1 Now it came° about in the days° awhen the judges° Igoverned°, that there was ba famine° in the land°. And a certain man° cof Bethlehem° in Judah° went° to sojourn° in the land° of Moab° IIwith his wife° and his two° sons°. 2 The name° of the man° [was] Elimelech°, and the name° of his wife°, Naomi°; and the names° of his two° sons° [were] Mahlon° and Chilion°, Ephrathites° of Bethlehem° in Judah°. Now they aentered° the land° of Moab° and remained° there°. 3 Then Elimelech°, Naomi’s° husband°, died°; and she was left° with her two° sons°. 4 They took° for themselves° Moabite° women° [as] wives°; the name° of the one° was Orpah° and the name° of the other° Ruth°. And they lived° there° about ten° years°. 5 Then Iboth°° Mahlon° and Chilion° also° died°, and the woman° was bereft° of her two° children° and her husband°.
 IOr judged IILit he, and aJg 2:16-18 bGn 12:10; 26:1; 2K 8:1 cJg 17:8; Mi 5:2
 aJg 3:30
 ILit both of them
6 ¶ Then she arose° with her daughters-in-law° that she might return° from the land° of Moab°, for she had heard° in the land° of Moab° that the LORD° had avisited° His people° in bgiving° them food°. 7 So she departed° from the place° where°° she was, and her two° daughters-in-law° with her; and they went° on the way° to return° to the land° of Judah°. 8 And Naomi° said° to her two° daughters-in-law°, “Go°, return° each° of you to her mother’s° house°. aMay the LORD° deal° kindly° with you as you have dealt° with the dead° and with me. 9 May the LORD° grant° that you may find° rest°, each° in the house° of her husband°.” Then she kissed° them, and they lifted° up their voices° and wept°. 10 And they said° to her, “[No], but we will surely° return° with you to your people°.” 11 But Naomi° said°, “Return°, my daughters°. Why° should you go° with me? Have I yet° sons° in my womb°, that athey may be your husbands°? 12 Return°, my daughters°! Go°, for I am° too° old° to have° a husband°. If° I said° I have° hope°, if I should even° have° a husband° tonight° and also° bear° sons°, 13 would you therefore° wait° until°° they were grown°? Would you therefore° refrain° from marrying°°°? No°, my daughters°; for it is Iharder°° for me than° for you, for athe hand° of the LORD° has gone° forth° against me.”
 aEx 4:31; Jr 29:10; Zp 2:7 bPs 132:15; Mt 6:11
 a2Ti 1:16
 aGn 38:11; Dt 25:5
 ILit more bitter aJg 2:15; Jb 19:21; Ps 32:4
15 ¶ Then she said°, “Behold°, your sister-in-law° has gone° back° to her people° and her agods°; return° after° your sister-in-law°.” 16 But Ruth° said°, “Do not urge° me to leave° you [or] turn° back° from following° you; for where°° you go°, I will go°, and where° you lodge°, I will lodge°. Your people° [shall be] my people°, and your God°, my God°. 17 Where° you die°, I will die°, and there° I will be buried°. Thus° may athe LORD° do° to me, and worse°°, if° [anything but] death° parts° you and me.” 18 When ashe saw° that she was determined° to go° with her, she Isaid° no° more to her.
19 ¶ So they both° went° until° they came° to Bethlehem°. And when they had come° to Bethlehem°, aall° the city° was stirred° because° of them, and Ithe women said°, “Is this° Naomi°?” 20 She said° to them, “Do not call° me INaomi°; call° me IIMara°, for IIIathe Almighty° has dealt° very° bitterly° with me. 21 I went° out full°, but athe LORD° has brought° me back° empty°. Why° do you call° me Naomi°, since the LORD° has witnessed° against me and Ithe Almighty° has afflicted° me?”
 ILit they aMt 21:10
 II.e. pleasant III.e. bitter IIIHeb Shaddai aEx 6:3; Jb 6:4
 IHeb Shaddai aJb 1:21
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Elimelech driven by famine into Moab, dieth there.
1 ¶ Now it came to pass² in the daysº when the judgesºª ruled,ºª that there was² a famineº in the land.º And a certain manº of Bethlehemjudahºº² went¹ª² to sojournºª in the countryº of Moab,º he,² and his wife,º and his twoº sons.º 2 And the nameº of the manº [was] Elimelech,º and the nameº of his wifeº Naomi,º and the nameº of his twoº sonsº Mahlonº and Chilion,º Ephrathitesº of Bethlehemjudah.ºº² And they cameºª into the countryº of Moab,º and continued² there.² 3 And Elimelechº Naomi'sº husbandº died;ºª and she² was left,ºª and her twoº sons.º
 Gn 12:10; 26:1; 43:1; Lv 26:19; Dt 28:23, 38; Jg 2:16; 12:8; 17:8; 19:1; 2S 21:1; 1K 17:1; 18:2; 2K 8:1; Ps 105:16; 107:34; Jr 14:1; Ezk 14:13, 21; Jol 1:10, 16; Am 4:6.
 Gn 35:19; Ru 1:20; 1S 1:1; 17:21; 1Ch 4:22; Mi 5:2.
 2K 4:1; Ps 34:19; He 12:6, 10.
Mahlon and Chilion, having married wives of Moab, die also.
4 And they tookºª them wivesº of the women¹ of Moab;º the nameº of the oneº [was] Orpah,º and the nameº of the otherº Ruth:º and they dwelledºª there² about tenº years.º 5 And Mahlonº and Chilionº diedºª also² bothº of them; and the womanº was leftºª of her two¹ sonsº²² and her husband.º²
Naomi returning homeward,
6 ¶ Then she² aroseºª with her daughters in law,º that she might returnºª from the countryº² of Moab:º for² she had heardºª in the countryº of Moabº how that² the LORDº had visitedºª² his peopleº in givingºª them bread.º 7 Wherefore she went forthºª out of² the placeº where²² she was,² and her twoº daughters in lawº with her;² and they went¹ª² on the wayº to returnºª unto² the landº of Judah.º
 Gn 21:1; 28:20; 48:15; 50:25; Ex 3:16; 4:31; 16:4; 1S 2:21; Ps 104:14; 111:5; 132:15; 145:15; 146:7; 147:14; Pv 30:8; Is 55:10; Mt 6:11; Lk 1:68; 19:44; 1Ti 6:8; 1P 2:12.
 Ex 18:27; Ru 1:10, 14; 2K 8:3.
dissuadeth her two daughters in law from going with her.
8 And Naomiº saidºª unto her twoº daughters in law,º Go,¹ª² returnºª eachº to her mother'sº house:º the LORDº dealºª kindlyº with² you, as² ye have dealtºª with² the dead,ºª and with² me. 9 The LORDº grantºª you that ye may findºª rest,º eachº [of you] in the houseº of her husband.º Then she kissedºª them; and they lifted upºª their voice,º and wept.ºª 10 And they saidºª unto her, Surely² we will returnºª with² thee unto thy people.º 11 And Naomiº said,ºª Turn again,ºª my daughters:º why² will ye go¹ª² with² me? [are] there yet² [any more] sonsº in my womb,º that they may be² your husbands?¹² 12 Turn again,ºª my daughters,º go¹ª² [your way]; for² I am too oldºª to have²² an husband.º If² I should say,ºª I haveº hope,º [if] I should have² an husbandº also² to night,º and should also² bearºª sons;º 13 Would ye tarryºª for them¹² till²² they were grown?ºª would ye stayºª for them¹² from having² husbands?º nay,² my daughters;º for² it grievethºª me muchº for² your sakes that² the handº of the LORDº is gone outºª against me.
 Jsh 24:15; Ru 1:5; 2:20; Lk 14:25; Ep 5:22; 6:2; Php 4:18; Col 3:18, 24; 2Ti 1:16.
 Gn 27:27; 29:11; 45:15; Ru 3:1; Ac 20:37.
 Ps 16:3; 119:63; Zc 8:23.
 Gn 38:11; Dt 25:5.
 Gn 17:17; 1Ti 5:9.
 Dt 2:15; Jg 2:15; 1S 5:11; Jb 19:21; Ps 32:4; 38:2; 39:9.
Orpah leaveth her, but Ruth with great constancy accompanieth her.
14 And they lifted upºª their voice,º and wept² again:¹ª² and Orpahº kissedºª her mother in law;º but Ruthº claveºª unto her. 15 And she said,ºª Behold,² thy sister in lawº is gone backºª unto² her people,º and unto² her gods:º returnºª thou afterº thy sister in law.º 16 And Ruthº said,ºª Intreatºª me not² to leaveºª thee, [or] to returnºª from following afterº² thee: for² whither²² thou goest,¹ª² I will go;¹ª² and where² thou lodgest,ºª I will lodge:ºª thy peopleº [shall be] my people,º and thy Godº my God:º 17 Where² thou diest,ºª will I die,ºª and there² will I be buried:ºª the LORDº doºª so² to me, and moreºª also,² [if ought] but² deathº partºª thee² and me.² 18 When she sawºª that² she² was stedfastly mindedºª to go¹ª² with² her, then she leftºª speakingºª unto² her.
 Gn 31:28, 55; Dt 4:4; 10:20; 1K 19:20; Pv 17:17; 18:24; Is 14:1; Zc 8:23; Mt 10:37; 16:24; 19:22; Mk 10:21; Jn 6:66; Ac 17:34; 2Ti 4:10; He 10:39.
 Jsh 24:15, 19; Jg 11:24; 2S 15:19; 2K 2:2; Ps 36:3; 125:5; Zp 1:6; Mt 13:20; Lk 14:26; 24:28; He 10:38; 1Jn 2:19.
 Jsh 24:18; Ru 2:11; 2S 15:21; 2K 2:2; Ps 45:10; Is 14:1; Dn 2:47; 3:29; 4:37; Ho 13:4; Mt 8:19; Lk 24:28; Jn 13:37; Ac 21:13; 2Co 6:16; 1Th 1:9; Rv 14:4.
 1S 3:17; 25:22; 2S 3:9, 35; 19:13; 1K 2:23; 19:2; 20:10; 2K 6:31; Ac 11:23; 20:24.
 Ac 2:42; 21:14; Ep 6:10.
They two come to Beth-lehem, where they are gladly received.
19 ¶ So they twoº went¹ª² until² they cameºª to Bethlehem.º And it came to pass,² when they were comeºª to Bethlehem,º that all² the cityº was movedºª about² them, and they said,ºª [Is] this² Naomi?º 20 And she saidºª unto² them, Callºª me not² Naomi,º callºª me Mara:º for² the Almightyº hath dealt very¹ bitterlyºª² with me. 21 I² went outºª full,º and the LORDº hath brought me home againºª empty:º why² [then] callºª ye me Naomi,º seeing the LORDº hath testifiedºª against me, and the Almightyº hath afflictedºª me? 22 So Naomiº returned,ºª and Ruthº the Moabitess,º her daughter in law,º with her,² which returnedºª out of the countryº² of Moab:º and they² cameºª to Bethlehemº in the beginningº of barleyº harvest.º
 Is 23:7; Lm 2:15; Mt 21:10.
 Gn 17:1; 43:14; Jb 5:17; 6:4; 11:7; 19:6; Ps 73:14; 88:15; Is 38:13; Lm 3:1; He 12:11; Rv 1:8; 21:22.
 1S 2:7; Jb 1:21; 10:17; 13:26; 16:8; Mal 3:5.
 Ex 9:31; Ru 2:23; 2S 21:9.
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