NASB — Psalms 139 — KJV

God’s Omnipresence and Omniscience.

For the choir director. A Psalm of David.

  1 O LORD, You have asearched me and known [me].
  2 You aknow Iwhen I sit down and IIwhen I rise up;
  You bunderstand my thought from afar.
  3 You Iascrutinize my IIpath and my lying down,
  And are intimately acquainted with all my ways.
  4 IEven before there is a word on my tongue,
  Behold, O LORD, You aknow it all.
  5 You have aenclosed me behind and before,
  And blaid Your hand upon me.
  6 [Such] aknowledge is btoo wonderful for me;
  It is [too] high, I cannot attain to it.

[1] aPs 17:3; 44:21; Jr 12:3
[2] ILit my sitting IILit my rising a2K 19:27 bPs 94:11; Is 66:18; Mt 9:4
[3] ILit winnow IIOr journeying aJb 14:16; 31:4
[4] ILit For there is not aHe 4:13
[5] aPs 34:7; 125:2 bJb 9:33
[6] aRo 11:33 bJb 42:3

  7aWhere can I go from Your Spirit?
  Or where can I flee from Your presence?
  8 aIf I ascend to heaven, You are there;
  If I make my bed in ISheol, behold, bYou are there.
  9 If I take the wings of the dawn,
  If I dwell in the remotest part of the sea,
  10 Even there Your hand will alead me,
  And Your right hand will lay hold of me.
  11 If I say, “Surely the adarkness will Ioverwhelm me,
  And the light around me will be night,”
  12 Even the adarkness is not dark Ito You,
  And the night is as bright as the day.
  bDarkness and light are alike [to You].

[7] aJr 23:24
[8] II.e. the nether world aAm 9:2-4 bJb 26:6; Pv 15:11
[10] aPs 23:2, 3
[11] ILit bruise; some commentators read cover aJb 22:13
[12] ILit from aJb 34:22; Dn 2:22 b1 Jn 1:5

  13 ¶ For You aformed my Iinward parts;
  You bwove me in my mother’s womb.
  14 I will give thanks to You, for II am fearfully and wonderfully made;
  aWonderful are Your works,
  And my soul knows it very well.
  15 My Iaframe was not hidden from You,
  When I was made in secret,
  [And] skillfully wrought in the bdepths of the earth;
  16 Your aeyes have seen my unformed substance;
  And in bYour book were all written
  The cdays that were ordained [for me],
  When as yet there was not one of them.

[13] ILit kidneys aPs 119:73; Is 44:24 bJb 10:11
[14] ISome ancient versions read You are fearfully wonderful aPs 40:5
[15] ILit bones were aJb 10:8-10; Ec 11:5 bPs 63:9
[16] aJb 10:8-10; Ec 11:5 bPs 56:8 cJb 14:5

  17 ¶ How precious also are Your athoughts to me, O God!
  How vast is the sum of them!
  18 If I should count them, they would aoutnumber the sand.
  When bI awake, I am still with You.

[17] aPs 40:5; 92:5
[18] aPs 40:5 bPs 3:5

  19 ¶ O that You would aslay the wicked, O God;
  bDepart from me, therefore, cmen of bloodshed.
  20 For they aspeak Iagainst You wickedly,
  And Your enemies IIbtake [Your name] in vain.
  21 Do I not ahate those who hate You, O LORD?
  And do I not bloathe those who rise up against You?
  22 I hate them with the utmost hatred;
  They have become my enemies.

[19] aIs 11:4 bPs 6:8; 119:115 cPs 5:6; 26:9
[20] IOr of IISome mss read lift themselves up against You aJde 15 bEx 20:7; Dt 5:11
[21] a2Ch 19:2; Ps 26:5; 31:6 bPs 119:158

  23aSearch me, O God, and know my heart;
  bTry me and know my anxious thoughts;
  24 And see if there be any Iahurtful way in me,
  And blead me in the ceverlasting way.

[23] aJb 31:6; Ps 26:2 bPs 7:9; Pv 17:3; Jr 11:20; 1Th 2:4
[24] ILit way of pain aPs 146:9; Pv 15:9; 28:10; Jr 25:5; 36:3 bPs 5:8; 143:10 cPs 16:11


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David praiseth God for his allseeing providence,

1 ¶ [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known [me]. 2 Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. 3 Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted [with] all my ways. 4 For [there is] not a word in my tongue, [but], lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether. 5 Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. 6 [Such] knowledge [is] too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot [attain] unto it. 7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou [art] there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou [art there]. 9 [If] I take the wings of the morning, [and] dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; 10 Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. 11 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me. 12 Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light [are] both alike [to thee]. 13 For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother's womb. 14 I will praise thee; for I am fearfully [and] wonderfully made: marvellous [are] thy works; and [that] my soul knoweth right well. 15 My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, [and] curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. 16 Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all [my members] were written, [which] in continuance were fashioned, when [as yet there was] none of them.

[1] 1K 8:39; 1Ch 28:9; Ps 11:4; 17:3; 44:21; 139:23; Jr 12:3; 17:9; Jn 21:17; He 4:13; Rv 2:18, 23.
[2] Gn 16:13; 2K 6:12; 19:27; Ps 56:8; 94:11; Pv 15:3; Is 37:28; Ezk 38:10, 17; Zc 4:10; Mt 9:4; Lk 9:47; Jn 2:24; 1Co 4:5.
[3] Gn 28:10; 2S 8:14; 11:2, 27; 12:9; Jb 13:26; 14:16; 31:4; Ps 121:3; 139:18; Pv 5:20; Ec 12:14; Is 29:15; Jr 23:24; Mt 3:12; Jn 6:70; 13:2, 21; Ac 5:3.
[4] Jb 8:2; 38:2; 42:3, 6; Ps 19:14; 50:19; Jr 29:23; Zp 1:12; Mal 3:13; Mt 12:35; He 4:12; Jm 1:26; 3:2.
[5] Ex 24:11; Dt 33:27; Jb 23:8; Rv 1:17.
[6] Jb 11:7; 26:14; 42:3; Ps 13:1; 40:5; Pv 30:2; Ro 11:33.
[7] Jr 23:23; Jna 1:3, 10; Ac 5:9.
[8] Jb 26:6; 34:21; Pv 15:11; Ezk 28:12; Am 9:2; Ob 1:4; Jna 2:2.
[9] Ps 18:10; 19:6; 74:16; Is 24:14; Mal 4:2.
[10] Ps 63:8; 73:23; 143:9; Is 41:13.
[11] Jb 12:22; 22:12; Ps 10:11; 94:7; Is 29:15; Jr 23:24.
[12] Ex 14:20; 20:21; Jb 26:6; 34:22; Dn 2:22; He 4:13.
[13] Jb 10:9; 31:15; Ps 22:9; 71:6; Is 44:2; 46:3; Jr 1:5.
[14] Gn 1:26; Jb 5:9; Ps 92:4; 104:24; 111:2; Rv 15:3.
[15] Ex 11:5; Jb 10:9; Ps 63:9; 139:13; Ep 4:9.
[16] Ps 56:8; Mal 3:16; Rv 20:12.

and for his infinite mercies.

17 How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them! 18 [If] I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee.

[17] Ps 31:19; 36:7; 40:5; Pv 8:31; Is 55:8; Jr 29:11; Ep 3:9.
[18] Ps 3:5; 16:8; 17:15; 40:12; 63:6; 139:3; Is 26:19; Dn 12:2; 1Th 5:10.

He defieth the wicked.

19 Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men. 20 For they speak against thee wickedly, [and] thine enemies take [thy name] in vain. 21 Do not I hate them, O LORD, that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee? 22 I hate them with perfect hatred: I count them mine enemies.

[19] Ps 5:6; 6:8; 9:17; 55:23; 64:7; 94:23; 119:115; Is 11:4; Mt 7:23; 25:41; 2Co 6:17.
[20] Ex 20:7; Jb 21:14; Ps 2:1; 73:8; 74:18, 22; Is 37:23, 28; Jde 1:15; Rv 13:6.
[21] 2Ch 19:2; Ps 15:4; 31:6; 119:136, 158; Jr 13:17; Mk 3:5; Lk 19:41; Ro 9:1; Rv 2:2, 6.
[22] Ps 101:3; Lk 14:26.

He prayeth for sincerety.

23 Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts: 24 And see if [there be any] wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.

[23] Dt 8:2, 16; Jb 31:6; Ps 26:2; 139:1; Pv 17:3; Zc 13:9; Mal 3:2; 1P 1:7.
[24] Ps 5:8; 7:3; 17:3; 25:8; 119:1, 32; 143:8, 10; Pv 28:26; Jr 17:9; Mt 7:14; Jn 14:6; Col 2:6; He 12:15.


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