NASB — 1 Kings 4 — KJV

Solomon’s Officials

1 Now King Solomon was king over all Israel. 2 These were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok [was] athe priest; 3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha [were] secretaries; aJehoshaphat the son of Ahilud [was] the recorder; 4 and aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the army; and Zadok and bAbiathar [were] priests; 5 and Azariah the son of Nathan [was] over athe deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, [was] the king’s friend; 6 and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda [was] over the men subject to forced labor.

[2] a1Ch 6:10
[3] a2S 8:16
[4] a1K 2:35 b1K 2:27
[5] a1K 4:7

7 ¶ Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who Iprovided for the king and his household; each man had to IIprovide for a month in the year. 8 These are their names: Ben-hur, in the ahill country of Ephraim; 9 Ben-deker in Makaz and aShaalbim and bBeth-shemesh and Elonbeth-hanan; 10 Ben-hesed, in Arubboth (aSocoh [was] his and all the land of bHepher); 11 Ben-abinadab, [in] all Ithe aheight of Dor (Taphath the daughter of Solomon was his wife); 12 Baana the son of Ahilud, [in] aTaanach and Megiddo, and all bBeth-shean which is beside cZarethan below Jezreel, from Beth-shean to dAbel-meholah as far as the other side of eJokmeam; 13 Ben-geber, in aRamoth-gilead (bthe towns of Jair, the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead were his: cthe region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars [were] his); 14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo, [in] aMahanaim; 15 aAhimaaz, in Naphtali (he also married Basemath the daughter of Solomon); 16 Baana the son of aHushai, in Asher and IBealoth; 17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar; 18 aShimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin; 19 Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, athe country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and [he was] the only deputy who [was] in the land.

[7] ILit nourished IILit nourish
[8] aJsh 24:33
[9] aJg 1:35 bJsh 21:16
[10] aJsh 15:35 bJsh 12:17
[11] IOr Naphoth-dor aJsh 11:1, 2
[12] aJg 5:19 bJsh 17:11 cJsh 3:16 d1K 19:16 e1Ch 6:68
[13] a1K 22:3-15 bNu 32:41 cDt 3:4
[14] aJsh 13:26
[15] a2S 15:27
[16] IOr in Aloth a2S 15:32
[18] a1K 1:8
[19] aDt 3:8-10

Solomon’s Power, Wealth and Wisdom

20aJudah and Israel [were] as numerous as the sand that is on the Iseashore in abundance; [they] were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

[20] ILit sea aGn 22:17; 32:12; 1K 3:8

21IaNow Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms bfrom the IIRiver [to] the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; c[they] brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.

[21] ICh 5:1 in Heb III.e. Euphrates a2Ch 9:26 bGn 15:18; Jsh 1:4 c2S 8:2, 6

22 ¶ Solomon’s Iprovision for one day was thirty IIkors of fine flour and sixty IIkors of meal, 23 ten fat oxen, twenty Ipasture-fed oxen, a hundred sheep besides deer, gazelles, roebucks, and fattened fowl. 24 For he had dominion over everything Iwest of the IIRiver, from Tiphsah even to aGaza, bover all the kings Iwest of the IIRiver; and che had peace on all sides around about him. 25 aSo Judah and Israel lived in safety, every man under his vine and his fig tree, bfrom Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. 26 aSolomon had I40,000 stalls of horses for his chariots, and 12,000 horsemen. 27 Those deputies Iprovided for King Solomon and all who came to King Solomon’s table, each in his month; they left nothing lacking. 28 They also brought barley and straw for the horses and aswift steeds to the place where it should be, each according to his charge.

[22] ILit bread III.e. One kor equals approx 10 bu
[23] ILit oxen of the pasture
[24] ILit beyond III.e. Euphrates aJg 1:18 bPs 72:11 c1Ch 22:9
[25] aJr 23:6; Mi 4:4; Zc 3:10 b1S 3:20
[26] IOne ms reads 4000, cf 2Ch 9:25 a1K 10:26; 2Ch 1:14
[27] IOr nourished
[28] aEs 8:10, 14; Mi 1:13

29 ¶ Now aGod gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of Imind, blike the sand that is on the seashore. 30 Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all athe sons of the east and ball the wisdom of Egypt. 31 For ahe was wiser than all men, than bEthan the Ezrahite, Heman, cCalcol and IDarda, the sons of Mahol; and his IIfame was [known] in all the surrounding nations. 32 aHe also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. 33 He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even to the hyssop that grows on the wall; he spoke also of animals and birds and creeping things and fish. 34 IMen acame from all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.

[29] ILit heart a1K 3:12 b1K 4:20
[30] aGn 29:1; Jg 6:33 bIs 19:11; Ac 7:22
[31] IIn 1Ch 2:6, Dara IILit name a1K 3:12 b1Ch 15:19; Ps 89: title c1Ch 2:6
[32] aPv 1:1; 10:1; 25:1; Ec 12:9; So 1:1
[34] ILit they a1K 10:1; 2Ch 9:23


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Solomon's princes.

1 ¶ So king Solomon was king over all Israel. 2 And these [were] the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest, 3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder. 4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar [were] the priests: 5 And Azariah the son of Nathan [was] over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan [was] principal officer, [and] the king's friend: 6 And Ahishar [was] over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda [was] over the tribute.

[1] 2S 5:5; 1K 11:13, 35; 12:19; 1Ch 12:38; 2Ch 9:30; Ec 1:12.
[2] Ex 18:21; 2S 8:15; 20:23; 1Ch 6:8; 27:17; 1Co 12:28.
[3] 2S 8:16; 20:24, 25; 1Ch 18:6, 15; Is 62:6.
[4] 1K 2:26, 35.
[5] 2S 7:2; 8:18; 12:1, 25; 15:37; 16:16; 19:37; 20:26; 1K 1:10; 4:7; 1Ch 27:33; Pv 22:11; Jn 13:23; 15:14; Jm 2:23.
[6] 2S 20:24; 1K 5:13; 9:15; 12:18.

His twelve officers for provision.

7 ¶ And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision. 8 And these [are] their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim: 9 The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bethshemesh, and Elonbethhanan: 10 The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him [pertained] Sochoh, and all the land of Hepher: 11 The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife: 12 Baana the son of Ahilud; [to him pertained] Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which [is] by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, [even] unto [the place that is] beyond Jokneam: 13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him [pertained] the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which [are] in Gilead; to him [also pertained] the region of Argob, which [is] in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars: 14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo [had] Mahanaim: 15 Ahimaaz [was] in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife: 16 Baanah the son of Hushai [was] in Asher and in Aloth: 17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar: 18 Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin: 19 Geber the son of Uri [was] in the country of Gilead, [in] the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and [he was] the only officer which [was] in the land.

[7] 1Ch 27:1.
[8] Jg 17:1; 19:1.
[9] Jsh 19:42; 1S 6:12, 20.
[10] Jsh 12:17; 15:35; 17:2.
[11] Jsh 12:23; 17:11; Jg 1:27.
[12] Jsh 3:16; 17:11; Jg 5:19; 1S 31:10, 12; 1K 7:46; 18:46; 19:16; 2K 23:29.
[13] Nu 32:41; Dt 3:4, 8, 13, 14; 4:43; Jsh 20:8; 21:38; 1K 22:3; 2K 9:1, 14; Ps 22:12; 68:15.
[14] Gn 32:2; 2S 2:8; 17:24, 27.
[15] Jsh 19:32; 1S 18:18; 1K 4:11.
[16] Jsh 19:24.
[17] Jsh 19:17.
[18] Jsh 18:20; 1K 1:8; Zc 12:13.
[19] Nu 21:21; Dt 2:26; 3:1; Jsh 13:9.

The peace and largeness of his kingdom.

20 ¶ Judah and Israel [were] many, as the sand which [is] by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry. 21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.

[20] Gn 13:16; 15:5; 22:17; 1S 30:16; 1K 3:8; 1Ch 12:39; Jb 1:18; Ps 72:3; Pv 14:28; Ec 2:24; Is 22:13; Mi 4:4; Zc 3:10; 9:15; Ac 2:46.
[21] Gn 15:18; Ex 23:31; Dt 11:24; Jsh 1:4; 1S 10:27; 1K 4:24; 2K 17:3; 2Ch 9:26; 17:5; 32:23; Ezr 4:20; Ps 68:29; 72:8, 10; 76:11.

His daily provision.

22 ¶ And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal, 23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl.

[22] 1K 4:22.
[23] Dt 15:22; Ne 5:17.

The peace and largeness of his kingdom.

24 For he had dominion over all [the region] on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him. 25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.

[24] Gn 10:19; Jg 16:1; 1K 4:21; 5:4; 1Ch 22:9; Ps 72:3, 7, 8, 11; Is 9:7; Lk 2:14; He 7:1.
[25] Jg 20:1; 2S 17:11; 24:15; 2K 18:31; Is 60:18; Jr 23:5; 33:15; Ezk 38:11; Mi 4:4; Zc 3:10.

His stables.

26 ¶ And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. 27 And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing. 28 Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where [the officers] were, every man according to his charge.

[26] Dt 17:16; 2S 8:4; 1K 10:25; 2Ch 1:14; 9:25; Ps 20:7.
[27] 1K 4:7.
[28] Es 8:10, 14; Mi 1:13.

His wisdom.

29 ¶ And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea shore. 30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt. 31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. 32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five. 33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that [is] in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes. 34 And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom.

[29] Gn 41:49; Jg 7:12; 1K 3:12, 28; 4:20; 10:23; 2Ch 1:10; Ps 119:34; Pv 2:6; Ec 1:16; 2:26; Is 60:5; Jr 33:22; Hab 1:9; Jm 1:5, 17; 3:17.
[30] Gn 25:6; Jb 1:3; Is 19:11; Dn 1:20; 4:7; 5:11; Mt 2:1, 16; Ac 7:22.
[31] 1K 3:12; 5:7; 10:1, 6; 1Ch 2:6; 6:33; 15:17, 19; 2Ch 9:23; Ps 88:1; 89:1; Mt 4:24; 12:42; Lk 11:31; Col 2:3.
[32] Pv 1:1; Ec 12:9; So 1:1; Mt 13:35.
[33] Gn 1:20; Ex 12:22; Nu 19:18; 24:6; 2K 19:23; Ps 51:7; 92:12; He 9:19.
[34] 1K 10:1; 2Ch 9:1, 23; Is 2:2; Zc 8:23.


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