NASB — Ruth 1 — KJV

Naomi Widowed

1 Now it came about in the days awhen the judges Igoverned, that there was ba famine in the land. And a certain man cof Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn in the land of Moab IIwith his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi; and the names of his two sons [were] Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. Now they aentered the land of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Elimelech, Naomi’s husband, died; and she was left with her two sons. 4 They took for themselves Moabite women [as] wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they lived there about ten years. 5 Then Iboth Mahlon and Chilion also died, and the woman was bereft of her two children and her husband.

[1] IOr judged IILit he, and aJg 2:16-18 bGn 12:10; 26:1; 2K 8:1 cJg 17:8; Mi 5:2
[2] aJg 3:30
[5] ILit both of them

6 ¶ Then she arose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the land of Moab, for she had heard in the land of Moab that the LORD had avisited His people in bgiving them food. 7 So she departed from the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each of you to her mother’s house. aMay the LORD deal kindly with you as you have dealt with the dead and with me. 9 May the LORD grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband.” Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept. 10 And they said to her, “[No], but we will surely return with you to your people.” 11 But Naomi said, “Return, my daughters. Why should you go with me? Have I yet sons in my womb, that athey may be your husbands? 12 Return, my daughters! Go, for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have hope, if I should even have a husband tonight and also bear sons, 13 would you therefore wait until they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters; for it is Iharder for me than for you, for athe hand of the LORD has gone forth against me.”

[6] aEx 4:31; Jr 29:10; Zp 2:7 bPs 132:15; Mt 6:11
[8] a2Ti 1:16
[11] aGn 38:11; Dt 25:5
[13] ILit more bitter aJg 2:15; Jb 19:21; Ps 32:4

Ruth’s Loyalty

14 And they lifted up their voices and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.

15 ¶ Then she said, “Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and her agods; return after your sister-in-law.” 16 But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you [or] turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people [shall be] my people, and your God, my God. 17 Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus may athe LORD do to me, and worse, if [anything but] death parts you and me.” 18 When ashe saw that she was determined to go with her, she Isaid no more to her.

[15] aJsh 24:15; Jg 11:24
[17] a1S 3:17; 2K 6:31
[18] ILit ceased to speak aAc 21:14

19 ¶ So they both went until they came to Bethlehem. And when they had come to Bethlehem, aall the city was stirred because of them, and Ithe women said, “Is this Naomi?” 20 She said to them, “Do not call me INaomi; call me IIMara, for IIIathe Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full, but athe LORD has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the LORD has witnessed against me and Ithe Almighty has afflicted me?”

[19] ILit they aMt 21:10
[20] II.e. pleasant III.e. bitter IIIHeb Shaddai aEx 6:3; Jb 6:4
[21] IHeb Shaddai aJb 1:21

22 ¶ So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at athe beginning of barley harvest.

[22] aEx 9:31; Lv 23:10, 11


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Elimelech driven by famine into Moab, dieth there.

1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. 2 And the name of the man [was] Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. 3 And Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.

[1] Gn 12:10; 26:1; 43:1; Lv 26:19; Dt 28:23, 38; Jg 2:16; 12:8; 17:8; 19:1; 2S 21:1; 1K 17:1; 18:2; 2K 8:1; Ps 105:16; 107:34; Jr 14:1; Ezk 14:13, 21; Jol 1:10, 16; Am 4:6.
[2] Gn 35:19; Ru 1:20; 1S 1:1; 17:21; 1Ch 4:22; Mi 5:2.
[3] 2K 4:1; Ps 34:19; He 12:6, 10.

Mahlon and Chilion, having married wives of Moab, die also.

4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one [was] Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. 5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.

[4] Dt 7:3; 23:3; 1K 11:1; Mt 1:5.
[5] Dt 32:39; Ps 89:30; Is 49:21; Jr 2:19; Mt 22:25; Lk 7:12.

Naomi returning homeward,

6 ¶ Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread. 7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.

[6] Gn 21:1; 28:20; 48:15; 50:25; Ex 3:16; 4:31; 16:4; 1S 2:21; Ps 104:14; 111:5; 132:15; 145:15; 146:7; 147:14; Pv 30:8; Is 55:10; Mt 6:11; Lk 1:68; 19:44; 1Ti 6:8; 1P 2:12.
[7] Ex 18:27; Ru 1:10, 14; 2K 8:3.

dissuadeth her two daughters in law from going with her.

8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. 9 The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each [of you] in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept. 10 And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people. 11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? [are] there yet [any more] sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn again, my daughters, go [your way]; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, [if] I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons; 13 Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.

[8] Jsh 24:15; Ru 1:5; 2:20; Lk 14:25; Ep 5:22; 6:2; Php 4:18; Col 3:18, 24; 2Ti 1:16.
[9] Gn 27:27; 29:11; 45:15; Ru 3:1; Ac 20:37.
[10] Ps 16:3; 119:63; Zc 8:23.
[11] Gn 38:11; Dt 25:5.
[12] Gn 17:17; 1Ti 5:9.
[13] Dt 2:15; Jg 2:15; 1S 5:11; Jb 19:21; Ps 32:4; 38:2; 39:9.

Orpah leaveth her, but Ruth with great constancy accompanieth her.

14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her. 15 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law. 16 And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, [or] to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people [shall be] my people, and thy God my God: 17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, [if ought] but death part thee and me. 18 When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.

[14] Gn 31:28, 55; Dt 4:4; 10:20; 1K 19:20; Pv 17:17; 18:24; Is 14:1; Zc 8:23; Mt 10:37; 16:24; 19:22; Mk 10:21; Jn 6:66; Ac 17:34; 2Ti 4:10; He 10:39.
[15] Jsh 24:15, 19; Jg 11:24; 2S 15:19; 2K 2:2; Ps 36:3; 125:5; Zp 1:6; Mt 13:20; Lk 14:26; 24:28; He 10:38; 1Jn 2:19.
[16] Jsh 24:18; Ru 2:11; 2S 15:21; 2K 2:2; Ps 45:10; Is 14:1; Dn 2:47; 3:29; 4:37; Ho 13:4; Mt 8:19; Lk 24:28; Jn 13:37; Ac 21:13; 2Co 6:16; 1Th 1:9; Rv 14:4.
[17] 1S 3:17; 25:22; 2S 3:9, 35; 19:13; 1K 2:23; 19:2; 20:10; 2K 6:31; Ac 11:23; 20:24.
[18] Ac 2:42; 21:14; Ep 6:10.

They two come to Beth-lehem, where they are gladly received.

19 ¶ So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, [Is] this Naomi? 20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full, and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why [then] call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? 22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

[19] Is 23:7; Lm 2:15; Mt 21:10.
[20] Gn 17:1; 43:14; Jb 5:17; 6:4; 11:7; 19:6; Ps 73:14; 88:15; Is 38:13; Lm 3:1; He 12:11; Rv 1:8; 21:22.
[21] 1S 2:7; Jb 1:21; 10:17; 13:26; 16:8; Mal 3:5.
[22] Ex 9:31; Ru 2:23; 2S 21:9.


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