Cities for the Levites
1 aNow the LORD° spoke° to Moses° in the plains° of Moab° by the Jordan° [opposite] Jericho°, saying°, 2 “Command° the sons° of Israel° that they give° to the Levites° from the inheritance° of their possession° cities° to live° in; and you shall give° to the Levites° pasture° lands° around° the cities°. 3 The cities° shall be theirs° to live° in; and their pasture° lands° shall be for their cattle° and for their herds° and for all° their beasts°.
4 ¶ “The pasture° lands° of the cities° which° you shall give° to the Levites° [shall extend] from the wall° of the city° Ioutward° a thousand° cubits° around°. 5 You shall also measure° outside°° the city° on the east° side° two thousand° cubits°, and on the south° side° two thousand° cubits°, and on the west° side° two thousand° cubits°, and on the north° side° two thousand° cubits°, with the city° in the center°. This° shall become° theirs° as pasture° lands° for the cities°.
Cities of Refuge
6 The cities° which° you shall give° to the Levites° [shall be] the asix° cities° of refuge°, which° you shall give° for the manslayer° to flee° to; and in addition° to them you shall give° forty-two°° cities°. 7 All° the cities° which° you shall give° to the Levites° [shall be] aforty-eight°° cities°, Itogether with their pasture° lands°. 8 aAs for the cities° which° you shall give° from the possession° of the sons° of Israel°, you shall take° more° from the larger° and you shall take° less° from the smaller°; each° shall give° some° of his cities° to the Levites° in proportion° to his possession° which° he inherits°.”
9 ¶ Then the LORD° spoke° to Moses°, saying°, 10 “aSpeak° to the sons° of Israel° and say° to them, ‘When° you cross° the Jordan° into the land° of Canaan°, 11 athen you shall select° for yourselves cities° to be your bcities° of refuge°, that the manslayer° who has Ikilled° any person° cunintentionally° may flee° there°. 12 aThe cities° shall be to you as a refuge° from the avenger°, so that the manslayer° will not die° until° he stands° before° the congregation° for Itrial°. 13 The cities° which° you are to give° shall be your six° cities° of refuge°. 14 You ashall give° three° cities° across°° the Jordan° and three° cities° Iin the land° of Canaan°; they are to be cities° of refuge°. 15 These° six° cities° shall be for refuge° for the sons° of Israel°, and for the alien° and for the sojourner° among° them; that anyone° who Ikills° a person° aunintentionally° may flee° there°.
 aJsh 20:1-9
 ILit smote aDt 19:1-13 bJsh 20:2f cEx 21:13; Lv 4:2f, 22f; Nu 35:22-25
 ILit judgment aDt 19:4-6; Jsh 20:2, 3
 ILit you shall give in aDt 4:41
 ILit smites aNu 35:11
16 ¶ ‘aBut if° he struck° him down° with an iron° object°, so that he died°, he is a murderer°; the murderer° shall surely° be put° to death°. 17 If° he struck° him down° with a stone° in the hand°, by which° he will die°, and [as a result] he died°, he is a murderer°; the murderer° ashall surely° be put° to death°. 18 Or° if he struck° him with a wooden° object° in the hand°, by which° he might die°, and [as a result] he died°, he is a murderer°; the murderer° shall surely° be put° to death°. 19 The blood° avenger° himself° shall put° the murderer° to death°; he shall put° him to death° when he meets° him. 20 aIf° he pushed° him of hatred°, or° threw° something at him blying° in wait° and [as a result] he died°, 21 or° if he struck° him down° with his hand° in enmity°, and [as a result] he died°, the one who struck° him shall surely° be put° to death°, he is a murderer°; the blood° avenger° shall put° the murderer° to death° when he meets° him.
22 ¶ ‘aBut if° he pushed° him suddenly° without° enmity°, or° threw° something°° at him without° lying° in wait°, 23 or° with any° Ideadly°° object of stone°, and without° seeing° it dropped° on him so that he died°, while he was not his enemy° nor° seeking° his injury°, 24 then athe congregation° shall judge° between° the slayer° and the blood° avenger° according° to these° ordinances°. 25 The congregation° shall deliver° the manslayer° from the hand° of the blood° avenger°, and the congregation° shall restore° him to his city° of refuge° to which° he fled°; and he shall live° in it until° the death° of the high° priest° who° was anointed° with the holy° oil°. 26 But if° the manslayer° at any° time° goes° beyond° the border° of his city° of refuge° to which° he may flee°, 27 and the blood° avenger° finds° him outside°° the border° of his city° of refuge°, and the blood° avenger° kills° the manslayer°, he will not be guilty of blood° 28 because° he should have remained° in his city° of refuge° until° the death° of the high° priest°. But after° the death° of the high° priest° the manslayer° shall return° to the land° of his possession°.
30 ¶ ‘aIf anyone° kills° a person°, the murderer° shall be put° to death° at the Ievidence° of witnesses°, but bno° person° shall be put° to death° on the testimony° of one° witness°. 31 Moreover, you shall not take° ransom° for the life° of a murderer° who° is guilty° of death°, but he shall surely° be put° to death°. 32 You shall not take° ransom° for him who has fled° to his city° of refuge°, that he may return° to live° in the land° Ibefore° the death° of the priest°. 33 aSo you shall not pollute° the land° in which° you are; for blood° pollutes° the land° and no° expiation° can be made° for the land° for the blood° that is shed° on it, except°° bby the blood° of him who shed° it. 34 You shall not adefile° the land° in which° you live°, in the midst° of which° bI dwell°; for I the LORD° am dwelling° in the midst° of the sons° of Israel°.’”
 ILit mouth aNu 35:16 bDt 17:6; 19:15; Mt 18:16; Jn 7:51; 8:17, 18
 IOr until
 aDt 21:7, 8; Ps 106:38 bGn 9:6
 aLv 18:24, 25 bNu 5:3
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Eight and forty cities for the Levites with their suburbs, and measure thereof.
1 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Mosesº in the plainsº of Moabº by² Jordanº [near] Jericho,º saying,ºª 2 Commandºª² the childrenº of Israel,º that they giveºª unto the Levitesº of the inheritanceº² of their possessionº citiesº to dwell in;ºª and ye shall giveºª [also] unto the Levitesº suburbsº for the citiesº round aboutº them. 3 And the citiesº shall they have² to dwell in;ºª and the suburbsº of them shall be² for their cattle,º and for their goods,º and for all² their beasts.º 4 And the suburbsº of the cities,º which² ye shall giveºª unto the Levites,º [shall reach] from the wallº² of the cityº and outwardº a thousandº cubitsº round about.º 5 And ye shall measureºª from withoutº² the cityº on² the eastº sideº two thousandº cubits,º and on the southº sideº two thousandº cubits,º and on the westº sideº two thousandº cubits,º and on the northº sideº two thousandº cubits;º and the cityº [shall be] in the midst:º this² shall be² to them the suburbsº of the cities.º
 Nu 22:1; 26:63; 31:12; 33:50; 36:13.
 Lv 25:32; Jsh 14:3; 21:2; Ezk 45:1; 48:8, 22; 1Co 9:10.
 Jsh 21:11; 2Ch 11:14; Ezk 45:2.
Six of them are to be cities of refuge.
6 And among² the citiesº which² ye shall giveºª unto the Levitesº [there shall be]² sixº citiesº for refuge,º which² ye shall appointºª for the manslayer,ºª that he may fleeºª thither:² and to² them ye shall addºª fortyº and twoº cities.º 7 [So] all² the citiesº which² ye shall giveºª to the Levitesº [shall be] fortyº and eightº cities:º them [shall ye give] with² their suburbs.º 8 And the citiesº which² ye shall giveºª [shall be] of the possessionº² of the childrenº of Israel:º from²² [them that have] manyº ye shall give many;ºª but from²² [them that have] fewº ye shall give few:ºª every oneº shall giveºª of his citiesº² unto the Levitesº according¹ to² his inheritanceº which² he inheriteth.ºª
 Nu 35:13; Dt 4:41; Jsh 20:2; 21:3, 13, 21, 27, 32, 36, 38; Ps 9:9; 62:7; 142:4; Is 4:6; Mt 11:28; He 6:18.
 Jsh 21:3; 1Ch 6:54.
 Gn 49:7; Ex 16:18; 32:28; Nu 26:54; 33:54; Dt 33:8; Jsh 21:3; 2Co 8:13.
The laws of murder.
9 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Moses,º saying,ºª 10 Speakºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º and sayºª unto² them, When² ye² be come overºª² Jordanº into the landº of Canaan;º 11 Then ye shall appointºª you citiesº to be² citiesº of refugeº for you; that the slayerºª may fleeºª thither,² which killethºª any personº at unawares.º 12 And they shall be² unto you citiesº for refugeº from the avenger;ºª² that the manslayerºª dieºª not,² until² he standºª beforeº the congregationº in judgment.º 13 And of these citiesº which² ye shall giveºª sixº citiesº shall ye have² for refuge.º 14 Ye shall giveºª² threeº citiesº on this sideº² Jordan,º and threeº citiesº shall ye giveºª in the landº of Canaan,º [which] shall be² citiesº of refuge.º 15 These² sixº citiesº shall be² a refuge,º [both] for the childrenº of Israel,º and for the stranger,º and for the sojournerº amongº them: that every one² that killethºª any personº unawaresº may fleeºª thither.² 16 And if² he smiteºª him with an instrumentº of iron,º so that he die,ºª he² [is] a murderer:ºª the murdererºª shall surely¹ª be put to death.ºª 17 And if² he smiteºª him with throwingº a stone,º wherewith² he may die,ºª and he die,ºª he² [is] a murderer:ºª the murdererºª shall surely¹ª be put to death.ºª 18 Or² [if] he smiteºª him with an handº weaponº of wood,º wherewith² he may die,ºª and he die,ºª he² [is] a murderer:ºª the murdererºª shall surely¹ª be put to death.ºª 19 The revengerºª of bloodº himself² shall slayºª² the murderer:ºª when he meetethºª him, heº shall slayºª him. 20 But if² he thrustºª him of hatred,º or² hurlºª at² him by laying of wait,º that he die;ºª 21 Or² in enmityº smiteºª him with his hand,º that he die:ºª he that smoteºª [him] shall surely¹ª be put to death;ºª [for] he² [is] a murderer:ºª the revengerºª of bloodº shall slayºª² the murderer,ºª when he meetethºª him. 22 But if² he thrustºª him suddenlyº withoutº enmity,º or² have castºª upon² him any thingº² without² laying of wait,º 23 Or² with any² stone,º wherewith² a man may die,ºª seeingºª [him] not,º and castºª [it] upon² him, that he die,ºª and [was] not² his enemy,ºª neither² soughtºª his harm:º 24 Then the congregationº shall judgeºª between² the slayerºª and the revengerºª of bloodº according to² these² judgments:º 25 And the congregationº shall deliverºª² the slayerºª out of the handº² of the revengerºª of blood,º and the congregationº shall restoreºª him to² the cityº of his refuge,º whither²² he was fled:ºª and he shall abideºª in it unto² the deathº of the highº priest,º which² was anointedºª with the holyº oil.º 26 But if² the slayerºª shall at any time¹ª come¹ª withoutº² the borderº of the cityº of his refuge,º whither²² he was fled;ºª 27 And the revengerºª of bloodº findºª him withoutº² the bordersº of the cityº of his refuge,º and the revengerºª of bloodº killºª² the slayer;ºª he shall not² be guilty of blood:º 28 Because² he should have remainedºª in the cityº of his refugeº until² the deathº of the highº priest:º but afterº the deathº of the highº priestº the slayerºª shall returnºª into² the landº of his possession.º 29 So these² [things] shall be² for a statuteº of judgmentº unto you throughout your generationsº in all² your dwellings.º 30 Whoso² killethºª any person,º² the murdererºª shall be put to deathºª by the mouthº of witnesses:º but oneº witnessº shall not² testifyºª against any personº [to cause him] to die.ºª
 Lv 14:34; 25:2; Nu 34:2; Dt 12:9; 19:1.
 Ex 21:13; Nu 35:6, 22; Dt 4:42; 19:4; Jsh 20:2.
 Nu 35:19, 24, 25; Dt 19:6, 11; Jsh 20:3, 4, 9; 2S 14:7.
 Nu 35:6.
 Dt 4:41; 19:8; Jsh 20:7.
 Ex 12:49; Lv 24:22; Nu 15:16; Ro 3:29; Ga 3:28.
 Gn 9:5; Ex 21:12; Lv 24:17; Nu 35:22, 30; Dt 19:11.
 Ex 21:18.
 Nu 35:12, 21, 24, 27; Dt 19:6, 12; Jsh 20:3, 5.
 Gn 4:5, 8; Ex 21:14; Dt 19:11; 1S 18:10, 25; 19:9; 20:1; 23:7; 24:11; 2S 3:27; 13:22, 28; 20:10; 1K 2:5, 31; Ps 10:7; 11:2; 35:7; 57:4; Pv 1:18; 26:24; 28:17; Mk 6:19, 24; Lk 4:29; Ac 20:3; 23:21.
 Ex 21:13; Nu 35:11; Dt 19:5; Jsh 20:3, 5.
 Nu 35:12; Jsh 20:6.
 Ex 29:7; Lv 4:3; 8:12; 21:10; Nu 35:28; Jsh 20:6; Ro 3:24; Ep 2:16; He 4:14; 7:25; 9:12; 10:19.
 Ex 22:2; Dt 19:6, 10.
 Jn 15:4; Ac 11:23; 27:31; He 3:14; 6:4; 9:11, 15; 10:26, 39.
 Nu 27:1, 11.
 Dt 17:6; 19:15; Mt 18:16; Jn 8:17; 2Co 13:1; 1Ti 5:19; He 10:28; Rv 11:3.
No satisfaction for murder.
31 Moreover ye shall takeºª no² satisfactionº for the lifeº of a murderer,ºª which² [is] guiltyº of death:ºª but² he shall be surely¹ª put to death.ºª 32 And ye shall takeºª no² satisfactionº for him that is fledºª to² the cityº of his refuge,º that he should come againºª to dwellºª in the land,º until² the deathº of the priest.º 33 So ye shall not² polluteºª² the landº wherein² ye² [are]: for² bloodº it² defilethºª² the land:º and the landº cannot² be cleansedºª of the bloodº that² is shedºª therein, but²² by the bloodº of him that shedºª it. 34 Defileºª not² therefore² the landº which² ye² shall inhabit,ºª whereinº² I² dwell:ºª for² I² the LORDº dwellºª amongº the childrenº of Israel.º
 Gn 9:5; Ex 21:14; Dt 19:11; 2S 12:13; 1K 2:28; Ps 51:14.
 Ac 4:12; Ga 2:21; 3:10, 22; Rv 5:9.
 Lv 18:25; Dt 21:1, 23; 2K 23:26; 24:4; Ps 106:28; Is 26:21; Ezk 22:24; Ho 4:2; Mi 4:11; Mt 23:31; Lk 11:50.
 Ex 25:8; 29:45; Lv 20:24; Nu 5:3; 1K 6:13; Ps 132:14; 135:21; Is 8:12; 57:15; Ho 9:3; 2Co 6:16; Rv 21:3, 27.
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