NASB — 1 Samuel 16 — KJV

Samuel Goes to Bethlehem

1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, “aHow long will you grieve over Saul, since bI have rejected him from being king over Israel? cFill your horn with oil and go; I will send you to dJesse the Bethlehemite, for I have eselected a king for Myself among his sons.” 2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? When Saul hears [of it], he will kill me.” And the LORD said, “aTake a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 3 You shall invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and aI will show you what you shall do; and byou shall anoint for Me the one whom I Idesignate to you.” 4 So Samuel did what the LORD said, and came to aBethlehem. And the elders of the city came trembling to meet him and said, “bDo you come in peace?” 5 He said, “In peace; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. aConsecrate yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice.” He also consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.

[1] a1S 15:35 b1S 13:13, 14; 15:23 c1S 9:16; 10:1; 2K 9:1 dRu 4:17-22 ePs 78:70, 71; Ac 13:22
[2] a1S 20:29
[3] ILit say to you aEx 4:15; Ac 9:6 bDt 17:14, 15; 1S 9:16
[4] aGn 48:7; Lk 2:4 b1K 2:13; 2K 9:22; 1Ch 12:17, 18
[5] aGn 35:2; Ex 19:10

6 ¶ When they entered, he looked at aEliab and thought, “Surely the LORDS anointed is before Him.” 7 But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for IGod [sees] not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, abut the LORD looks at the heart.” 8 Then Jesse called aAbinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “The LORD has not chosen this one either.” 9 Next Jesse made IaShammah pass by. And he said, “The LORD has not chosen this one either.” 10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. But Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.” 11 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are these all the children?” And he said, “aThere remains yet the youngest, and behold, he is tending the sheep.” Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and Ibring him; for we will not sit down until he comes here.”

[6] a1S 17:13
[7] ISo with Gr; Heb He does not see what man sees a1S 2:3; 1K 8:39; 1Ch 28:9; Lk 16:15
[8] a1S 17:13
[9] IIn 2S 13:3, Shimeah; in 1Ch 2:13, Shimea a1S 17:13
[11] ILit take a1S 17:12; 2S 13:3

David Anointed

12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with abeautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, “bArise, anoint him; for this is he.” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and aanointed him in the midst of his brothers; and bthe Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.

[12] aGn 39:6; Ex 2:2; Ac 7:20 b1S 9:17
[13] a1S 10:1 bNu 27:18; 1S 10:6, 9, 10

14aNow the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and ban evil spirit from the LORD terrorized him. 15 Saul’s servants then said to him, “Behold now, an evil spirit from God is terrorizing you. 16 Let our lord now command your servants who are before you. Let them seek a man who is a skillful player on the harp; and it shall come about when the evil spirit from God is on you, that ahe shall play [the harp] with his hand, and you will be well.” 17 So Saul said to his servants, “Provide for me now a man who can play well and bring [him] to me.” 18 Then one of the young men said, “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite who is a skillful musician, aa mighty man of valor, a warrior, one prudent in speech, and a handsome man; and bthe LORD is with him.” 19 So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David who is with the flock.” 20 Jesse atook a donkey [loaded with] bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent [them] to Saul by David his son. 21 Then David came to Saul and Iaattended him; and IISaul loved him greatly, and he became his armor bearer. 22 Saul sent to Jesse, saying, “Let David now stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight.” 23 So it came about whenever athe [evil] spirit from God came to Saul, David would take the harp and play [it] with his hand; and Saul would be refreshed and be well, and the evil spirit would depart from him.

[14] aJg 16:20; 1S 11:6; 18:12; 28:15 bJg 9:23; 1S 16:15, 16; 18:10; 19:9; 1K 22:19-22
[16] a1S 18:10; 19:9; 2K 3:15
[18] a1S 17:32-36 b1S 3:19
[20] a1S 10:4, 27; Pv 18:16
[21] ILit stood before him IILit he aGn 41:46; Pv 22:29
[23] a1S 16:14-16


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Samuel sent by God, under pretence of a sacrifice, cometh to Beth-lehem.

1 ¶ And the LORD said¬ unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn¬ for Saul, seeing I have rejected¬ him from reigning¬ over Israel? fill¬ thine horn with oil, and go,¬ I will send¬ thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided¬ me a king among his sons. 2 And Samuel said,¬ How can I go?¬ if Saul hear¬ [it], he will kill¬ me. And the LORD said,¬ Take¬ an heifer with thee, and say,¬ I am come¬ to sacrifice¬ to the LORD. 3 And call¬ Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew¬ thee what thou shalt do:¬ and thou shalt anoint¬ unto me [him] whom I name¬ unto thee. 4 And Samuel did¬ that which the LORD spake,¬ and came¬ to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled¬ at his coming,¬ and said,¬ Comest¬ thou peaceably? 5 And he said,¬ Peaceably: I am come¬ to sacrifice¬ unto the LORD: sanctify¬ yourselves, and come¬ with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified¬ Jesse and his sons, and called¬ them to the sacrifice.

[1] Gn 49:8; Ru 4:18; 1S 9:16; 10:1; 13:13, 14; 15:11, 23, 26, 35; 16:15, 23; 2K 9:1, 3, 6; 1Ch 2:10; Ps 78:68; 89:19; Is 11:1, 10; 55:4; Jr 6:30; 7:16; 11:14; 14:11; 15:1; Ac 13:21; Ro 15:12; 1Jn 5:16.
[2] Ex 3:11; 1S 9:12; 20:29; 1K 18:9; Jr 38:26; Mt 10:16; Lk 1:34.
[3] Ex 4:15; Dt 17:14; 1S 9:12, 16; 16:12; 2S 15:11; Mt 22:1; Ac 9:6.
[4] 1S 21:1; 2S 6:9; 1K 2:13; 17:18; 2K 9:22; 1Ch 12:17; Ho 6:5; 11:10; Lk 5:8; 8:37.
[5] Ex 19:10, 14; Lv 20:7; Nu 11:8; Jsh 3:5; 7:13; 2Ch 30:17; Jb 1:5; Ps 26:2; Jol 2:16; 1Co 11:28.

His human judgment is reproved.

6 ¶ And it came to pass, when they were come,¬ that he looked¬ on Eliab, and said,¬ Surely the LORD'S anointed [is] before him. 7 But the LORD said¬ unto Samuel, Look¬ not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused¬ him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth;¬ for man looketh¬ on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh¬ on the heart. 8 Then Jesse called¬ Abinadab, and made him pass¬ before Samuel. And he said,¬ Neither hath the LORD chosen¬ this. 9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by.¬ And he said,¬ Neither hath the LORD chosen¬ this. 10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass¬ before Samuel. And Samuel said¬ unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen¬ these. 11 And Samuel said¬ unto Jesse, Are here all¬ [thy] children? And he said,¬ There remaineth¬ yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth¬ the sheep. And Samuel said¬ unto Jesse, Send¬ and fetch¬ him: for we will not sit down¬ till he come¬ hither. 12 And he sent,¬ and brought him in.¬ Now he [was] ruddy, [and] withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said,¬ Arise,¬ anoint¬ him: for this [is] he.

[6] Jg 8:18; 1S 17:13, 22; 1K 12:26; 1Ch 2:13; 27:18.
[7] 1S 9:2; 10:23; 2S 14:25; 1K 8:39; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 16:9; Jb 10:4; Ps 7:9; 139:2; 147:10; Pv 15:11; 16:2; 31:30; Is 55:8; Jr 11:20; 17:10; 20:12; Lk 16:15; Jn 7:24; Ac 1:24; 2Co 10:7, 10; He 4:13; 1P 2:4; 3:4; Rv 2:23.
[8] 1S 17:13; 1Ch 2:13.
[9] 1S 17:13; 2S 13:3; 1Ch 2:13.
[10] 1Ch 2:13.
[11] 1S 17:12, 28; 2S 7:8; 1Ch 17:7; Ps 78:70.
[12] 1S 9:17; 16:7; 17:42; Ps 2:2, 6; 89:19; So 5:10; Lm 4:7; Ac 4:27; 7:20; He 11:23.

He anointeth David.

13 Then Samuel took¬ the horn of oil, and anointed¬ him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came¬ upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up,¬ and went¬ to Ramah.

[13] Nu 11:17; 27:18; Jg 3:10; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6; 1S 10:1, 6, 9; 16:18; 2K 9:6; Is 11:1; Jn 3:34; He 1:9.

14 ¶ But the Spirit of the LORD departed¬ from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled¬ him. 15 And Saul's servants said¬ unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth¬ thee. 16 Let our lord now command¬ thy servants, [which are] before thee, to seek out¬ a man, [who is] a cunning¬ player¬ on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play¬ with his hand, and thou shalt be well.¬ 17 And Saul said¬ unto his servants, Provide¬ me now a man that can play¬ well,¬ and bring¬ [him] to me. 18 Then answered¬ one of the servants, and said,¬ Behold, I have seen¬ a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, [that is] cunning¬ in playing,¬ and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent¬ in matters, and a comely person, and the LORD [is] with him.

[14] Jg 9:23; 16:29; 1S 11:6; 18:10, 12; 19:9; 28:15; 1K 22:22; Ps 51:11; Ho 9:12; Ac 19:15.
[16] Gn 41:46; 1S 10:5; 16:21, 23; 1K 10:8; 2K 3:15.
[18] Gn 39:2, 23; 1S 3:19; 10:7; 16:12; 17:32; 18:12; 2S 14:20; 17:8, 10; Mt 1:23; 28:20.

Saul sendeth for David to quiet his evil spirit.

19 ¶ Wherefore Saul sent¬ messengers unto Jesse, and said,¬ Send¬ me David thy son, which [is] with the sheep. 20 And Jesse took¬ an ass [laden] with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent¬ [them] by David his son unto Saul. 21 And David came¬ to Saul, and stood¬ before him: and he loved¬ him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.¬ 22 And Saul sent¬ to Jesse, saying,¬ Let David, I pray thee, stand¬ before me; for he hath found¬ favour in my sight. 23 And it came to pass, when the [evil] spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took¬ an harp, and played¬ with his hand: so Saul was refreshed,¬ and was well,¬ and the evil spirit departed¬ from him.

[19] Ex 3:1; 1S 16:11; 17:15, 33; 1K 19:19; Ps 78:70; 113:8; Am 1:1; 7:14; Mt 4:18.
[20] Gn 43:11; 1S 10:27; 17:18; 25:18; 2S 16:1; Pv 18:16.
[21] Gn 41:46; Dt 1:38; 10:8; 1K 10:8; Ps 62:9; 118:9; 146:3; Pv 22:29.
[23] 1S 16:14, 16; 18:10; Mt 12:43; Lk 11:24.


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