NASB — 1 Samuel 1 — KJV

Elkanah and His Wives

1 Now there was a certain man from aRamathaim-zophim from the bhill country of Ephraim, and his name was cElkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 2 He had atwo wives: the name of one was bHannah and the name of the other Peninnah; and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

[1] a1S 1:19 bJsh 17:17, 18; 24:33 c1Ch 6:22-28, 33-38
[2] aDt 21:15-17 bLk 2:36

3 ¶ Now this man would go up from his city ayearly bto worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of hosts in cShiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests to the LORD there. 4 When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he awould give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters; 5 but to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, abut the LORD had closed her womb. 6 Her rival, however, awould provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb. 7 It happened year after year, as often as she went up to the house of the LORD, she would provoke her; so she wept and would not eat. 8 Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep and why do you not eat and why is your heart sad? aAm I not better to you than ten sons?”

[3] aEx 34:23; 1S 1:21; Lk 2:41 bEx 23:14; Dt 12:5-7; 16:16 cJsh 18:1
[4] aDt 12:17, 18
[5] aGn 16:1; 30:1
[6] aJb 24:21
[8] aRu 4:15

9 ¶ Then Hannah rose after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of athe temple of the LORD. 10 She, Igreatly distressed, prayed to the LORD and wept bitterly. 11 She amade a vow and said, “O LORD of hosts, if You will indeed blook on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a Ison, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and ca razor shall never come on his head.”

[9] a1S 3:3
[10] ILit bitter of soul
[11] ILit seed of men aNu 30:6-11 bGn 29:32 cNu 6:5; Jg 13:5

12 ¶ Now it came about, as she Icontinued praying before the LORD, that Eli was watching her mouth. 13 As for Hannah, ashe was speaking in her heart, only her lips were moving, but her voice was not heard. So Eli thought she was drunk. 14 Then Eli said to her, “aHow long will you make yourself drunk? Put away your wine from you.” 15 But Hannah replied, “No, my lord, I am a woman Ioppressed in spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I ahave poured out my soul before the LORD. 16 Do not Iconsider your maidservant as a worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and IIprovocation.” 17 Then Eli answered and said, “aGo in peace; and may the God of Israel bgrant your petition that you have asked of Him.” 18 She said, “aLet your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went her way and ate, and bher face was no longer [sad].

[12] ILit multiplied
[13] aGn 24:42-45
[14] aAc 2:4, 13
[15] ILit severe aJb 30:16; Ps 42:4; 62:8; Lm 2:19
[16] ILit give IILit my provocation
[17] aJg 18:6; 1S 25:35; 2K 5:19; Mk 5:34; Lk 7:50 bPs 20:3-5
[18] aGn 33:15; Ru 2:13 bRo 15:13

Samuel Is Born to Hannah

19 ¶ Then they arose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned again to their house in aRamah. And Elkanah Ihad relations with Hannah his wife, and bthe LORD remembered her. 20 It came about Iin due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; and she named him Samuel, [saying], “aBecause I have asked him of the LORD.”

[19] ILit knew a1S 1:1; 2:11 bGn 21:1; 30:22
[20] ILit at the circuit of the days aGn 41:51, 52; Ex 2:10, 22; Mt 1:21

21 ¶ Then the man Elkanah awent up with all his household to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and [pay] his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “[I will not go up] until the child is weaned; then I will abring him, that he may appear before the LORD and bstay there forever.” 23 aElkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best Ito you. Remain until you have weaned him; only bmay the LORD confirm His word.” So the woman remained and nursed her son until she weaned him. 24 Now when she had weaned him, ashe took him up with her, with a three-year-old bull and one ephah of flour and a jug of wine, and brought him to bthe house of the LORD in Shiloh, although the child was young. 25 Then athey slaughtered the bull, and bbrought the boy to Eli. 26 She said, “Oh, my lord! aAs your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood here beside you, praying to the LORD. 27 aFor this boy I prayed, and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked of Him. 28 aSo I have also Idedicated him to the LORD; as long as he lives he is Idedicated to the LORD.” And bhe worshiped the LORD there.

[21] aDt 12:11; 1S 1:3
[22] aLk 2:22 b1S 1:11, 28
[23] ILit in your eyes aNu 30:7, 10, 11 b1S 1:17
[24] aNu 15:9, 10; Dt 12:5, 6 bJsh 18:1; 1S 4:3, 4
[25] aLv 1:5 bLk 2:22
[26] a2K 2:2, 4, 6; 4:30
[27] a1S 1:11-13; Ps 6:9; 66:19, 20
[28] ILit lent a1S 1:11, 22 bGn 24:26, 52


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Elkanah a Levite having two wives, worshippeth yearly at Shiloh.

1 ¶ Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name [was] Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 2 And he had two wives; the name of the one [was] Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, [were] there.

[1] Jg 12:5; 17:1; 19:1; Ru 1:2; 1S 1:19; 9:5; 17:12; 1K 11:26; 1Ch 6:25, 34; Mt 27:57.
[2] Gn 4:19, 23; 16:1; 25:21; 29:23, 31; Jg 8:30; 13:2; Mt 19:8; Lk 1:7.
[3] Ex 23:14, 17; 34:23; Dt 12:5, 11; 16:16; Jsh 18:1; Jg 18:31; 1S 1:9; 2:12, 34; 3:13; 4:4, 11, 17; Ps 78:60; Jr 7:12; Lk 2:41.

He cherisheth Hannah, though barren, and provoked by Peninah.

4 ¶ And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: 5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb. 6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb. 7 And [as] he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. 8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? [am] not I better to thee than ten sons?

[4] Lv 3:4; 7:15; Dt 12:5, 17; 16:11.
[5] Gn 20:18; 29:30; 30:2; 43:34; 45:22; Dt 21:15.
[6] Lv 18:18; Jb 6:14.
[7] 1S 2:19.
[8] Ru 4:15; 2S 12:16; 2K 8:12; Jb 6:14; Ps 43:4; Is 54:1, 6; Jn 20:13, 15; 1Th 5:14.

Hannah in grief prayeth for a child.

9 ¶ So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD. 10 And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore. 11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.

[9] 1S 3:3, 15; 2S 7:2; Ps 5:7; 27:4; 29:9.
[10] Gn 50:10; Jg 21:2; Ru 1:20; 2S 13:36; 17:8; 2K 20:3; Jb 7:11; 9:18; 10:1; Ps 50:15; 91:15; Is 38:15; 54:6; Jr 13:17; 22:10; Lm 3:15; Lk 22:44; He 5:7.
[11] Gn 8:1; 28:20; 29:32; 30:22; Ex 4:31; Nu 6:5; 21:2; 30:3; Jg 11:30; 13:5; 1S 1:19; 2S 16:12; Ps 25:18; 132:1; Ec 5:4.

Eli first rebuking her, afterwards blesseth her.

12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth. 13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. 14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee. 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD. 16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto. 17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant [thee] thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more [sad].

[12] Lk 11:8; 18:1; Ep 6:18; Col 4:2; 1Th 5:17; Jm 5:16.
[13] Gn 24:42; Ne 2:4; Ps 25:1; Zc 9:15; Ac 2:13; Ro 8:26; 1Co 13:7.
[14] Jsh 22:12; Jb 8:2; 11:14; 22:23; Ps 62:3; Pv 4:24; 6:9; Mt 7:1; Ep 4:25, 31.
[15] Ps 42:4; 62:8; 142:2; 143:6; Pv 15:1; 25:15; Lm 2:19.
[16] Dt 13:13; 1S 2:12; 10:27; 25:25; Jb 6:2; 10:1; Mt 12:34.
[17] Jg 18:6; 1S 25:35; 29:7; 2K 5:19; 1Ch 4:10; Ps 20:3; Mk 5:34; Lk 7:50; 8:48.
[18] Gn 32:5; 33:8, 15; Ru 2:13; Ec 9:7; Jn 16:24; Ro 15:13; Php 4:6.

Hannah having born Samuel, stayeth at home till he be weaned.

19 ¶ And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her. 20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, [saying], Because I have asked him of the LORD. 21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow. 22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, [I will not go up] until the child be weaned, and [then] I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever. 23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.

[19] Gn 4:1; 8:1; 21:1; 30:22; 1S 1:11; 9:26; Ps 5:3; 25:7; 55:17; 119:147; 136:23; Mk 1:35; Lk 23:42.
[20] Gn 4:25; 5:29; 16:11; 29:32; 30:6; 41:51; Ex 2:10, 22; Mt 1:21.
[21] Gn 18:19; Jsh 24:15; 1S 1:3; Ps 101:2.
[22] Ex 21:6; Lv 25:23; Dt 16:16; Jsh 4:7; 1S 1:11, 28; 2:11, 18; 3:1; Ps 23:6; 27:4; 110:4; Is 9:7; Lk 2:22, 41.
[23] Gn 21:7; Nu 30:7; 2S 7:25; Ps 22:9; Is 44:26; Mt 24:19; Lk 11:27.

She presenteth him, according to her vow, to the LORD.

24 ¶ And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child [was] young. 25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli. 26 And she said, Oh my lord, [as] thy soul liveth, my lord, I [am] the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. 27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him: 28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

[24] Nu 15:9; Dt 12:5, 11; 16:16; Jsh 18:1; 1S 1:25; 4:3.
[25] Lk 2:22; 18:15.
[26] Gn 42:15; 1S 17:55; 20:3; 2S 11:11; 14:19; 2K 2:2, 4, 6; 4:30.
[27] 1S 1:11; Ps 66:19; 116:1; 118:5; Mt 7:7; 1Jn 5:15.
[28] Gn 24:26, 48, 52; 1S 2:27; 2Ti 3:15.


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