NASB — Deuteronomy 19 — KJV

Cities of Refuge

1aWhen the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses, 2 ayou shall set aside three cities for yourself in the midst of your land, which the LORD your God gives you to Ipossess. 3 You shall prepare the Iroads for yourself, and divide into three parts the territory of your land which the LORD your God will give you as a possession, IIso that any manslayer may flee there.

[1] aDt 6:10, 11
[2] ILit possess it aDt 4:41; Jsh 20:2
[3] ILit road IILit and it shall be for every manslayer to flee there

4 ¶ “aNow this is the case of the manslayer who may flee there and live: when he Ikills his friend IIunintentionally, IIInot hating him previously5 as when [a man] goes into the forest with his friend to cut wood, and his hand Iswings the axe to cut down the tree, and the iron [head] slips off the IIhandle and IIIstrikes his friend so that he dies—he may flee to one of these cities and live; 6 otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer Iin the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and IItake his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously. 7 Therefore, I command you, saying, ‘You shall set aside three cities for yourself.’

[4] ILit smites IILit without knowledge IIILit and he was not hating him previously aNu 35:9-34
[5] ILit is thrust with IILit wood IIILit finds
[6] ILit while his heart is hot IILit smite him in the soul

8 ¶ “If the LORD your God aenlarges your territory, just as He has sworn to your fathers, and gives you all the land which He Ipromised to give your fathers9 if you Icarefully observe all this commandment which I command you today, ato love the LORD your God, and to walk in His ways alwaysbthen you shall add three more cities for yourself, besides these three. 10 So innocent blood will not be shed in the midst of your land which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance, and abloodguiltiness be on you.

[8] ILit spoke aGn 15:18
[9] ILit keep...to do it aDt 6:5 bJsh 20:7
[10] aNu 35:33; Dt 21:1-9

11 ¶ “But aif there is a man who hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him and strikes Ihim so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities, 12 then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. 13 IaYou shall not pity him, but byou shall purge the blood of the innocent from Israel, that it may go well with you.

[11] ILit him in the soul aEx 21:12; Nu 35:16; 1 Jn 3:15
[13] ILit Your eye aDt 7:2 b1K 2:31

Laws of Landmark and Testimony

14 ¶ “aYou shall not move your neighbor’s boundary mark, which the ancestors have set, in your inheritance which you will inherit in the land that the LORD your God gives you to Ipossess.

[14] ILit possess it aDt 27:17; Jb 24:2; Pv 22:28; Ho 5:10

15 ¶ “aA single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin Iwhich he has committed; on the IIevidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed. 16 aIf a malicious witness rises up against a man to Iaccuse him of IIwrongdoing, 17 then both the men who have the dispute shall stand abefore the LORD, before the priests and the judges who will be [in office] in those days. 18 The judges ashall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness [and] he has Iaccused his brother falsely, 19 then ayou shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you. 20 aThe rest will hear and be afraid, and will never again do such an evil thing among you. 21 Thus Iayou shall not show pity: blife for life, ceye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

[15] ILit in any sin, which he sins IILit mouth of two witnesses, or by the mouth of three aNu 35:30; Dt 17:6; Mt 18:16; Jn 8:17; 2Co 13:1; 1Ti 5:19; He 10:28
[16] ILit testify against IILit turning aside aEx 23:1; Ps 27:12
[17] aDt 17:9
[18] ILit testified against aDt 25:1
[19] aPv 19:5
[20] aDt 17:13; 21:21
[21] ILit your eye aDt 19:13 bEx 21:23; Lv 24:20 cMt 5:38


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The cities of refuge.

1 ¶ When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses; 2 Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it. 3 Thou shalt prepare thee a way, and divide the coasts of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every slayer may flee thither.

[1] Dt 6:10; 7:1; 12:1, 29; 17:14.
[2] Ex 21:13; Nu 35:10; Dt 4:41; Jsh 20:2; He 6:18.
[3] Is 35:8; 57:14; 62:10; He 12:13.

The privilege thereof for the manslayer.

4 ¶ And this [is] the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past; 5 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live: 6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he [was] not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past. 7 Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee. 8 And if the LORD thy God enlarge thy coast, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, and give thee all the land which he promised to give unto thy fathers; 9 If thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee this day, to love the LORD thy God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shalt thou add three cities more for thee, beside these three: 10 That innocent blood be not shed in thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance, and [so] blood be upon thee.

[4] Gn 31:2; Nu 35:15; Dt 4:42; 19:6; Jsh 3:4; 1Ch 11:2; Is 30:33.
[5] Nu 35:25; 2K 6:5; Pv 27:12; Is 32:2.
[6] Nu 35:12; Dt 19:4; 21:22; Jsh 20:5; 2S 14:7; Jr 26:15.
[8] Gn 15:18; 28:14; Ex 23:31; 34:24; Dt 11:24; 12:20; 1K 4:21; Ezr 4:20.
[9] Dt 11:22; 12:32; Jsh 20:7.
[10] Dt 19:13; 21:8; 1K 2:31; 2K 21:16; 24:4; Ps 94:21; Pv 6:17; Is 59:7; Jr 7:6; Jol 3:19; Jna 1:14; Mt 27:4.

11 ¶ But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: 12 Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. 13 Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away [the guilt of] innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.

[11] Gn 9:6; Ex 21:12; Nu 35:16, 24; Dt 27:24; Pv 28:17.
[12] 1K 2:5, 28.
[13] Gn 9:6; Lv 24:17, 21; Nu 35:33; Dt 7:16; 13:8; 21:9; 25:12; 2S 21:1, 14; 1K 2:31; Ezk 16:5.

The landmark is not to be removed.

14 ¶ Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

[14] Dt 27:17; Jb 24:2; Pv 22:28; 23:10; Ho 5:10.

Two witnesses at the least.

15 ¶ One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

[15] Nu 35:30; Dt 17:6; 1K 21:10, 13; Mt 18:16; 26:60; Jn 8:17; 2Co 13:1; 1Ti 5:19; He 10:28; Rv 11:3.

The punishment of a false witness.

16 ¶ If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him [that which is] wrong; 17 Then both the men, between whom the controversy [is], shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days; 18 And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, [if] the witness [be] a false witness, [and] hath testified falsely against his brother; 19 Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you. 20 And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you. 21 And thine eye shall not pity; [but] life [shall go] for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

[16] Ex 23:1; 1K 21:10; Ps 27:12; 35:11; Mk 14:55; Ac 6:13.
[17] Dt 17:9; 21:5; Mal 2:7; Mt 23:2.
[18] Dt 13:14; 17:4; 2Ch 19:6; Jb 19:16.
[19] Dt 13:5; 17:7; 19:20; 21:20; 22:21, 24; 24:7; Pv 19:5, 9; Jr 14:15; Dn 6:24.
[20] Dt 13:11; 17:7, 13; 21:21; Pv 21:11; Ro 13:3; 1Ti 5:20.
[21] Ex 21:23; Lv 24:17; Dt 19:13; Mt 5:38.


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