1 Now the day° came° that Jonathan°, the son° of Saul°, said° to the young° man° who was carrying° his armor°, “Come° and let us cross° over° to the Philistines’° garrison° that is on the other° side°.” But he did not tell° his father°. 2 Saul° was staying° in the outskirts° of aGibeah° under° the pomegranate° tree° which° is in bMigron°. And the people° who° [were] with him [were] cabout six° hundred° men°, 3 and Ahijah°, the ason° of Ahitub°, bIchabod’s° brother°, the son° of Phinehas°, the son° of Eli°, the priest° of the LORD° at cShiloh°, dwas Iwearing° an ephod°. And the people° did not know° that Jonathan° had gone°. 4 aBetween° the passes° by which° Jonathan° sought° to cross° over° to the Philistines’° garrison°, there was a sharp° crag° on the one° side° and a sharp° crag° on the other° side°, and the name° of the one° was Bozez°, and the name° of the other° Seneh°. 5 The one° crag° rose° on the north° opposite° Michmash°, and the other° on the south° opposite° Geba°.
 a1S 13:15, 16 bIs 10:28 c1S 13:15
 ILit carrying a1S 22:9-12, 20 b1S 4:21 c1S 1:3 d1S 2:28
 a1S 13:23
6 ¶ Then Jonathan° said° to the young° man° who was carrying° his armor°, “Come° and let us cross° over° to the garrison° of athese° uncircumcised°; perhaps° the LORD° will work° for us, for bthe LORD° is not restrained° to save° by many° or° by few°.” 7 His armor° bearer° said° to him, “Do° all° that is in your heart°; turn° yourself, [and] here° I am with you according to your Idesire°.” 8 Then Jonathan° said°, “aBehold°, we will cross° over° to the men° and reveal° ourselves to them. 9 If° they Isay° to us, ‘Wait° until° we come° to you’; then we will stand° in our place° and not go° up to them. 10 But if° they Isay°, ‘Come° up to us,’ then we will go° up, for the LORD° has given° them into our hands°; and athis° shall be the sign° to us.” 11 When both° of them revealed° themselves to the garrison° of the Philistines°, the Philistines° said°, “Behold°, aHebrews° are coming° out of the holes° where°° they have hidden° themselves.” 12 So the men° of the garrison° Ihailed° Jonathan° and his armor° bearer° and said°, “Come° up to us and awe will tell° you something°.” And Jonathan° said° to his armor° bearer°, “Come° up after° me, for bthe LORD° has given° them into the hands° of Israel°.” 13 Then Jonathan° climbed° up on his hands° and feet°, with his armor° bearer° behind° him; and they fell° before° Jonathan°, and his armor° bearer° put° some to death° after° him. 14 That first° slaughter° which° Jonathan° and his armor° bearer° made° was about twenty° men° within about half° a furrow° in an acre° of land°. 15 And there was a trembling° in the camp°, in the field°, and among all° the people°. Even° the garrison° and athe raiders° trembled°, and bthe earth° quaked° so cthat it became° a Igreat° trembling°.
 a1S 17:26, 36; Jr 9:25, 26 bJg 7:4, 7; 1S 17:46, 47; Ps 115:3; 135:6; Zc 4:6; Mt 19:26
 ILit heart
 aJg 7:9-14
 ILit say thus
 ILit say thus aGn 24:14; Jg 6:36
 a1S 13:6; 14:22
 ILit answered a1S 17:43, 44 b2S 5:24
 ILit trembling of God a1S 13:17, 18 b1S 7:10 cGn 35:5; 2K 7:6
16 ¶ Now Saul’s° watchmen° in Gibeah° of Benjamin° looked°, and behold°, the multitude° melted° away°; and they went° here° and [there]. 17 Saul° said° to the people° who° [were] with him, “INumber° now° and see° who° has gone° from us.” And when they had Inumbered°, behold°, Jonathan° and his armor° bearer° were not [there]. 18 Then Saul° said° to Ahijah°, “aBring° the ark° of God° here°.” For the ark° of God° was at that time° with the sons° of Israel°. 19 aWhile° Saul° talked° to the priest°, the commotion° in the camp° of the Philistines° continued° and increased°; so Saul° said° to the priest°, “Withdraw° your hand°.” 20 Then Saul° and all° the people° who° [were] with him rallied° and came° to the battle°; and behold°, aevery° man’s° sword° was against his fellow°, [and there was] very° great° confusion°. 21 Now the Hebrews° [who] were with the Philistines° previously°°, who° went° up with them all° around° in the camp°, even° athey also° [turned] to be with the Israelites° who° [were] with Saul° and Jonathan°. 22 When all° the amen° of Israel° who had hidden° themselves in the hill° country° of Ephraim° heard° that the Philistines° had fled°, even° they also° pursued° them closely° in the battle°. 23 So athe LORD° delivered° Israel° that day°, and the battle° Ispread° beyond° bBeth-aven°.
 ILit muster(ed)
 a1S 23:9; 30:7
 aNu 27:21
 aJg 7:22; 2Ch 20:23
 a1S 29:4
 a1S 13:6
 ILit passed over aEx 14:30; 1S 10:19; 14:23; 1Ch 11:14; 2Ch 32:22; Ps 44:7 b1S 13:5
Saul’s Foolish Order
24 ¶ Now the men° of Israel° were hard-pressed° on that day°, for Saul° had aput° the people° under° oath°, saying°, “Cursed° be the man° who° eats° food° Ibefore° evening°, and until° I have avenged° myself on my enemies°.” So none°° of the people° tasted° food°. 25 All° [the people of] the land° entered° the forest°, and there was honey° on the ground°°. 26 When the people° entered° the forest°, behold°, a[there was] a flow° of honey°; but no° man put° his hand° to his mouth°, for the people° feared° the oath°. 27 But Jonathan° had not heard° when his father° put° the people° under° oath°; therefore, ahe put° out the end° of the staff° that [was] in his hand° and dipped° it in the honeycomb°°, and put° his hand° to his mouth°, and bhis eyes° brightened°. 28 Then one° of the people° said°, “Your father° strictly° put° the people° under° oath°, saying°, ‘Cursed° be the man° who° eats° food° today°.’” And the people° were weary°. 29 Then Jonathan° said°, “aMy father° has troubled° the land°. See° now°, how° my eyes° have brightened° because° I tasted° a little° of this° honey°. 30 How° much°° more°°, if° only the people° had eaten° freely° today° of the spoil° of their enemies° which° they found°! For now° the slaughter° among the Philistines° has not been great°.”
31 ¶ They struck° among the Philistines° that day° from aMichmash° to bAijalon°. And the people° were very° weary°. 32 aThe people° Irushed° greedily° upon the spoil°, and took° sheep° and oxen° and calves°°, and slew° [them] on the ground°; and the people° ate° [them] bwith the blood°. 33 Then they told° Saul°, saying°, “Behold°, the people° are asinning° against the LORD° by eating° with the blood°.” And he said°, “You have acted° treacherously°; roll° a great° stone° to me today°.” 34 Saul° said°, “Disperse° yourselves° among the people° and say° to them, ‘Each° one° of you bring° me his ox° or his sheep°, and slaughter° [it] here° and eat°; and do not sin° against the LORD° by eating° with the blood°.’” So all° the people° that night° brought° each° one° his ox° Iwith him and slaughtered° [it] there°. 35 And aSaul° built° an altar° to the LORD°; it was the first° altar° that he built° to the LORD°.
 a1S 14:5 bJsh 10:12
 ILit did with regard to the spoil a1S 15:19 bGn 9:4; Lv 3:17; 17:10-14; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23; Ac 15:20
 aLv 7:26, 27; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23-25; 15:23
 ILit in his hand
 a1S 7:12, 17; 2S 24:25; Jm 4:8
36 ¶ Then Saul° said°, “Let us go° down° after° the Philistines° by night° and take° spoil° among them until° the morning° light°, and let us not leave° a man° of them.” And they said°, “Do° whatever° seems good° Ito you.” So athe priest° said°, “Let us draw° near° to God° here°.” 37 Saul° ainquired° of God°, “Shall I go° down° after° the Philistines°? Will You give° them into the hand° of Israel°?” But bHe did not answer° him on that day°. 38 Saul° said°, “aDraw° near° here°, all° you Ichiefs° of the people°, and investigate° and see° how° this° sin° has happened° today°. 39 For aas the LORD° lives°, who delivers° Israel°, though°° it is in Jonathan° my son°, he shall surely°° die°.” But not one° of all° the people° answered° him. 40 Then he said° to all° Israel°, “You shall be on one° side° and I and Jonathan° my son° will be on the other° side°.” And the people° said° to Saul°, “Do° what° seems good° Ito you.” 41 Therefore, Saul° said° to the LORD°, the God° of Israel°, “aGive° a perfect° [lot].” And Jonathan° and Saul° were taken°, but the people° escaped°. 42 Saul° said°, “Cast° [lots] between° me and Jonathan° my son°.” And Jonathan° was taken°.
 ILit in your eyes a1S 14:3, 18, 19
 a1S 10:22 b1S 28:6
 ILit corners aJsh 7:11, 12; 1S 10:19, 20
 a1S 14:24, 44; 2S 12:5
 ILit in your eyes
 aAc 1:24
43 ¶ Then Saul° said° to Jonathan°, “aTell° me what° you have done°.” So Jonathan° told° him and said°, “bI indeed° tasted° a little° honey° with the end° of the staff° that was in my hand°. Here° I am, I must die°!” 44 Saul° said°, “aMay God° do° Ithis° [to me] and more° also°, for byou shall surely° die°, Jonathan°.” 45 But the people° said° to Saul°, “Must Jonathan° die°, who° has Ibrought° about° this° great° deliverance° in Israel°? Far° from it! As the LORD° lives°, anot one hair° of his head° shall fall° to the ground°, for bhe has worked° with God° this° day°.” So the people° IIrescued° Jonathan° and he did not die°. 46 Then Saul° went° up from Ipursuing° the Philistines°, and the Philistines° went° to their own place°.
 aJsh 7:19 b1S 14:27
 ILit thus aRu 1:17; 1S 25:22 b1S 14:39
 ILit worked IILit ransomed a2S 14:11; 1K 1:52; Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34 b2Co 6:1
 ILit after
47 ¶ Now when Saul° had taken° the kingdom° over° Israel°, he fought° against all° his enemies° on every° side°, against Moab°, athe sons° of Ammon°, Edom°, bthe kings° of Zobah°, and cthe Philistines°; and wherever°° he turned°, he Iinflicted° punishment°. 48 He acted° valiantly° and Iadefeated° the Amalekites°, and delivered° Israel° from the hands° of IIthose who plundered° them.
49 ¶ Now athe sons° of Saul° were Jonathan° and Ishvi° and Malchi-shua°; and the names° of his two° daughters° [were these]: the name° of the firstborn° bMerab° and the name° of the younger° cMichal°. 50 The name° of Saul’s° wife° was Ahinoam° the daughter° of Ahimaaz°. And athe name° of the captain° of his army° was Abner° the son° of Ner°, Saul’s° uncle°. 51 aKish° [was] the father° of Saul°, and Ner° the father° of Abner° [was] the son° of Abiel°.
 a1S 31:2; 1Ch 8:33; 10:2 b1S 18:17-19 c1S 18:20, 27; 19:12; 2S 6:20-23
 a2S 2:8
 a1S 9:1, 21
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.
Jonathan, unwitting to his father, the priest, or the people, goeth and miraculously smiteth the Philistines' garrison.
1 ¶ Now it came to pass² upon a day,º that Jonathan¹² the sonº of Saulº saidºª unto² the young manº that bareºª his armour,º Come,¹ª² and let us go overºª to² the Philistines'º garrison,º that² [is] on the other side.ºº² But he toldºª not² his father.º 2 And Saulº tarriedºª in the uttermost¹ part² of Gibeahº under² a pomegranate treeº which² [is] in Migron:º and the peopleº that² [were] with² him [were] about sixº hundredº men;º 3 And Ahiah,º the sonº of Ahitub,º Ichabod'sº brother,º the sonº of Phinehas,º the sonº of Eli,º the LORD'Sº priestº in Shiloh,º wearingºª an ephod.º And the peopleº knewºª not² that² Jonathan¹² was gone.ºª
 Jg 6:27; 14:6; 1S 13:2, 22; 14:39; 18:1; 25:19; 2S 1:4, 25; Mi 7:5.
 Jg 20:45; 1S 13:15; Is 10:28.
 Ex 28:26; 1S 2:28; 4:21; 22:9, 20.
4 ¶ And between² the passages,º by which² Jonathan¹² soughtºª to go overºª unto² the Philistines'º garrison,º [there was] a sharpº rockº on the one²² side,º² and a sharpº rockº on the other²² side:º² and the nameº of the oneº [was] Bozez,º and the nameº of the otherº Seneh.º 5 The forefrontº of the oneº [was] situateº northwardº² over againstº Michmash,º and the otherº southwardº² over againstº Gibeah.º 6 And Jonathanº saidºª to² the young manº that bareºª his armour,º Come,¹ª² and let us go overºª unto² the garrisonº of these² uncircumcised:º it may be that² the LORDº will workºª for us: for² [there is] no² restraintº to the LORDº to saveºª by manyº or² by few.º 7 And his armourbearerººª saidºª unto him, Doºª all² that² [is] in thine heart:º turnºª thee; behold,² I [am] with² thee according to thy heart.º 8 Then saidºª Jonathan,º Behold,² we² will pass overºª unto² [these] men,¹² and we will discover¹ª ourselves² unto² them. 9 If² they sayºª thus² unto² us, Tarryºª until² we comeºª to² you; then we will stand stillºª in our place,² and will not² go upºª unto² them. 10 But if² they sayºª thus,² Come upºª unto² us; then we will go up:ºª for² the LORDº hath deliveredºª them into our hand:º and this² [shall be] a signº unto us. 11 And bothº of them discovered¹ª themselves² unto² the garrisonº of the Philistines:º and the Philistinesº said,ºª Behold,² the Hebrewsº come forthºª out of² the holesº where²² they had hid¹ª themselves.² 12 And the men¹² of the garrisonº answeredºª² Jonathan¹² and his armourbearer,ººª and said,ºª Come upºª to² us, and we will shewºª you a thing.º And Jonathan¹² saidºª unto² his armourbearer,ººª Come upºª afterº me: for² the LORDº hath deliveredºª them into the handº of Israel.º 13 And Jonathan¹² climbed upºª upon² his handsº and upon² his feet,º and his armourbearerººª afterº him: and they fellºª beforeº Jonathan;¹² and his armourbearerººª slewºª afterº him. 14 And that firstº slaughter,º which² Jonathan¹² and his armourbearerººª made,ºª was² about twentyº men,º within as it were an halfº acreº of land,º [which] a yokeº [of oxen might plow].
 1S 13:23.
 1S 14:4.
 Gn 17:7; Dt 32:30; Jg 7:4; 15:18; 1S 17:26, 36; 2S 1:20; 16:12; 2K 19:4; 2Ch 14:11; Ps 115:1; Jr 9:23, 26; Am 5:15; Zp 2:3; Zc 4:6; Mt 19:26; Ro 8:31; Ep 2:11; Php 3:3.
 1S 10:7; 2S 7:3; Ps 46:7; Zc 8:23.
 Jg 7:9.
 Gn 24:13; Jg 6:36.
 Gn 24:14; Jg 7:11; 1S 10:7; Is 7:11.
 Jg 6:2; 1S 13:6; 14:22.
 Gn 24:26, 42, 48; Jg 4:14; 7:15; 1S 14:10; 17:43; 2S 2:14; 5:24; 2K 14:8.
 Lv 26:7; Dt 28:7; 32:30; Jsh 23:10; Ps 18:29; Ro 8:31; He 11:34.
 1S 14:14.
A divine terror maketh them beat themselves.
15 And there was² tremblingº in the host,º in the field,º and among all² the people:º the garrison,º and the spoilers,ºª they² also² trembled,ºª and the earthº quaked:ºª so it was² a very greatº trembling.º 16 And the watchmenºª of Saulº in Gibeahº of Benjaminº looked;ºª and, behold,² the multitudeº melted away,ºª and they went¹ª² on beating downºª [one another].
 Gn 35:5; Ex 19:18; Lv 26:36; Jsh 2:9; Jg 7:21; 1S 13:17, 23; 2S 5:24; 2K 7:6; Jb 18:11; Ps 14:5; Dn 5:6; Mt 24:6; 27:50.
 Jg 7:22; 1S 14:20; 2Ch 20:22; Ps 58:7; 68:2; Is 19:2.
Saul, not staying the priest's answer, setteth on them.
17 Then saidºª Saulº unto the peopleº that² [were] with² him, Numberºª now,² and seeºª who² is goneºª from²² us. And when they had numbered,ºª behold,² Jonathan¹² and his armourbearerººª [were] not² [there]. 18 And Saulº saidºª unto Ahiah,º Bring hitherºª the arkº of God.º For² the arkº of Godº was² at that² timeº with the childrenº of Israel.º
19 ¶ And it came to pass,² while² Saulº talkedºª unto² the priest,º that the noiseº that² [was] in the hostº of the Philistinesº went¹ª onºª and increased:º² and Saulº saidºª unto² the priest,º Withdrawºª thine hand.º 20 And Saulº and all² the peopleº that² [were] with² him assembled¹ª themselves,² and they cameºª to² the battle:º and, behold,² every man'sº swordº was² against his fellow,º [and there was] a veryº greatº discomfiture.º
 Jsh 9:14; 1S 13:11; 14:24; Ps 106:13; Is 28:16.
 Jg 7:22; 1S 14:16; 2Ch 20:23; Is 9:19; 19:2.
The captivated Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join against them.
21 Moreover the Hebrewsº [that] were² with the Philistinesº beforeº that time,º which² went upºª with² them into the campº [from the country] round about,º even they² also² [turned] to be² with² the Israelitesº that² [were] with² Saulº and Jonathan.¹² 22 Likewise all² the menº of Israelº which had hid¹ª themselves² in mountº Ephraim,º [when] they heardºª that² the Philistinesº fled,ºª even they² also² followed hardºª afterº them in the battle.º 23 So the LORDº savedºª² Israelº that² day:º and the battleº passed overºª unto² Bethaven.º
 Jg 7:23; 1S 29:4.
 1S 13:6; 31:7.
 Ex 14:30; Jg 2:18; 1S 13:5; 2K 14:27; Ps 44:6; Ho 1:7.
Saul's unadvised adjuration hindreth the victory.
24 ¶ And the menº of Israelº were distressedºª that² day:º for Saulº had adjuredºª² the people,º saying,ºª Cursedºª [be] the manº that² eatethºª [any] foodº until² evening,º that I may be avengedºª on mine enemies.ºª² So none²² of the peopleº tastedºª [any] food.º 25 And all² [they of] the landº cameºª to a wood;º and there was² honeyº uponº² the ground.º 26 And when the peopleº were comeºª into² the wood,º behold,² the honeyº dropped;º but no² man putºª his handº to² his mouth:º for² the peopleº fearedºª² the oath.º 27 But Jonathan¹² heardºª not² when his fatherº charged¹ª the people¹ with the oath:ºª²² wherefore he put forthºª² the endº of the rodº that² [was] in his hand,º and dippedºª it² in an honeycomb,ºº and putºª his handº to² his mouth;º and his eyesº were enlightened.ºª 28 Then answeredºª oneº of the people,º² and said,ºª Thy fatherº straitly¹ª charged¹ª the people¹ with an oath,ºª²² saying,ºª Cursedºª [be] the manº that² eatethºª [any] foodº this day.º And the peopleº were faint.¹ª² 29 Then saidºª Jonathan,¹² My fatherº hath troubledºª² the land:º see,ºª I pray you,² how² mine eyesº have been enlightened,ºª because² I tastedºª a littleº of this² honey.º 30 How much more,º² if haplyº² the peopleº had eaten¹ª freelyºª to dayº of the spoilº² of their enemiesºª which² they found?ºª for² had there not² been now² a much greaterºª slaughterº among the Philistines?º 31 And they smoteºª the Philistinesº that² dayº from Michmashº² to Aijalon:º and the peopleº were veryº faint.¹ª² 32 And the peopleº flewºª¹ upon² the spoil,º and tookºª sheep,º and oxen,º and calves,º² and slewºª [them] on the ground:º and the peopleº did eatºª [them] with² the blood.º
 Lv 27:29; Nu 21:2; Dt 27:15; Jsh 6:17, 26; Jg 1:28; 5:2; 11:30, 31; 21:1; 1S 14:27; Ps 18:47; Pv 11:9; Ro 10:2; 1Co 16:22.
 Ex 3:8; Nu 13:27; Dt 9:28; Mt 3:4, 5.
 Ec 9:2.
 1S 14:29; 30:12; Pv 25:26.
 1S 14:24, 43.
 1K 18:18.
 Ec 9:18.
 Jsh 10:12; 19:42.
 Gn 9:4; Lv 3:17; 7:26; 17:10; 19:26; Dt 12:16, 23; 1S 15:19; Ezk 33:25; Ac 15:20, 29.
He restraineth the people from eating blood.
33 ¶ Then they toldºª Saul,º saying,ºª Behold,² the peopleº sinºª against the LORD,º in that they eatºª with² the blood.º And he said,ºª Ye have transgressed:ºª rollºª a greatº stoneº unto² me this day.º 34 And Saulº said,ºª Disperse¹ª yourselves² among the people,º and sayºª unto them, Bring me hitherºª² every manº his ox,º and every manº his sheep,º and slayºª [them] here,² and eat;ºª and sinºª not² against the LORDº in eatingºª with² the blood.º And all² the peopleº broughtºª every manº his oxº with² him¹ that night,º and slewºª [them] there.²
He buildeth an altar.
Jonathan, taken by lot, is saved by the people.