NASB — 2 Samuel 2 — KJV

David Made King over Judah

1 Then it came about afterwards that aDavid inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up to one of the cities of Judah?” And the LORD said to him, “Go up.” So David said, “Where shall I go up?” And He said, “bTo Hebron.” 2 So David went up there, and ahis two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the Iwidow of Nabal the Carmelite. 3 And aDavid brought up his men who [were] with him, each with his household; and they lived in the cities of Hebron. 4 Then the men of Judah came and there aanointed David king over the house of Judah.

¶ And they told David, saying, “It was bthe men of Jabesh-gilead who buried Saul.” 5 David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said to them, “aMay you be blessed of the LORD because you have Ishown this kindness to Saul your lord, and have buried him. 6 Now amay the LORD Ishow lovingkindness and truth to you; and I also will Ishow this goodness to you, because you have done this thing. 7 Now therefore, let your hands be strong and be Ivaliant; for Saul your lord is dead, and also the house of Judah has anointed me king over them.”

[1] a1S 23:2, 4, 9-12 bJsh 14:13; 1S 30:31
[2] ILit wife a1S 25:42, 43
[3] a1S 30:9; 1Ch 12:1
[4] a1S 16:13; 2S 5:3, 5 b1S 31:11-13
[5] ILit done a1S 23:21; Ps 115:15
[6] ILit do aEx 34:6; 2Ti 1:16
[7] ILit sons of valor

Ish-bosheth Made King over Israel

8 ¶ But aAbner the son of Ner, commander of Saul’s army, had taken IIsh-bosheth the son of Saul and brought him over to bMahanaim. 9 He made him king over aGilead, over the bAshurites, over cJezreel, over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, even over all Israel. 10 Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, was forty years old when he became king over Israel, and he was king for two years. The house of Judah, however, followed David. 11 aThe Itime that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

[8] II.e. man of shame; cf 1Ch 8:33, Eshbaal a1S 14:50 bGn 32:2; 2S 17:24
[9] aJsh 22:9 bJg 1:32 c1S 29:1
[11] ILit number of days a2S 5:5

Civil War

12 ¶ Now Abner the son of Ner, went out from Mahanaim to aGibeon with the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul. 13 And aJoab the son of Zeruiah and the servants of David went out and met Ithem by the pool of Gibeon; and they sat down, IIone on the one side of the pool and IIthe other on the other side of the pool. 14 Then Abner said to Joab, “Now let the young men arise and Iahold a contest before us.” And Joab said, “Let them arise.” 15 So they arose and went over by count, twelve for Benjamin and Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. 16 Each one of them seized his Iopponent by the head and [thrust] his sword in his IIopponent’s side; so they fell down together. Therefore that place was called IIIHelkath-hazzurim, which is in Gibeon. 17 That day the battle was very severe, and aAbner and the men of Israel were beaten before the servants of David.

[12] aJsh 10:12; 18:25
[13] ILit them together IILit these a2S 8:16; 1Ch 2:16; 11:6
[14] ILit make sport a2S 2:16, 17
[16] ILit fellow IILit fellow’s IIII.e. the field of sword-edges
[17] a2S 3:1

18 ¶ Now athe three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab and Abishai and Asahel; and Asahel [was] b[as] Iswift-footed as one of the gazelles which is in the field. 19 Asahel pursued Abner and did not Iturn to the right or to the left from following Abner. 20 Then Abner looked behind him and said, “Is that you, Asahel?” And he answered, “It is I.” 21 So Abner said to him, “ITurn to your right or to your left, and take hold of one of the young men for yourself, and take for yourself his spoil.” But Asahel was not willing to turn aside from following him. 22 Abner repeated again to Asahel, “Turn Iaside from following me. Why should I strike you to the ground? aHow then could I lift up my face to your brother Joab?” 23 However, he refused to turn aside; therefore Abner struck him in the belly with the butt end of the spear, so that the spear came out at his back. And he fell there and died on the spot. And it came about that all who came to the place where aAsahel had fallen and died, stood still.

[18] ILit light in his feet a1Ch 2:16 b1Ch 12:8; Hab 3:19
[19] ILit turn to go to
[21] ILit Turn for yourself
[22] ILit aside for yourself a2S 3:27
[23] a2S 20:12

24 ¶ But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and when the sun was going down, they came to the hill of Ammah, which is in front of Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. 25 The sons of Benjamin gathered together behind Abner and became one band, and they stood on the top of a certain hill. 26 Then Abner called to Joab and said, “Shall the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter in the end? How long will you Irefrain from telling the people to turn back from following their brothers?” 27 Joab said, “As God lives, if you had not spoken, surely then the people would have gone away in the morning, each from following his brother.” 28 So Joab blew the trumpet; and all the people halted and pursued Israel no longer, anor did they continue to fight anymore. 29 Abner and his men then went through the Arabah all that night; so they crossed the Jordan, walked all morning, and came to aMahanaim.

[26] ILit not tell the people
[28] a2S 3:1
[29] a2S 2:8

30 ¶ Then Joab returned from following Abner; when he had gathered all the people together, Inineteen of David’s servants besides Asahel were missing. 31 But the servants of David had struck down many of Benjamin and Abner’s men, [so that] three hundred and sixty men died. 32 And they took up Asahel and buried him ain his father’s tomb which was in Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men went all night until the day Idawned at Hebron.

[30] ILit nineteen men
[32] ILit lighted on them aGn 47:29, 30; Jg 8:32


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David, by God's direction, with his company goeth up to Hebron, where he is made king of Judah.

1 ¶ And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron. 2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite. 3 And his men that [were] with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. 4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, [That] the men of Jabeshgilead [were they] that buried Saul.

[1] Gn 32:2; Nu 13:22; 27:21; Jsh 14:14; Jg 1:1; 1S 23:2, 4, 9; 30:7, 31; 2S 2:11; 5:1, 19, 23; 15:7; 1K 2:11; 1Ch 29:7; Ps 25:4; 27:4; 143:8; Pv 3:5; Ezk 36:37.
[2] 1S 25:42; 30:5; Lk 22:28.
[3] Jsh 21:11; 1S 22:2; 27:2; 30:1, 9; 1Ch 12:1.
[4] Gn 49:8; 1S 16:13; 31:11; 2S 2:7, 11; 5:3, 5, 17; 19:11, 42; 1Ch 11:3.

He commendeth them of Jabesh-gilead for their kindness to Saul.

5 ¶ And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed [be] ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, [even] unto Saul, and have buried him. 6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing. 7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

[5] Ru 1:8; 2:20; 3:10; 1S 23:21; 24:19; 25:32; Ps 115:15.
[6] 2S 9:3, 7; 10:2; 15:20; Ps 57:3; Pv 14:22; Mt 5:7, 44; 10:16; 2Ti 1:16; Phm 1:18.
[7] Gn 15:1; 1S 4:9; 31:7, 12; 2S 10:12; 1Co 16:13; Ep 6:10.

Abner maketh Ish-bosheth king of Israel.

8 ¶ But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 10 Ishbosheth Saul's son [was] forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David. 11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

[8] Gn 32:2; 1S 14:50; 17:55; 26:14; 2S 3:7; 4:5; 17:26; 1Ch 8:33; 9:39.
[9] Gn 30:13; Nu 1:40; 32:1; Jsh 13:8; 19:18; Ps 108:8.
[10] 2S 2:10.
[11] 2S 5:4; 1K 2:11; 1Ch 3:4; 29:27.

A mortal skirmish between twelve of Abner's and twelve of Joab's men.

12 ¶ And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool. 14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise. 15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which [pertained] to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. 16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and [thrust] his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which [is] in Gibeon. 17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.

[12] Gn 32:2; Jsh 9:3; 10:2, 4, 12; 18:25; 2S 17:14.
[13] 2S 2:18; 8:16; 20:23; 1K 1:7; 2:28; 1Ch 2:16; Jr 41:12.
[14] 2S 2:17, 26; Pv 10:23; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8; 26:18.
[16] 2S 2:16.
[17] 2S 3:1.

Asahel is slain.

18 ¶ And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel [was as] light of foot as a wild roe. 19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner. 20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, [Art] thou Asahel? And he answered, I [am]. 21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him. 22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother? 23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth [rib], that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, [that] as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still. 24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that [lieth] before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

[18] Dt 15:22; 2S 1:23; 1Ch 2:15; 11:26; 12:8; Ps 18:33; 147:10; Ec 9:11; So 2:17; 8:14; Am 2:14; Hab 3:19.
[19] Jsh 1:7; 23:6; 2S 2:21; 2K 22:2; Pv 4:27.
[21] Jg 14:19.
[22] 2S 3:27; 2K 14:10; Pv 29:1; Ec 6:10.
[23] 2S 3:27; 4:6; 5:6; 20:10, 12.

At Abner's motion Joab soundeth a retreat.

25 ¶ And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill. 26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren? 27 And Joab said, [As] God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother. 28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more. 29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim. 30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel. 31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, [so that] three hundred and threescore men died.

[26] 2S 2:14, 16; 11:25; Jb 18:2; 19:2; Ps 4:2; Pv 17:14; Is 1:20; Jr 2:30; 4:21; 12:12; 46:10, 14; Ho 11:6; Ac 7:26.
[27] 1S 25:26; 2S 2:14; Jb 27:2; Pv 15:1; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8; Is 47:7; Lk 14:31.
[29] 2S 2:12; So 2:17.
[31] 2S 3:1; 1K 20:11.

Asahel's burial.

32 ¶ And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which [was in] Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.

[32] 1S 17:58; 2S 5:1; 1Ch 2:13; 2Ch 16:14; 21:1; Pv 22:29.


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