NASB — Nehemiah 8 — KJV

Ezra Reads the Law

1 And all the people gathered as one man at the square which was in front of athe Water Gate, and they Iasked bEzra the scribe to bring cthe book of the law of Moses which the LORD had IIgiven to Israel. 2 Then aEzra the priest brought the law before the assembly of men, women and all who [could] listen with understanding, on bthe first day of the seventh month. 3 He read from it before the square which was in front of athe Water Gate from Iearly morning until midday, in the presence of men and women, those who could understand; and all the people were attentive to the book of the law. 4 Ezra the scribe stood at a wooden podium which they had made for the purpose. And beside him stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah, and Maaseiah on his right hand; and Pedaiah, Mishael, Malchijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah [and] Meshullam on his left hand. 5 Ezra opened athe book in the sight of all the people for he was standing above all the people; and when he opened it, all the people bstood up. 6 Then Ezra blessed the LORD the great God. And all the people answered, “aAmen, Amen!” while lifting up their hands; then bthey bowed low and worshiped the LORD with [their] faces to the ground. 7 Also Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, the Levites, explained the law to the people while the people [remained] in their place. 8 They read from the book, from the law of God, Itranslating to give the sense so that they understood the reading.

[1] ILit said to IILit commanded aNe 3:26 bEzr 7:6 c2Ch 34:15
[2] aDt 31:9-11; Ne 8:9 bLv 23:24
[3] ILit the light aNe 8:1
[5] aNe 8:3 bJg 3:20; 1K 8:12-14
[6] aNe 5:13 bEx 4:31
[8] IOr explaining

“This Day Is Holy”

9 ¶ Then Nehemiah, who was the Iagovernor, and Ezra bthe priest [and] scribe, and the Levites who taught the people said to all the people, “cThis day is holy to the LORD your God; ddo not mourn or weep.” For all the people were weeping when they heard the words of the law. 10 Then he said to them, “Go, eat of the fat, drink of the sweet, and asend portions to him who has nothing prepared; for this day is holy to our Lord. Do not be grieved, for the joy of the LORD is your strength.” 11 So the Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be still, for the day is holy; do not be grieved.” 12 All the people went away to eat, to drink, ato send portions and to Icelebrate a great festival, bbecause they understood the words which had been made known to them.

[9] IHeb Tirshatha, a Persian title aNe 7:65, 70 bNe 12:26 cNe 8:2 dDt 12:7, 12
[10] aDt 26:11-13
[12] ILit make a great rejoicing aNe 8:10 bNe 8:7, 8

Feast of Booths Restored

13 ¶ Then on the second day the heads of fathers’ [households] of all the people, the priests and the Levites were gathered to Ezra the scribe that they might gain insight into the words of the law. 14 They found written in the law how the LORD had commanded through Moses that the sons of Israel ashould live in booths during the feast of the seventh month. 15 IaSo they proclaimed and circulated a proclamation in all their cities and bin Jerusalem, saying, “cGo out to the hills, and bring olive branches and IIwild olive branches, myrtle branches, palm branches and branches of [other] leafy trees, to make booths, as it is written.” 16 So the people went out and brought [them] and made booths for themselves, each aon his roof, and in their courts and in the courts of the house of God, and in the square at bthe Water Gate and in the square at cthe Gate of Ephraim. 17 The entire assembly of those who had returned from the captivity made booths and lived in Ithem. The sons of Israel ahad indeed not done so from the days of Joshua the son of Nun to that day. And bthere was great rejoicing. 18 aHe read from the book of the law of God daily, from the first day to the last day. And they bcelebrated the feast seven days, and on cthe eighth day [there was] a solemn assembly according to the ordinance.

[14] aLv 23:34, 40, 42
[15] ILit And that they will cause to be heard IILit oil tree, species unknown aLv 23:4 bDt 16:16 cLv 23:40
[16] aJr 32:29 bNe 8:1 c2K 14:13; Ne 12:39
[17] ILit the booths a2Ch 7:8; 8:13 b2Ch 30:21
[18] aDt 31:11 bLv 23:36 cNu 29:35


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The religious manner of reading and hearing the Law.

1 ¶ And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that [was] before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel. 2 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. 3 And he read therein before the street that [was] before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people [were attentive] unto the book of the law. 4 And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, [and] Meshullam. 5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up: 6 And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with [their] faces to the ground. 7 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people [stood] in their place. 8 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading.

[1] Jg 20:1, 8; 2Ch 34:15; Ezr 3:1; 7:6, 11; Ne 3:26; 8:4, 16; 12:37; Is 8:20; Jr 8:8; Mal 4:4; Mt 13:52; 23:2, 13, 34.
[2] Lv 23:24; Nu 29:1; Dt 17:18; 31:9, 11; 2Ch 17:7; Is 28:9; Mal 2:7; Ac 15:21.
[3] Mt 7:28; Mk 12:37; Lk 4:16; 8:18; 19:48; Ac 13:15, 27; 15:21; 16:14; 17:11; 20:7, 11; 28:23; 1Th 2:13; He 2:1; Rv 2:29; 3:22.
[4] Ezr 10:29, 33; Ne 10:3, 7, 18, 20, 25; 11:5, 7; 12:13.
[5] Jg 3:20; 1K 8:14; Lk 4:16.
[6] Gn 14:22; 24:26; Ex 4:31; 12:27; Lv 9:24; 1Ch 29:20; 2Ch 6:4; 20:18; 29:30; Ne 5:13; Ps 28:2; 41:13; 63:4; 72:18; 134:2; 141:2; Jr 28:6; Lm 3:41; Mt 6:13; 26:39; 1Co 14:16; Ep 1:3; 1Ti 2:8; 1P 1:3; Rv 7:11.
[7] Lv 10:11; Dt 33:10; 2Ch 17:7; 30:22; Ezr 8:18; 10:22, 23; Ne 3:17, 19, 23; 8:4; 9:4; 10:2, 9, 10, 12, 13, 18; 11:16, 19; 12:24, 25, 33, 41; Mal 2:7.
[8] Hab 2:2; Mt 5:21, 27; Lk 24:27, 32, 45; Ac 8:30; 17:2; 28:23.

They comfort the people.

9 ¶ And Nehemiah, which [is] the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day [is] holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law. 10 Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for [this] day [is] holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength. 11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day [is] holy; neither be ye grieved. 12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.

[9] Lv 23:24; Nu 29:1; Dt 12:7, 12; 16:11, 14; 26:14; 2K 22:11, 19; 2Ch 15:3; 30:22; 34:19, 21; 35:3; Ezr 2:63; 7:11; Ne 7:65, 70; 8:2, 7; 10:1; Ec 3:4; Is 61:3; Ho 4:6; Mal 2:13; Ro 3:20; 7:9; 2Co 7:9.
[10] Dt 26:11; Es 9:19, 22; Jb 31:16; Ps 28:7; 149:2; Pv 17:22; Ec 2:24; 3:13; 5:18; 9:7; 11:2; So 5:1; Is 6:7; 12:1; 35:1; 61:10; Jol 2:23; Lk 11:41; 2Co 8:2; 12:8; Php 3:4; 1Ti 6:17; Rv 11:10.
[11] Nu 13:30.
[12] Ne 8:7, 10; Jb 23:12; Ps 19:8; 119:14, 16, 72, 97, 103, 111, 127, 130, 171, 174; 126:1; Pv 2:10; 24:13; Jr 15:16; Lk 24:32; Ro 7:18.

The forwardness of them to hear and be instructed.

13 ¶ And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law. 14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month: 15 And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as [it is] written.

[13] 2Ch 30:23; Ne 8:7; Pv 2:1; 8:33; 12:1; Mk 6:33; Lk 19:47; 24:32; Ac 4:1; 13:42; 2Ti 2:24.
[14] Gn 33:17; Lv 23:34, 40; Dt 16:13; Zc 14:16; Jn 7:2.
[15] Gn 8:11; Lv 23:4, 40; Dt 16:16; Jg 9:48; Mt 21:1; Jn 12:13; Rv 7:9.

They keep the feast of the Tabernacles.

16 ¶ So the people went forth, and brought [them], and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim. 17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness. 18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day [was] a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.

[16] Dt 22:8; 2S 11:2; 2K 14:13; 2Ch 20:5; 33:5; Ne 3:26; 8:3; 12:37, 39; Jr 19:13; 32:29.
[17] Jsh 1:1; 1Ch 29:22; 2Ch 7:8, 10; 8:13; 30:21, 26; 35:18; Ezr 3:4; Jn 1:14; He 4:8; 11:9, 13.
[18] Lv 23:36; Nu 29:35; Dt 31:10; Jn 7:37.


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