NASB — Acts 23 — KJV

Paul before the Council

1 Paul, looking intently at athe ICouncil, said, “bBrethren, cI have IIlived my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day.” 2 The high priest aAnanias commanded those standing beside him bto strike him on the mouth. 3 Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, ayou whitewashed wall! Do you bsit to try me according to the Law, and in violation of the Law order me to be struck?” 4 But the bystanders said, “Do you revile God’s high priest?” 5 And Paul said, “I was not aware, brethren, that he was high priest; for it is written, ‘aYOU SHALL NOT SPEAK EVIL OF A RULER OF YOUR PEOPLE.’”

[1] IOr Sanhedrin IIOr conducted myself as a citizen aAc 22:30; 23:6, 15, 20, 28 bAc 22:5 cAc 24:16; 2Co 1:12; 2Ti 1:3
[2] aAc 24:1 bJn 18:22
[3] aMt 23:27 bLv 19:15; Dt 25:2; Jn 7:51
[5] aEx 22:28

6 ¶ But perceiving that one group were aSadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul [began] crying out in bthe ICouncil, “cBrethren, dI am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for ethe hope and resurrection of the dead!” 7 As he said this, there occurred a dissension between the Pharisees and Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. 8 For athe Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. 9 And there occurred a great uproar; and some of athe scribes of the Pharisaic party stood up and [began] to argue heatedly, saying, “bWe find nothing wrong with this man; csuppose a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?” 10 And as a great dissension was developing, the Icommander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them and ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force, and bring him into athe barracks.

[6] IOr Sanhedrin aMt 3:7; 22:23 bAc 22:30; 23:1, 15, 20, 28 cAc 22:5 dAc 26:5; Php 3:5 eAc 24:15, 21; 26:8
[8] aMt 22:23; Mk 12:18; Lk 20:27
[9] aMk 2:16; Lk 5:30 bAc 23:29 cJn 12:29; Ac 22:6ff
[10] II.e. chiliarch, in command of one thousand troops aAc 21:34; 23:16, 32

11 ¶ But on athe night [immediately] following, the Lord stood at his side and said, bTake courage; for cas you have dsolemnly witnessed to My cause at Jerusalem, so you must witness at Rome also.”

[11] aAc 18:9 bMt 9:2 cAc 19:21 dLk 16:28; Ac 28:23

A Conspiracy to Kill Paul

12 ¶ When it was day, athe Jews formed a Iconspiracy and bbound themselves under an oath, saying that they would neither eat nor drink until they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty who formed this plot. 14 They came to the chief priests and the elders and said, “We have abound ourselves under a solemn oath to taste nothing until we have killed Paul. 15 Now therefore, you Iand athe IICouncil notify the IIIcommander to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case by a more thorough investigation; and we for our part are ready to slay him before he comes near [the place].”

[12] IOr mob aAc 9:23; 23:30; 1Th 2:16 bAc 23:14, 21
[14] aAc 23:12, 21
[15] ILit with IIOr Sanhedrin IIIV 10, note 1 aAc 22:30; 23:1, 6, 20, 28

16 ¶ But the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, Iand he came and entered athe barracks and told Paul. 17 Paul called one of the centurions to him and said, “Lead this young man to the Icommander, for he has something to report to him.” 18 So he took him and led him to the Icommander and *said, “Paul athe prisoner called me to him and asked me to lead this young man to you since he has something to tell you.” 19 The Icommander took him by the hand and stepping aside, [began] to inquire of him privately, “What is it that you have to report to me?” 20 And he said, “aThe Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down tomorrow to bthe ICouncil, as though they were going to inquire somewhat more thoroughly about him. 21 So do not Ilisten to them, for more than forty of them are alying in wait for him who have bbound themselves under a curse not to eat or drink until they slay him; and now they are ready and waiting for the promise from you.” 22 So the Icommander let the young man go, instructing him, “Tell no one that you have notified me of these things.”

[16] IOr having been present with them, and he entered aAc 21:34; 23:10, 32
[17] IV 10, note 1
[18] IV 10, note 1 aEp 3:1
[19] IV 10, note 1
[20] IOr Sanhedrin aAc 23:14f bAc 22:30; 23:1, 6, 15, 28
[21] ILit be persuaded by them aAc 23:12, 14 bLk 11:54
[22] IV 10, note 1

Paul Moved to Caesarea

23 And he called to him two of the centurions and said, “Get two hundred soldiers ready by Ithe third hour of the night to proceed to aCaesarea, IIwith seventy horsemen and two hundred IIIspearmen.” 24 [They were] also to provide mounts to put Paul on and bring him safely to aFelix the governor. 25 And he wrote a letter having this form:

[23] II.e. 9 p.m. IILit and IIIOr slingers or bowmen aAc 8:40; 23:33
[24] aAc 23:26, 33; 24:1, 3, 10; 25:14

    26 ¶ “Claudius Lysias, to the amost excellent governor Felix, bgreetings.

[26] aLk 1:3; Ac 24:3; 26:25 bAc 15:23

    27 ¶ “When this man was arrested by the Jews and was about to be slain by them, aI came up to them with the troops and rescued him, bhaving learned that he was a Roman.
    28 “And awanting to ascertain the charge for which they were accusing him, I bbrought him down to their IcCouncil;
    29 and I found him to be accused over aquestions about their Law, but Iunder bno accusation deserving death or IIimprisonment.

[27] aAc 21:32f bAc 22:25-29
[28] IOr Sanhedrin aAc 22:30 bAc 23:10 cAc 23:1
[29] ILit having IILit bonds aAc 18:15; 25:19 bAc 23:9; 25:25; 26:31; 28:18

    30 ¶ “When I was ainformed that there would be ba plot against the man, I sent him to you at once, also instructing chis accusers to Ibring charges against him before you.”

[30] ILit speak against him aAc 23:20f bAc 9:24; 23:12 cAc 23:35; 24:19; 25:16

31 ¶ So the soldiers, in accordance with their orders, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 32 But the next day, leaving athe horsemen to go on with him, they returned to bthe barracks. 33 When these had come to aCaesarea and delivered the letter to bthe governor, they also presented Paul to him. 34 When he had read it, he asked from what aprovince he was, and when he learned that bhe was from Cilicia, 35 he said, “I will give you a hearing after your aaccusers arrive also,” giving orders for him to be bkept in Herod’s IPraetorium.

[32] aAc 23:23 bAc 23:10
[33] aAc 8:40; 23:23 bAc 23:24, 26; 24:1, 3, 10; 25:14
[34] aAc 25:1 bAc 6:9; 21:39
[35] II.e. governor’s official residence aAc 23:30; 24:19; 25:16 bAc 24:27

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As Paul pleadeth his cause,

1 ¶ And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men [and] brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

[1] Pv 28:1; Ac 6:15; 22:1, 5; 23:6; 24:16; 1Co 4:4; 2Co 1:12; 4:2; 2Ti 1:3; He 13:18; 1P 3:16.

Ananias conmmandeth them to smite him.

2 And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth. 3 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, [thou] whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law? 4 And they that stood by said, Revilest thou God's high priest? 5 Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people. 6 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men [and] brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.

[2] 1K 22:24; Jr 20:2; Mi 5:1; Mt 26:67; Jn 18:22; Ac 24:1.
[3] Lv 19:35; Dt 25:1; Ps 58:1; 82:1; 94:20; Ec 3:16; Am 5:7; Mi 3:8; Mt 23:27; Jn 7:51; 18:24.
[5] Ex 22:28; Ec 10:20; Ac 24:17; 2P 2:10; Jde 1:8.
[6] Mt 10:16; Ac 24:15, 21; 26:5, 6; 28:20; Php 3:5.

Dissension among his accusers.

7 And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was divided. 8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both. 9 And there arose a great cry: and the scribes [that were] of the Pharisees' part arose, and strove, saying, We find no evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him, let us not fight against God. 10 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring [him] into the castle.

[7] Ps 55:9; Mt 10:34; Jn 7:40; Ac 14:4.
[8] Mt 22:23; Mk 12:18; Lk 20:27; Ac 4:1.
[9] 1S 24:17; Pv 16:7; Lk 23:4, 14, 22; Jn 12:29; Ac 5:39; 9:4; 11:17; 22:7, 17; 23:8; 25:25; 26:14, 31; 27:23; 1Co 10:22.
[10] Ps 7:2; 50:22; Mi 3:3; Ac 19:28; 21:30; 22:24; 23:27; Jm 1:19; 3:14; 4:1.

God encourageth him.

11 And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome. 12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 13 And they were more than forty which had made this conspiracy.

[11] Ps 46:1; 109:31; Is 41:10, 14; 43:2; 46:10; Jr 15:19; Mt 9:2; 14:27; 28:20; Jn 11:8; 14:18; 16:33; Ac 2:25; 18:9; 19:21; 20:22; 22:18; 27:22, 23, 25; 28:23, 30; Ro 1:15; 2Co 1:8; Php 1:13; 2Ti 4:17.
[12] Lv 27:29; Jsh 6:26; 7:1, 15; 1S 14:24, 27, 40; 1K 19:2; 2K 6:31; Ne 10:29; Ps 2:1; 31:13; 64:2; Is 8:9; Jr 11:19; Mt 26:4, 74; 27:25; Mk 6:23; Ac 23:21, 30; 25:2, 3; 1Co 16:22; Ga 3:13.
[13] 2S 15:12, 31; Jn 16:2.

The Jews' laying wait for Paul,

14 And they came to the chief priests and elders, and said, We have bound ourselves under a great curse, that we will eat nothing until we have slain Paul. 15 Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him. 16 And when Paul's sister's son heard of their lying in wait, he went and entered into the castle, and told Paul. 17 Then Paul called one of the centurions unto [him], and said, Bring this young man unto the chief captain: for he hath a certain thing to tell him. 18 So he took him, and brought [him] to the chief captain, and said, Paul the prisoner called me unto [him], and prayed me to bring this young man unto thee, who hath something to say unto thee. 19 Then the chief captain took him by the hand, and went [with him] aside privately, and asked [him], What is that thou hast to tell me?

[14] Ps 52:1; Is 3:9; Jr 6:15; 8:12; Ho 4:9; Mi 7:3.
[15] Ps 21:11; 37:32; Pv 1:11, 16; 4:16; Is 59:7; Ac 25:3; Ro 3:14.
[16] 2S 17:17; Jb 5:13; Pv 21:30; Lm 3:37; 1Co 3:19.
[17] Pv 22:3; Mt 8:8; 10:16; Ac 22:26; 23:23.
[18] Gn 40:14; Lk 7:40; Ac 16:25; 27:1; 28:17; Ep 3:1; 4:1; Phm 1:9.
[19] Ne 2:4; Es 5:3; 7:2; 9:12; Jr 31:32; Mk 8:23; 9:27; 10:51.

is declared unto the chief captain.

20 And he said, The Jews have agreed to desire thee that thou wouldest bring down Paul to morrow into the council, as though they would enquire somewhat of him more perfectly. 21 But do not thou yield unto them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee. 22 So the chief captain [then] let the young man depart, and charged [him, See thou] tell no man that thou hast shewed these things to me. 23 And he called unto [him] two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night; 24 And provide [them] beasts, that they may set Paul on, and bring [him] safe unto Felix the governor. 25 And he wrote a letter after this manner: 26 Claudius Lysias unto the most excellent governor Felix [sendeth] greeting.

[20] Ps 12:2; Dn 6:5; Ac 23:12, 15.
[21] Ex 23:2; Ac 9:23; 14:5; 20:19; 23:12, 14; 25:3; Ro 9:3; 2Co 11:26, 32.
[22] Jsh 2:14; Mk 1:44.
[23] Mt 14:25; Lk 12:38; Ac 23:17.
[24] Ne 2:12; Es 8:12; Mt 27:2; Lk 3:1; 10:34; Ac 23:26, 33; 24:3, 10, 22; 25:14.
[26] Lk 1:3; Ac 15:23; 24:3; 26:25; Jm 1:1; 3Jn 1:14.

He sendeth him to Felix the governor.

27 This man was taken of the Jews, and should have been killed of them: then came I with an army, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman. 28 And when I would have known the cause wherefore they accused him, I brought him forth into their council: 29 Whom I perceived to be accused of questions of their law, but to have nothing laid to his charge worthy of death or of bonds. 30 And when it was told me how that the Jews laid wait for the man, I sent straightway to thee, and gave commandment to his accusers also to say before thee what [they had] against him. Farewell. 31 Then the soldiers, as it was commanded them, took Paul, and brought [him] by night to Antipatris. 32 On the morrow they left the horsemen to go with him, and returned to the castle: 33 Who, when they came to Caesarea, and delivered the epistle to the governor, presented Paul also before him. 34 And when the governor had read [the letter], he asked of what province he was. And when he understood that [he was] of Cilicia; 35 I will hear thee, said he, when thine accusers are also come. And he commanded him to be kept in Herod's judgment hall.

[27] Ac 21:31; 22:25; 23:10; 24:7.
[28] Ac 22:30.
[29] Ac 18:15; 23:6; 24:5, 10; 25:7, 11, 19, 25; 26:31.
[30] Ac 15:29; 23:16; 24:7; 25:5; 2Co 13:11.
[31] Lk 7:8; Ac 23:23; 2Ti 2:3.
[33] Ac 23:25; 28:16.
[34] Es 1:1; 8:9; Dn 2:49; 6:1; Lk 23:6; Ac 15:41; 21:39; 25:1.
[35] Mt 2:1, 3, 16; 27:27; Jn 18:28; Ac 23:30; 24:1, 10, 22, 24; 25:16.

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