NASB — Numbers 18 — KJV

Duties of Levites

1 So the LORD said to Aaron, “You and your sons and your father’s household with you shall abear the guilt Iin connection with the sanctuary, and you and your sons with you shall bear the guilt IIin connection with your priesthood. 2 But bring with you also your brothers, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, that they may be ajoined with you and serve you, while you and your sons with you are before the tent of the testimony. 3 And they shall thus attend to your obligation and the obligation of all the tent, but athey shall not come near to the furnishings of the sanctuary and bthe altar, or both they and you will die. 4 They shall be joined with you and attend to the obligations of the tent of meeting, for all the service of the tent; but an Ioutsider may not come near you. 5 So you shall attend to the aobligations of the sanctuary and the obligations of the altar, bso that there will no longer be wrath on the sons of Israel. 6 Behold, I Myself ahave taken your Ifellow Levites from among the sons of Israel; they are ba gift to you, IIdedicated to the LORD, to perform the service for the tent of meeting. 7 But you and your sons with you shall aattend to your priesthood for everything concerning the altar and inside the veil, and you are to perform service. I am giving you the priesthood as ba Ibestowed service, but cthe IIoutsider who comes near shall be put to death.”

[1] ILit of the sanctuary IILit of your priesthood aEx 28:38; Lv 10:17; 22:16
[2] aNu 3:5-10
[3] aNu 4:15-20 bNu 1:51; 18:7
[4] ILit a stranger
[5] aEx 27:21; Lv 24:3 bNu 16:46
[6] ILit brethren the IILit given aNu 3:12, 45 bNu 3:9
[7] ILit service of gift IILit stranger aEx 29:9 bNu 18:20; Dt 18:2; Mt 10:8; 1P 5:2, 3 cNu 1:51

The Priests’ Portion

8 ¶ Then the LORD spoke to Aaron, “Now behold, I Myself have given you charge of My Iaofferings, even all the holy gifts of the sons of Israel I have given them to you as a portion and to your sons as a perpetual allotment. 9 This shall be yours from the most holy [gifts reserved] from the fire; every offering of theirs, even aevery grain offering and every bsin offering and every guilt offering, which they shall render to Me, shall be most holy for you and for your sons. 10 As the most holy [gifts] you shall eat it; every male shall eat it. It shall be holy to you. 11 This also is yours, athe offering of their gift, even all the wave offerings of the sons of Israel; I have bgiven them to you and to your sons and daughters with you as a perpetual allotment. Everyone of your household who is clean may eat it. 12 aAll the Ibest of the fresh oil and all the Ibest of the fresh wine and of the grain, the first fruits of those which they give to the LORD, I give them to you. 13 aThe first ripe fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to the LORD, shall be yours; everyone of your household who is clean may eat it. 14 aEvery devoted thing in Israel shall be yours. 15 IaEvery first issue of the womb of all flesh, whether man or animal, which they offer to the LORD, shall be yours; nevertheless the firstborn of man you shall surely redeem, and the firstborn of unclean animals you shall redeem. 16 As to their redemption price, from a month old you shall redeem them, by your valuation, five Ishekels in silver, according to the Ishekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs. 17 But athe firstborn of an ox or the firstborn of a sheep or the firstborn of a goat, you shall not redeem; they are holy. bYou shall sprinkle their blood on the altar and shall offer up their fat in smoke [as] an offering by fire, for a soothing aroma to the LORD. 18 Their Imeat shall be yours; it shall be yours like the abreast of a wave offering and like the right thigh. 19 aAll the offerings of the holy [gifts], which the sons of Israel offer to the LORD, I have given to you and your sons and your daughters with you, as a perpetual allotment. It is ban everlasting covenant of salt before the LORD to you and your Idescendants with you.” 20 Then the LORD said to Aaron, “aYou shall have no inheritance in their land nor own any portion among them; bI am your portion and your inheritance among the sons of Israel.

[8] ILit heave offerings, and so throughout the ch aLv 6:16, 18; 7:28-34
[9] aLv 2:1-16 bLv 6:30
[11] aNu 18:1; Dt 18:3 bLv 22:1-16
[12] ILit fat aDt 18:4; 32:14; Ps 81:16; 147:14
[13] aEx 22:29; 23:19; 34:26
[14] aLv 27:1-33
[15] ILit Everything that opens aEx 13:13, 15; Nu 3:46
[16] II.e. A shekel equals approx one-half oz
[17] aDt 15:19 bLv 3:2
[18] ILit flesh aLv 7:31
[19] ILit seed aNu 18:11 b2Ch 13:5
[20] aDt 10:9; 12:12; 14:27, 29 bDt 18:2; Jsh 13:33; Ezk 44:28

21 ¶ “To the sons of Levi, behold, I have given all the atithe in Israel for an inheritance, in return for their service which they perform, the service of the tent of meeting. 22 aThe sons of Israel shall not come near the tent of meeting again, or they will bear sin and die. 23 Only the Levites shall perform the service of the tent of meeting, and they shall abear their iniquity; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations, and among the sons of Israel bthey shall have no inheritance. 24 For the tithe of the sons of Israel, which they offer as an offering to the LORD, I have given to the Levites for an inheritance; therefore I have said concerning them, ‘aThey shall have no inheritance among the sons of Israel.’”

[21] aLv 27:30-33; Dt 14:22-29
[22] aNu 1:51
[23] aNu 18:1 bNu 18:20
[24] aDt 10:9

25 ¶ Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 26 “Moreover, you shall speak to the Levites and say to them, ‘When you take from the sons of Israel athe tithe which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then you shall present an offering from it to the LORD, a btithe of the tithe. 27 Your offering shall be reckoned to you as the grain from the threshing floor or the full produce from the wine vat. 28 So you shall also present an offering to the LORD from your tithes, which you receive from the sons of Israel; and from it you shall give the LORDS offering to Aaron the priest. 29 Out of all your gifts you shall present every offering due to the LORD, from all the Ibest of them, IIthe sacred part from them.’ 30 You shall say to them, ‘When you have Ioffered from it the best of it, then [the rest] shall be reckoned to the Levites as the product of the threshing floor, and as the product of the wine vat. 31 You may eat it anywhere, you and your households, for it is your compensation in return for your service in the tent of meeting. 32 You will bear no sin by reason of it when you have Ioffered the IIbest of it. But you shall not aprofane the sacred gifts of the sons of Israel, or you will die.’”

[26] aNu 18:21 bNe 10:38
[29] ILit fat IILit its
[30] ILit lifted
[32] ILit lifted IILit fat aLv 22:15, 16


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The charge of the priests and Levites.

1 ¶ And the LORD said unto Aaron, Thou and thy sons and thy father's house with thee shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary: and thou and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood. 2 And thy brethren also of the tribe of Levi, the tribe of thy father, bring thou with thee, that they may be joined unto thee, and minister unto thee: but thou and thy sons with thee [shall minister] before the tabernacle of witness. 3 And they shall keep thy charge, and the charge of all the tabernacle: only they shall not come nigh the vessels of the sanctuary and the altar, that neither they, nor ye also, die. 4 And they shall be joined unto thee, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you. 5 And ye shall keep the charge of the sanctuary, and the charge of the altar: that there be no wrath any more upon the children of Israel. 6 And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you [they are] given [as] a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. 7 Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest's office [unto you] as a service of gift: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

[1] Ex 28:38; Lv 22:9; Nu 14:34; 17:3, 7, 13; 18:22; Is 53:6, 11; Ezk 3:18; Ac 20:26; He 4:15; 13:17; 1P 2:24.
[2] Gn 29:34; Nu 3:6, 10; 4:15; 8:19, 22; 16:40; 17:7; 18:4; 1Ch 16:39; 2Ch 30:16; Ezk 44:15.
[3] Nu 3:25, 31, 36; 4:15, 19; 16:40.
[4] Nu 1:51; 3:10; 1S 6:19; 2S 6:6.
[5] Ex 27:21; 30:7; Lv 24:3; Nu 8:2, 19; 16:46; 1Ch 9:19, 23, 33; 24:5; Jr 23:15; Zc 10:3; 1Ti 1:18; 3:15; 5:21; 6:20.
[6] Gn 6:17; 9:9; Ex 14:17; 31:6; Nu 3:9, 12, 45; 8:16; Is 48:15; 51:12; Ezk 34:11, 20.
[7] Lv 16:2, 12; Nu 3:10, 38; 16:5, 40; 18:4, 5; 1S 2:28; Jn 3:27; Ro 15:15; Ep 3:8; He 5:4; 9:3.

8 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Behold, I also have given thee the charge of mine heave offerings of all the hallowed things of the children of Israel; unto thee have I given them by reason of the anointing, and to thy sons, by an ordinance for ever.

[8] Ex 29:21, 29; 40:13, 15; Lv 6:16, 18, 20, 26; 7:6, 32, 35; 8:30; 10:14; 21:10; Nu 18:9; Dt 12:6, 11; 26:13; Is 10:27; He 1:9; 1Jn 2:20, 27.

The priests' portion.

9 This shall be thine of the most holy things, [reserved] from the fire: every oblation of theirs, every meat offering of theirs, and every sin offering of theirs, and every trespass offering of theirs, which they shall render unto me, [shall be] most holy for thee and for thy sons. 10 In the most holy [place] shalt thou eat it; every male shall eat it: it shall be holy unto thee. 11 And this [is] thine; the heave offering of their gift, with all the wave offerings of the children of Israel: I have given them unto thee, and to thy sons and to thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: every one that is clean in thy house shall eat of it. 12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the firstfruits of them which they shall offer unto the LORD, them have I given thee. 13 [And] whatsoever is first ripe in the land, which they shall bring unto the LORD, shall be thine; every one that is clean in thine house shall eat [of] it. 14 Every thing devoted in Israel shall be thine. 15 Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, [whether it be] of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem. 16 And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shalt thou redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which [is] twenty gerahs. 17 But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they [are] holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat [for] an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD. 18 And the flesh of them shall be thine, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are thine. 19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it [is] a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee.

[9] Lv 2:2; 4:22, 27; 5:1, 6; 6:25; 7:1, 7; 10:12, 17; 14:13.
[10] Ex 29:31; Lv 6:16, 18, 26, 29; 7:6; 10:13, 17; 14:13; 21:22.
[11] Ex 29:27; Lv 7:14, 30; 10:14; 22:2, 11; Nu 18:8; Dt 18:3.
[12] Ex 22:29; 23:19; 34:26; Lv 2:14; 23:17, 20; Nu 15:19; 18:29; Dt 18:4; 26:2; Ne 10:35.
[13] Ex 22:29; Nu 18:11; Jr 24:2; Ho 9:10; Mi 7:1.
[14] Lv 27:28; Ezk 44:29.
[15] Ex 13:2, 12, 13; 22:29; 34:20; Lv 27:26, 27; Nu 3:13.
[16] Ex 30:13; Lv 27:2, 25; Nu 3:47; 18:16; Ezk 45:12.
[17] Ex 29:16; Lv 3:2; Dt 15:19.
[18] Ex 29:26; Lv 7:31.
[19] Lv 2:13; 7:14; Nu 15:19; 18:8, 11; 31:29, 41; Dt 12:6; 2Ch 13:5; 31:4.

20 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I [am] thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel.

[20] Ex 4:20; Lv 5:8; 6:16, 17, 25; 7:1, 6, 8, 12, 31; 12:1; 14:10; 15:20; 18:13, 15; 23:10, 17, 19; 24:9; Nu 18:23; 26:62; Dt 10:9; 12:12; 14:27, 29; 18:1, 3, 4, 15; Jsh 13:14, 33; 14:3; 18:7; Ps 16:5; 73:26; 142:5; Lm 3:24; Ezk 44:28; 1Co 3:21; Rv 21:3.

The Levites' portion.

21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, [even] the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. 22 Neither must the children of Israel henceforth come nigh the tabernacle of the congregation, lest they bear sin, and die. 23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance. 24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer [as] an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.

[21] Lv 27:30; Nu 3:7; 18:6, 24; Dt 12:17; 14:22; 2Ch 31:5, 12; Ne 10:37; 12:44; 13:12; 1Co 9:13; Ga 6:6.
[22] Lv 20:20; 22:9; Nu 1:52; 3:10, 38; 18:7.
[23] Nu 3:7; 18:20.
[24] Mal 3:8.

The heave offering to the priests out of the Levites' portion.

25 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, [even] a tenth [part] of the tithe. 27 And [this] your heave offering shall be reckoned unto you, as though [it were] the corn of the threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the winepress. 28 Thus ye also shall offer an heave offering unto the LORD of all your tithes, which ye receive of the children of Israel; and ye shall give thereof the LORD'S heave offering to Aaron the priest. 29 Out of all your gifts ye shall offer every heave offering of the LORD, of all the best thereof, [even] the hallowed part thereof out of it. 30 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, When ye have heaved the best thereof from it, then it shall be counted unto the Levites as the increase of the threshingfloor, and as the increase of the winepress. 31 And ye shall eat it in every place, ye and your households: for it [is] your reward for your service in the tabernacle of the congregation. 32 And ye shall bear no sin by reason of it, when ye have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die.

[26] Nu 18:19; Ne 10:38.
[27] Lv 6:19; Nu 15:20; 18:30; Dt 15:14; 2K 6:27; Ho 9:1.
[28] Gn 14:18; He 6:20; 7:1.
[29] Nu 18:12.
[30] Gn 43:11; Nu 18:27, 28; Dt 6:5; Pv 3:9; Mal 1:8; Mt 6:33; 10:37; Php 3:8.
[31] Dt 14:22; Mt 10:10; Lk 10:7; 1Co 9:10; 2Co 12:13; Ga 6:6; 1Ti 5:17.
[32] Lv 19:8; 22:2, 15; Nu 18:22; Mal 1:7; 1Co 11:27, 29.


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