NASB — Joshua 22 — KJV

Tribes beyond Jordan Return

1 aThen Joshua summoned the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, 2 and said to them, “You have kept all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, aand have listened to my voice in all that I commanded you. 3 You have not forsaken your brothers these many days to this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD your God. 4 And now athe LORD your God has given rest to your brothers, as He spoke to them; therefore turn now and go to your tents, to the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you beyond the Jordan. 5 Only be very careful to observe the commandment and the law which Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, to alove the LORD your God and walk in all His ways and keep His commandments and hold fast to Him and serve Him bwith all your heart and with all your soul.” 6 So Joshua ablessed them and sent them away, and they went to their tents.

[1] aNu 32:20-22
[2] aJsh 1:12-18
[4] aNu 32:18; Dt 3:20
[5] aDt 5:10 bDt 4:29
[6] aGn 47:7; Jsh 14:13; 2S 6:18; Lk 24:50

7 ¶ Now ato the one half-tribe of Manasseh Moses had given [a possession] in Bashan, but bto the other half Joshua gave [a possession] among their brothers westward beyond the Jordan. So when Joshua sent them away to their tents, he blessed them, 8 and said to Ithem, “Return to your tents with great riches and with very much livestock, with silver, gold, bronze, iron, and with very many clothes; adivide the spoil of your enemies with your brothers.” 9 The sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh returned [home] and departed from the sons of Israel at Shiloh which is in the land of Canaan, to go to the aland of Gilead, to the land of their possession which they had possessed, according to the Icommand of the LORD IIthrough Moses.

[7] aNu 32:33 bJsh 17:1-13
[8] ILit them, saying, “Return aNu 31:27; 1S 30:16
[9] ILit mouth IILit by the hand of aNu 32:1, 26, 29

The Offensive Altar

10 ¶ When they came to the region of the Jordan which is in the land of Canaan, the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an altar there by the Jordan, a large altar in appearance. 11 And the sons of Israel heard [it] Isaid, “Behold, the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh have abuilt an altar at the IIfrontier of the land of Canaan, in the region of the Jordan, on the side [belonging to] the sons of Israel.” 12 When the sons of Israel heard [of it], the whole congregation of the sons of Israel gathered themselves at aShiloh to go up against them in war.

[11] ILit saying IILit front aDt 12:5; Jsh 22:19
[12] aJsh 18:1

13 ¶ Then the sons of Israel sent to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to the half-tribe of Manasseh, into the land of Gilead, aPhinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, 14 and with him ten chiefs, one chief for each father’s household from each of the tribes of Israel; and aeach one of them [was] the head of his father’s household among the Ithousands of Israel. 15 They came to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to the half-tribe of Manasseh, to the land of Gilead, and they spoke with them saying, 16 “Thus says the whole congregation of the LORD, ‘What is this unfaithful act which you have committed against the God of Israel, turning away from following the LORD this day, by abuilding yourselves an altar, to rebel against the LORD this day? 17 Is not athe iniquity of Peor Ienough for us, from which we have not cleansed ourselves to this day, although a plague came on the congregation of the LORD, 18 that you must turn away this day from following the LORD? If you rebel against the LORD today, aHe will be angry with the whole congregation of Israel tomorrow. 19 If, however, the land of your possession is unclean, then Icross into the land of the possession of the LORD, where the LORDS tabernacle IIstands, and take possession among us. Only do not rebel against the LORD, or rebel against us by abuilding an altar for yourselves, besides the altar of the LORD our God. 20 Did not aAchan the son of Zerah act unfaithfully in the things under the ban, and wrath fall on all the congregation of Israel? And that man did not perish alone in his iniquity.’”

[13] aNu 25:7, 11; 31:6
[14] IOr families aNu 1:4
[16] aJsh 22:11
[17] ILit little for us aNu 25:1-9
[18] aNu 16:22
[19] ILit cross for yourselves IILit abides aJsh 22:11
[20] aJsh 7:1-26

21 ¶ Then the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh answered and spoke to the heads of the Ifamilies of Israel. 22 “The aMighty One, God, the LORD, the Mighty One, God, the LORD! bHe knows, and may Israel itself know. If [it was] in rebellion, or if in an unfaithful act against the LORD do not save us this day! 23 If we have built us an altar to turn away from following the LORD, or if to aoffer a burnt offering or grain offering on it, or if to offer sacrifices of peace offerings on it, may the LORD Himself require it. 24 But truly we have done this out of concern, Ifor a reason, saying, ‘In time to come your sons may say to our IIsons, “What have you to do with the LORD, the God of Israel? 25 For the LORD has made the Jordan a border between us and you, [you] sons of Reuben and sons of Gad; you have no portion in the LORD.” So your sons may make our sons stop fearing the LORD.’

[21] ILit thousands
[22] aDt 10:17 b1K 8:39; Jb 10:7; Ps 44:21
[23] aDt 12:11
[24] ILit from IILit sons, saying

26 ¶ “Therefore we said, ‘Let us Ibuild an altar, not for burnt offering or for sacrifice; 27 rather it shall be aa witness between us and you and between our generations after us, that we are to bperform the service of the LORD before Him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices and with our peace offerings, so that your sons will not say to our sons in time to come, “You have no portion in the LORD.”’ 28 Therefore we said, ‘It shall also come about if they say [this] to us or to our generations in time to come, then we shall say, “See the copy of the altar of the LORD which our fathers made, not for burnt offering or for sacrifice; rather it is a witness between us and you.”’ 29 Far be it from us that we should rebel against the LORD and turn away from following the LORD this day, by abuilding an altar for burnt offering, for grain offering or for sacrifice, besides the altar of the LORD our God which is before His Itabernacle.”

[26] ILit prepare to build for ourselves
[27] aGn 31:48; Jsh 24:27 bDt 12:6, 11, 26f
[29] ILit dwelling place aDt 12:13f

30 ¶ So when Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the congregation, even the heads of the Ifamilies of Israel who [were] with him, heard the words which the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad and the sons of Manasseh spoke, it pleased them. 31 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Manasseh, “Today we know that the aLORD is in our midst, because you have not committed this unfaithful act against the LORD; now you have delivered the sons of Israel from the hand of the LORD.”

[30] ILit thousands
[31] aEx 25:8; Lv 26:11f; 2Ch 15:2

32 ¶ Then Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest and the leaders returned from the sons of Reuben and from the sons of Gad, from the land of Gilead to the land of Canaan, to the sons of Israel, and brought back word to them. 33 The word pleased the sons of Israel, and the sons of Israel ablessed God; and they did not speak of going up against them in war to destroy the land in which the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad were living. 34 The sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad acalled the altar [Witness]; “For,” [they said], “it is a witness between us that the LORD is God.”

[33] a1Ch 29:20; Dn 2:19; Lk 2:28
[34] aGn 31:47-49


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The two tribes and half with a blessing are sent home.

1 ¶ Then Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 2 And said unto them, Ye have kept all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you: 3 Ye have not left your brethren these many days unto this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD your God. 4 And now the LORD your God hath given rest unto your brethren, as he promised them: therefore now return ye, and get you unto your tents, [and] unto the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you on the other side Jordan. 5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul. 6 So Joshua blessed them, and sent them away: and they went unto their tents.

[1] Nu 32:18; Dt 29:7.
[2] Nu 32:20; Dt 3:16; Jsh 1:12.
[3] Php 1:23.
[4] Nu 32:33; Dt 3:1; 12:9; 29:8; Jsh 13:8, 15; 14:1; 21:43.
[5] Ex 15:26; 20:6; Dt 4:1, 4, 6, 9; 6:5, 6, 17; 10:12, 20; 11:1, 13, 22; 13:4; Jsh 23:8; 24:14; 1S 7:3; 12:20, 24; 1Ch 28:7; Ps 106:3; 119:4; Pv 4:23; Is 55:2; Jr 12:16; Mt 4:10; 6:24; 22:37; Lk 1:74; Jn 12:26; 14:15, 21; 21:15; Ac 11:23; 27:23; Ro 1:9; 8:28; 12:9; He 6:11; 12:15; Jm 1:12; 2:5; 2P 1:5; 1Jn 5:2.
[6] Gn 14:19; 47:7, 10; Ex 39:43; Jsh 14:13; 22:7; 1S 2:20; 2S 6:18, 20; 2Ch 30:18; Lk 2:34; 24:50; He 7:6.

7 ¶ Now to the [one] half of the tribe of Manasseh Moses had given [possession] in Bashan: but unto the [other] half thereof gave Joshua among their brethren on this side Jordan westward. And when Joshua sent them away also unto their tents, then he blessed them, 8 And he spake unto them, saying, Return with much riches unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with silver, and with gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very much raiment: divide the spoil of your enemies with your brethren.

[7] Jsh 13:29; 17:1.
[8] Nu 31:27; Dt 8:9, 17; 1S 30:24; 2Ch 17:5; 32:27; Ps 68:12; Pv 3:16; 1Co 15:58; He 11:26.

9 ¶ And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the children of Israel out of Shiloh, which [is] in the land of Canaan, to go unto the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, whereof they were possessed, according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

[9] Nu 32:1, 26, 29, 39; Dt 3:15; Jsh 13:11, 25, 31; Ps 60:7.

They build the altar of testimony in their journey.

10 ¶ And when they came unto the borders of Jordan, that [are] in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh built there an altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to.

[10] Gn 28:18; 31:46; Jsh 4:5; 22:25; 24:26.

The Israelites are offended thereat.

11 ¶ And the children of Israel heard say, Behold, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh have built an altar over against the land of Canaan, in the borders of Jordan, at the passage of the children of Israel. 12 And when the children of Israel heard [of it], the whole congregation of the children of Israel gathered themselves together at Shiloh, to go up to war against them. 13 And the children of Israel sent unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, into the land of Gilead, Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, 14 And with him ten princes, of each chief house a prince throughout all the tribes of Israel; and each one [was] an head of the house of their fathers among the thousands of Israel.

[11] Lv 17:8; Dt 12:5; 13:12; Jsh 2:7; 3:14; Jg 12:5; Jn 1:28; 20:1, 12.
[12] Dt 13:15; Jg 20:1; Ac 11:2; Ro 10:2; Ga 4:17.
[13] Ex 6:25; Nu 25:7, 11; Dt 13:14; Jg 20:12, 28; Ps 106:30; Pv 20:18; 25:9; Mt 18:15.
[14] Ex 18:25; Nu 1:4.

15 ¶ And they came unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, unto the land of Gilead, and they spake with them, saying, 16 Thus saith the whole congregation of the LORD, What trespass [is] this that ye have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD? 17 [Is] the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD, 18 But that ye must turn away this day from following the LORD? and it will be, [seeing] ye rebel to day against the LORD, that to morrow he will be wroth with the whole congregation of Israel. 19 Notwithstanding, if the land of your possession [be] unclean, [then] pass ye over unto the land of the possession of the LORD, wherein the LORD'S tabernacle dwelleth, and take possession among us: but rebel not against the LORD, nor rebel against us, in building you an altar beside the altar of the LORD our God. 20 Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.

[15] Ex 32:8; Lv 5:19; 17:8; 26:40; Nu 5:6; 14:43; 32:15; Dt 7:4; 12:4, 13; 30:17; Jsh 22:12, 18; 1S 15:23; 1Ch 21:3; 2Ch 10:19; 25:27; 26:18; 28:13; Ezr 9:2, 15; Ps 78:8; Is 63:10; Mt 6:14; 18:17; 1Co 1:10; 5:4; Ga 1:1; He 12:25.
[17] Nu 25:3, 4; Dt 4:3; Ezr 9:13; Ps 106:28; 1Co 10:8, 11.
[18] Nu 16:22; Dt 7:4; Jsh 7:1, 11, 21; 22:16, 20; 1S 12:14, 20; 2S 24:1; 1K 9:6; 2K 17:21; 1Ch 21:1, 14; 2Ch 25:27; 34:33; Ezr 9:13.
[19] Ex 15:17; Lv 17:8; 18:25; Dt 12:5; Jsh 18:1; 2Ch 11:13, 16; Am 7:17; Ac 10:14; 11:8.
[20] Jsh 7:1, 5, 18, 24; 1Co 10:6; 2P 2:6; Jde 1:5.

They give them good satisfaction.

21 ¶ Then the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh answered, and said unto the heads of the thousands of Israel, 22 The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if [it be] in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,) 23 That we have built us an altar to turn from following the LORD, or if to offer thereon burnt offering or meat offering, or if to offer peace offerings thereon, let the LORD himself require [it]; 24 And if we have not [rather] done it for fear of [this] thing, saying, In time to come your children might speak unto our children, saying, What have ye to do with the LORD God of Israel? 25 For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make our children cease from fearing the LORD. 26 Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice: 27 But [that] it [may be] a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, that we might do the service of the LORD before him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings; that your children may not say to our children in time to come, Ye have no part in the LORD. 28 Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should [so] say to us or to our generations in time to come, that we may say [again], Behold the pattern of the altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for sacrifices; but it [is] a witness between us and you. 29 God forbid that we should rebel against the LORD, and turn this day from following the LORD, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meat offerings, or for sacrifices, beside the altar of the LORD our God that [is] before his tabernacle.

[21] Ex 18:21; Pv 15:1; 16:1; 18:13; 24:26; Mi 5:2; Ac 11:4; Jm 1:19; 1P 3:15.
[22] Ex 18:11; Dt 10:17; 1S 15:23; 1K 8:39; Jb 10:7; 23:10; 31:5, 38; Ps 7:3; 37:6; 44:21; 82:1; 95:3; 97:7; 136:2; 139:1; Jr 12:3; 17:10; Dn 2:47; 11:36; Mi 7:9; Mal 3:18; Jn 2:24; 21:17; Ac 1:24; 11:2; 25:11; 2Co 5:11; 11:11, 31; 1Ti 6:16; He 4:13; Rv 2:23; 19:16.
[23] Gn 9:4; Dt 18:19; 1S 20:16; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 10:13; Ezk 3:18; 33:6, 8.
[24] Gn 18:19; 30:33; Ex 13:14; Dt 6:20; Jsh 4:6.
[25] Jsh 22:27; 1S 26:19; 2S 20:1; 1K 12:16, 27; 14:16; 15:30; Ezr 4:2; Ne 2:20; Ac 8:21.
[27] Gn 31:48, 52; Dt 12:5, 11, 17, 26; Jsh 22:10, 34; 24:27; 1S 7:12.
[28] Ex 25:40; 2K 16:10; Ezk 43:10; He 8:5.
[29] Gn 44:7, 17; Dt 12:13; Jsh 22:23, 26; 24:16; 1S 12:23; 1K 21:3; 2K 18:22; 2Ch 32:12; Ro 3:6; 6:2; 9:14.

30 ¶ And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which [were] with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them. 31 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD [is] among us, because ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.

[30] Gn 28:8; Jsh 22:33; Jg 8:3; 1S 25:32; 29:6; 2Ch 30:4; Es 1:21; Pv 15:1; Ac 11:18.
[31] Lv 26:11; Nu 14:41; Jsh 3:10; 2Ch 15:2; Ps 68:17; Is 12:6; Zc 8:23; Mt 1:23; 1Co 14:25.

32 ¶ And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, out of the land of Gilead, unto the land of Canaan, to the children of Israel, and brought them word again. 33 And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy the land wherein the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt. 34 And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar [Ed]: for it [shall be] a witness between us that the LORD [is] God.

[32] Jsh 22:12; Pv 25:13.
[33] Jsh 22:30; 1S 25:32; 1Ch 29:20; Ne 8:5; Dn 2:19; Lk 2:28; Ac 15:12, 31; 2Co 7:7; Ep 1:3; 1Th 3:6.
[34] Jsh 22:27; 24:27; 1K 18:39; Is 43:10; Mt 4:10.


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