NASB — Ecclesiastes 5 — KJV

Your Attitude Toward God

1 IaGuard your steps as you go to the house of God and draw near to listen rather than to offer the bsacrifice of fools; for they do not know they are doing evil. 2 IDo not be ahasty IIin word or IIIimpulsive in thought to bring up a matter in the presence of God. For God is in heaven and you are on the earth; therefore let your bwords be few. 3 For the dream comes through much Ieffort and the voice of a afool through many words.

[1] ICh 4:17 in Heb aEx 3:5; 30:18-20; Is 1:12 b1S 15:22; Pv 15:8; 21:27
[2] ICh 5:1 in Heb IILit with your mouth IIILit hurry your heart aPv 20:25 bPv 10:19; Mt 6:7
[3] ILit task aJb 11:2; Pv 15:2; Ec 10:14

4 ¶ When you amake a vow to God, do not be late in paying it; for [He takes] no delight in fools. bPay what you vow! 5 It is abetter that you should not vow than that you should vow and not pay. 6 Do not let your Ispeech cause IIyou to sin and do not say in the presence of the messenger [of God] that it was a amistake. Why should God be angry on account of your voice and destroy the work of your hands? 7 For in many dreams and in many words there is Iemptiness. Rather, IIafear God.

[4] aNu 30:2; Ps 50:14; 76:11 bPs 66:13, 14
[5] aPv 20:25; Ac 5:4
[6] ILit mouth IILit your body aLv 4:2, 22; Nu 15:25
[7] ILit vanity IIOr revere aEc 3:14; 7:18; 8:12, 13; 12:13

8 ¶ If you see aoppression of the poor and bdenial of justice and righteousness in the province, do not be cshocked at the Isight; for one IIofficial watches over another IIofficial, and there are higher IIIofficials over them. 9 After all, a king who cultivates the field is an advantage to the land.

[8] ILit delight IILit high one IIILit ones aEc 4:1 bEzk 18:18 c1P 4:12

The Folly of Riches

10aHe who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves abundance [with its] income. This too is Ivanity. 11 aWhen good things increase, those who consume them increase. So what is the advantage to their owners except to Ilook on? 12 The sleep of the working man is apleasant, whether he eats little or much; but the Ifull stomach of the rich man does not allow him to sleep.

[10] IOr futility aEc 1:8; 2:10, 11; 4:8
[11] ILit see with their eyes aEc 2:9
[12] ILit satiety aPv 3:24

13 ¶ There is a grievous evil [which] I have seen under the sun: ariches being Ihoarded by their owner to his hurt. 14 When those riches were lost through Ia bad investment and he had fathered a son, then there was nothing IIto support him. 15 aAs he had come naked from his mother’s womb, so will he return as he came. He will btake nothing from the fruit of his labor that he can carry in his hand. 16 This also is a grievous evil—exactly as a man Iis born, thus will he IIdie. So awhat is the advantage to him who btoils for the wind? 17 Throughout his life a[he] also eats in darkness with bgreat vexation, sickness and anger.

[13] ILit guarded aEc 6:2
[14] ILit an evil task IILit in his hand
[15] aJb 1:21 bPs 49:17; 1Ti 6:7
[16] ILit comes IILit go aEc 1:3; 2:11; 3:9 bPv 11:29
[17] aPs 127:2 bEc 2:23

18 ¶ Here is what I have seen to be agood and Ifitting: to eat, to drink and IIenjoy oneself in all one’s labor in which he toils under the sun [during] the few IIIyears of his life which God has given him; for this is his IVbreward. 19 Furthermore, as for every man to whom aGod has given riches and wealth, He has also bempowered him to eat from them and to receive his Ireward and rejoice in his labor; this is the cgift of God. 20 For he will not often Iconsider the IIyears of his life, because aGod keeps IIIhim occupied with the gladness of his heart.

[18] ILit beautiful IILit see good IIIOr days IVOr share aEc 2:24 bEc 2:10
[19] IOr share a2Ch 1:12; Ec 6:2 bEc 6:2 cEc 3:13
[20] ILit remember IIOr days IIISo with Gr aEx 23:25


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Vanities in divine service,

1 ¶ Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil. 2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter [any] thing before God: for God [is] in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few. 3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool's voice [is known] by multitude of words. 4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. 5 Better [is it] that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay. 6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it [was] an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands? 7 For in the multitude of dreams and many words [there are] also [divers] vanities: but fear thou God.

[1] Gn 4:3; 28:16; Ex 3:5; Lv 10:3; Jsh 5:15; 1S 13:12; 15:21; 2Ch 26:16; Ps 50:8; 89:7; Pv 15:8; 21:27; Is 1:12; 66:3; Jr 7:21; Ho 6:6; Mal 1:10; Ac 10:33; 17:11; 1Co 11:22; He 10:26; 12:28; Jm 1:19; 1P 2:1.
[2] Gn 18:27, 30, 32; 28:20, 22; Nu 30:2; Jg 11:30; 1S 14:24; Ps 115:3; Pv 10:19; Ec 5:3, 7; Is 55:9; Mt 6:7, 9; Mk 6:23; Jm 3:2.
[3] Pv 10:19; 15:2; Ec 10:12.
[4] Gn 28:20; 35:1, 3; Nu 30:2; Dt 23:21; Ps 50:14; 66:13; 76:11; 116:14, 16; 119:106; 147:10; Is 19:21; Jna 2:9; Mal 1:10; Mt 5:33; He 10:6.
[5] Dt 23:22; Pv 20:25; Ac 5:4.
[6] Gn 48:16; Lv 5:4; 27:9; Ec 5:1; Ho 12:4; Hg 1:9; 2:14; Mal 2:7; 3:1; Ac 7:30; 1Co 3:13; 11:10; 1Ti 5:21; He 1:14; Jm 1:26; 3:2; 2Jn 1:8.
[7] Pv 23:17; Ec 5:3; 7:18; 8:12; 12:13; Is 50:10; Mt 12:36.

in murmuring against oppression,

8 ¶ If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.

[8] 1K 21:19; 1Ch 21:15; Jb 20:19; 27:8; Ps 10:17; 12:5; 55:9; 58:10, 11; 82:1; 83:18; 95:3; 140:11; Pv 8:17; Ec 3:16; 4:1; Is 3:15; 5:7; 10:5, 12; 37:36; 46:10; 57:15; 59:13; Jr 22:17; Ezk 22:6; Am 5:12; 6:2, 12; 8:4; Mi 2:1, 9; 3:1, 9; 6:10; Hab 1:2, 12, 13; Zc 7:9; 8:6; Mal 3:5; Mt 13:41; Lk 1:32, 35, 76; Ac 4:27; 12:7, 23; Ro 11:33; Jm 2:13; 5:2; 1Jn 3:13; Rv 17:6.

and in riches.

9 ¶ Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king [himself] is served by the field. 10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this [is] also vanity. 11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them: and what good [is there] to the owners thereof, saving the beholding [of them] with their eyes? 12 The sleep of a labouring man [is] sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep. 13 There is a sore evil [which] I have seen under the sun, [namely], riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt. 14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and [there is] nothing in his hand. 15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand. 16 And this also [is] a sore evil, [that] in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured for the wind? 17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

[9] Gn 1:29; 3:17; 1S 8:12; 1K 4:7; 1Ch 27:26; Ps 104:14; 115:16; Pv 13:23; 27:23; 28:19; Jr 40:10.
[10] Ps 52:1, 7; 62:10; Pv 30:15; Ec 1:17; 2:11, 17, 26; 3:19; 4:4, 8, 16; 6:7; Hab 2:5; Mt 6:19, 24; Lk 12:15; 1Ti 6:10.
[11] Gn 12:16; 13:2, 5; Jsh 7:21; 1K 4:22; 5:13; Ne 5:17; Ps 119:36; Pv 23:5; Ec 6:9; 11:9; Jr 17:11; Hab 2:13; 1Jn 2:16.
[12] Ps 4:8; 127:2; Pv 3:24; Jr 31:26.
[13] Gn 13:5; 14:16; 19:14, 26, 31; Pv 1:11, 19, 32; 11:4, 24; Ec 4:8; 6:1; 8:9; Is 2:20; 32:6; Zp 1:18; Lk 12:16; 16:1, 19, 22; 18:22; 19:8; 1Ti 6:9; Jm 2:5; 5:1.
[14] 1S 2:6, 36; 1K 14:26; Jb 5:5; 20:15; 27:16; Ps 39:6; 109:9; Pv 23:5; Ec 2:26; Hg 1:9; 2:16; Mt 6:19.
[15] Jb 1:21; Ps 49:17; Lk 12:20; 1Ti 6:7.
[16] 1S 12:21; Pv 11:29; Ec 1:3; 2:22; 5:13; Is 26:18; Jr 2:8; Ho 8:7; Mk 8:36; Jn 6:27.
[17] Gn 3:17; 1K 17:12; 2K 1:2, 6; 5:27; 2Ch 16:10; 24:24; Jb 21:25; Ps 78:33; 90:7; 102:9; 127:2; Pv 1:27; Ezk 4:16; Ac 12:23; 1Co 11:30.

Joy in riches is the gift of God.

18 ¶ Behold [that] which I have seen: [it is] good and comely [for one] to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it [is] his portion. 19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this [is] the gift of God. 20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth [him] in the joy of his heart.

[18] Ec 2:10, 24; 3:12, 22; 8:15; 9:7; 11:9; Jr 52:34; 1Ti 6:17.
[19] Dt 8:18; 1K 3:13; Ec 2:24; 3:13; 6:2.
[20] Dt 28:8, 47; Ps 4:6; 37:16; Is 64:5; 65:13, 21; Ro 5:1, 5.


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