NASB — Leviticus 16 — KJV

Law of Atonement

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses after athe death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had approached the presence of the LORD and died. 2 The LORD said to Moses:

¶ “Tell your brother Aaron that he shall not enter aat any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the Imercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for bI will appear in the cloud over the Imercy seat. 3 Aaron shall enter the holy place with this: with a Ibull for a asin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. 4 He shall put on the aholy linen tunic, and the linen undergarments shall be next to his Ibody, and he shall be girded with the linen sash and attired with the linen turban (these are holy garments). Then he shall bbathe his Ibody in water and put them on. 5 He shall take from the congregation of the sons of Israel atwo male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 6 Then aAaron shall offer the bull for the sin offering which is for himself, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household. 7 He shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 8 Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the Iscapegoat. 9 Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the LORD fell, and make it a sin offering. 10 But the goat on which the lot for the Iscapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make aatonement upon it, to send it into the wilderness as the Iscapegoat.

[1] aLv 10:1, 2
[2] ILit propitiatory aEx 30:10; He 6:19; 9:7, 25 bEx 25:21, 22; 40:34; 1K 8:10-12
[3] IOr bull of the herd aLv 4:1-12; 16:6; He 9:7
[4] ILit flesh aEx 28:39, 42 bEx 30:20; Lv 16:24; He 10:22
[5] aLv 4:13-21; 2Ch 29:21; Ezk 45:22
[6] aHe 5:3
[8] ILit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel
[10] ILit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel aIs 53:4-10; Ro 3:25; 1 Jn 2:2

11 ¶ “Then Aaron shall offer the bull of the sin offering awhich is for himself and make atonement for himself and bfor his household, and he shall slaughter the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. 12 He shall take a afirepan full of coals of fire from upon the altar before the LORD and Itwo handfuls of finely ground bsweet incense, and bring [it] inside the veil. 13 He shall put the incense on the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of incense may cover the Iamercy seat that is on [the ark of] the testimony, botherwise he will die. 14 Moreover, ahe shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle [it] bwith his finger on the Imercy seat on the east [side]; also in front of the Imercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.

[11] aHe 7:27; 9:7 bLv 16:33
[12] ILit the filling of the hollow of his hands aLv 10:1; Nu 16:18 bEx 30:34-38
[13] ILit propitiatory aEx 25:21 bEx 28:43; Lv 22:9; Nu 4:15, 20
[14] ILit propitiatory aHe 9:25 bLv 4:6, 17

15 ¶ “Then he shall slaughter the goat of the sin offering awhich is for the people, and bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the Imercy seat and in front of the Imercy seat. 16 aHe shall make atonement for the holy place, because of the impurities of the sons of Israel and because of their transgressions in regard to all their sins; and thus he shall do for the tent of meeting which abides with them in the midst of their impurities. 17 When he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, no one shall be in the tent of meeting until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household and for all the assembly of Israel. 18 Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and of the blood of the goat and aput it on the horns of the altar on all sides. 19 aWith his finger he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it seven times and cleanse it, and from the impurities of the sons of Israel consecrate it.

[15] ILit propitiatory aHe 7:27; 9:7, 12
[16] aEx 29:36, 37; 30:10; He 2:17
[18] aLv 4:25; Ezk 43:20, 22
[19] aLv 16:14; Ezk 43:20

20 ¶ “When he finishes atoning for the holy place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall offer the live goat. 21 Then Aaron shall lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and aconfess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel and all their transgressions Iin regard to all their sins; and he shall lay them on the head of the goat and send [it] away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who [stands] in readiness. 22 The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.

[21] ILit in addition to aLv 5:5

23 ¶ “Then Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting and take off athe linen garments which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there. 24 aHe shall bathe his Ibody with water in a holy place and put on bhis clothes, and come forth and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people. 25 Then he shall offer up in smoke the fat of the sin offering on the altar. 26 The one who released the goat as the Iscapegoat ashall wash his clothes and bathe his IIbody with water; then afterward he shall come into the camp. 27 But the bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, awhose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be taken outside the camp, and they shall burn their hides, their flesh, and their refuse in the fire. 28 Then the aone who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body with water, then afterward he shall come into the camp.

[23] aLv 16:4; Ezk 42:14; 44:19
[24] ILit flesh aLv 16:4 bEx 28:40, 41
[26] ILit goat of removal, or else a name: Azazel IILit flesh aLv 11:25, 40
[27] aLv 6:30; He 13:11
[28] aNu 19:8

An Annual Atonement

29 ¶ “[This] shall be a permanent statute for you: ain the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls and not bdo any work, whether the native, or the alien who sojourns among you; 30 for it is on this day that Iatonement shall be made for you to acleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31 It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may ahumble your souls; it is a permanent statute. 32 So the priest who is anointed and Iordained to serve as priest in his father’s place shall make atonement: he shall thus put on athe linen garments, the holy garments, 33 and make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar. He shall also make atonement for athe priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 Now you shall have this as a apermanent statute, to bmake atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sins once every year.” And just as the LORD had commanded Moses, [so] he did.

[29] aLv 23:27; Nu 29:7 bEx 31:14, 15
[30] ILit he shall make atonement aPs 51:2; Jr 33:8; Ep 5:26
[31] aLv 23:32; Ezr 8:21; Is 58:3, 5; Dn 10:12
[32] ILit whose hand is filled aLv 16:4
[33] aLv 16:11
[34] aLv 23:31 bHe 9:7


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How the high priest must enter into the holy place.

1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died; 2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy [place] within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. 3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy [place]: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. 4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these [are] holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and [so] put them on. 5 And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. 6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which [is] for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house. 7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat. 9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD'S lot fell, and offer him [for] a sin offering. 10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, [and] to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.

[1] Lv 10:1.
[2] Ex 25:17; 26:33; 30:10; 40:20, 34; Lv 8:35; 16:13; 23:27; Nu 4:19; 17:10; 1K 8:6, 10; 2Ch 5:14; Mt 27:51; He 4:14; 9:3, 7; 10:19.
[3] Lv 1:3, 10; 4:3; 8:14, 18; 9:3; Nu 29:7; He 9:7, 12, 24.
[4] Ex 28:2, 4, 39; 29:4; 30:20; 39:27; 40:12, 31; Lv 6:10; 8:6; Is 53:2; Ezk 44:17; Lk 1:35; Php 2:7; He 2:14; 7:26; Rv 1:5.
[5] Lv 4:14; 8:2, 14; 9:8; Nu 29:11; 2Ch 29:21; Ezr 6:17; Ezk 45:22; Ro 8:3; He 7:27; 10:5.
[6] Lv 8:14; 9:7; Ezr 10:18; Jb 1:5; Ezk 43:19, 27; He 5:2; 9:7.
[7] Lv 1:3; 4:4; 12:6; Mt 16:21; Ro 12:1.
[8] Nu 26:55; 33:54; Jsh 18:10; 1S 14:41; Pv 16:33; Ezk 48:29; Jna 1:7; Ac 1:23.
[9] Ac 2:23; 4:27.
[10] Lv 14:7; 16:21; Is 53:5, 10; Ro 4:25; 2Co 5:21; He 7:26; 9:23; 1Jn 2:2; 3:16.

The sin offering for himself.

11 And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which [is] for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which [is] for himself: 12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring [it] within the vail: 13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that [is] upon the testimony, that he die not: 14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle [it] with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.

[11] Lv 16:3, 6.
[12] Ex 30:34; 31:11; 37:29; Lv 10:1; Nu 16:18, 46; Is 6:6; He 9:14; 1Jn 1:7; Rv 8:3.
[13] Ex 25:21; 30:1, 7; Nu 16:7, 18, 46; He 4:14; 7:25; 9:24; 1Jn 2:1; Rv 8:3.
[14] Lv 4:5, 17; 8:11; Ro 3:24; He 9:7, 13, 25; 10:4, 10, 19; 12:24.

The sin offering for the people.

15 ¶ Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that [is] for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: 16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy [place], because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy [place], until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel. 18 And he shall go out unto the altar that [is] before the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put [it] upon the horns of the altar round about. 19 And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

[15] Lv 16:2, 5; He 2:17; 5:3; 6:19; 9:3, 7, 12, 25.
[16] Ex 29:36; Lv 8:15; 16:18; Ezk 45:18; Jn 14:3; He 9:22.
[17] Ex 34:3; Lv 16:10; Is 53:6; Dn 9:24; Lk 1:10; Ac 4:12; 1Ti 2:5; He 1:3; 9:7; 1P 2:24; 3:18.
[18] Ex 30:10; Lv 4:7, 18; 16:16; Jn 17:19; He 2:11; 5:7; 9:22.
[19] Ezk 43:18; Zc 13:1.

The scapegoat.

20 ¶ And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy [place], and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat: 21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send [him] away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: 22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness. 23 And Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy [place], and shall leave them there: 24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people. 25 And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn upon the altar. 26 And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp. 27 And the bullock [for] the sin offering, and the goat [for] the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy [place], shall [one] carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung. 28 And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.

[20] Lv 6:30; 8:15; 16:16; Ezk 45:20; Ro 4:25; 8:34; 2Co 5:19; Col 1:20; He 7:25; Rv 1:18.
[21] Ex 29:10; Lv 1:4; 26:40; Ezr 10:1; Ne 1:6; 9:3; Ps 32:5; 51:3; Pv 28:13; Is 53:6; Dn 9:3; Ro 10:10; 2Co 5:21.
[22] Ps 103:10, 12; Is 53:11; Ezk 18:22; Mi 7:19; Jn 1:29; Ga 3:13; He 9:28; 1P 2:24.
[23] Lv 16:4; Ezk 42:14; 44:19; Ro 8:3; Php 2:6; He 9:28.
[24] Ex 28:4; 29:4, 5; Lv 8:6, 7; 14:9; 16:3, 4, 5, 17; 22:6; He 9:10; 10:19; Rv 1:5.
[25] Ex 29:13; Lv 4:8, 19; 16:6.
[26] Lv 14:8; 15:5, 27; 16:10, 21, 28; Nu 19:7, 21; He 7:19.
[27] Lv 4:11, 21; 6:30; 8:17; Mt 27:31; He 13:11.
[28] Lv 16:26.

The yearly feast of the expiations.

29 ¶ And [this] shall be a statute for ever unto you: [that] in the seventh month, on the tenth [day] of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, [whether it be] one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you: 30 For on that day shall [the priest] make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, [that] ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31 It [shall be] a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever. 32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, [even] the holy garments: 33 And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation. 34 And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

[29] Ex 12:16; 20:10; 30:10; Lv 23:3, 7, 21, 27, 28, 36; Nu 29:7; 1K 8:2; Ezr 3:1; Ps 35:13; 69:10; Is 58:3, 5, 13; Dn 10:3, 12; 1Co 11:31; 2Co 7:10; He 4:10.
[30] Ps 51:2, 7, 10; Jr 33:8; Ezk 36:25; Ep 5:26; Tit 2:14; He 9:13; 10:1; 1Jn 1:7.
[31] Ex 31:15; 35:2; Lv 23:32; 25:4.
[32] Ex 29:9, 29; Lv 4:3, 5, 16; 16:4; Nu 20:26.
[33] Ex 20:25; Lv 16:6, 16, 18, 24.
[34] Ex 30:10; Lv 23:31; Nu 29:7; He 9:7, 25; 10:3, 14.


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