NASB — Exodus 18 — KJV

Jethro, Moses’ Father-in-law

1 Now aJethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt. 2 Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took Moses’ wife aZipporah, after he had sent her away, 3 and her atwo sons, of whom Ione was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have been ba IIsojourner in a foreign land.” 4 IThe other was named IIaEliezer, for [he said], “bThe God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.”

[1] aEx 2:16, 18; 3:1
[2] aEx 2:21; 4:25
[3] ILit the name of the one was IIHeb ger aEx 2:22; 4:20; Ac 7:29 bEx 2:22
[4] ILit The name of the other was IIHeb El-ezer; i.e. my God is help a1Ch 23:15, 17 bGn 49:25

5 ¶ Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses Iin the wilderness where he was camped, at athe mount of God. 6 He Isent word to Moses, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.” 7 Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and ahe bowed down and bkissed him; and they casked each other of their welfare and went into the tent. 8 Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians afor Israel’s sake, all the bhardship that had befallen them on the journey, and [how] cthe LORD had delivered them. 9 Jethro rejoiced over all athe goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, Iin delivering IIthem from the hand of the Egyptians. 10 So Jethro said, “aBlessed be the LORD who delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of Pharaoh, [and] who delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 Now I know that athe LORD is greater than all the gods; Iindeed, bit was proven when they dealt proudly against IIthe people.” 12 aThen Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat Ia meal with Moses’ father-in-law before God.

[5] ILit unto aEx 3:1, 12; 4:27; 24:13
[6] ILit said
[7] aGn 43:26, 28 bGn 29:13; Ex 4:27 cGn 43:27; 2S 11:7
[8] aEx 4:23; 7:4, 5 bNu 20:14; Ne 9:32 cEx 15:6, 16
[9] ILit in that He had delivered IILit him aIs 63:7-14
[10] aGn 14:20; 2S 18:28; 1K 8:56; Ps 68:19, 20
[11] ILit indeed, in the thing in which they IILit them aEx 12:12; 15:11; 2Ch 2:5; Ps 95:3; 97:9; 135:5 bLk 1:51
[12] ILit bread aGn 31:54; Ex 24:5

13 ¶ It came about the next day that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Moses from the morning until the evening. 14 Now when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit [as judge] and all the people stand about you from morning until evening?” 15 Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me ato inquire of God. 16 When they have a Iadispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws.”

[15] aNu 9:6, 8; 27:5; Dt 17:8-13
[16] ILit matter aEx 24:14

Jethro Counsels Moses

17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you are doing is not good. 18 aYou will surely wear out, both yourself and Ithese people who are with you, for the IItask is too heavy for you; byou cannot do it alone. 19 Now listen to Ime: I will give you counsel, and God be with you. IIYou be the people’s representative before God, and you abring the IIIdisputes to God, 20 athen teach them the statutes and the laws, and make known to them bthe way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do. 21 Furthermore, you shall Iselect out of all the people aable men bwho fear God, men of truth, those who chate dishonest gain; and you shall place [these] over them [as] leaders of thousands, IIof hundreds, IIof fifties and IIof tens. 22 Let them judge the people at all times; and let it be athat every major Idispute they will bring to you, but every minor Idispute they themselves will judge. So it will be easier for you, and bthey will bear [the burden] with you. 23 If you do this thing and God [so] commands you, then you will be able to Iendure, and all IIthese people also will go to IIItheir place in peace.”

[18] ILit this IILit matter aNu 11:14, 17; Dt 1:12 bDt 1:9
[19] ILit my voice IILit You be for the people in front of God IIILit matters aNu 27:5
[20] aDt 1:18; 4:1, 5; 5:1 bPs 143:8
[21] ILit see IILit leaders of aEx 18:25; Dt 1:13, 15; 2Ch 19:5-10; Ps 15:1-5; Ac 6:3 bGn 42:18; 2S 23:3 cDt 16:19
[22] ILit matter aDt 1:17, 18 bNu 11:17
[23] ILit stand IILit this IIILit his

24 ¶ So Moses listened Ito his father-in-law and did all that he had said. 25 Moses chose aable men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands, Iof hundreds, Iof fifties and Iof tens. 26 They judged the people at all times; athe difficult Idispute they would bring to Moses, but every minor Idispute they themselves would judge. 27 Then Moses Iabade his father-in-law farewell, and he went his way into his own land.

[24] ILit to the voice of
[25] ILit leaders of aEx 18:21; Dt 1:15
[26] ILit matter aEx 18:22
[27] ILit sent off his father-in-law aNu 10:29, 30


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Jethro bringeth to Moses his wife and two sons.

1 ¶ When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, [and] that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt; 2 Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back, 3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one [was] Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: 4 And the name of the other [was] Eliezer; for the God of my father, [said he, was] mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh: 5 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God: 6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

[1] Ex 2:16, 21; 3:1; 4:18; 7:1; Nu 10:29; Jsh 2:10; 9:9; Jg 4:11; Ne 9:10; Ps 34:2; 44:1; 77:14; 78:4, 50; 105:5, 36, 43; 106:2, 8; 136:10; Is 63:11; Jr 33:9; Zc 8:23; Ac 7:35; 14:27; 15:12; 21:19; Ro 15:18; Ga 1:23.
[2] Ex 2:21; 4:25.
[3] Ex 2:22; Ps 39:12; Ac 7:29; He 11:13; 1P 2:11.
[4] Ex 2:15; Ps 18:1, 48; 34:4; 46:1; Is 50:7; Dn 6:22; Ac 12:11; 2Co 1:8; 2Ti 4:17; He 13:6.
[5] Ex 3:1, 12; 19:11, 20; 24:16; 1K 19:8.
[6] Mt 12:47.

Moses entertaineth him.

7 ¶ And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of [their] welfare; and they came into the tent. 8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, [and] all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and [how] the LORD delivered them. 9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. 10 And Jethro said, Blessed [be] the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 Now I know that the LORD [is] greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly [he was] above them. 12 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

[7] Gn 14:17; 18:2; 19:1; 29:13; 31:28; 33:3, 4; 43:27; 45:15; 46:29; Nu 22:36; Jg 11:34; 2S 11:7; 1K 2:19; Ps 2:12; Lk 7:45; Ac 20:37; 28:15.
[8] Gn 44:34; Ex 15:22; 16:3; 18:1; Nu 20:14; Ne 9:9, 32; Ps 66:16; 71:17; 78:42; 81:7; 105:1; 106:10; 107:2; 145:4.
[9] Is 44:23; 66:10; Ro 12:10, 15; 1Co 12:26.
[10] Gn 14:20; 2S 18:28; 1K 8:15; Ps 41:13; 106:47; Lk 1:68; Ep 1:3; 1Th 3:9; 1P 1:3; Rv 5:11; 19:1.
[11] Ex 1:10, 16, 22; 5:2, 7; 9:16, 17; 10:3; 14:8, 18; 15:11; 1S 2:3; 1K 17:24; 2K 5:15; 1Ch 16:25; 2Ch 2:5; Ne 9:10, 16, 29; Jb 40:11; Ps 31:23; 95:3; 97:9; 119:21; 135:5; Dn 4:37; Lk 1:51; Jm 4:6; 1P 5:5.
[12] Gn 4:4; 8:20; 12:7; 26:25; 31:54; 43:25; Ex 2:20; 24:5, 11; Lv 7:11; Dt 12:7; 27:7; 2S 9:7; 1Ch 29:21; 2Ch 30:22; Jb 1:5; 42:8, 11; Dn 10:3; Lk 14:1, 15; 1Co 10:18, 21, 31.

Jethro's counsel is accepted.

13 ¶ And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. 14 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What [is] this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even? 15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God: 16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make [them] know the statutes of God, and his laws. 17 And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest [is] not good. 18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that [is] with thee: for this thing [is] too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. 19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: 20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. 21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers of thousands, [and] rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: 22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, [that] every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear [the burden] with thee. 23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee [so], then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace. 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. 25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

[13] Jg 5:10; Jb 29:7; Is 16:5; Jol 3:12; Mt 23:2; Ro 12:8; 13:6.
[15] Ex 18:19; Lv 24:12; Nu 15:34; 27:5.
[16] Ex 2:13; 23:7; 24:14; Lv 24:15; Nu 15:35; 27:6; 36:6; Dt 4:5; 5:1; 6:1; 17:8; 1S 12:23; 2S 15:3; Jb 31:13; Mt 28:20; Ac 18:14; 1Co 6:1; 1Th 4:1.
[17] Ex 18:14; Dt 1:12; 1K 3:8; 13:18; 2Ch 19:6; Mt 17:4; Jn 13:6.
[18] Nu 11:14; Dt 1:9; Ac 6:1; 2Co 12:15; Php 2:30; 1Th 2:8.
[19] Gn 39:2; Ex 3:12; 4:12, 16; 18:15, 24; 20:19; Nu 27:5; Dt 5:5; 20:1; Jsh 1:9; 2S 14:17; Pv 9:9; Mt 28:20.
[20] Ex 18:16; Dt 1:18; 4:1, 5; 5:1; 6:1; 7:11; 1S 12:23; Ne 9:13; Ps 32:8; 143:8; Is 30:21; Jr 6:16; 42:3; Ezk 3:17; Mi 4:2; Mt 28:20; Mk 13:34; 1Th 4:1; 2Th 3:6.
[21] Gn 22:12; 42:18; Ex 18:25; 23:2, 8; Nu 10:4; Dt 1:13, 15; 16:18; Jsh 22:14; 1S 8:3, 12; 12:3; 2S 23:3; 1K 3:9; 18:3, 12; 2Ch 19:5; Ne 5:9; 7:2; Jb 29:16; 31:13; Ps 26:9; Pv 28:2; Ec 12:13; Is 16:5; 33:15; 59:4, 14; Jr 5:1; Ezk 18:8; 22:12; Zc 7:9; 8:16; Lk 18:2, 4; Ac 6:3; 20:33; 1Ti 3:3; 6:9; 2P 2:14.
[22] Ex 18:18, 26; Lv 24:11; Nu 11:17; 15:33; 27:2; 36:1; Dt 1:17; 17:8; Ro 13:6.
[23] Gn 18:33; 21:10; 30:25; Ex 16:29; 18:18; 1S 8:6, 22; 2S 18:3; 19:39; 21:17; Ac 15:2; Ga 2:2; Php 1:24.
[24] Ex 18:2, 19; Ezr 10:2, 5; Pv 1:5; 1Co 12:21.
[25] Ex 18:21; Dt 1:15; Ac 6:5.
[26] Ex 18:14, 15, 22; Dt 17:8; 1K 3:16; 10:1; Jb 29:16.

Jethro departeth.

27 ¶ And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.

[27] Gn 24:59; 31:55; Nu 10:29; Jg 19:9.


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