NASB — 2 Samuel 12 — KJV

Nathan Rebukes David

1 Then the LORD sent aNathan to David. And bhe came to him and Isaid,
  “There were two men in one city, the one rich and the other poor.
  2 “The rich man had a great many flocks and herds.
  3 “But the poor man had nothing except aone little ewe lamb
  Which he bought and nourished;
  And it grew up together with him and his children.
  It would eat of his Ibread and drink of his cup and lie in his bosom,
  And was like a daughter to him.
  4 “Now a traveler came to the rich man,
  And he Iwas unwilling to take from his own flock or his own herd,
  To prepare for the wayfarer who had come to him;
  Rather he took the poor man’s ewe lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”
5 Then David’s anger burned greatly against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the LORD lives, surely the man who has done this Iadeserves to die. 6 He must make restitution for the lamb afourfold, because he did this thing and had no compassion.”

[1] ILit said to him a2S 7:2, 4, 17 bPs 51: title
[3] ILit morsel a2S 11:3
[4] ILit spared
[5] ILit is a son of death a1S 26:16
[6] aEx 22:1; Lk 19:8

7 ¶ Nathan then said to David, “aYou are the man! Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘bIt is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul. 8 I also gave you ayour master’s house and your master’s wives into your Icare, and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if [that had been] too little, I would have added to you many more things like these! 9 Why ahave you despised the word of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? bYou have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, chave taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the sons of Ammon. 10 Now therefore, athe sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’ 11 Thus says the LORD, ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; aI will even take your wives before your eyes and give [them] to your companion, and he will lie with your wives in Ibroad daylight. 12 Indeed ayou did it secretly, but bI will do this thing before all Israel, and Iunder the sun.’” 13 Then David said to Nathan, “aI have sinned against the LORD.” And Nathan said to David, “The LORD also has Ibtaken away your sin; you shall not die. 14 However, because by this deed you have agiven occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born to you shall surely die.” 15 So Nathan went to his house.

Loss of a Child

¶ Then the LORD struck the child that Uriah’s Iwidow bore to David, so that he was [very] sick. 16 David therefore inquired of God for the child; and David afasted and went and blay all night on the ground. 17 aThe elders of his household stood beside him in order to raise him up from the ground, but he was unwilling and would not eat food with them. 18 Then it happened on the seventh day that the child died. And the servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, “Behold, while the child was [still] alive, we spoke to him and he did not listen to our voice. How then can we tell him that the child is dead, since he might do [himself] harm!” 19 But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; so David said to his servants, “Is the child dead?” And they said, “He is dead.” 20 So David arose from the ground, awashed, anointed [himself], and changed his clothes; and he came into the house of the LORD and bworshiped. Then he came to his own house, and when he requested, they set food before him and he ate.

[7] a1K 20:42 b1S 16:13
[8] ILit bosom a2S 9:7
[9] a1S 15:23, 26 b2S 11:14-17 c2S 11:27
[10] a2S 13:28; 18:14; 1K 2:25
[11] ILit the sight of this sun aDt 28:30; 2S 16:21, 22
[12] ILit before a2S 11:4-15 b2S 16:22
[13] ILit caused your sin to pass away a1S 15:24, 30; 2S 24:10; Lk 18:13 bLv 20:10; 24:17; Pv 28:13; Mi 7:18
[14] aIs 52:5; Ro 2:24
[15] ILit wife
[16] aNe 1:4 b2S 13:31
[17] aGn 24:2
[20] aRu 3:3; Mt 6:17 bPs 95:6-8; 103:1, 8-17; Pv 3:7

21 ¶ Then his servants said to him, “What is this thing that you have done? IWhile the child was alive, you fasted and wept; but when the child died, you arose and ate food.” 22 He said, “While the child was [still] alive, aI fasted and wept; for I said, ‘bWho knows, the LORD may be gracious to me, that the child may live.’ 23 But now he has died; why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? aI will go to him, but bhe will not return to me.”

[21] ILit On account of
[22] aIs 38:1-3 bJna 3:9
[23] aGn 37:35 bJb 7:8-10

Solomon Born

24 ¶ Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her; and she gave birth to a son, and Iahe named him Solomon. Now the LORD loved him 25 and sent [word] through Nathan the prophet, and he named him IJedidiah for the LORDS sake.

[24] ISome mss read she a1Ch 22:9; Mt 1:6
[25] II.e. beloved of the LORD

War Again

26aNow Joab fought against bRabbah of the sons of Ammon and captured the royal city. 27 Joab sent messengers to David and said, “I have fought against Rabbah, I have even captured the city of waters. 28 Now therefore, gather the rest of the people together and camp against the city and capture it, or I will capture the city myself and it will be named after me.” 29 So David gathered all the people and went to Rabbah, fought against it and captured it. 30 Then ahe took the crown of Itheir king from his head; and its weight [was] a talent of gold, and [in it] II[was] a precious stone; and it was [placed] on David’s head. And he brought out the spoil of the city in great amounts. 31 He also brought out the people who were in it, and aset [them] under saws, sharp iron instruments, and iron axes, and made them pass through the brickkiln. And thus he did to all the cities of the sons of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned [to] Jerusalem.

[26] a1Ch 20:1-3 bDt 3:11
[30] IOr Malcam; cf Zp 1:5 IIOr were precious stones a1Ch 20:2
[31] a1Ch 20:3; He 11:37


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Nathan's parable of the ewe lamb causeth David to be his own judge.

1 ¶ And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. 2 The rich [man] had exceeding many flocks and herds: 3 But the poor [man] had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter. 4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him. 5 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, [As] the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this [thing] shall surely die: 6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

[1] Jg 9:7; 2S 7:1; 11:10, 25; 14:5, 14; 24:11; 1K 13:1; 18:1; 20:35; 2K 1:3; Ps 51:1; Is 5:1; 57:17; Mt 21:33; Lk 15:11; 16:19.
[2] 2S 3:2; 5:13; 12:8; 15:16; Jb 1:3.
[3] Dt 13:6; 2S 11:3; Pv 5:18; Mi 7:5.
[4] Gn 18:2; 2S 11:3; Jm 1:14.
[5] Gn 38:24; 1S 14:39; 20:31; 25:21; 26:16; Lk 6:41; 9:55; Ro 2:1.
[6] Ex 22:1; Pv 6:31; Lk 19:8; Jm 2:13.

David, reproved by Nathan, confesseth his sin, and is pardoned.

7 ¶ And Nathan said to David, Thou [art] the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; 8 And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if [that had been] too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things. 9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife [to be] thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon. 10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. 11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give [them] unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. 12 For thou didst [it] secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun. 13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. 14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also [that is] born unto thee shall surely die.

[7] 1S 13:13; 15:17; 16:13; 18:11, 21; 19:10; 23:7, 14, 26; 2S 7:8; 22:1, 49; 1K 18:18; 21:19; Ps 18:1; Mt 14:14.
[8] 1S 15:19; 2S 2:4; 5:5; 7:19; 12:11; 1K 2:22; Ps 84:11; 86:15; Ro 8:32.
[9] Gn 9:5; Ex 20:13; Nu 15:30; 1S 15:19, 23; 2S 11:4, 14, 15; 12:10; 2Ch 33:6; Ps 51:4; 90:8; 139:1; Is 5:24; Jr 18:10; Am 2:4; He 10:28.
[10] Gn 20:3; Nu 11:20; 1S 2:30; 2S 13:28; 18:14, 33; 1K 2:23; Pv 6:32; Am 7:9; Mal 1:6; Mt 6:24; 26:52; Ro 2:4; 1Th 4:8.
[11] Dt 28:30; 2S 13:1, 28; 15:6, 10; 16:21; Ezk 14:9; 20:25; Ho 4:13.
[12] 2S 11:4, 8, 13, 15; Ec 12:14; Lk 12:1; 1Co 4:5.
[13] Lv 20:10; Nu 35:31; 1S 15:20, 24, 30; 2S 24:10; 1K 13:4; 21:20; 22:8; 2K 1:9; 2Ch 16:10; 24:20; 25:16; Jb 7:20, 21; 33:27; Ps 32:1, 3; 51:4, 16; 130:3; Pv 25:12; 28:13; Is 6:5; 38:17; 43:24; 44:22; Lm 3:32; Mi 7:18; Zc 3:4; Mt 14:3, 10; Lk 15:21; Ac 2:37; 13:38; Ro 8:33; He 9:26; 1Jn 1:7, 8, 9; 2:1; Rv 1:5.
[14] Ne 5:9; Ps 74:10; 89:31; 94:12; Pv 3:11; Is 52:5; Ezk 36:20; Am 3:2; Mt 18:7; Ro 2:24; 1Co 11:32; He 12:6; Rv 3:19.

David mourneth and prayeth for the child, while it lived.

15 ¶ And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. 16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth. 17 And the elders of his house arose, [and went] to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them. 18 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? 19 But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead. 20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed [himself], and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat. 21 Then said his servants unto him, What thing [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, [while it was] alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. 22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell [whether] GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.

[15] Dt 32:39; 1S 25:38; 26:10; 2K 15:5; 2Ch 13:20; Ps 104:29; Ac 12:23.
[16] 2S 12:22; 13:31; Es 4:16; Jb 20:12; Ps 50:15; 69:10; Is 22:12; 26:16; Jol 2:12; Jna 3:9; Ac 9:9.
[17] 1S 28:23; 2S 3:35.
[18] Nu 20:15; 2S 12:18.
[20] Ru 3:3; 2S 6:17; 7:18; Jb 1:20; 2:10; Ps 39:9; Ec 9:8; Lm 3:39.
[21] 1Co 2:15.
[22] Is 38:1, 5; Jol 1:14; 2:14; Am 5:15; Jna 1:6; 3:9; Jm 4:9.
[23] Gn 37:35; Jb 7:8; 30:23; Lk 23:43.

Solomon is born and named Jedidiah.

24 ¶ And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him. 25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD.

[24] 2S 7:12; 1Ch 3:5; 22:9; 28:5; 29:1; Mt 1:6.
[25] 2S 7:4; 12:1; 1K 1:11, 23; Ne 13:26; Mt 3:17; 17:5.

David taketh Rabbah, and tortureth the people thereof.

26 ¶ And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city. 27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters. 28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name. 29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it. 30 And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof [was] a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was [set] on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance. 31 And he brought forth the people that [were] therein, and put [them] under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.

[26] 2S 11:25; 1Ch 20:1.
[27] Dt 3:11; 2S 11:1; Ezk 21:20.
[28] Jn 7:18.
[30] 1Ch 20:2.
[31] 2S 8:2; 1Ch 20:3; Ps 21:8; Am 1:3.


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