NASB — Exodus 12 — KJV

The Passover Lamb

1 Now the LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of IEgypt, 2aThis month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a Ilamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a Ilamb for IIeach household. 4 Now if the household is too small for a Ilamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the IInumber of persons [in them]; according to IIIwhat each man should eat, you are to IVdivide the lamb. 5 Your Ilamb shall be aan unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 IYou shall keep it until the afourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it IIbat twilight. 7 aMoreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel Iof the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh athat [same] night, broasted with fire, and they shall eat it with cunleavened bread Idand bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather aroasted with fire, [both] its head and its legs along with bits entrails. 10 aAnd you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: [with] your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is athe LORDS Passover. 12 For aI will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and bagainst all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgmentscI am the LORD. 13 aThe blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you Ilive; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you IIto destroy [you] when I strike the land of Egypt.

[1] ILit Egypt, saying
[2] aEx 13:4; 23:15; 34:18; Dt 16:1
[3] IOr kid IILit the
[4] IOr kid IIOr amount IIILit each man’s eating IVLit compute for
[5] IOr kid aLv 22:18-21; 23:12; He 9:14; 1P 1:19
[6] ILit It shall be to you for a guarding IILit between the two evenings aEx 12:14, 17; Lv 23:5; Nu 9:1-3, 11; 28:16 bEx 16:12; Dt 16:4, 6
[7] ILit upon aEx 12:22
[8] ILit in addition to aEx 34:25; Nu 9:12 bDt 16:7 cDt 16:3, 4; 1Co 5:8 dNu 9:11
[9] aEx 12:8 bEx 29:13, 17, 22
[10] aEx 16:19; 23:18; 34:25
[11] aEx 12:13, 21, 27, 43
[12] aEx 11:4, 5 bNu 33:4; Ps 82:1 cEx 6:2
[13] ILit are IILit for destruction aHe 11:28

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14 ¶ ‘Now athis day will be ba memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it [as] a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it [as] Ica permanent ordinance. 15 aSeven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall Iremove leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, bthat IIperson shall be cut off from Israel. 16 aOn the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and [another] holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except what must be eaten Iby every person, that alone may be IIprepared by you. 17 You shall also observe athe [Feast of] Unleavened Bread, for on this bvery day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as ca Ipermanent ordinance. 18 aIn the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 aSeven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats what is leavened, that Ibperson shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether [he is] an alien or a native of the land. 20 You shall not eat anything leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”

[14] IOr an eternal aEx 12:6; Lv 23:4, 5; 2K 23:21 bEx 13:9 cEx 12:17, 24; 13:10
[15] ILit cause to cease IILit soul aEx 13:6, 7; 23:15; 34:18; Lv 23:6; Nu 28:17; Dt 16:3, 8 bGn 17:14; Ex 12:19; Nu 9:13
[16] ILit pertaining to IILit done aLv 23:7, 8; Nu 28:18, 25
[17] IOr eternal aDt 16:3-8 bEx 12:41 cEx 12:14; 13:3, 10
[18] aEx 12:2; Lv 23:5-8; Nu 28:16-25
[19] ILit soul aEx 12:15; 23:15; 34:18 bNu 9:13

21 ¶ Then aMoses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “IGo and btake for yourselves IIlambs according to your families, and slay cthe Passover [lamb]. 22 aYou shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and Iapply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

[21] ILit Draw out IILit sheep aNu 9:4; He 11:28 bEx 12:3 cEx 12:11
[22] ILit cause to touch aEx 12:7

A Memorial of Redemption

23 For athe LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will bnot allow the cdestroyer to come in to your houses to smite [you]. 24 And ayou shall observe this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever. 25 When you enter the land which the LORD will give you, as He has Ipromised, you shall observe this IIrite. 26 aAnd when your children say to you, ‘IWhat does this rite mean to you?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to athe LORD Iwho passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but IIspared our homes.’” bAnd the people bowed low and worshiped.

[23] aEx 11:4; 12:12, 13 bRv 7:3; 9:4 c1Co 10:10; He 11:28
[24] aEx 12:14, 17; 13:5, 10
[25] ILit spoken IILit service
[26] ILit What is this service to you? aEx 10:2; 13:8, 14, 15; Dt 32:7; Jsh 4:6; Ps 78:6
[27] ILit because He IILit delivered aEx 12:11 bEx 4:31

28 ¶ Then the sons of Israel went and did [so]; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29 ¶ Now it came about at amidnight that bthe LORD struck all cthe firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of dcattle. 30 Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was aa great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead. 31 Then ahe called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, “Rise up, bget out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go, Iworship the LORD, as you have said. 32 Take aboth your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.”

[29] aEx 11:4, 5 bNu 8:17; 33:4; Ps 135:8; 136:10 cEx 4:23; Ps 78:51; 105:36 dEx 9:6
[30] aEx 11:6
[31] IOr serve aEx 8:8 bEx 8:25
[32] aEx 10:9, 26

Exodus of Israel

33 aThe Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We will all be dead.” 34 So the people took atheir dough before it was leavened, [with] their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.

[33] aEx 10:7; 11:1; 12:39; Ps 105:38
[34] aEx 12:39

35aNow the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; 36 and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they aplundered the Egyptians.

[35] aEx 3:21, 22; 11:2, 3; Ps 105:37
[36] aEx 3:22

37 ¶ Now the asons of Israel journeyed from bRameses to Succoth, about csix hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. 38 A amixed multitude also went up with them, Ialong with flocks and herds, a bvery large number of livestock. 39 They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were adriven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they Iprepared any provisions for themselves.

[37] aNu 33:3, 5 bGn 47:11 cEx 38:26; Nu 1:46; 2:32; 11:21; 26:51
[38] ILit and aNu 11:4 bEx 17:3; Nu 20:19; 32:1; Dt 3:19
[39] ILit made aEx 6:1; 11:1; 12:31-33

40 ¶ Now the time Ithat the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was afour hundred and thirty years. 41 And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, Ito athe very day, ball the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

[40] IOr of the sons of Israel who dwelt aGn 15:13, 16; Ac 7:6; Ga 3:17
[41] ILit that it happened on this very day aEx 12:17 bEx 3:8, 10; 6:6

Ordinance of the Passover

42 aIt is a night Ito be observed for the LORD for having brought them out from the land of Egypt; this night is for the LORD, Ito be observed IIby all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.

[42] IOr of vigil IILit to the sons aEx 13:10; 34:18; Dt 16:1

43 ¶ The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of athe Passover: no Ibforeigner is to eat of it; 44 but every man’s aslave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it. 45 aA sojourner or a hired servant shall not eat of it. 46 It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring forth any of the flesh outside of the house, anor are you to break any bone of it. 47 aAll the congregation of Israel are to Icelebrate this. 48 But aif a Istranger sojourns with you, and IIcelebrates the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to IIIcelebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 49 IaThe same law shall IIapply to the native as to the IIIstranger who sojourns among you.”

[43] ILit son of a stranger aEx 12:11; Nu 9:14 bEx 12:48
[44] aGn 17:12, 13; Lv 22:11
[45] aLv 22:10
[46] aNu 9:12; Ps 34:20; Jn 19:33, 36
[47] ILit do aEx 12:6; Nu 9:13, 14
[48] ILit sojourner IILit does IIILit do aNu 9:14
[49] ILit One law IILit be IIILit sojourner aLv 24:22; Nu 15:15, 16, 29

50 ¶ Then all the sons of Israel did [so]; they did just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that same day athe LORD brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt Ibby their hosts.

[51] ILit according to aEx 12:41 bEx 6:26


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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
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The beginning of the year is changed.

1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first month of the year to you.

[2] Ex 13:4; 23:15; 34:18; Lv 23:5; Nu 28:16; Dt 16:1; Es 3:7.

The Passover is instituted.

3 ¶ Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of [their] fathers, a lamb for an house: 4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take [it] according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take [it] out from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike [it] on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast [with] fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

[3] Gn 4:4; 22:8; Ex 4:30; 6:6; 12:5, 6; 14:15; 20:19; Lv 1:2; 5:6; Nu 1:1; 15:11; Jsh 7:14; 1S 7:9; 2Ch 35:7; Jn 1:29, 36; 12:1, 12; 1Co 5:7; Rv 5:6; 7:9; 13:8.
[5] Lv 1:3, 10; 22:19; 23:12; Dt 17:1; 1S 13:1; Mal 1:7, 14; He 7:26; 9:13; 1P 1:18.
[6] Ex 16:12; Lv 23:5; Nu 9:3; 28:16, 18; Dt 16:1; 2Ch 30:15; Is 53:6; Ezk 45:21; Mt 27:20, 25, 46; Mk 15:1, 8, 11, 25, 33; Lk 23:1, 18; Ac 2:23; 3:14; 4:27.
[7] Ex 12:22; Ep 1:7; He 9:13, 22; 10:14, 29; 11:28; 1P 1:2.
[8] Ex 1:14; 13:3, 7; 34:25; Nu 9:11; Dt 16:3, 7; Ps 22:14; Is 53:10; Am 4:5; Zc 12:10; Mt 16:12; 26:26; Jn 6:52; 1Co 5:6; Ga 5:9; 1Th 1:6.
[9] Ex 12:8; Dt 16:7; Lm 1:13.
[10] Ex 23:18; 29:34; 34:25; Lv 7:15; 22:30; Dt 16:4.

The rite of the Passover.

11 ¶ And thus shall ye eat it; [with] your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it [is] the LORD'S passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I [am] the LORD. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye [are]: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy [you], when I smite the land of Egypt. 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

[11] Ex 12:27; Lv 23:5; Nu 28:16; Dt 16:2; Mt 26:19; Lk 7:38; 12:35; 15:22; 1Co 5:7; Ep 6:15; 1P 1:13.
[12] Ex 6:2; 11:4; 12:23, 29; 21:6; 22:28; Nu 33:4; 1S 5:3; 6:5; 1Ch 14:12; Ps 82:1, 6; Is 19:1; 43:11; Jr 43:13; Ezk 12:16; Am 5:17; Zp 2:11; Jn 10:34.
[13] Gn 17:11; Ex 12:23; Jsh 2:12; 1Th 1:10; He 11:28; 1Jn 1:7.
[14] Ex 5:1; 12:17, 24, 43; 13:9, 10; Lv 23:4; Nu 10:8; 16:40; 18:8; Dt 16:1, 11; Jsh 4:7; 1S 30:25; 2K 23:21; Ne 8:9; Ps 111:4; 135:13; Ezk 46:14; Zc 6:14; Mt 26:13; Lk 22:19; 1Co 5:7; 11:23.

Unleavened bread.

15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 16 And in the first day [there shall be] an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save [that] which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. 17 And ye shall observe [the feast of] unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

[15] Gn 17:14; Ex 12:8, 19; 13:6, 7; 23:15; 31:14; 34:18, 25; Lv 17:10, 14; 23:5; Nu 9:13; 28:17; Dt 16:3, 5, 8; Mal 2:12; Mt 16:12; Lk 12:1; Ac 12:3; Ga 5:12.
[16] Ex 16:5, 23, 29; 20:10; 35:2; Lv 23:2, 7, 21, 24, 27, 35; Nu 28:18, 25; 29:1, 12; Jr 17:21.
[17] Ex 7:5; 12:14; 13:8; Nu 20:16.

18 ¶ In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

[18] Ex 12:1, 15; Lv 23:5; Nu 28:16.
[19] Ex 12:15, 43, 48; 23:15; 34:18; Nu 9:13; Dt 16:3; 1Co 5:7.

21 ¶ Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip [it] in the blood that [is] in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that [is] in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. 23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite [you]. 24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 27 That ye shall say, It [is] the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. 28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

[21] Ex 3:16; 12:3; 17:5; 19:7; Nu 9:2; 11:16; Jsh 5:10; 2K 23:21; 2Ch 30:15; 35:5; Ezr 6:20; Mt 26:17; Mk 14:12; Lk 22:7; 1Co 5:7; 10:4.
[22] Ex 12:7; Lv 14:6; Nu 19:18; Ps 51:7; Mt 26:30; He 9:1, 14, 19; 11:28; 12:24; 1P 1:2.
[23] Ex 12:12; 2S 24:16; Is 37:36; Ezk 9:4, 6; 1Co 10:10; He 11:28; 12:24; Rv 7:3; 9:4.
[24] Gn 17:8; Ex 12:14.
[25] Ex 3:8, 17; Dt 4:5; 12:8; 16:5; Jsh 5:10; Ps 105:44.
[26] Ex 13:8, 14, 22; Dt 6:7; 11:19; 32:7; Jsh 4:6, 21; Ps 78:3; 145:4; Is 38:19; Ep 6:4.
[27] Ex 4:31; 12:11, 23; 34:8, 25; Dt 16:2, 5; 1Ch 29:20; 2Ch 20:18; 29:30; Ne 8:6; 1Co 5:7.
[28] He 11:28.

The firstborn are slain.

29 ¶ And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that [was] in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for [there was] not a house where [there was] not one dead.

[29] Ex 4:23; 11:4, 5; 12:12; 13:15; Nu 3:13; 8:17; 33:4; Jb 34:20; Ps 78:51; 105:36; 135:8; 136:10; Is 24:22; 51:14; Jr 38:6, 13; Zc 9:11; 1Th 5:2; He 11:28; 12:23.
[30] Ex 11:6; Pv 21:13; Am 5:17; Mt 25:6; Jm 2:13.

The Israelites are driven out of the land.

31 ¶ And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, [and] get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. 33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We [be] all dead [men]. 34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them [such things as they required]. And they spoiled the Egyptians.

[31] Ex 3:19; 6:1; 10:9, 29; 11:1, 8; Ps 105:38.
[32] Gn 27:34, 38; Ex 8:28; 9:28; 10:26.
[33] Gn 20:3; Ex 11:1; Nu 17:12; Ps 105:38.
[34] Ex 8:3.
[35] Gn 15:14; Ex 3:21; 11:2; Ps 105:37.
[36] Gn 15:14; 39:21; Ex 3:21, 22; 11:3; Ps 105:37; Pv 16:7; Dn 1:9; Ac 2:47; 7:10.

They come to Succoth.

37 ¶ And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children. 38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, [even] very much cattle. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

[37] Gn 12:2; 15:5; 46:3; 47:11; Ex 1:11; 38:26; Nu 1:46; 11:21; 33:3, 5.
[38] Nu 11:4; Zc 8:23.
[39] Ex 6:1; 11:1; 12:33.

40 ¶ Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, [was] four hundred and thirty years. 41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It [is] a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this [is] that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

[40] Gn 12:1; 15:13; Ac 7:6; 13:17; Ga 3:16, 17; He 11:9.
[41] Ex 7:4; 12:51; Jsh 5:14; Ps 102:13; Dn 9:24; Hab 2:3; Jn 7:8; Ac 1:7.
[42] Ex 12:14; Dt 16:1.

The ordinance of the Passover.

43 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: 44 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. 46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. 49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you. 50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, [that] the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.

[43] Ex 12:48; Lv 22:10; Nu 9:14; Ep 2:12.
[44] Gn 17:12, 23.
[45] Lv 22:10; Ep 2:12.
[46] Nu 9:12; Jn 19:33, 36; 1Co 12:12; Ep 2:19.
[47] Ex 12:3, 6; Nu 9:13.
[48] Gn 17:12; Ex 12:43; Nu 9:14; 15:15; Ezk 44:9; 47:22; Ga 3:28; Col