Elkanah and His Wives
1 Now there° was a certain° man° from aRamathaim-zophim° from the bhill° country° of Ephraim°, and his name° was cElkanah° the son° of Jeroham°, the son° of Elihu°, the son° of Tohu°, the son° of Zuph°, an Ephraimite°. 2 He had atwo° wives°: the name° of one° was bHannah° and the name° of the other° Peninnah°; and Peninnah° had° children°, but Hannah° had° no° children°.
3 ¶ Now this° man° would go° up from his city° ayearly° bto worship° and to sacrifice° to the LORD° of hosts° in cShiloh°. And the two° sons° of Eli°, Hophni° and Phinehas°, were priests° to the LORD° there°. 4 When the day° came° that Elkanah° sacrificed°, he awould give° portions° to Peninnah° his wife° and to all° her sons° and her daughters°; 5 but to Hannah° he would give° a double° portion°, for he loved° Hannah°, abut the LORD° had closed° her womb°. 6 Her rival°, however, awould provoke° her bitterly°° to irritate° her, because° the LORD° had closed° her womb°. 7 It happened° year° after year°, as often° as she went° up to the house° of the LORD°, she would provoke° her; so she wept° and would not eat°. 8 Then Elkanah° her husband° said° to her, “Hannah°, why° do you weep° and why° do you not eat° and why° is your heart° sad°? aAm I not better° to you than° ten° sons°?”
 aEx 34:23; 1S 1:21; Lk 2:41 bEx 23:14; Dt 12:5-7; 16:16 cJsh 18:1
 aDt 12:17, 18
 aGn 16:1; 30:1
 aJb 24:21
 aRu 4:15
9 ¶ Then Hannah° rose° after° eating° and drinking° in Shiloh°. Now Eli° the priest° was sitting° on the seat° by the doorpost° of athe temple° of the LORD°. 10 She, Igreatly° distressed°, prayed° to the LORD° and wept° bitterly°. 11 She amade° a vow° and said°, “O LORD° of hosts°, if° You will indeed° blook° on the affliction° of Your maidservant° and remember° me, and not forget° Your maidservant°, but will give° Your maidservant° a Ison°°, then I will give° him to the LORD° all° the days° of his life°, and ca razor° shall never° come° on his head°.”
12 ¶ Now it came° about, as she Icontinued° praying° before° the LORD°, that Eli° was watching° her mouth°. 13 As for Hannah°, ashe was speaking° in her heart°, only° her lips° were moving°, but her voice° was not heard°. So Eli° thought° she was drunk°. 14 Then Eli° said° to her, “aHow° long°° will you make° yourself drunk°? Put° away° your wine° from you.” 15 But Hannah° replied°, “No°, my lord°, I am a woman° Ioppressed° in spirit°; I have drunk° neither° wine° nor° strong° drink°, but I ahave poured° out my soul° before° the LORD°. 16 Do not Iconsider° your maidservant° as a worthless° woman°, for I have spoken° until° now° out of my great° concern° and IIprovocation°.” 17 Then Eli° answered° and said°, “aGo° in peace°; and may the God° of Israel° bgrant° your petition° that you have asked° of Him.” 18 She said°, “aLet your maidservant° find° favor° in your sight°.” So the woman° went° her way° and ate°, and bher face° was no° longer° [sad].
 ILit multiplied
 aGn 24:42-45
 aAc 2:4, 13
 ILit severe aJb 30:16; Ps 42:4; 62:8; Lm 2:19
 ILit give IILit my provocation
 aJg 18:6; 1S 25:35; 2K 5:19; Mk 5:34; Lk 7:50 bPs 20:3-5
 aGn 33:15; Ru 2:13 bRo 15:13
Samuel Is Born to Hannah
19 ¶ Then they arose° early° in the morning° and worshiped° before° the LORD°, and returned°° again° to their house° in aRamah°. And Elkanah° Ihad° relations° with Hannah° his wife°, and bthe LORD° remembered° her. 20 It came° about Iin due° time°, after Hannah° had conceived°, that she gave° birth° to a son°; and she named°° him Samuel°, [saying], “aBecause° I have asked° him of the LORD°.”
 ILit knew a1S 1:1; 2:11 bGn 21:1; 30:22
 ILit at the circuit of the days aGn 41:51, 52; Ex 2:10, 22; Mt 1:21
21 ¶ Then the man° Elkanah° awent° up with all° his household° to offer° to the LORD° the yearly° sacrifice° and [pay] his vow°. 22 But Hannah° did not go° up, for she said° to her husband°, “[I will not go up] until° the child° is weaned°; then I will abring° him, that he may appear° before° the LORD° and bstay° there° forever°°.” 23 aElkanah° her husband° said° to her, “Do° what° seems best° Ito you. Remain° until° you have weaned° him; only° bmay the LORD° confirm° His word°.” So the woman° remained° and nursed° her son° until° she weaned° him. 24 Now when° she had weaned° him, ashe took° him up with her, with a three-year-old° bull° and one° ephah° of flour° and a jug° of wine°, and brought° him to bthe house° of the LORD° in Shiloh°, although the child° was young°. 25 Then athey slaughtered° the bull°, and bbrought° the boy° to Eli°. 26 She said°, “Oh°, my lord°! aAs your soul° lives°, my lord°, I am the woman° who stood° here° beside° you, praying° to the LORD°. 27 aFor this° boy° I prayed°, and the LORD° has given° me my petition° which° I asked° of Him. 28 aSo I have also° Idedicated° him to the LORD°; as long°° as he lives° he is Idedicated° to the LORD°.” And bhe worshiped° the LORD° there°.
 aDt 12:11; 1S 1:3
 aLk 2:22 b1S 1:11, 28
 ILit in your eyes aNu 30:7, 10, 11 b1S 1:17
 aNu 15:9, 10; Dt 12:5, 6 bJsh 18:1; 1S 4:3, 4
 aLv 1:5 bLk 2:22
 a2K 2:2, 4, 6; 4:30
 a1S 1:11-13; Ps 6:9; 66:19, 20
 ILit lent a1S 1:11, 22 bGn 24:26, 52
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Elkanah a Levite having two wives, worshippeth yearly at Shiloh.
1 ¶ Now there was² a certainº manº of² Ramathaimzophim,º of mountº² Ephraim,º and his nameº [was] Elkanah,º the sonº of Jeroham,º the sonº of Elihu,º the sonº of Tohu,º the sonº of Zuph,º an Ephrathite:º² 2 And he had twoº wives;º the nameº of the oneº [was] Hannah,º and the nameº of the otherº Peninnah:º and Peninnahº had² children,º but Hannahº had no² children.º 3 And thisº manº went upºª out of his cityº² yearlyº² to worshipºª and to sacrificeºª unto the LORDº of hostsº in Shiloh.º And the twoº sonsº of Eli,º Hophniº and Phinehas,º the priestsº of the LORD,º [were] there.²
 Jg 12:5; 17:1; 19:1; Ru 1:2; 1S 1:19; 9:5; 17:12; 1K 11:26; 1Ch 6:25, 34; Mt 27:57.
 Gn 4:19, 23; 16:1; 25:21; 29:23, 31; Jg 8:30; 13:2; Mt 19:8; Lk 1:7.
 Ex 23:14, 17; 34:23; Dt 12:5, 11; 16:16; Jsh 18:1; Jg 18:31; 1S 1:9; 2:12, 34; 3:13; 4:4, 11, 17; Ps 78:60; Jr 7:12; Lk 2:41.
He cherisheth Hannah, though barren, and provoked by Peninah.
4 ¶ And when the timeº was² that Elkanahº offered,ºª he gaveºª to Peninnahº his wife,º and to all² her sonsº and her daughters,º portions:º 5 But unto Hannahº he gaveºª aº worthyº portion;º for² he lovedºª² Hannah:º but the LORDº had shut upºª her womb.º 6 And her adversaryº also² provokedºª her sore,º for to² make her fret,ºª because² the LORDº had shut¹ª upº² her womb.º 7 And [as] he didºª so² yearº by year,º whenº² she went upºª to the houseº² of the LORD,º so² she provokedºª her; therefore she wept,ºª and did not² eat.ºª 8 Then saidºª Elkanahº her husbandº to her, Hannah,º why² weepestºª thou? and why² eatestºª thou not?² and why² is thy heartº grieved?¹ª² [am] not² I² betterº to thee than tenº² sons?º
 Lv 3:4; 7:15; Dt 12:5, 17; 16:11.
 Gn 20:18; 29:30; 30:2; 43:34; 45:22; Dt 21:15.
 Lv 18:18; Jb 6:14.
 1S 2:19.
 Ru 4:15; 2S 12:16; 2K 8:12; Jb 6:14; Ps 43:4; Is 54:1, 6; Jn 20:13, 15; 1Th 5:14.
Hannah in grief prayeth for a child.
9 ¶ So Hannahº rose upºª afterº they had eatenºª in Shiloh,º and afterº they had drunk.ºª Now Eliº the priestº satºª upon² a seatº by² a postº of the templeº of the LORD.º 10 And she² [was] in bitternessº of soul,º and prayedºª unto² the LORD,º and wept¹ª sore.ºª 11 And she vowedºª a vow,º and said,ºª O LORDº of hosts,º if² thou wilt indeed¹ª lookºª on the afflictionº of thine handmaid,º and rememberºª me, and not² forgetºª² thine handmaid,º but wilt giveºª unto thine handmaidº a man¹² child,º then I will giveºª him unto the LORDº all² the daysº of his life,º and there shall no² razorº comeºª upon² his head.º
 1S 3:3, 15; 2S 7:2; Ps 5:7; 27:4; 29:9.
 Gn 50:10; Jg 21:2; Ru 1:20; 2S 13:36; 17:8; 2K 20:3; Jb 7:11; 9:18; 10:1; Ps 50:15; 91:15; Is 38:15; 54:6; Jr 13:17; 22:10; Lm 3:15; Lk 22:44; He 5:7.
 Gn 8:1; 28:20; 29:32; 30:22; Ex 4:31; Nu 6:5; 21:2; 30:3; Jg 11:30; 13:5; 1S 1:19; 2S 16:12; Ps 25:18; 132:1; Ec 5:4.
Eli first rebuking her, afterwards blesseth her.
12 And it came to pass,² as² she continuedºª prayingºª beforeº the LORD,º that Eliº markedºª² her mouth.º 13 Now Hannah,º she² spakeºª in² her heart;º only² her lipsº moved,ºª but her voiceº was not² heard:ºª therefore Eliº thoughtºª she had been drunken.º 14 And Eliº saidºª unto² her, How² long² wilt thou be drunken?ºª put awayºª² thy wineº from²² thee. 15 And Hannahº answeredºª and said,ºª No,² my lord,º I [am] a womanº of a sorrowfulº spirit:º I² have drunkºª neither² wineº nor strong drink,º but have poured outºª² my soulº beforeº the LORD.º 16 Countºª not²² thine handmaidº forº a daughter¹ of Belial:º² for² out of the abundanceº² of my complaintº and griefº have I spokenºª hitherto.²² 17 Then Eliº answeredºª and said,ºª Go¹ª² in peace:º and the Godº of Israelº grantºª [thee]² thy petitionº that² thou hast askedºª of²² him. 18 And she said,ºª Let thine handmaidº findºª graceº in thy sight.º So the womanº went¹ª² her way,º and did eat,ºª and her countenanceº was² no² more² [sad].
 Lk 11:8; 18:1; Ep 6:18; Col 4:2; 1Th 5:17; Jm 5:16.
 Gn 24:42; Ne 2:4; Ps 25:1; Zc 9:15; Ac 2:13; Ro 8:26; 1Co 13:7.
 Jsh 22:12; Jb 8:2; 11:14; 22:23; Ps 62:3; Pv 4:24; 6:9; Mt 7:1; Ep 4:25, 31.
 Ps 42:4; 62:8; 142:2; 143:6; Pv 15:1; 25:15; Lm 2:19.
 Dt 13:13; 1S 2:12; 10:27; 25:25; Jb 6:2; 10:1; Mt 12:34.
 Jg 18:6; 1S 25:35; 29:7; 2K 5:19; 1Ch 4:10; Ps 20:3; Mk 5:34; Lk 7:50; 8:48.
 Gn 32:5; 33:8, 15; Ru 2:13; Ec 9:7; Jn 16:24; Ro 15:13; Php 4:6.
Hannah having born Samuel, stayeth at home till he be weaned.
19 ¶ And they rose up¹ª in the morning¹ early,ºª² and worshippedºª beforeº the LORD,º and returned,ºª and cameºª to² their houseº to Ramah:º and Elkanahº knewºª² Hannahº his wife;º and the LORDº rememberedºª her. 20 Wherefore it came to pass,² when the timeº was comeº about after Hannahº had conceived,ºª that she bareºª a son,º and calledºª² his nameº Samuel,º [saying], Because² I have askedºª him of the LORD.º² 21 And the manº Elkanah,º and all² his house,º went upºª to offerºª unto the LORDº² the yearlyº sacrifice,º and his vow.º 22 But Hannahº went not up;ºª² for² she saidºª unto her husband,º [I will not go up] until² the childº be weaned,ºª and [then] I will bringºª him, that he may appearºª² beforeº the LORD,º and there² abideºª for¹ ever.º² 23 And Elkanahº her husbandº saidºª unto her, Doºª what seemethº thee good;º tarryºª until² thou have weanedºª him; only² the LORDº establishºª² his word.º So the womanº abode,ºª and gave her son¹ suckºª²² until² she weanedºª him.
 Gn 4:1; 8:1; 21:1; 30:22; 1S 1:11; 9:26; Ps 5:3; 25:7; 55:17; 119:147; 136:23; Mk 1:35; Lk 23:42.
 Gn 4:25; 5:29; 16:11; 29:32; 30:6; 41:51; Ex 2:10, 22; Mt 1:21.
 Gn 18:19; Jsh 24:15; 1S 1:3; Ps 101:2.
 Ex 21:6; Lv 25:23; Dt 16:16; Jsh 4:7; 1S 1:11, 28; 2:11, 18; 3:1; Ps 23:6; 27:4; 110:4; Is 9:7; Lk 2:22, 41.
 Gn 21:7; Nu 30:7; 2S 7:25; Ps 22:9; Is 44:26; Mt 24:19; Lk 11:27.
She presenteth him, according to her vow, to the LORD.
24 ¶ And when² she had weanedºª him, she took him upºª with² her, with threeº bullocks,º and oneº ephahº of flour,º and a bottleº of wine,º and broughtºª him unto the houseº of the LORDº in Shiloh:º and the childº [was] young.º 25 And they slewºª² a bullock,º and broughtºª² the childº to² Eli.º 26 And she said,ºª Ohº my lord,º [as] thy soulº liveth,º my lord,º I² [am] the womanº that stoodºª by² thee here,² prayingºª unto² the LORD.º 27 For² this² childº I prayed;ºª and the LORDº hath givenºª me² my petitionº which² I askedºª of²² him: 28 Therefore also² I² have lentºª him to the LORD;º as long² as² he livethº he² shall be² lentºª to the LORD.º And he worshippedºª the LORDº there.²
 Nu 15:9; Dt 12:5, 11; 16:16; Jsh 18:1; 1S 1:25; 4:3.
 Lk 2:22; 18:15.
 Gn 42:15; 1S 17:55; 20:3; 2S 11:11; 14:19; 2K 2:2, 4, 6; 4:30.
 1S 1:11; Ps 66:19; 116:1; 118:5; Mt 7:7; 1Jn 5:15.
 Gn 24:26, 48, 52; 1S 2:27; 2Ti 3:15.
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