Reuben and Gad Settle in Gilead
1 Now the sons░ of Reuben░ and the sons░ of Gad░ had░ an aexceedingly░ large░ number░ of livestock░. So when they saw░ the land░ of bJazer░ and the land░ of Gilead░, that Iit was indeed░ a place░ suitable░ for livestock░, 2 the sons░ of Gad░ and the sons░ of Reuben░ came░ and spoke░ to Moses░ and to Eleazar░ the priest░ and to the leaders░ of the congregation░, saying░, 3 “aAtaroth░, Dibon░, Jazer░, Nimrah░, Heshbon░, Elealeh░, Sebam░, Nebo░ and Beon░, 4 the land░ awhich░ the LORD░ Iconquered░ before░ the congregation░ of Israel░, is a land░ for livestock░, and your servants░ have livestock░.” 5 They said░, “If░ we have found░ favor░ in your sight░, let this░ land░ be given░ to your servants░ as a possession░; do not take░ us across░ the Jordan░.”
6 ¶ But Moses░ said░ to the sons░ of Gad░ and to the sons░ of Reuben░, “Shall your brothers░ go░ to war░ while you yourselves░ sit░ here░? 7 aNow why░ are you Idiscouraging░░ the sons░ of Israel░ from crossing░ over░ into the land░ which░ the LORD░ has given░ them? 8 IThis░ is what░ your fathers░ did░ when I sent░ them from aKadesh-barnea░ to see░ the land░. 9 For when they went░ up to athe Ivalley░ of Eshcol░ and saw░ the land░, they IIdiscouraged░░ the sons░ of Israel░ so that they did not go░ into the land░ which░ the LORD░ had given░ them. 10 So athe LORD’S░ anger░ burned░ in that day░, and He swore░, saying░, 11 ‘aNone░ of the men░ who came░ up from Egypt░, from twenty░ years░ old░ and upward░, shall see░ the land░ which░ I swore░ to Abraham░, to Isaac░ and to Jacob░; for they did not follow░ Me fully░, 12 except░ Caleb░ the son░ of Jephunneh░ the Kenizzite░ and Joshua░ the son░ of Nun░, afor they have followed░ the LORD░ fully░.’ 13 aSo the LORD’S░ anger░ burned░ against Israel░, and He made them wander░ in the wilderness░ forty░ years░, until░ the entire░ generation░ of those who had done░ evil░ in the sight░ of the LORD░ was destroyed░. 14 Now behold░, you have risen░ up in your fathers’░ place░, a brood░ of sinful░ men░, to add░ still░ more░ to the burning░ aanger░ of the LORD░ against░ Israel░. 15 For if you aturn░ away░ from following░ Him, He will once░░ more░░ abandon░ them in the wilderness░, and you will destroy░ all░ these░ people░.”
 ILit restraining the hearts of aNu 13:27-14:4
 ILit Thus your fathers aNu 13:3, 26; Dt 1:19-25
 IOr wadi IILit restrained the hearts of aNu 13:24; Dt 1:24
 aNu 14:11f; Dt 1:34
 aNu 14:28-30
 aDt 1:36; Jsh 14:8f
 aNu 14:33-35
 aDt 1:34f
 aDt 30:17, 18; 2Ch 7:19, 20
16 ¶ Then they came░ near░ to him and said░, “We will build░ here░ sheepfolds░░ for our livestock░ and cities░ for our little░ ones░; 17 abut we ourselves░ will be armed░ ready░ [to go] before░ the sons░ of Israel░, until░░░ we have brought░ them to their place░, while our little░ ones░ live░ in the fortified░ cities░ because░░ of the inhabitants░ of the land░. 18 aWe will not return░ to our homes░ until░ every░ one░ of the sons░ of Israel░ has possessed░ his inheritance░. 19 For we will not have░ an inheritance░ with them on the other░ side░ of the Jordan░ and beyond░, because░ our inheritance░ has fallen░ to us aon this side░ of the Jordan░ toward the east░.”
20 ¶ aSo Moses░ said░ to them, “If░ you will do░ Ithis░, if░ you will arm░ yourselves before░ the LORD░ for the war░, 21 and all░ of you armed░ men cross░ over░ the Jordan░ before░ the LORD░ until░ He has driven░ His enemies░ out from before░ Him, 22 aand the land░ is subdued░ before░ the LORD░, then afterward░ you shall return░ and be free░ of obligation░ toward░ the LORD░ and toward░ Israel░, and this░ land░ shall be yours for a possession░ before░ the LORD░. 23 But if░ you will not do░ so░, behold░, you have sinned░ against the LORD░, and be sure░ ayour sin░ will find░ you out. 24 Build░ yourselves cities░ for your little░ ones░, and sheepfolds░ for your sheep░, and ado░ Iwhat you have promised░░░.”
 ILit this thing aDt 3:18
 aDt 3:20
 aGn 4:7; 44:16; Is 59:12
 ILit that which has come out of your mouth aNu 30:2
25 ¶ The sons░ of Gad░ and the sons░ of Reuben░ spoke░ to Moses░, saying░, “Your servants░ will do░ just░ as my lord░ commands░. 26 aOur little░ ones░, our wives░, our livestock░ and all░ our cattle░ shall Iremain░ there░ in the cities░ of Gilead░; 27 while your servants░, everyone░ who is armed░ for war░, will across░ over░ in the presence░ of the LORD░ to battle░, just░ as my lord░ says░.”
28 ¶ So Moses░ gave░ command░ concerning them to Eleazar░ the priest░, and to Joshua░ the son░ of Nun░, and to the heads░ of the fathers’░ [households] of the tribes░ of the sons░ of Israel░. 29 Moses░ said░ to them, “If░ the sons░ of Gad░ and the sons░ of Reuben░, everyone░ who is armed░ for battle░, will cross░ with you over░ the Jordan░ in the presence░ of the LORD░, and the land░ is subdued░ before░ you, then you shall give░ them the land░ of Gilead░ for a possession░; 30 but if░ they will not cross░ over░ with you armed░, they shall have░ possessions░ among░ you in the land░ of Canaan░.” 31 The sons░ of Gad░ and the sons░ of Reuben░ answered░, saying░, “As the LORD░ has said░ to your servants░, so░ we will do░. 32 We ourselves░ will cross░ over░ armed░ in the presence░ of the LORD░ into the land░ of Canaan░, and the possession░ of our inheritance░ [shall remain] with us across░░ the Jordan░.”
33 ¶ aSo Moses░ gave░ to them, to the sons░ of Gad░ and to the sons░ of Reuben░ and to the half-tribe░░ of Joseph’s░ son░ Manasseh░, the kingdom░ of Sihon░, king░ of the Amorites░ and the kingdom░ of Og░, the king░ of Bashan░, the land░ with its cities░ with [their] Iterritories░, the cities░ of the surrounding░ land░. 34 The sons░ of Gad░ built░ Dibon░ and Ataroth░ and aAroer░, 35 and Atroth-shophan░ and Jazer░ and Jogbehah░, 36 and aBeth-nimrah░ and Beth-haran░ as fortified░ cities░, and sheepfolds░ for sheep░. 37 The sons░ of Reuben░ built░ Heshbon░ and Elealeh░ and Kiriathaim░, 38 and aNebo░ and Baal-meon░[their] names░ being changed░and Sibmah░, and they gave░ [other] names░ to the cities░ which░ they built░. 39 The sons░ of aMachir░ the son░ of Manasseh░ went░ to Gilead░ and took░ it, and dispossessed░ the Amorites░ who░ were in it. 40 So Moses░ gave░ aGilead░ to Machir░ the son░ of Manasseh░, and he lived░ in it. 41 Jair░ the son░ of Manasseh░ went░ and took░ its Itowns░, and called░ them IIaHavvoth-jair░. 42 Nobah░ went░ and took░ Kenath░ and its villages░, and called░ it Nobah░ after ahis own name░.
 ILit borders aDt 3:8-17; Jsh 12:1-6
 aDt 2:36
 aNu 32:3
 aIs 46:1
 aGn 50:23
 aDt 3:12, 13, 15; Jsh 17:1
 ILit tent villages III.e. the towns of Jair aDt 3:14; Jg 10:4
 a2S 18:18; Ps 49:11
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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
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The Reubenites and Gadites sue for their inheritance on that side Jordan.
1 ¶ Now the children║ of Reuben║ and the children║ of Gad║ had▓ a very║ great║ multitude║ of cattle:║ and when they saw║¬▓ the land║ of Jazer,║ and the land║ of Gilead,║ that, behold,▓ the place║ [was] a place║ for cattle;║ 2 The children║ of Gad║ and the children║ of Reuben║ came║¬ and spake║¬ unto▓ Moses,║ and to▓ Eleazar║ the priest,║ and unto▓ the princes║ of the congregation,║ saying,║¬ 3 Ataroth,║ and Dibon,║ and Jazer,║ and Nimrah,║ and Heshbon,║ and Elealeh,║ and Shebam,║ and Nebo,║ and Beon,║ 4 [Even] the country║ which▓ the LORD║ smote║¬ before║ the congregation║ of Israel,║ [is] a land║ for cattle,║ and thy servants║ have cattle:║ 5 Wherefore, said║¬ they, if▓ we have found║¬ grace║ in thy sight,║ let▓ this▓ land║ be given║¬ unto thy servants║ for a possession,║ [and] bring us not over║¬▓▓ Jordan.║
 Gn 13:2, 5, 10; 29:32; 30:10; 47:4; Nu 2:10; 21:32; 26:5, 15; 32:3, 26, 35; Jsh 13:25; 2S 24:5; Is 16:8; Jr 50:19; Mi 7:14; 1Jn 2:16.
 Nu 21:25, 28; 32:1, 34, 36, 38; Jsh 13:17, 19; Jg 11:26; Ne 9:22; Is 15:2, 4, 6; 16:8; Jr 48:2, 22, 32, 34, 45.
 Nu 21:24, 34; Dt 2:24.
 Gn 19:19; Dt 1:37; 3:25; Jsh 7:7; Ru 2:10; 1S 20:3; 2S 14:22; Es 5:2; Jr 31:2.
Moses reproveth them.
6 ¶ And Moses║ said║¬ unto the children║ of Gad║ and to the children║ of Reuben,║ Shall your brethren║ go║¬ to war,║ and shall ye▓ sit║¬ here?▓ 7 And wherefore▓ discourage▓ ye║¬¬¬▓ the heart║ of the children║ of Israel║ from going over║¬▓ into▓ the land║ which▓ the LORD║ hath given║¬ them? 8 Thus▓ did║¬ your fathers,║ when I sent║¬ them from Kadeshbarnea║▓ to see║¬▓ the land.║ 9 For when they went up║¬ unto▓ the valley║ of Eshcol,║ and saw║¬▓ the land,║ they discouraged║¬▓ the heart║ of the children║ of Israel,║ that they should not▓ go║¬ into▓ the land║ which▓ the LORD║ had given║¬ them. 10 And the LORD'S║ anger║ was kindled║¬ the same▓ time,║ and he sware,║¬ saying,║¬ 11 Surely║ none of the men╣▓ that came up║¬ out of Egypt,║▓ from twenty║ years║ old║▓ and upward,║ shall see║¬▓ the land║ which▓ I sware║¬ unto Abraham,║ unto Isaac,║ and unto Jacob;║ because▓ they have not▓ wholly║¬ followed║ me: 12 Save▓ Caleb║ the son║ of Jephunneh║ the Kenezite,║ and Joshua║ the son║ of Nun:║ for▓ they have wholly║¬ followed║ the LORD.║ 13 And the LORD'S║ anger║ was kindled║¬ against Israel,║ and he made them wander║¬ in the wilderness║ forty║ years,║ until▓ all▓ the generation,║ that had done║¬ evil║ in the sight║ of the LORD,║ was consumed.║¬ 14 And, behold,▓ ye are risen up║¬ in your fathers'╣ stead,▓▓ an increase║ of sinful║ men,╣▓ to augment║¬▓ yet▓ the fierce║ anger║ of the LORD║ toward▓ Israel.║ 15 For▓ if ye turn away║¬ from after║▓ him, he will yet▓ again║¬ leave╣¬▓ them in the wilderness;║ and ye shall destroy║¬ all▓ this▓ people.║
 2S 11:11; 1Co 13:5; Php 2:4.
 Nu 21:4; 32:9; Dt 1:28; Ac 21:13.
 Nu 13:2; 14:2; Dt 1:22; Jsh 14:6.
 Nu 13:23; 14:1; Dt 1:24.
 Nu 14:11, 21, 23, 29; Dt 1:34; Ps 95:11; Ezk 20:15; He 3:8.
 Nu 14:24, 28, 30; 26:2, 64; Dt 1:35; 2:14; Jsh 14:8.
 Nu 14:24, 30; 26:65; Dt 1:36; Jsh 14:8.
 Nu 14:33; 26:64; Dt 2:14, 15; Ps 78:33; 1Co 10:5; He 3:16.
 Gn 5:3; 8:21; Dt 1:34; Ezr 9:13; 10:10; Ne 9:24; 13:18; Jb 14:4; Ps 78:57; Is 1:4; 57:4; 65:6; Ezk 20:21; Mt 23:31; Lk 11:48; Ac 7:51.
 Lv 26:14; Nu 14:30; Dt 28:15; 30:17; Jsh 22:16; 2Ch 7:19; 15:2; Jr 38:23; Mt 18:7; Ro 14:15, 20; 1Co 8:11.
They offer him conditions to his content.
16 ¶ And they came near║¬ unto▓ him, and said,║¬ We will build║¬ sheepfolds║╣▓ here▓ for our cattle,║ and cities║ for our little ones:║ 17 But we▓ ourselves╣ will go ready╣¬ armed║¬▓ before║ the children║ of Israel,║ until▓▓▓ we have brought║¬ them unto▓ their place:║ and our little ones║ shall dwell║¬ in the fenced║ cities║ because║▓ of the inhabitants║¬ of the land.║ 18 We will not▓ return║¬ unto▓ our houses,║ until▓ the children║ of Israel║ have inherited║¬ every man║ his inheritance.║ 19 For▓ we will not▓ inherit║¬ with▓ them on yonder side║▓ Jordan,║ or forward;║ because▓ our inheritance║ is fallen║¬ to▓ us on this side║▓ Jordan║ eastward.║
 Gn 33:17; Nu 26:1; 34:22; Jsh 4:13.
 Nu 32:29; Dt 3:18; Jsh 4:12.
 Jsh 22:4.
 Gn 13:10; 14:12; Nu 32:32, 33; 34:15; Jsh 1:14; 12:1; 13:8; 2K 10:32; 15:29; 1Ch 5:25; Pv 20:21.
20 ¶ And Moses║ said║¬ unto▓ them, If▓ ye will do║¬▓ this▓ thing,║ if▓ ye will go armed║¬ before║ the LORD║ to war,║ 21 And will go║¬ all▓ of you armed║¬ over╣¬▓ Jordan║ before║ the LORD,║ until▓ he hath driven out║¬▓ his enemies║¬ from before║▓ him, 22 And the land║ be subdued║¬ before║ the LORD:║ then afterward║ ye shall return,║¬ and be▓ guiltless║ before the LORD,║▓ and before Israel;║▓ and this▓ land║ shall be▓ your possession║ before║ the LORD.║ 23 But if▓ ye will not▓ do▓ so,╣¬▓ behold,▓ ye have sinned║¬ against the LORD:║ and be sure║¬ your sin║ will find you out.║¬▓ 24 Build║¬ you cities║ for your little ones,║ and folds║ for your sheep;║ and do║¬ that which hath proceeded╣¬ out▓ of your mouth.║▓ 25 And the children║ of Gad║ and the children║ of Reuben║ spake║¬ unto▓ Moses,║ saying,║¬ Thy servants║ will do║¬ as▓ my lord║ commandeth.║¬ 26 Our little ones,║ our wives,║ our flocks,║ and all▓ our cattle,║ shall be▓ there▓ in the cities║ of Gilead:║ 27 But thy servants║ will pass over,║¬ every man▓ armed║¬ for war,║ before║ the LORD║ to battle,║ as▓ my lord║ saith.║¬ 28 So concerning them Moses║ commanded║¬▓ Eleazar║ the priest,║ and Joshua║ the son║ of Nun,║ and the chief║ fathers║ of the tribes║ of the children║ of Israel:║ 29 And Moses║ said║¬ unto▓ them, If▓ the children║ of Gad║ and the children║ of Reuben║ will pass with you over║¬▓▓ Jordan,║ every man▓ armed║¬ to battle,║ before║ the LORD,║ and the land║ shall be subdued║¬ before║ you; then ye shall give║¬ them▓ the land║ of Gilead║ for a possession:║ 30 But if▓ they will not▓ pass over║¬ with▓ you armed,║¬ they shall have possessions║¬ among║ you in the land║ of Canaan.║ 31 And the children║ of Gad║ and the children║ of Reuben║ answered,║¬ saying,║¬▓ As▓ the LORD║ hath said║¬ unto▓ thy servants,║ so▓ will we do.║¬ 32 We▓ will╣ pass over║¬ armed║¬ before║ the LORD║ into the land║ of Canaan,║ that the possession║ of our inheritance║ on this side║▓ Jordan║ [may be] ours.
 Dt 3:18; Jsh 1:13; 4:12; 22:2.
 Dt 3:12, 20; Jsh 1:15; 2:19; 10:30, 42; 11:23; 13:8, 29; 18:1; 22:4, 9; 2S 3:28; Ps 44:1; 78:55.
 Gn 4:7; 44:16; Lv 26:14; Dt 28:15; Ps 90:8; 139:11; 140:11; Pv 13:21; Is 3:11; 59:1, 12; Ro 2:9; 1Co 4:5.
 Nu 32:16, 34.
 Jsh 1:13.
 Nu 11:28; 12:11; 32:17; 36:2; Jsh 4:12; 2Co 10:4; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 4:7.
 Jsh 1:13.
 Nu 32:20.
 Jsh 22:19.
Moses assigneth them the land.
33 And Moses║ gave║¬ unto them, [even] to the children║ of Gad,║ and to the children║ of Reuben,║ and unto half║ the tribe║ of Manasseh║ the son║ of Joseph,║▓ the kingdom║ of Sihon║ king║ of the Amorites,║ and the kingdom║ of Og║ king║ of Bashan,║ the land,║ with the cities║ thereof in the coasts,║ [even] the cities║ of the country║ round about.║
 Nu 21:23; 32:1; 34:14; Dt 2:30; 3:1, 12; 29:8; Jsh 12:6; 13:8; 22:4; 1Ch 5:18; 12:31; 26:32; Ps 135:10; 136:18.
34 ¶ And the children║ of Gad║ built║¬▓ Dibon,║ and Ataroth,║ and Aroer,║ 35 And Atroth,▓ Shophan,║ and Jaazer,║ and Jogbehah,║ 36 And Bethnimrah,║ and Bethharan,║ fenced║ cities:║ and folds║ for sheep.║ 37 And the children║ of Reuben║ built║¬▓ Heshbon,║ and Elealeh,║ and Kirjathaim,║ 38 And Nebo,║ and Baalmeon,║ (their names║ being changed,)╣¬▓ and▓ Shibmah:║ and gave╣¬ other names║▓▓ unto the cities║ which▓ they builded.║¬
 Nu 21:20; 32:3; 33:45; Dt 2:36; Is 17:2.
 Nu 32:1, 3.
 Nu 32:3, 24; Jr 48:34.
 Nu 21:27; 32:3; Is 15:4.
 Gn 26:18; Ex 23:13; Nu 22:41; 32:3; Jsh 23:7; Ps 16:4; Is 46:1.
They conquer it.
39 And the children║ of Machir║ the son║ of Manasseh║ went╣¬▓ to Gilead,║ and took║¬ it, and dispossessed║¬▓ the Amorite║ which▓ [was] in it. 40 And Moses║ gave║¬▓ Gilead║ unto Machir║ the son║ of Manasseh;║ and he dwelt║¬ therein. 41 And Jair║ the son║ of Manasseh║ went║¬ and took║¬▓ the small towns║ thereof, and called║¬ them Havothjair.║ 42 And Nobah║ went║¬ and took║¬▓ Kenath,║ and the villages║ thereof, and called║¬ it Nobah,║ after his own name.║
 Gn 50:23; Nu 26:29; Jsh 17:1.
 Dt 3:13; Jsh 13:29; 17:1.
 Dt 3:14; Jsh 13:30; Jg 10:4; 1K 4:13; 1Ch 2:21.
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