NASB — Exodus 34 — KJV

The Two Tablets Replaced

1 Now the LORD said to Moses, “Cut out for yourself atwo stone tablets like the former ones, and bI will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered. 2 So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to aMount Sinai, and Ipresent yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain. 3 aNo man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen Ianywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze in front of that mountain.” 4 So he cut out atwo stone tablets like the former ones, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand. 5 aThe LORD descended in the cloud and stood there with him as Ihe called upon the name of the LORD. 6 Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The LORD, the LORD God, acompassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and Itruth; 7 who akeeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He bwill by no means leave [the guilty] unpunished, cvisiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.” 8 Moses made haste Iato bow low toward the earth and worship. 9 He said, “aIf now I have found favor in Your sight, O Lord, I pray, let the Lord go along in our midst, even though Ibthe people are so obstinate, and cpardon our iniquity and our sin, and dtake us as Your own IIpossession.”

[1] aEx 24:12; 31:18; 32:16, 19 bDt 10:2, 4
[2] IOr place yourself before aEx 19:11, 18, 20
[3] ILit on all aEx 19:12, 13
[4] aEx 34:1
[5] IOr he called out with the name of the LORD aEx 19:9; 33:9
[6] IOr faithfulness aNu 14:18; Dt 4:31; Ne 9:17; Ps 86:15; 103:8; 108:4; 145:8; Jol 2:13; Ro 2:4
[7] aEx 20:5, 6; Dt 5:10; 7:9; Ps 103:3; 130:3, 4; 1 Jn 1:9 bEx 23:7; Dt 7:10; Jb 10:14; Na 1:3 cDt 5:9
[8] ILit and bowed...worshiped aEx 4:31
[9] ILit it is a people stiff-necked IIOr inheritance aEx 33:13 bEx 32:9 cEx 34:7 dDt 4:20; 9:26, 29; 32:9; Ps 33:12

The Covenant Renewed

10 ¶ Then IGod said, “Behold, aI am going to make a covenant. Before all your people bI will perform miracles which have not been IIproduced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people IIIamong whom you live will see the working of the LORD, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

[10] ILit He IILit created IIILit in whose midst you are aEx 34:27, 28; Dt 5:2 bDt 4:32; Ps 72:18; 136:4

11 ¶ “IBe sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold, aI am going to drive out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite. 12 aWatch yourself that you make no covenant with the inhabitants of the land into which you are going, or it will become a snare in your midst. 13 aBut [rather], you are to tear down their altars and smash their [sacred] pillars and cut down their IbAsherim 14 —for ayou shall not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God15 otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they would play the harlot with their gods and asacrifice to their gods, and someone bmight invite you Ito eat of his sacrifice, 16 and ayou might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters might play the harlot with their gods and cause your sons [also] to play the harlot with their gods. 17 aYou shall make for yourself no molten gods.

[11] ILit Observe for yourself aEx 33:2
[12] aEx 23:32, 33
[13] II.e. wooden symbols of a female deity aEx 23:24; Dt 12:3 bDt 16:21; Jg 6:25, 26; 2K 18:4; 2Ch 34:3f
[14] aEx 20:3, 5; Dt 4:24
[15] ILit and you eat aEx 22:20; 32:8 bNu 25:1, 2; Dt 32:37, 38
[16] aDt 7:3; Jsh 23:12, 13; 1K 11:1-4
[17] aEx 20:4, 23; Lv 19:4; Dt 5:8

18 ¶ “You shall observe athe Feast of Unleavened Bread. For bseven days you are to eat unleavened bread, Ias I commanded you, at the appointed time in the cmonth of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

[18] IOr which aEx 12:17; Lv 23:6; Nu 28:16f bEx 12:15, 16 cEx 12:2; 13:4

19 ¶ “aThe first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from Icattle and sheep. 20 aYou shall redeem with a lamb the Ifirst offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem [it], then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem ball the firstborn of your sons. IIcNone shall appear before Me empty-handed.

[19] IOr oxen aEx 13:2; 22:29f
[20] ILit first opening of IILit They shall not aEx 13:13 bEx 13:15; Nu 3:45 cEx 22:29; 23:15; Dt 16:16

21 ¶ “You shall work asix days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; [even] during plowing time and harvest you shall rest. 22 You shall celebrate athe Feast of Weeks, [that is], the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year. 23 aThree times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord IGOD, the God of Israel. 24 For I will Iadrive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the LORD your God.

[21] aEx 20:9f; 23:12; 31:15; 35:2; Lv 23:3; Dt 5:13f
[22] aEx 23:16; Nu 28:26
[23] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aEx 23:14-17
[24] IOr dispossess aEx 33:2; Ps 78:55

25 ¶ “aYou shall not Ioffer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, bnor is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover to IIbe left over until morning.

[25] ILit slaughter IILit remain overnight aEx 23:18 bEx 12:10

26 ¶ “You shall bring athe very first of the first fruits of your soil into the house of the LORD your God.

¶ “You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

[26] aEx 23:19; Dt 26:2

27 ¶ Then the LORD said to Moses, “aWrite Idown these words, for in accordance with these words I have made ba covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 So he was there with the LORD aforty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And Ibhe wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, cthe Ten IICommandments.

[27] ILit for yourself aEx 17:14; 24:4 bEx 34:10
[28] IOr He, i.e. The LORD IILit Words aEx 24:18 bEx 31:18; 34:1 cDt 4:13; 10:4

Moses’ Face Shines

29 ¶ It came about when Moses was coming down from Mount Sinai (and the atwo tablets of the testimony [were] in Moses’ hand as he was coming down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that bthe skin of his face shone because of his speaking with Him. 30 So when Aaron and all the sons of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and athey were afraid to come near him. 31 Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers in the congregation returned to him; and Moses spoke to them. 32 Afterward all the sons of Israel came near, and he commanded them [to do] everything that the LORD had spoken Ito him on Mount Sinai. 33 When Moses had finished speaking with them, ahe put a veil over his face. 34 But whenever Moses went in before the LORD to speak with Him, ahe would take off the veil until he came out; and whenever he came out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he had been commanded, 35 athe sons of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone. So Moses would replace the veil over his face until he went in to speak with Him.

[29] aEx 32:15 bMt 17:2; 2Co 3:7
[30] a2Co 3:7
[32] ILit with
[33] a2Co 3:13
[34] a2Co 3:16
[35] a2Co 3:13


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The tables are renewed.

1 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon [these] tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest. 2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. 3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.

[1] Ex 31:18; 32:16, 19; 34:28; Dt 9:15; 10:1; Ps 119:89.
[2] Ex 19:20, 24; 24:12; Dt 9:25.
[3] Ex 19:12, 21; Lv 16:17; 1Ti 2:5; He 12:20.

4 ¶ And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.

The name of the LORD proclaimed.

5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. 6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].

[5] Ex 19:18; 33:9, 19; Nu 11:17, 25; 14:17; Dt 32:3; 1K 8:10; Ps 102:21; Pv 18:10; Is 1:10; Lk 9:34.
[6] Ex 3:13; 33:20; Nu 14:17; Dt 5:10; 1K 19:11; 2Ch 30:9; Ne 9:17; Ps 31:19; 57:10; 86:5, 15; 91:4; 103:8; 108:4; 111:4, 8; 112:4; 116:5; 138:2; 145:8; 146:6; Is 12:4; Lm 3:23; Jol 2:13; Jna 4:2; Mi 7:18, 20; Jn 1:17; Ro 2:4; 5:20; Ep 1:7.
[7] Ex 20:5, 6; 23:7, 21; Nu 14:18; Dt 5:10; 32:35; Jsh 24:19; Ne 1:5; 9:32; Jb 10:14; Ps 9:16; 11:5; 58:10; 86:15; 103:3; 130:4; 136:10, 15; Is 45:21; Jr 32:18; Dn 9:4, 9; Mi 6:11; 7:18; Na 1:2, 6; Mt 6:14; 12:31; 18:32; Lk 7:42, 48; Ac 5:31; 13:38; Ro 2:4; 3:19; 4:7; 9:22; Ep 1:7; 4:32; He 12:29; 1Jn 1:9; Rv 20:15; 21:8.

Moses intreateth God to go with them.

8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. 9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it [is] a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.

[8] Gn 17:3; Ex 4:31; 2Ch 20:18.
[9] Ex 19:5; 32:9; 33:3, 13, 14, 17; Nu 14:19; Dt 32:9; Ps 25:11; 28:9; 33:12; 78:62; 94:14; 135:4; Is 48:4; Jr 10:16; Zc 2:12; Mt 28:20.

God maketh a Covenant with them, repeating certain duties of the first table.

10 ¶ And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou [art] shall see the work of the LORD: for it [is] a terrible thing that I will do with thee. 11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. 12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: 13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: 14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name [is] Jealous, [is] a jealous God: 15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and [one] call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; 16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods. 17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.

[10] Ex 24:7; Dt 4:13, 32; 5:2; 10:21; 29:12; 32:30; Jsh 6:20; 10:12; 2S 7:23; Ps 65:5; 66:3, 5; 68:35; 76:12; 77:14; 78:12; 106:22; 145:6; 147:20; Is 64:3; Jr 32:21.
[11] Gn 15:18; Ex 3:8, 17; 33:2; Dt 4:1, 40; 5:32; 6:3, 25; 7:1, 19; 9:4; 12:28, 32; 28:1; Mt 28:20; Jn 14:21.
[12] Ex 23:32; Dt 7:2, 16; Jsh 23:12; Jg 2:2, 3; 8:27; Ps 106:36.
[13] Ex 23:24; Dt 7:5, 25; 12:2; Jg 2:2; 6:25; 2K 18:4; 23:14; 2Ch 31:1; 34:3.
[14] Ex 20:3, 5; 33:19; 34:5; Dt 5:7, 24; 6:15; 29:20; 32:16, 21; Jsh 24:19; Is 9:6; 57:15; Na 1:2; Mt 4:10; 1Co 10:22.
[15] Ex 23:32; 34:10, 12; Lv 17:7; 20:5; Nu 15:39; 25:2; Dt 7:2; 31:16; Jg 2:17; Ezr 6:9; Ps 73:27; 106:28; Jr 3:9; Ho 4:12; 9:1; 1Co 8:4, 7, 10; 10:20, 27; Rv 2:20; 17:1.
[16] Nu 25:1; Dt 7:3; 1K 11:2; Ezr 9:2; Ne 13:23, 25; 2Co 6:14.
[17] Ex 32:8; Lv 19:4; Is 46:6; Jr 10:14; Ac 17:29; 19:26.

18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt. 19 All that openeth the matrix [is] mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, [whether] ox or sheep, [that is male]. 20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem [him] not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.

[18] Ex 12:15; 13:4, 6; 23:15; Lv 23:6; Dt 16:1; Mk 14:1; Lk 22:1; Ac 12:3.
[19] Ex 13:2, 12; 22:29; Nu 18:15; Ezk 44:30; Lk 2:23.
[20] Ex 13:10, 15; 23:15; Nu 3:45; 18:15; Dt 16:16; 1S 9:7; 2S 24:24.

21 ¶ Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

[21] Gn 45:6; Ex 20:9; 23:12; 35:2; Dt 5:12; 21:4; 1S 8:12; Is 30:24; Lk 13:14; 23:56.

22 ¶ And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

[22] Ex 23:16; Nu 28:16; 29:12; Dt 16:10; Jn 7:2; Ac 2:1.

23 ¶ Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel. 24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year. 25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning. 26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk. 27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.

[23] Gn 32:28; 33:20; Ex 23:14, 17; Dt 16:16; Ps 84:7.
[24] Gn 35:5; Ex 23:27, 31; 33:2; 34:11; Lv 18:24; Dt 7:1; 12:20; 19:8; 1Ch 4:10; 2Ch 17:10; Jb 1:10; Ps 78:55; 80:8; Pv 16:7; Ac 18:10.
[25] Ex 12:10, 20; 23:18; 29:34; Lv 7:15; Nu 9:12; Dt 16:3; 1Co 5:7.
[26] Ex 23:19; Dt 14:21; 26:2, 10; Pv 3:9; Mt 6:33; 1Co 15:20; Jm 1:18.
[27] Ex 17:14; 24:4, 7; 34:10; Dt 4:13; 31:9.

Moses after forty days in the mount cometh down with the tables.

28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

[28] Ex 24:18; 31:18; 32:16; 34:1; Dt 4:13; 9:9, 18, 25; 10:2; 2Co 3:7.

His face shineth, and he covereth it with a vail.

29 ¶ And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him. 30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him. 31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them. 32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai. 33 And [till] Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. 34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel [that] which he was commanded. 35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

[29] Ex 16:15; 32:15; Jsh 2:4; 8:14; Jg 16:20; Mt 17:2; Mk 9:6; 14:40; Lk 2:49; 9:29; Jn 5:13; Ac 6:15; 12:9; 23:5; 2Co 3:7, 13; Rv 1:16; 10:1.
[30] Nu 12:8; Mk 9:3, 15; Lk 5:8.
[31] Gn 45:3, 15; Ex 3:15; 24:1.
[32] Ex 21:1; Nu 15:40; 1K 22:14; Mt 28:20; 1Co 11:23; 15:3.
[33] Ro 10:4; 2Co 3:13; 4:4.
[34] 2Co 3:16; He 4:16; 10:19.
[35] Ex 34:29; Ec 8:1; Dn 12:3; Mt 5:16; 13:43; Jn 5:35; Php 2:15.


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