David Protected from Saul
1 Now Saul° told° Jonathan° his son° and all° his servants° ato put° David° to death°. But bJonathan°, Saul’s° son°, greatly° delighted° in David°. 2 So Jonathan° told° David° saying°, “Saul° my father° is seeking° to put° you to death°. Now° therefore, please° be on guard° in the morning°, and stay° in a secret° place° and hide° yourself. 3 I will go° out and stand° beside° my father° in the field° where°° you are, and I will speak° with my father° about you; aif I Ifind° out anything°, then I will tell° you.” 4 Then Jonathan° aspoke° well° of David° to Saul° his father° and said° to him, “bDo not let the king° sin° against his servant° David°, since° he has not sinned° against you, and since° his deeds° [have been] very° Ibeneficial° to you. 5 For ahe took° his life° in his hand° and struck° the Philistine°, and bthe LORD° brought° about° a great° deliverance° for all° Israel°; you saw° [it] and rejoiced°. cWhy° then will you sin° against innocent° blood° by putting° David° to death° without° a cause°?” 6 Saul° listened° to the voice° of Jonathan°, and Saul° vowed°, “As the LORD° lives°, he shall not be put° to death°.” 7 Then Jonathan° called° David°, and Jonathan° told° him all° these° words°. And Jonathan° brought° David° to Saul°, and he was in his presence° as aformerly°°.
 a1S 18:8, 9 b1S 18:1-3
 ILit see a1S 20:9, 13
 ILit good a1S 20:32; Pv 31:8, 9 bGn 42:22; Pv 17:13; Jr 18:20
 aJg 9:17; 1S 17:49, 50; 28:21; Ps 119:109 b1S 11:13; 1Ch 11:14 cDt 19:10-13; 1S 20:32; Ps 94:21; Mt 27:4
 a1S 16:21; 18:2, 10, 13
8 ¶ When there was war° again°, David° went° out and fought° with the Philistines° and Idefeated° them with great° slaughter°, so that they fled° before°° him. 9 Now there was aan evil° spirit° from the LORD° on Saul° as he was sitting° in his house° bwith his spear° in his hand°, cand David° was playing° [the harp] with [his] hand°. 10 aSaul° tried° to Ipin° David° to the wall° with the spear°, but he slipped° away° out of Saul’s° presence°, so that he IIstuck° the spear° into the wall°. And David° fled° and escaped° that night°.
 ILit smote
 a1S 16:14; 18:10, 11 b1S 18:10 c1S 16:16
 ILit strike David and the wall IILit struck a1S 18:11; 20:33; Pv 1:16
11 ¶ Then aSaul° sent° messengers° to David’s° house° to watch° him, in order to put° him to death° in the morning°. But Michal°, David’s° wife°, told° him, saying°, “If° you do not save° your life° tonight°, tomorrow° you will be put° to death°.” 12 aSo Michal° let° David° down° through° a window°, and he went° out and fled° and escaped°. 13 Michal° took° athe Ihousehold° idol° and laid° [it] on the bed°, and put° a quilt° of goats’° [hair] at its head°, and covered° [it] with clothes°. 14 When Saul° sent° messengers° to take° David°, she said°, “aHe is sick°.” 15 Then Saul° sent° messengers° to see° David°, saying°, “Bring° him up to me on Ihis bed°, that I may put° him to death°.” 16 When the messengers° entered°, behold°, the Ihousehold° idol° [was] on the bed° with the quilt° of goats’° [hair] at its head°. 17 So Saul° said° to Michal°, “Why° have you deceived° me like° this° and let° my enemy° go°, so that he has escaped°?” And Michal° said° to Saul°, “He said° to me, ‘Let° me go°! aWhy° should I put° you to death°?’”
 aJg 16:2; Ps 59: title
 aJsh 2:15; Ac 9:25; 2Co 11:33
 IHeb teraphim aGn 31:19; Jg 18:14, 17
 aJsh 2:5
 ILit the
 IHeb teraphim
 a2S 2:22
18 ¶ Now David° fled° and escaped° and came° ato Samuel° at Ramah°, and told° him all° that Saul° had done° to him. And he and Samuel° went° and stayed° in bNaioth°. 19 It was told° Saul°, saying°, “Behold°, David° is at Naioth° in Ramah°.” 20 Then aSaul° sent° messengers° to take° David°, but when they saw° bthe company° of the prophets° prophesying°, with Samuel° standing° [and] presiding° over° them, the Spirit° of God° came° upon the messengers° of Saul°; and cthey also° prophesied°. 21 When it was told° Saul°, he sent° other° messengers°, and they also° prophesied°. So Saul° sent° messengers° again° the third° time°, and they also° prophesied°. 22 Then he himself° went° to Ramah° and came° as far° as the large° well° that is in Secu°; and he asked° and said°, “Where° are Samuel° and David°?” And [someone] said°, “Behold°, they are at Naioth° in Ramah°.” 23 He Iproceeded° there° to Naioth° in Ramah°; and athe Spirit° of God° came° upon him also°, so that he went° along prophesying° continually° until° he came° to Naioth° in Ramah°. 24 He also° stripped° off° his clothes°, and he too° prophesied° before° Samuel° and Ilay° down° IIanaked° all° that day° and all° that night°. Therefore°° they say°, “bIs Saul° also° among the prophets°?”
 a1S 7:17 b1S 19:22, 23
 a1S 19:11, 14; Jn 7:32 b1S 10:5, 6, 10 cNu 11:25; Jol 2:28
 ILit went a1S 10:10
 ILit fell III.e. without outward garments a2S 6:20; Is 20:2; Mi 1:8 b1S 10:10-12
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Jonathan discloseth his father's purpose to kill David.
1 ¶ And Saulº spakeºª to² Jonathan¹² his son,º and to² all² his servants,º that they should killºª² David.º 2 But Jonathanº Saul'sº sonº delightedºª muchº in David:º and Jonathanº toldºª David,º saying,ºª Saulº my fatherº seekethºª to killºª thee: now² therefore, I pray thee,² take heed¹ª to thyself² until the morning,º and abideºª in a secretº [place], and hide¹ª thyself:² 3 And I² will go outºª and standºª besideº my fatherº in the fieldº where²² thou² [art], and I² will communeºª with² my fatherº of thee; and whatº I see,ºª that I will tellºª thee.
 1S 18:8; Pv 27:4; Ec 9:3; Jr 9:3; 2Ti 3:13.
 1S 18:1; 20:2; Ps 16:3; Pv 17:17; Jn 15:17; Ac 9:24; 23:16; 1Jn 3:12.
 1S 20:9, 13.
He persuadeth his father to reconciliation.
4 ¶ And Jonathanº spakeºª goodº of Davidº unto² Saulº his father,º and saidºª unto² him, Let not² the kingº sinºª against his servant,º against David;º because² he hath not² sinnedºª against thee, and because² his worksº [have been] to thee-ward veryº good:º 5 For he did putºª² his lifeº in his hand,º and slewºª² the Philistine,º and the LORDº wroughtºª a greatº salvationº for all² Israel:º thou sawestºª [it], and didst rejoice:ºª wherefore² then wilt thou sinºª against innocentº blood,º to slayºª² Davidº without a cause?º 6 And Saulº hearkenedºª unto the voiceº of Jonathan:º and Saulº sware,ºª [As] the LORDº liveth,º he shall notº be slain.ºª 7 And Jonathanº calledºª David,º and Jonathanº shewedºª him² all² those² things.º And Jonathanº broughtºª² Davidº to² Saul,º and he was² in his presence,º as in times past.ºº
 Gn 9:6; 42:22; 1S 2:25; 20:32; 22:14; 2Ch 6:22; Ps 35:12; 109:4; Pv 17:13; 24:11; 31:8; Jr 18:20; 1Co 8:12; 1Jn 3:15.
 Ex 14:13; Jg 9:17; 12:3; 1S 11:13; 14:45; 17:49, 52; 20:32; 28:21; 1Ch 11:14; Ps 25:3; 69:4; 119:109; Jr 26:15; Mt 27:4, 24; Jn 15:25; Ac 20:24; Php 2:30; He 2:3.
 1S 14:39; 19:10; 28:10; Ps 15:4; Pv 26:24; Jr 5:2.
 Gn 31:2; Ex 4:10; 1S 16:21; 18:2, 10, 13; 1Ch 11:2; Is 30:33.
By reason of David's good success in a new war, Saul's malicious rage breaketh out against him.
8 ¶ And there was² warº again:ºª and Davidº went out,ºª and foughtºª with the Philistines,º and slewºª them with a greatº slaughter;º and they fledºª fromº² him. 9 And the evilº spiritº from the LORDº was² upon² Saul,º as he² satºª in his houseº with his javelinº in his hand:º and Davidº playedºª with [his] hand.º 10 And Saulº soughtºª to smiteºª Davidº even to the wallº with the javelin;º but he slipped awayºª out of Saul's¹ presence,º²² and he smoteºª² the javelinº into the wall:º and Davidº fled,ºª and escapedºª that² night.º 11 Saulº also sentºª messengersº unto² David'sº house,º to watchºª him, and to slayºª him in the morning:º and Michalº David'sº wifeº toldºª him, saying,ºª If² thou saveºª not²² thy lifeº to night,º to morrowº thou² shalt be slain.ºª
 Ps 18:32; 27:3.
 1S 16:14; 18:10.
 1S 19:6; 20:33; Jb 5:14; Ps 18:17; 34:19; 124:7; Pv 21:30; Is 54:17; Ho 6:4; Mt 10:23; 12:43; Lk 4:30; 11:24; Jn 10:39; 2P 2:20.
 Jg 16:2; Ps 59:1, 3, 6, 15.
Michal deceiveth her father with an image in David's bed.
12 ¶ So Michalº let¹ª David¹ downºª²² through² a window:º and he went,¹ª² and fled,ºª and escaped.ºª 13 And Michalº tookºª² an image,º and laidºª [it] in² the bed,º and putºª a pillowº of goats'º [hair] for his bolster,º and coveredºª [it] with a cloth.º 14 And when Saulº sentºª messengersº to takeºª² David,º she said,ºª He² [is] sick.ºª 15 And Saulº sentºª² the messengersº [again] to seeºª² David,º saying,ºª Bring him upºª² to² me in the bed,º that I may slayºª him. 16 And when the messengersº were come in,ºª behold,² [there was] an imageº in² the bed,º with a pillowº of goats'º [hair] for his bolster.º 17 And Saulº saidºª unto² Michal,º Why² hast thou deceived² me so,¹ª² and sent awayºª² mine enemy,ºª that he is escaped?ºª And Michalº answeredºª² Saul,º He² saidºª unto² me, Let me go;ºª why² should I killºª thee?
 Jsh 2:15; Ps 34:19; Ac 9:24; 2Co 11:32.
 Gn 31:19; Jg 17:5; 18:14, 17; 1S 13:9, 15; Ho 3:4.
 Jsh 2:5; 2S 16:17; 17:20.
 1S 19:6; Jb 31:31; Ps 37:12; Pv 27:3; Ro 3:15.
 1S 19:16.
 Ex 1:17; 1S 19:14; 22:17; 28:12; 2S 2:22; 17:20; 1K 21:20; Mt 2:16; Ga 4:16.
David cometh to Samuel in Naioth.
18 ¶ So Davidº fled,ºª and escaped,ºª and cameºª to² Samuelº to Ramah,º and toldºª him² all² that² Saulº had doneºª to him. And he² and Samuelº went¹ª² and dweltºª in Naioth.º 19 And it was toldºª Saul,º saying,ºª Behold,² Davidº [is] at Naiothº in Ramah.º
Saul's messengers sent to take David,
20 And Saulº sentºª messengersº to takeºª² David:º and when they sawºª² the companyº of the prophetsº prophesying,ºª and Samuelº standingºª [as] appointedºª over² them, the Spiritº of Godº was² upon² the messengersº of Saul,º and they² also² prophesied.ºª 21 And when it was toldºª Saul,º he sentºª otherº messengers,º and they² prophesiedºª likewise.² And Saulº sentºª messengersº againºª the thirdº time, and they² prophesiedºª also.² 22 Then went¹ª² he² also² to Ramah,º and cameºª to² a greatº wellº that² [is] in Sechu:º and he askedºª and said,ºª Whereº [are] Samuelº and David?º And [one] said,ºª Behold,² [they be] at Naiothº in Ramah.º
 Nu 11:25; 1S 10:5, 10; 19:11, 14; Jol 2:28; Jn 7:32, 45, 46; 1Co 14:3, 24.
 2K 1:9; Pv 27:22; Jr 13:23; Jol 2:28.
and Saul himself, prophesy.
23 And he went¹ª² thither² to² Naiothº in Ramah:º and the Spiritº of Godº was² upon² him² also,² and he went¹ª on,ºª and prophesied,ºª until² he cameºª to Naiothº in Ramah.º 24 And he² stripped offºª his clothesº also,º and prophesiedºª beforeº Samuelº in like manner,² and lay downºª nakedº all² that² dayº and all² that night.º Wherefore²² they say,ºª [Is] Saulº also² among the prophets?º
 Nu 23:5; 24:2; 1S 10:10; 19:20; Pv 16:9; 21:1; Mt 7:22; Jn 11:51; 1Co 13:2.
 Nu 24:4; 1S 10:10; 2S 6:14, 20; Is 20:2; Mi 1:8; Ac 9:21.
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