NASB — Genesis 32 — KJV

Jacob’s Fear of Esau

1 Now as Jacob went on his way, athe angels of God met him. 2 Jacob said when he saw them, “This is God’s Icamp.” So he named that place IIaMahanaim.

[1] a2K 6:16, 17; Ps 34:7
[2] IOr company III.e. Two Camps, or Two Companies aJsh 21:38; 2S 2:8

3 ¶ Then Jacob asent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of bSeir, the Icountry of cEdom. 4 He also commanded them saying, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: ‘Thus says your servant Jacob, “I have sojourned with Laban, and astayed until now; 5 aI have oxen and donkeys [and] flocks and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, bthat I may find favor in your sight.”’”

[3] ILit field aGn 27:41, 42; 32:7, 11 bGn 14:6; 33:14 cGn 25:30; 36:8, 9
[4] aGn 31:41
[5] aGn 30:43 bGn 33:8

6 ¶ The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and furthermore ahe is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.” 7 Then Jacob was agreatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the herds and the camels, into two companies; 8 for he said, “If Esau comes to the one company and Iattacks it, then the company which is left will escape.”

[6] aGn 33:1
[7] aGn 32:11
[8] ILit smites

9 ¶ Jacob said, “O aGod of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD, who said to me, ‘bReturn to your country and to your relatives, and I will Iprosper you,’ 10 II am unworthy aof all the lovingkindness and of all the IIfaithfulness which You have shown to Your servant; for with my staff [only] I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two companies. 11 aDeliver me, I pray, bfrom the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, that he will come and Iattack me [and] the cmothers with the children. 12 For You said, ‘aI will surely Iprosper you and bmake your IIdescendants as the sand of the sea, which is too great to be numbered.’”

[9] ILit do good with you aGn 28:13; 31:42 bGn 28:15; 31:3, 13
[10] ILit I am less than all IIOr truth aGn 24:27
[11] ILit smite aPs 59:1, 2 bGn 27:41, 42; 33:4 cHo 10:14
[12] ILit do good with IILit seed aGn 28:14 bGn 22:17

13 ¶ So he spent the night there. Then he Iselected from what IIhe had with him a apresent for his brother Esau: 14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15 thirty milking camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16 He delivered [them] into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on before me, and put a space between droves.” 17 He commanded the Ione in front, saying, “When my brother Esau meets you and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and to whom do these [animals] in front of you belong?’ 18 then you shall say, ‘[These] belong to your servant Jacob; it is a present sent to my lord Esau. And behold, he also is behind us.’” 19 Then he commanded also the second and the third, and all those who followed the droves, saying, “After this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him; 20 and you shall say, ‘Behold, your servant Jacob also is behind us.’” For he said, “I will appease him with the present that goes before me. Then afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.” 21 So the present passed on before him, while he himself spent that night in the camp.

[13] ILit took IILit had come to his hand aGn 43:11
[17] ILit first

22 ¶ Now he arose that same night and took his two wives and his two maids and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the aJabbok. 23 He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had.

[22] aDt 3:16; Jsh 12:2

Jacob Wrestles

24 Then Jacob was left alone, and a man awrestled with him until daybreak. 25 When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob’s thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him. 26 Then he said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” But he said, “aI will not let you go unless you bless me.” 27 So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.” 28 aHe said, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but IIsrael; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed.” 29 Then aJacob asked him and said, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And he blessed him there. 30 So Jacob named the place IPeniel, for [he said], “aI have seen God face to face, yet my IIlife has been preserved.” 31 Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over aPenuel, and he was limping on his thigh. 32 Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.

[24] aHo 12:3, 4
[26] aHo 12:4
[28] II.e. he who strives with God; or God strives aGn 35:10; 1K 18:31
[29] aJg 13:17, 18
[30] II.e. the face of God IILit soul aGn 16:13; Ex 24:10, 11; 33:20; Nu 12:8; Jg 6:22; 13:22
[31] aJg 8:8


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Jacob's vision at Mahanaim.

1 ¶ And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. 2 And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.

[1] Ps 91:11; 1Co 3:22; Ep 3:10; He 1:4.
[2] Jsh 5:14; 21:38; 2S 2:8, 12; 17:24, 26; 1K 2:8; 4:14; 2K 6:17; Ps 34:7; 103:21; 148:2; So 6:13; Dn 10:20; Lk 2:13.

His message to Esau.

3 And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4 And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now: 5 And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.

[3] Gn 14:6; 25:30; 33:14, 16; 36:6; Dt 2:5, 22; Jsh 24:4; Mal 3:1; Lk 9:52; 14:31.
[4] Gn 4:7; 23:6; 27:29, 37; 32:5, 18; 33:8; Ex 32:22; 1S 26:17; 1K 20:32; Pv 6:3; 15:1; Ec 10:4; Lk 14:11; 1P 3:6.
[5] Gn 30:43; 31:1, 16; 33:8, 11, 15; 47:25; Ru 2:2; 1S 1:18; 2S 16:4; Jb 6:22.

He is afraid of Esau's coming.

6 ¶ And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him. 7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that [was] with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands; 8 And said, If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other company which is left shall escape.

[6] Gn 27:40; 32:8, 11; 33:1; Am 5:19.
[7] Gn 35:3; Ex 14:10; Ps 18:4; 31:13; 55:4; 61:2; 107:6; 112:5; 142:4; Pv 2:11; Is 28:26; Mt 8:26; 10:16; Jn 16:33; Ac 14:22; 2Co 1:4, 8; 2Ti 3:12.
[8] Gn 33:1; Mt 10:16.

He prayeth for deliverance.

9 ¶ And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: 10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands. 11 Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, [and] the mother with the children. 12 And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.

[9] Gn 17:7; 28:13; 31:3, 13, 29, 42, 53; Ex 3:6; 1S 30:6; 2Ch 20:6, 12; 32:20; Ps 34:4; 50:15; 91:15; Php 4:6.
[10] Gn 18:27; 24:27; 28:10, 15; 30:43; 32:5, 7; Dt 8:18; 2S 7:18; Jb 8:7; 17:9; 42:5; Ps 8:5; 16:2; 18:35; 61:7; 84:7; 85:10; Pv 4:18; Is 6:5; 63:7; Dn 9:8; Mi 7:20; Lk 5:8; 17:10; 2Co 12:11; 1Ti 1:12; 1P 5:5; 1Jn 1:8.
[11] Dt 22:6; 1S 12:10; 24:15; Ps 16:1; 25:20; 31:2; 43:1; 59:1; 119:134; 142:6; Pv 18:19; Dn 3:17; Ho 10:14; Mt 6:13.
[12] Gn 28:13; 32:6; 46:3; Ex 32:13; Nu 23:19; 1S 15:29; Mt 24:35; 2Ti 2:13; Tit 1:2; He 6:17.

He sendeth a present to Esau.

13 ¶ And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother; 14 Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams, 15 Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten foals. 16 And he delivered [them] into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove. 17 And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, saying, Whose [art] thou? and whither goest thou? and whose [are] these before thee? 18 Then thou shalt say, [They be] thy servant Jacob's; it [is] a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he [is] behind us. 19 And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the droves, saying, On this manner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him. 20 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob [is] behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me. 21 So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company. 22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok. 23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.

[13] Gn 18:2; 32:20; 33:10; 42:6; 43:11, 26; 1S 25:8, 27; Pv 17:8; 18:16; 19:6; 21:14.
[14] Gn 30:43; 31:9, 16; Dt 8:18; 1S 25:2; Jb 1:3; 42:12.
[16] Gn 32:20; 33:8; Ps 112:5; Pv 2:11; Is 28:26; Mt 10:16.
[17] Gn 33:3.
[18] Gn 32:4.
[20] Gn 43:11; 1S 6:5; 25:17; 1K 20:31; Jb 42:8; Pv 6:35; 15:18; 16:14; 21:14; Jna 3:9; 2Ti 2:25.
[22] Gn 29:21; 30:1; 35:18, 22; Dt 2:37; 3:16; Jsh 12:2; 1Ti 5:8.
[23] Gn 32:23.

He wrestleth with an angel at Peniel, where he is called Israel.

24 ¶ And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. 25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. 26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. 27 And he said unto him, What [is] thy name? And he said, Jacob. 28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. 29 And Jacob asked [him], and said, Tell [me], I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore [is] it [that] thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. 30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.

[24] Gn 30:8; 32:28, 30; 48:16; Ex 14:27; So 2:17; Is 32:2; Ho 12:3; Lk 13:24; 22:44; Ro 8:26; 15:30; 1Co 15:47; Ep 6:12, 18; Col 2:1; 4:12; He 5:7.
[25] Gn 19:22; 32:32; Nu 14:13; Ps 30:6; Is 41:14; 45:11; Ho 12:3; Mt 15:22; 26:41, 44; Lk 11:5; 2Co 12:7.
[26] Ex 32:10; Dt 9:14; 1Ch 4:10; Ps 67:1, 6; 115:12; So 3:4; 7:5; Is 45:11; 64:7; Ho 12:4; Lk 18:1; 24:28; Ro 8:37; 1Co 15:58; 2Co 12:8; He 5:7.
[28] Gn 17:5, 15; 25:31; 27:33; 31:24, 36; 32:24; 33:4, 20; 35:10; Nu 13:16; 1S 26:25; 2S 12:25; 2K 17:34; Pv 16:7; Is 62:2; 65:15; Ho 12:3; Jn 1:42; Rv 2:17.
[29] Gn 27:28; 28:3, 13; 32:26, 27; Dt 29:29; Jg 13:16; Jb 11:7; Pv 30:4; Is 9:6; Ho 6:1; Lk 1:19.
[30] Gn 16:13; 28:19; 32:31; Ex 24:10; 33:14, 19; Nu 12:8; Dt 5:24; 34:10; Jg 6:22; 8:8, 17; 13:21; 1K 12:25; Is 6:5; Jn 1:18; 2Co 3:18; 4:6; Ga 1:6; Ep 1:17; Col 1:15; 2Ti 1:10; He 11:27.

He halteth.

31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh. 32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not [of] the sinew which shrank, which [is] upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.

[31] Gn 19:15, 23; 32:25; Ps 38:17; Mal 4:2; 2Co 12:7, 9.
[32] 1S 5:5.


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