, the son of Nahor°, 35 the son of Serug°, the son of IReu°, the son of Peleg°, the son of IIHeber°, the son of Shelah°, 36 the son of Cainan°, the son of Arphaxad°, the son of Shem°, athe son of Noah°, the son of Lamech°, 37 the son of Methuselah°, the son of Enoch°, the son of Jared°, the son of Mahalaleel°, the son of Cainan°, 38 the son of Enosh°, the son of Seth°, the son of Adam°, the son of God°.
 ILit as it was being thought IILit of Eli, and so throughout the genealogy IIIAlso spelled Heli aMt 4:17; Ac 1:1 bMt 1:16; Lk 3:23-27
 IAlso spelled Esli
 IGr Salathiel; names of people in the Old Testament are given in their Old Testament form through v 38 aMt 1:12
 IGr Jesus
 IGr Judas
 IGr Sala IIGr Naasson aLk 3:32-34: Mt 1:1-6
 IGr Arni
 aLk 3:34-36: Gn 11:26-30; 1Ch 1:24-27
 IGr Ragau IIGr Eber
 aLk 3:36-38: Gn 5:3-32; 1Ch 1:1-4
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The preaching and baptism of John:
1 ¶ Nowº inº the fifteenthº yearº of the² reignº of Tiberiusº Caesar,º Pontiusº Pilateº being governorºª of Judaea,º andº Herodº being tetrarchºª of Galilee,º andº hisº brotherº Philipº tetrarchºª of Ituraeaº andº of the regionº of Trachonitis,º andº Lysaniasº the tetrarchºª of Abilene,º 2 Annasº andº Caiaphasº being¹ the high priests,º² the wordº of Godº cameºª untoº Johnº the² sonº of Zachariasº in¹² the² wilderness.º 3 Andº he cameºª intoº allº the² country aboutº Jordan,º preachingºª the baptismº of repentanceº forº the remissionº of sins;º 4 Asº it is writtenºª inº the bookº of the wordsº of Esaiasº the² prophet,º saying,ºª The voiceº of one cryingºª inº the² wilderness,º Prepare² ye¹ª the² wayº of the Lord,º makeºª hisº pathsº straight.º 5 Everyº valleyº shall be¹ª filled,ºª andº everyº mountainº andº hillº shall be brought low;ºª andº the² crookedº shall be made¹² straight,º andº the² rough¹ ways¹² [shall be]²² made¹ smooth;º 6 Andº allº fleshº shall seeºª the² salvationº of God.º 7 Thenº saidºª he to the multitudeº that came forthºªª to be baptizedºª ofº him,º O generationº of vipers,º whoº hath warnedºª youº to fleeºª fromº the² wrathº to come?ºª 8 Bring forthºª thereforeº fruitsº worthyº of repentance,º andº beginºª notº to sayºª withinº yourselves,º We haveºª Abrahamº to [our] father:º forº I sayºª unto you,º Thatº Godº is ableºª ofº theseº stonesº to raise upºª childrenº unto Abraham.º 9 Andº nowº alsoº the² axeº is laidºª untoº the² rootº of the² trees:º everyº treeº thereforeº which bringeth¹ª not¹ forthºª² goodº fruitº is hewn down,ºª andº castºª intoº the fire.º 10 Andº the² peopleº askedºª him,º saying,ºª Whatº shall we doºª then?º 11 He² answerethºª and¹ saithºª unto them,º He that hathºª twoº coats,º let him impartºª to him that hathºª none;º andº he that hathºª meat,º let him doºª likewise.º 12 Thenº cameºª alsoº publicansº to be baptized,ºª andº saidºª untoº him,º Master,º whatº shall we do?ºª 13 Andº he² saidºª untoº them,º Exactºª noº moreº thanº that which is appointedºª you.º 14 Andº the soldiersºª likewiseº demandedºª of him,º saying,ºª Andº whatº shall we¹² do?ºª Andº he saidºª untoº them,º Do violenceºª to no man,º neitherº accuse [any] falsely;ºª andº be contentºª with yourº wages.º
 Gn 49:10; Mt 14:3; Mk 6:17; Lk 2:1; 3:19; 9:7; 23:1, 6, 24; Ac 4:27; 23:26; 24:27; 26:30.
 Is 40:3; Jr 1:2; 2:1; Ezk 1:3; Ho 1:1; Jna 1:1; Mi 1:1; Zp 1:1; Mt 3:1; 11:7; Mk 1:3; Lk 1:59, 80; Jn 1:23; 11:49; 18:13, 24; Ac 4:6.
 Mt 3:5, 6, 11; Mk 1:4; Lk 1:77; Jn 1:28, 31; 3:26; Ac 13:24; 19:4; 22:16.
 Is 40:3; 57:14; 62:10; Mal 4:6; Mt 3:3; Mk 1:3; Lk 1:16, 76; Jn 1:7, 23, 26; 3:28.
 Is 2:11; 35:6; 40:4; 42:16; 45:2; 49:11; 61:1; Ezk 17:24; Lk 1:51; He 12:12; Jm 1:9.
 Ps 98:2; Is 40:5; 49:6; 52:10; Mk 16:15; Lk 2:10, 30; Ro 10:12, 18.
 Gn 3:15; Ps 58:4; Is 59:5; Mt 3:7; 23:33; Jn 8:44; Ac 13:10; 1Th 1:10; He 6:18; 1Jn 3:8.
 Jsh 4:3; Is 1:16; 48:1; Jr 7:4; Ezk 18:27; Mt 8:11; 21:43; Lk 13:28; 16:23; 19:40; Jn 8:33; Ac 26:20; Ro 4:16; 9:7; 2Co 7:10; Ga 3:28; 5:22; Php 1:11; He 6:7.
 Is 10:33; Ezk 15:2; 31:18; Dn 4:14, 23; Mt 3:10; 7:19; Lk 13:7, 9; 23:29; Jn 15:6; He 10:28; 12:29.
 Lk 3:8; Ac 2:37; 9:6; 16:30.
 Is 58:7; Dn 4:27; Mt 25:40; Mk 14:5; Lk 11:41; 18:22; 19:8; Jn 13:29; Ac 10:2, 4, 31; 2Co 8:3; 1Ti 6:18; He 6:10; Jm 1:27; 2:15; 1Jn 3:17; 4:20.
 Mt 21:31; Lk 7:29; 15:1; 18:13.
 Ps 18:23; Pv 28:13; Is 1:16; 55:6; Ezk 18:21, 27; Mi 6:8; Mt 7:12; Lk 19:8; 1Co 6:10; Ep 4:28; Tit 2:11; He 12:1.
 Ex 20:16; 23:1; Lv 19:11; Mt 8:5; Lk 19:8; Ac 10:7; Ro 13:9; Php 2:15; 4:11; 1Ti 6:8; Tit 2:3; He 13:5; Rv 12:10.
his testimony of Christ.
15 Andº as the² peopleº were in expectation,ºª andº all menº musedºª inº their¹² heartsº ofº John,º whether¹ª he¹ were¹ª the Christ,¹ or not;º²²²² 16 Johnº answered,ºª sayingºª unto [them] all,º Iº indeedº baptizeºª youº with water;º butº one mightier² than¹ Iº cometh,ºª the² latchetº of whoseº¹ shoesº I amºª notº worthyº to unloose:ºª heº shall baptizeºª youº withº the Holyº Ghostº andº with fire:º 17 Whoseº fanº [is] inº hisº hand,º andº he will throughly purgeºª his¹² floor,º andº will gatherºª the² wheatº intoº his¹² garner;º butº the² chaffº he will burnºª with fireº unquenchable.º 18 Andºº² manyºª other¹ things¹¹² in his exhortationºª preachedºª he unto the² people.º 19 Butº Herodº the² tetrarch,º being reprovedºª byº himº forº Herodiasº hisº brotherº Philip'sº wife,º andº forº allº the evilsº whichº Herodº had done,ºª
 Jn 1:19; 3:28; 10:24.
 Pv 1:23; Is 4:4; 32:15; 44:3; Ezk 36:25; Jol 2:28; Zc 13:9; Mal 3:2; Mt 3:11; Mk 1:7; Jn 1:26, 33; 7:38; Ac 1:5; 2:3, 17, 33; 10:44; 11:15, 16; 13:24; 19:4; 1Co 12:13.
 Ps 1:4; 21:9; Jr 15:7; Mi 4:12; Mt 3:12; 13:30; Mk 9:43.
 Jn 1:15, 29, 34; 3:29; Ac 2:40.
 Pv 9:7; 15:12; Mt 11:2; 14:3; Mk 6:17.
Herod imprisoneth John.
 2K 21:16; 24:4; 2Ch 24:17; 36:16; Ne 9:26; Jr 2:30; Mt 21:35; 22:6; 23:31; Lk 13:31; 1Th 2:15; Rv 16:6.
Christ baptized, receiveth testimony from heaven.
21 Nowº when allº the² peopleº were baptized,º¹ª it came to pass,ºª that Jesusº alsoº being baptized,ºª andº praying,ºª the² heavenº was opened,ºª 22 Andº the² Holyº Ghostº descendedºª in a bodilyº shapeº likeº a doveº uponº him,º andº a voiceº cameºª fromº heaven,º which said,ºª Thouº artºª myº belovedº Son;º inº theeº I am well pleased.ºª
 Mt 3:13, 16; Mk 1:9, 10; Lk 9:28; Jn 1:32; 12:27.
 Ps 2:7; Is 42:1; Mt 12:18; 17:5; 27:43; Lk 9:34; Col 1:13; 1P 2:4; 2P 1:17.
The age, and genealogy of Christ from Joseph upwards.
23 Andº Jesusº himselfº beganºª to beºª aboutº thirty¹ years of age,º² beingºª (asº was supposed)ºª the² sonº of Joseph,º which was [the son] of Heli,º 24 Which was [the son] of Matthat,º which was [the son] of Levi,º which was [the son] of Melchi,º which was [the son] of Janna,º which was [the son] of Joseph,º 25 Which was [the son] of Mattathias,º which was [the son] of Amos,º which was [the son] of Naum,º which was [the son] of Esli,º which was [the son] of Nagge,º 26 Which was [the son] of Maath,º which was [the son] of Mattathias,º which was [the son] of Semei,º which was [the son] of Joseph,º which was [the son] of Juda,º 27 Which was [the son] of Joanna,º which was [the son] of Rhesa,º which was [the son] of Zorobabel,º which was [the son] of Salathiel,º which was [the son] of Neri,º 28 Which was [the son] of Melchi,º which was [the son] of Addi,º which was [the son] of Cosam,º which was [the son] of Elmodam,º which was [the son] of Er,º 29 Which was [the son] of Jose,º which was [the son] of Eliezer,º which was [the son] of Jorim,º which was [the son] of Matthat,º which was [the son] of Levi,º 30 Which was [the son] of Simeon,º which was [the son] of Juda,º which was [the son] of Joseph,º which was [the son] of Jonan,º which was [the son] of Eliakim,º 31 Which was [the son] of Melea,º which was [the son] of Menan,º which was [the son] of Mattatha,º which was [the son] of Nathan,º which was [the son] of David,º 32 Which was [the son] of Jesse,º which was [the son] of Obed,º which was [the son] of Booz,º which was [the son] of Salmon,º which was [the son] of Naasson,º 33 Which was [the son] of Aminadab,º which was [the son] of Aram,º which was [the son] of Esrom,º which was [the son] of Phares,º which was [the son] of Juda,º 34 Which was [the son] of Jacob,º which was [the son] of Isaac,º which was [the son] of Abraham,º which was [the son] of Thara,º which was [the son] of Nachor,º 35 Which was [the son] of Saruch,º which was [the son] of Ragau,º which was [the son] of Phalec,º which was [the son] of Heber,º which was [the son] of Sala,º 36 Which was [the son] of Cainan,º which was [the son] of Arphaxad,º which was [the son] of Sem,º which was [the son] of Noe,º which was [the son] of Lamech,º 37 Which was [the son] of Mathusala,º which was [the son] of Enoch,º which was [the son] of Jared,º which was [the son] of Maleleel,º which was [the son] of Cainan,º 38 Which was [the son] of Enos,º which was [the son] of Seth,º which was [the son] of Adam,º which was [the son] of God.º
 Gn 41:46; Nu 4:3, 35, 39, 43, 47; Mt 1:16; 13:55; Mk 6:3; Lk 4:22; Jn 6:42.
 2S 5:14; 1Ch 3:5; 14:4; Zc 12:12.
 Nu 1:7; 2:3; 7:12; Ru 4:18; 1S 17:58; 20:31; 1K 12:16; 1Ch 2:10, 11; Ps 72:20; Is 11:1; Mt 1:3; Ac 13:22.
 Gn 29:35; 38:29; 46:12; 49:8; Nu 26:20; Ru 4:12, 19; 1Ch 2:4, 9; 9:4; Mt 1:2, 3.
 Gn 11:24; 21:3; 25:26; Jsh 24:2; 1Ch 1:24, 34; Mt 1:2; Ac 7:8.
 Gn 10:24, 25; 11:12, 16, 18.
 Gn 5:29, 32; 6:8, 22; 7:1, 13, 23; 8:1; 9:1, 18, 26; 10:21; 11:10, 12; 1Ch 1:17; Ezk 14:14; Lk 17:27; He 11:7; 1P 3:20; 2P 2:5.
 Gn 5:6; 1Ch 1:1.
 Gn 1:26; 2:7; 4:25; 5:1, 3; Is 64:8; Ac 17:26; 1Co 15:45, 47.
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