NASB — 1 Samuel 14 — KJV

Jonathan’s Victory

1 Now the day came that Jonathan, the son of Saul, said to the young man who was carrying his armor, “Come and let us cross over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. 2 Saul was staying in the outskirts of aGibeah under the pomegranate tree which is in bMigron. And the people who [were] with him [were] cabout six hundred men, 3 and Ahijah, the ason of Ahitub, bIchabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at cShiloh, dwas Iwearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. 4 aBetween the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. 5 The one crag rose on the north opposite Michmash, and the other on the south opposite Geba.

[2] a1S 13:15, 16 bIs 10:28 c1S 13:15
[3] ILit carrying a1S 22:9-12, 20 b1S 4:21 c1S 1:3 d1S 2:28
[4] a1S 13:23

6 ¶ Then Jonathan said to the young man who was carrying his armor, “Come and let us cross over to the garrison of athese uncircumcised; perhaps the LORD will work for us, for bthe LORD is not restrained to save by many or by few.” 7 His armor bearer said to him, “Do all that is in your heart; turn yourself, [and] here I am with you according to your Idesire.” 8 Then Jonathan said, “aBehold, we will cross over to the men and reveal ourselves to them. 9 If they Isay to us, ‘Wait until we come to you’; then we will stand in our place and not go up to them. 10 But if they Isay, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up, for the LORD has given them into our hands; and athis shall be the sign to us.” 11 When both of them revealed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said, “Behold, aHebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden themselves.” 12 So the men of the garrison Ihailed Jonathan and his armor bearer and said, “Come up to us and awe will tell you something.” And Jonathan said to his armor bearer, “Come up after me, for bthe LORD has given them into the hands of Israel.” 13 Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, with his armor bearer behind him; and they fell before Jonathan, and his armor bearer put some to death after him. 14 That first slaughter which Jonathan and his armor bearer made was about twenty men within about half a furrow in an acre of land. 15 And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and athe raiders trembled, and bthe earth quaked so cthat it became a Igreat trembling.

[6] a1S 17:26, 36; Jr 9:25, 26 bJg 7:4, 7; 1S 17:46, 47; Ps 115:3; 135:6; Zc 4:6; Mt 19:26
[7] ILit heart
[8] aJg 7:9-14
[9] ILit say thus
[10] ILit say thus aGn 24:14; Jg 6:36
[11] a1S 13:6; 14:22
[12] ILit answered a1S 17:43, 44 b2S 5:24
[15] ILit trembling of God a1S 13:17, 18 b1S 7:10 cGn 35:5; 2K 7:6

16 ¶ Now Saul’s watchmen in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away; and they went here and [there]. 17 Saul said to the people who [were] with him, “INumber now and see who has gone from us.” And when they had Inumbered, behold, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not [there]. 18 Then Saul said to Ahijah, “aBring the ark of God here.” For the ark of God was at that time with the sons of Israel. 19 aWhile Saul talked to the priest, the commotion in the camp of the Philistines continued and increased; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.” 20 Then Saul and all the people who [were] with him rallied and came to the battle; and behold, aevery man’s sword was against his fellow, [and there was] very great confusion. 21 Now the Hebrews [who] were with the Philistines previously, who went up with them all around in the camp, even athey also [turned] to be with the Israelites who [were] with Saul and Jonathan. 22 When all the amen of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, even they also pursued them closely in the battle. 23 So athe LORD delivered Israel that day, and the battle Ispread beyond bBeth-aven.

[17] ILit muster(ed)
[18] a1S 23:9; 30:7
[19] aNu 27:21
[20] aJg 7:22; 2Ch 20:23
[21] a1S 29:4
[22] a1S 13:6
[23] ILit passed over aEx 14:30; 1S 10:19; 14:23; 1Ch 11:14; 2Ch 32:22; Ps 44:7 b1S 13:5

Saul’s Foolish Order

24 ¶ Now the men of Israel were hard-pressed on that day, for Saul had aput the people under oath, saying, “Cursed be the man who eats food Ibefore evening, and until I have avenged myself on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food. 25 All [the people of] the land entered the forest, and there was honey on the ground. 26 When the people entered the forest, behold, a[there was] a flow of honey; but no man put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father put the people under oath; therefore, ahe put out the end of the staff that [was] in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and bhis eyes brightened. 28 Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly put the people under oath, saying, ‘Cursed be the man who eats food today.’” And the people were weary. 29 Then Jonathan said, “aMy father has troubled the land. See now, how my eyes have brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much more, if only the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great.”

[24] ILit until aJsh 6:26
[26] aMt 3:4
[27] a1S 14:43 b1S 30:12
[29] aJsh 7:25; 1K 18:18

31 ¶ They struck among the Philistines that day from aMichmash to bAijalon. And the people were very weary. 32 aThe people Irushed greedily upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slew [them] on the ground; and the people ate [them] bwith the blood. 33 Then they told Saul, saying, “Behold, the people are asinning against the LORD by eating with the blood.” And he said, “You have acted treacherously; roll a great stone to me today.” 34 Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the people and say to them, ‘Each one of you bring me his ox or his sheep, and slaughter [it] here and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.’” So all the people that night brought each one his ox Iwith him and slaughtered [it] there. 35 And aSaul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

[31] a1S 14:5 bJsh 10:12
[32] ILit did with regard to the spoil a1S 15:19 bGn 9:4; Lv 3:17; 17:10-14; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23; Ac 15:20
[33] aLv 7:26, 27; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23-25; 15:23
[34] ILit in his hand
[35] a1S 7:12, 17; 2S 24:25; Jm 4:8

36 ¶ Then Saul said, “Let us go down after the Philistines by night and take spoil among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them.” And they said, “Do whatever seems good Ito you.” So athe priest said, “Let us draw near to God here.” 37 Saul ainquired of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will You give them into the hand of Israel?” But bHe did not answer him on that day. 38 Saul said, “aDraw near here, all you Ichiefs of the people, and investigate and see how this sin has happened today. 39 For aas the LORD lives, who delivers Israel, though it is in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not one of all the people answered him. 40 Then he said to all Israel, “You shall be on one side and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what seems good Ito you.” 41 Therefore, Saul said to the LORD, the God of Israel, “aGive a perfect [lot].” And Jonathan and Saul were taken, but the people escaped. 42 Saul said, “Cast [lots] between me and Jonathan my son.” And Jonathan was taken.

[36] ILit in your eyes a1S 14:3, 18, 19
[37] a1S 10:22 b1S 28:6
[38] ILit corners aJsh 7:11, 12; 1S 10:19, 20
[39] a1S 14:24, 44; 2S 12:5
[40] ILit in your eyes
[41] aAc 1:24

43 ¶ Then Saul said to Jonathan, “aTell me what you have done.” So Jonathan told him and said, “bI indeed tasted a little honey with the end of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am, I must die!” 44 Saul said, “aMay God do Ithis [to me] and more also, for byou shall surely die, Jonathan.” 45 But the people said to Saul, “Must Jonathan die, who has Ibrought about this great deliverance in Israel? Far from it! As the LORD lives, anot one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for bhe has worked with God this day.” So the people IIrescued Jonathan and he did not die. 46 Then Saul went up from Ipursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place.

[43] aJsh 7:19 b1S 14:27
[44] ILit thus aRu 1:17; 1S 25:22 b1S 14:39
[45] ILit worked IILit ransomed a2S 14:11; 1K 1:52; Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34 b2Co 6:1
[46] ILit after

Constant Warfare

47 ¶ Now when Saul had taken the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, athe sons of Ammon, Edom, bthe kings of Zobah, and cthe Philistines; and wherever he turned, he Iinflicted punishment. 48 He acted valiantly and Iadefeated the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of IIthose who plundered them.

[47] IOr condemned a1S 11:1-13 b2S 8:3-10 c1S 14:52
[48] ILit smote IILit its plunderers a1S 15:3, 7

49 ¶ Now athe sons of Saul were Jonathan and Ishvi and Malchi-shua; and the names of his two daughters [were these]: the name of the firstborn bMerab and the name of the younger cMichal. 50 The name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And athe name of the captain of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle. 51 aKish [was] the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner [was] the son of Abiel.

[49] a1S 31:2; 1Ch 8:33; 10:2 b1S 18:17-19 c1S 18:20, 27; 19:12; 2S 6:20-23
[50] a2S 2:8
[51] a1S 9:1, 21

52 ¶ Now the war against the Philistines was severe all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any mighty man or any valiant man, he Iaattached him to IIhis staff.

[52] ILit gathered IILit himself a1S 8:11


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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
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Jonathan, unwitting to his father, the priest, or the people, goeth and miraculously smiteth the Philistines' garrison.

1 ¶ Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that [is] on the other side. But he told not his father. 2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which [is] in Migron: and the people that [were] with him [were] about six hundred men; 3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.

[1] Jg 6:27; 14:6; 1S 13:2, 22; 14:39; 18:1; 25:19; 2S 1:4, 25; Mi 7:5.
[2] Jg 20:45; 1S 13:15; Is 10:28.
[3] Ex 28:26; 1S 2:28; 4:21; 22:9, 20.

4 ¶ And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, [there was] a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one [was] Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. 5 The forefront of the one [was] situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah. 6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for [there is] no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few. 7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that [is] in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I [am] with thee according to thy heart. 8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto [these] men, and we will discover ourselves unto them. 9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them. 10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this [shall be] a sign unto us. 11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves. 12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel. 13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer slew after him. 14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, [which] a yoke [of oxen might plow].

[4] 1S 13:23.
[5] 1S 14:4.
[6] Gn 17:7; Dt 32:30; Jg 7:4; 15:18; 1S 17:26, 36; 2S 1:20; 16:12; 2K 19:4; 2Ch 14:11; Ps 115:1; Jr 9:23, 26; Am 5:15; Zp 2:3; Zc 4:6; Mt 19:26; Ro 8:31; Ep 2:11; Php 3:3.
[7] 1S 10:7; 2S 7:3; Ps 46:7; Zc 8:23.
[8] Jg 7:9.
[9] Gn 24:13; Jg 6:36.
[10] Gn 24:14; Jg 7:11; 1S 10:7; Is 7:11.
[11] Jg 6:2; 1S 13:6; 14:22.
[12] Gn 24:26, 42, 48; Jg 4:14; 7:15; 1S 14:10; 17:43; 2S 2:14; 5:24; 2K 14:8.
[13] Lv 26:7; Dt 28:7; 32:30; Jsh 23:10; Ps 18:29; Ro 8:31; He 11:34.
[14] 1S 14:14.

A divine terror maketh them beat themselves.

15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling. 16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down [one another].

[15] Gn 35:5; Ex 19:18; Lv 26:36; Jsh 2:9; Jg 7:21; 1S 13:17, 23; 2S 5:24; 2K 7:6; Jb 18:11; Ps 14:5; Dn 5:6; Mt 24:6; 27:50.
[16] Jg 7:22; 1S 14:20; 2Ch 20:22; Ps 58:7; 68:2; Is 19:2.

Saul, not staying the priest's answer, setteth on them.

17 Then said Saul unto the people that [were] with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer [were] not [there]. 18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.

[18] Nu 27:21; Jg 20:18, 23, 27; 1S 4:3; 5:2; 7:1; 30:8; 2S 11:11; 15:24.

19 ¶ And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that [was] in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand. 20 And Saul and all the people that [were] with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, [and there was] a very great discomfiture.

[19] Jsh 9:14; 1S 13:11; 14:24; Ps 106:13; Is 28:16.
[20] Jg 7:22; 1S 14:16; 2Ch 20:23; Is 9:19; 19:2.

The captivated Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join against them.

21 Moreover the Hebrews [that] were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp [from the country] round about, even they also [turned] to be with the Israelites that [were] with Saul and Jonathan. 22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, [when] they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle. 23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.

[21] Jg 7:23; 1S 29:4.
[22] 1S 13:6; 31:7.
[23] Ex 14:30; Jg 2:18; 1S 13:5; 2K 14:27; Ps 44:6; Ho 1:7.

Saul's unadvised adjuration hindreth the victory.

24 ¶ And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed [be] the man that eateth [any] food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted [any] food. 25 And all [they of] the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground. 26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that [was] in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened. 28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed [be] the man that eateth [any] food this day. And the people were faint. 29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines? 31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint. 32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew [them] on the ground: and the people did eat [them] with the blood.

[24] Lv 27:29; Nu 21:2; Dt 27:15; Jsh 6:17, 26; Jg 1:28; 5:2; 11:30, 31; 21:1; 1S 14:27; Ps 18:47; Pv 11:9; Ro 10:2; 1Co 16:22.
[25] Ex 3:8; Nu 13:27; Dt 9:28; Mt 3:4, 5.
[26] Ec 9:2.
[27] 1S 14:29; 30:12; Pv 25:26.
[28] 1S 14:24, 43.
[29] 1K 18:18.
[30] Ec 9:18.
[31] Jsh 10:12; 19:42.
[32] Gn 9:4; Lv 3:17; 7:26; 17:10; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23; 1S 15:19; Ezk 33:25; Ac 15:20, 29.

He restraineth the people from eating blood.

33 ¶ Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day. 34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay [them] here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew [them] there.

[33] Mt 7:5; Ro 2:1.
[34] 1S 14:34.

He buildeth an altar.

35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.

[35] Jg 21:4; 1S 7:9, 17; Ho 8:14; 2Ti 3:5.

Jonathan, taken by lot, is saved by the people.

36 ¶ And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil