NASB — Numbers 32 — KJV

Reuben and Gad Settle in Gilead

1 Now the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad had an aexceedingly large number of livestock. So when they saw the land of bJazer and the land of Gilead, that Iit was indeed a place suitable for livestock, 2 the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben came and spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the congregation, saying, 3aAtaroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo and Beon, 4 the land awhich the LORD Iconquered before the congregation of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.” 5 They said, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants as a possession; do not take us across the Jordan.”

[1] ILit behold, the place, a place for aEx 12:38 bNu 21:32
[3] aNu 32:34-38
[4] ILit smote aNu 21:34

6 ¶ But Moses said to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Reuben, “Shall your brothers go to war while you yourselves sit here? 7 aNow why are you Idiscouraging the sons of Israel from crossing over into the land which the LORD has given them? 8 IThis is what your fathers did when I sent them from aKadesh-barnea to see the land. 9 For when they went up to athe Ivalley of Eshcol and saw the land, they IIdiscouraged the sons of Israel so that they did not go into the land which the LORD had given them. 10 So athe LORDS anger burned in that day, and He swore, saying, 11aNone of the men who came up from Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob; for they did not follow Me fully, 12 except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua the son of Nun, afor they have followed the LORD fully.’ 13 aSo the LORDS anger burned against Israel, and He made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until the entire generation of those who had done evil in the sight of the LORD was destroyed. 14 Now behold, you have risen up in your fathers’ place, a brood of sinful men, to add still more to the burning aanger of the LORD against Israel. 15 For if you aturn away from following Him, He will once more abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy all these people.”

[7] ILit restraining the hearts of aNu 13:27-14:4
[8] ILit Thus your fathers aNu 13:3, 26; Dt 1:19-25
[9] IOr wadi IILit restrained the hearts of aNu 13:24; Dt 1:24
[10] aNu 14:11f; Dt 1:34
[11] aNu 14:28-30
[12] aDt 1:36; Jsh 14:8f
[13] aNu 14:33-35
[14] aDt 1:34f
[15] aDt 30:17, 18; 2Ch 7:19, 20

16 ¶ Then they came near to him and said, “We will build here sheepfolds for our livestock and cities for our little ones; 17 abut we ourselves will be armed ready [to go] before the sons of Israel, until we have brought them to their place, while our little ones live in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 18 aWe will not return to our homes until every one of the sons of Israel has possessed his inheritance. 19 For we will not have an inheritance with them on the other side of the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance has fallen to us aon this side of the Jordan toward the east.”

[17] aJsh 4:12, 13
[18] aJsh 22:1-4
[19] aJsh 12:1; 13:8

20aSo Moses said to them, “If you will do Ithis, if you will arm yourselves before the LORD for the war, 21 and all of you armed men cross over the Jordan before the LORD until He has driven His enemies out from before Him, 22 aand the land is subdued before the LORD, then afterward you shall return and be free of obligation toward the LORD and toward Israel, and this land shall be yours for a possession before the LORD. 23 But if you will not do so, behold, you have sinned against the LORD, and be sure ayour sin will find you out. 24 Build yourselves cities for your little ones, and sheepfolds for your sheep, and ado Iwhat you have promised.”

[20] ILit this thing aDt 3:18
[22] aDt 3:20
[23] aGn 4:7; 44:16; Is 59:12
[24] ILit that which has come out of your mouth aNu 30:2

25 ¶ The sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben spoke to Moses, saying, “Your servants will do just as my lord commands. 26 aOur little ones, our wives, our livestock and all our cattle shall Iremain there in the cities of Gilead; 27 while your servants, everyone who is armed for war, will across over in the presence of the LORD to battle, just as my lord says.”

[26] ILit be aJsh 1:14
[27] aJsh 4:12

28 ¶ So Moses gave command concerning them to Eleazar the priest, and to Joshua the son of Nun, and to the heads of the fathers’ [households] of the tribes of the sons of Israel. 29 Moses said to them, “If the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben, everyone who is armed for battle, will cross with you over the Jordan in the presence of the LORD, and the land is subdued before you, then you shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession; 30 but if they will not cross over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.” 31 The sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben answered, saying, “As the LORD has said to your servants, so we will do. 32 We ourselves will cross over armed in the presence of the LORD into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance [shall remain] with us across the Jordan.”

33aSo Moses gave to them, to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Reuben and to the half-tribe of Joseph’s son Manasseh, the kingdom of Sihon, king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og, the king of Bashan, the land with its cities with [their] Iterritories, the cities of the surrounding land. 34 The sons of Gad built Dibon and Ataroth and aAroer, 35 and Atroth-shophan and Jazer and Jogbehah, 36 and aBeth-nimrah and Beth-haran as fortified cities, and sheepfolds for sheep. 37 The sons of Reuben built Heshbon and Elealeh and Kiriathaim, 38 and aNebo and Baal-meon—[their] names being changed—and Sibmah, and they gave [other] names to the cities which they built. 39 The sons of aMachir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead and took it, and dispossessed the Amorites who were in it. 40 So Moses gave aGilead to Machir the son of Manasseh, and he lived in it. 41 Jair the son of Manasseh went and took its Itowns, and called them IIaHavvoth-jair. 42 Nobah went and took Kenath and its villages, and called it Nobah after ahis own name.

[33] ILit borders aDt 3:8-17; Jsh 12:1-6
[34] aDt 2:36
[36] aNu 32:3
[38] aIs 46:1
[39] aGn 50:23
[40] aDt 3:12, 13, 15; Jsh 17:1
[41] ILit tent villages III.e. the towns of Jair aDt 3:14; Jg 10:4
[42] a2S 18:18; Ps 49:11


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The Reubenites and Gadites sue for their inheritance on that side Jordan.

1 ¶ Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw¬ the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place [was] a place for cattle; 2 The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came¬ and spake¬ unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying,¬ 3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon, 4 [Even] the country which the LORD smote¬ before the congregation of Israel, [is] a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle: 5 Wherefore, said¬ they, if we have found¬ grace in thy sight, let this land be given¬ unto thy servants for a possession, [and] bring us not over¬ Jordan.

[1] Gn 13:2, 5, 10; 29:32; 30:10; 47:4; Nu 2:10; 21:32; 26:5, 15; 32:3, 26, 35; Jsh 13:25; 2S 24:5; Is 16:8; Jr 50:19; Mi 7:14; 1Jn 2:16.
[3] Nu 21:25, 28; 32:1, 34, 36, 38; Jsh 13:17, 19; Jg 11:26; Ne 9:22; Is 15:2, 4, 6; 16:8; Jr 48:2, 22, 32, 34, 45.
[4] Nu 21:24, 34; Dt 2:24.
[5] Gn 19:19; Dt 1:37; 3:25; Jsh 7:7; Ru 2:10; 1S 20:3; 2S 14:22; Es 5:2; Jr 31:2.

Moses reproveth them.

6 ¶ And Moses said¬ unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, Shall your brethren go¬ to war, and shall ye sit¬ here? 7 And wherefore discourage ye¬¬¬ the heart of the children of Israel from going over¬ into the land which the LORD hath given¬ them? 8 Thus did¬ your fathers, when I sent¬ them from Kadeshbarnea to see¬ the land. 9 For when they went up¬ unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw¬ the land, they discouraged¬ the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go¬ into the land which the LORD had given¬ them. 10 And the LORD'S anger was kindled¬ the same time, and he sware,¬ saying,¬ 11 Surely none of the men that came up¬ out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see¬ the land which I sware¬ unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly¬ followed me: 12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly¬ followed the LORD. 13 And the LORD'S anger was kindled¬ against Israel, and he made them wander¬ in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done¬ evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed.¬ 14 And, behold, ye are risen up¬ in your fathers' stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment¬ yet the fierce anger of the LORD toward Israel. 15 For if ye turn away¬ from after him, he will yet again¬ leave¬ them in the wilderness; and ye shall destroy¬ all this people.

[6] 2S 11:11; 1Co 13:5; Php 2:4.
[7] Nu 21:4; 32:9; Dt 1:28; Ac 21:13.
[8] Nu 13:2; 14:2; Dt 1:22; Jsh 14:6.
[9] Nu 13:23; 14:1; Dt 1:24.
[10] Nu 14:11, 21, 23, 29; Dt 1:34; Ps 95:11; Ezk 20:15; He 3:8.
[11] Nu 14:24, 28, 30; 26:2, 64; Dt 1:35; 2:14; Jsh 14:8.
[12] Nu 14:24, 30; 26:65; Dt 1:36; Jsh 14:8.
[13] Nu 14:33; 26:64; Dt 2:14, 15; Ps 78:33; 1Co 10:5; He 3:16.
[14] Gn 5:3; 8:21; Dt 1:34; Ezr 9:13; 10:10; Ne 9:24; 13:18; Jb 14:4; Ps 78:57; Is 1:4; 57:4; 65:6; Ezk 20:21; Mt 23:31; Lk 11:48; Ac 7:51.
[15] Lv 26:14; Nu 14:30; Dt 28:15; 30:17; Jsh 22:16; 2Ch 7:19; 15:2; Jr 38:23; Mt 18:7; Ro 14:15, 20; 1Co 8:11.

They offer him conditions to his content.

16 ¶ And they came near¬ unto him, and said,¬ We will build¬ sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones: 17 But we ourselves will go ready¬ armed¬ before the children of Israel, until we have brought¬ them unto their place: and our little ones shall dwell¬ in the fenced cities because of the inhabitants¬ of the land. 18 We will not return¬ unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited¬ every man his inheritance. 19 For we will not inherit¬ with them on yonder side Jordan, or forward; because our inheritance is fallen¬ to us on this side Jordan eastward.

[16] Gn 33:17; Nu 26:1; 34:22; Jsh 4:13.
[17] Nu 32:29; Dt 3:18; Jsh 4:12.
[18] Jsh 22:4.
[19] Gn 13:10; 14:12; Nu 32:32, 33; 34:15; Jsh 1:14; 12:1; 13:8; 2K 10:32; 15:29; 1Ch 5:25; Pv 20:21.

20 ¶ And Moses said¬ unto them, If ye will do¬ this thing, if ye will go armed¬ before the LORD to war, 21 And will go¬ all of you armed¬ over¬ Jordan before the LORD, until he hath driven out¬ his enemies¬ from before him, 22 And the land be subdued¬ before the LORD: then afterward ye shall return,¬ and be guiltless before the LORD, and before Israel; and this land shall be your possession before the LORD. 23 But if ye will not do so,¬ behold, ye have sinned¬ against the LORD: and be sure¬ your sin will find you out.¬ 24 Build¬ you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do¬ that which hath proceeded¬ out of your mouth. 25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spake¬ unto Moses, saying,¬ Thy servants will do¬ as my lord commandeth.¬ 26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilead: 27 But thy servants will pass over,¬ every man armed¬ for war, before the LORD to battle, as my lord saith.¬ 28 So concerning them Moses commanded¬ Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the chief fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel: 29 And Moses said¬ unto them, If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over¬ Jordan, every man armed¬ to battle, before the LORD, and the land shall be subdued¬ before you; then ye shall give¬ them the land of Gilead for a possession: 30 But if they will not pass over¬ with you armed,¬ they shall have possessions¬ among you in the land of Canaan. 31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered,¬ saying,¬ As the LORD hath said¬ unto thy servants, so will we do.¬ 32 We will pass over¬ armed¬ before the LORD into the land of Canaan, that the possession of our inheritance on this side Jordan [may be] ours.

[20] Dt 3:18; Jsh 1:13; 4:12; 22:2.
[22] Dt 3:12, 20; Jsh 1:15; 2:19; 10:30, 42; 11:23; 13:8, 29; 18:1; 22:4, 9; 2S 3:28; Ps 44:1; 78:55.
[23] Gn 4:7; 44:16; Lv 26:14; Dt 28:15; Ps 90:8; 139:11; 140:11; Pv 13:21; Is 3:11; 59:1, 12; Ro 2:9; 1Co 4:5.
[24] Nu 32:16, 34.
[25] Jsh 1:13.
[27] Nu 11:28; 12:11; 32:17; 36:2; Jsh 4:12; 2Co 10:4; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 4:7.
[28] Jsh 1:13.
[29] Nu 32:20.
[30] Jsh 22:19.

Moses assigneth them the land.

33 And Moses gave¬ unto them, [even] to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, with the cities thereof in the coasts, [even] the cities of the country round about.

[33] Nu 21:23; 32:1; 34:14; Dt 2:30; 3:1, 12; 29:8; Jsh 12:6; 13:8; 22:4; 1Ch 5:18; 12:31; 26:32; Ps 135:10; 136:18.

34 ¶ And the children of Gad built¬ Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer, 35 And Atroth, Shophan, and Jaazer, and Jogbehah, 36 And Bethnimrah, and Bethharan, fenced cities: and folds for sheep. 37 And the children of Reuben built¬ Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim, 38 And Nebo, and Baalmeon, (their names being changed,)¬ and Shibmah: and gave¬ other names unto the cities which they builded.¬

[34] Nu 21:20; 32:3; 33:45; Dt 2:36; Is 17:2.
[35] Nu 32:1, 3.
[36] Nu 32:3, 24; Jr 48:34.
[37] Nu 21:27; 32:3; Is 15:4.
[38] Gn 26:18; Ex 23:13; Nu 22:41; 32:3; Jsh 23:7; Ps 16:4; Is 46:1.

They conquer it.

39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went¬ to Gilead, and took¬ it, and dispossessed¬ the Amorite which [was] in it. 40 And Moses gave¬ Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt¬ therein. 41 And Jair the son of Manasseh went¬ and took¬ the small towns thereof, and called¬ them Havothjair. 42 And Nobah went¬ and took¬ Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called¬ it Nobah, after his own name.

[39] Gn 50:23; Nu 26:29; Jsh 17:1.
[40] Dt 3:13; Jsh 13:29; 17:1.
[41] Dt 3:14; Jsh 13:30; Jg 10:4; 1K 4:13; 1Ch 2:21.


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