NASB — Numbers 20 — KJV

Death of Miriam

1 Then the sons of Israel, the whole congregation, came to the awilderness of Zin in the first month; and the people stayed at Kadesh. Now Miriam died there and was buried there.

[1] aNu 13:21; 27:14; 33:36

2aThere was no water for the congregation, band they assembled themselves against Moses and Aaron. 3 aThe people thus contended with Moses and spoke, saying, “bIf only we had perished cwhen our brothers perished before the LORD! 4 aWhy then have you brought the LORDS assembly into this wilderness, for us and our beasts to die Ihere? 5 Why have you made us come up from Egypt, to bring us in to this wretched place? aIt is not a place of Igrain or figs or vines or pomegranates, nor is there water to drink.” 6 Then Moses and Aaron came in from the presence of the assembly to the doorway of the tent of meeting and afell on their faces. Then the glory of the LORD appeared to them; 7 and the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

[2] aEx 17:1 bNu 16:19, 42
[3] aEx 17:2 bNu 14:2, 3 cNu 16:31-35
[4] ILit there aEx 17:3
[5] ILit seed aNu 16:14
[6] aNu 14:5

The Water of Meribah

8 “Take athe rod; and you and your brother Aaron assemble the congregation and speak to the rock before their eyes, that it may yield its water. You shall thus bring forth water for them out of the rock and let the congregation and their beasts drink.”

[8] aEx 4:17, 20; 17:5, 6

9 ¶ So Moses took the rod afrom before the LORD, just as He had commanded him; 10 and Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly before the rock. And he said to them, “aListen now, you rebels; shall we bring forth water for you out of this rock?” 11 Then Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod; and awater came forth abundantly, and the congregation and their beasts drank. 12 But the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “aBecause you have not believed Me, to treat Me as holy in the sight of the sons of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” 13 Those [were] the waters of IaMeribah, IIbecause the sons of Israel contended with the LORD, and He proved Himself holy among them.

[9] aNu 17:10
[10] aPs 106:33
[11] aPs 78:16; Is 48:21; 1Co 10:4
[12] aNu 20:24; 27:14; Dt 1:37; 3:26, 27
[13] II.e. contention IIOr where aEx 17:7; Ps 95:8

14 ¶ From Kadesh Moses then sent messengers to athe king of Edom: “Thus your brother Israel has said, ‘You bknow all the hardship that has befallen us; 15 that our fathers went down to Egypt, and we stayed in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians treated us and our fathers badly. 16 But awhen we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voice and sent ban angel and brought us out from Egypt; now behold, we are at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory. 17 Please alet us pass through your land. We will not pass through field or through vineyard; we will not even drink water from a well. We will go along the king’s highway, not turning to the right or left, until we pass through your territory.’”

[14] aGn 36:31-39; Dt 2:4 bJsh 2:9, 10; 9:9, 10, 24
[16] aEx 2:23; 3:7 bEx 14:19
[17] aNu 21:22

18aEdom, however, said to him, “You shall not pass through Ius, or I will come out with the sword against you.” 19 Again, the sons of Israel said to him, “We will go up by the highway, and if I and amy livestock do drink any of your water, bthen I will Ipay its price. Let me only pass through on my feet, IInothing [else].” 20 But he said, “aYou shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy Iforce and with a strong hand. 21 aThus Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through his territory; bso Israel turned away from him.

[18] ILit me aNu 24:18
[19] ILit give IIOr no great thing aEx 12:38 bDt 2:6, 28
[20] ILit people aJg 11:17
[21] aJg 11:17 bDt 2:8

22 ¶ Now when they set out from aKadesh, the sons of Israel, the whole congregation, came to Mount Hor.

[22] aNu 20:1, 14

Death of Aaron

23 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron at aMount Hor by the border of the land of Edom, saying, 24 “Aaron will be agathered to his people; for he shall not enter the land which I have given to the sons of Israel, because byou rebelled against My Icommand at the waters of Meribah. 25 Take Aaron and his son aEleazar and bring them up to Mount Hor; 26 and strip Aaron of his garments and put them on his son Eleazar. So Aaron will be agathered [to his people], and will die there.” 27 So Moses did just as the LORD had commanded, and they went up to Mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation. 28 After Moses had stripped Aaron of his garments and aput them on his son Eleazar, bAaron died there on the mountain top. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. 29 When all the congregation saw that Aaron had died, all the house of Israel wept for Aaron thirty adays.

[23] aNu 33:37
[24] ILit mouth aGn 25:8 bNu 20:5, 10
[25] aNu 3:4
[26] aNu 20:24
[28] aEx 29:29 bNu 33:38; Dt 10:6; 32:50
[29] aGn 1:5; 50:3, 10; Dt 34:8


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The children of Israel come to Zin, where Miriam dieth.

1 ¶ Then came the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.

[1] Ex 2:4, 7; 15:20; Nu 12:1, 10, 15; 13:1, 21; 20:16, 28; 26:59; 27:14; 33:36, 38; 34:3; Dt 1:3, 22; 2:14; 32:51; Jsh 15:1, 3; Ps 29:8; Mi 6:4.

They murmur for want of water.

2 And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. 3 And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD! 4 And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there? 5 And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it [is] no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither [is] there any water to drink. 6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them.

[2] Ex 15:23; 16:2, 7, 12; 17:1; Nu 11:1; 16:3, 19, 42; 21:5; 1Co 10:10.
[3] Ex 16:2; 17:2; Nu 11:1, 33; 14:1, 36; 16:31, 49; Jb 3:10; Lm 4:9.
[4] Ex 5:21; 14:11; 16:3; 17:3; Nu 11:5; 16:13, 41; Ps 106:21; Ac 7:35, 39.
[5] Nu 16:14; Dt 8:15; Ne 9:21; Jr 2:2, 6; Ezk 20:36.
[6] Ex 16:10; 17:4; Nu 12:5; 14:5, 10; 16:4, 19, 22, 42, 45; Jsh 7:6; 1Ch 21:16; Ps 109:3; Mt 26:39.

Moses, smiting the rock, bringeth forth water at Meribah.

7 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 8 Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. 9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. 10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? 11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also].

[8] Gn 18:14; Ex 4:2, 17; 7:20; 14:16; 17:5, 9; Nu 20:11; 21:15, 18; Jsh 6:5, 20; Ne 9:15; Ps 33:9; 78:15; 105:41; 114:8; Is 41:17; 43:20; 48:21; Mt 21:21; Mk 11:22; Lk 11:13; Jn 4:10; 16:24; Ac 1:14; 2:1; Rv 22:1, 17.
[9] Nu 17:10.
[10] Gn 40:8; 41:16; Nu 11:22; Dt 9:24; Ps 106:32; Dn 2:28; Mt 5:22; Lk 9:54; Ac 3:12; 14:9; 23:3; Ro 15:17; 1Co 3:7; Ep 4:26; Jm 3:2.
[11] Ex 17:6; Lv 10:1; Nu 20:8; Dt 8:15; 1S 15:13, 19, 24; 1K 13:21; 1Ch 13:9; 15:2, 13; Ho 13:5; Mt 28:20; 1Co 10:4; Jm 1:20.

12 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them. 13 This [is] the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.

[12] Lv 10:3; Nu 11:15, 21; 20:24; 27:14; Dt 1:37; 3:23; 32:49, 51; 34:4; Jsh 1:2; 2Ch 20:20; Is 7:9; 8:13; Ezk 20:41; 36:23; 38:10; Mt 17:17, 20; Lk 1:20, 45; Jn 1:17; Ro 4:20; 1P 3:15.
[13] Ex 17:7; Dt 32:51; 33:8; Ps 95:8; 106:32; Is 5:16; Ezk 20:41; 36:23; 38:16.

Moses at Kadesh desireth passage through Edom, which is denied him.

14 ¶ And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: 15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers: 16 And when we cried unto the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we [are] in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border: 17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink [of] the water of the wells: we will go by the king's [high] way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders. 18 And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword. 19 And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without [doing] any thing [else], go through on my feet. 20 And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand. 21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.

[14] Gn 32:3; Ex 18:8; Dt 2:4; 23:7; Jg 11:16; Ob 1:10; Mal 1:2.
[15] Gn 15:13; 46:6; Ex 1:11, 16, 22; 5:14; 12:40; Nu 11:5; 16:13; Dt 26:6; Ac 7:15, 19.
[16] Ex 2:23; 3:2, 7; 6:5; 14:10, 19; 23:20; 33:2.
[17] Nu 21:1, 22; Dt 2:1, 27, 29.
[19] Dt 2:6, 28.
[20] Gn 27:41; 32:6; Nu 20:18; Jg 11:17, 20; Ps 120:7; Ezk 35:5; Am 1:11; Ob 1:10.
[21] Dt 2:4, 27, 29; 23:7; Jg 11:18, 24.

At mount Hor Aaron resigneth his place to Eleazar, and dieth.

22 ¶ And the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor. 23 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying, 24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah. 25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor: 26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered [unto his people], and shall die there. 27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation. 28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount. 29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, [even] all the house of Israel.

[22] Nu 13:26; 20:1, 14, 16; 21:4; 33:36, 37; 34:7; Ezk 47:19; 48:28.
[24] Gn 15:15; 25:8, 17; 35:29; 49:29, 33; Nu 4:27; 20:11; 27:13; 31:2; Dt 32:50; Jg 2:10; 2Ch 34:28.
[25] Nu 33:38.
[26] Ex 29:29; Is 22:21; He 7:11, 23.
[28] Ex 29:29; Nu 20:26; 27:16; 33:38; Dt 10:6; 31:7; 32:49; 34:5, 9; 1Ch 22:11, 17; 28:5; Ac 20:25; He 7:24; 2P 1:15.
[29] Gn 1:10; Dt 34:8; 2Ch 35:24; Ac 8:2.


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