David Made King over Judah
1 Then it came° about afterwards°° that aDavid° inquired° of the LORD°, saying°, “Shall I go° up to one° of the cities° of Judah°?” And the LORD° said° to him, “Go° up.” So David° said°, “Where° shall I go° up?” And He said°, “bTo Hebron°.” 2 So David° went° up there°, and ahis two° wives° also°, Ahinoam° the Jezreelitess° and Abigail° the Iwidow° of Nabal° the Carmelite°. 3 And aDavid° brought° up his men° who° [were] with him, each° with his household°; and they lived° in the cities° of Hebron°. 4 Then the men° of Judah° came° and there° aanointed° David° king° over° the house° of Judah°.
¶ And they told° David°, saying°, “It was bthe men° of Jabesh-gilead°° who° buried° Saul°.” 5 David° sent° messengers° to the men° of Jabesh-gilead°°, and said° to them, “aMay you be blessed° of the LORD° because° you have Ishown° this° kindness° to Saul° your lord°, and have buried° him. 6 Now° amay the LORD° Ishow° lovingkindness° and truth° to you; and I also° will Ishow° this° goodness° to you, because° you have done° this° thing°. 7 Now° therefore, let your hands° be strong° and be Ivaliant°°; for Saul° your lord° is dead°, and also° the house° of Judah° has anointed° me king° over° them.”
 a1S 23:2, 4, 9-12 bJsh 14:13; 1S 30:31
 ILit wife a1S 25:42, 43
 a1S 30:9; 1Ch 12:1
 a1S 16:13; 2S 5:3, 5 b1S 31:11-13
 ILit done a1S 23:21; Ps 115:15
 ILit do aEx 34:6; 2Ti 1:16
 ILit sons of valor
Ish-bosheth Made King over Israel
8 ¶ But aAbner° the son° of Ner°, commander° of Saul’s° army°, had taken° IIsh-bosheth° the son° of Saul° and brought° him over° to bMahanaim°. 9 He made° him king° over° aGilead°, over° the bAshurites°, over° cJezreel°, over° Ephraim°, and over° Benjamin°, even over° all° Israel°. 10 Ish-bosheth°, Saul’s° son°, was forty° years° old° when he became° king° over° Israel°, and he was king° for two° years°. The house° of Judah°, however°, followed° David°. 11 aThe Itime°° that David° was king° in Hebron° over° the house° of Judah° was seven° years° and six° months°.
 II.e. man of shame; cf 1Ch 8:33, Eshbaal a1S 14:50 bGn 32:2; 2S 17:24
 aJsh 22:9 bJg 1:32 c1S 29:1
 ILit number of days a2S 5:5
12 ¶ Now Abner° the son° of Ner°, went° out from Mahanaim° to aGibeon° with the servants° of Ish-bosheth° the son° of Saul°. 13 And aJoab° the son° of Zeruiah° and the servants° of David° went° out and met° Ithem by the pool° of Gibeon°; and they sat° down°, IIone° on the one° side° of the pool° and IIthe other° on the other° side° of the pool°. 14 Then Abner° said° to Joab°, “Now° let the young° men° arise° and Iahold° a contest° before° us.” And Joab° said°, “Let them arise°.” 15 So they arose° and went° over° by count°, twelve°° for Benjamin° and Ish-bosheth° the son° of Saul°, and twelve°° of the servants° of David°. 16 Each° one° of them seized° his Iopponent° by the head° and [thrust] his sword° in his IIopponent’s° side°; so they fell° down° together°. Therefore that place° was called° IIIHelkath-hazzurim°, which° is in Gibeon°. 17 That day° the battle° was very° severe°, and aAbner° and the men° of Israel° were beaten° before° the servants° of David°.
 aJsh 10:12; 18:25
 ILit them together IILit these a2S 8:16; 1Ch 2:16; 11:6
 ILit make sport a2S 2:16, 17
 ILit fellow IILit fellow’s IIII.e. the field of sword-edges
 a2S 3:1
18 ¶ Now athe three° sons° of Zeruiah° were there°, Joab° and Abishai° and Asahel°; and Asahel° [was] b[as] Iswift-footed°° as one° of the gazelles° which° is in the field°. 19 Asahel° pursued° Abner° and did not Iturn° to the right° or to the left° from following° Abner°. 20 Then Abner° looked° behind° him and said°, “Is that you, Asahel°?” And he answered°, “It is I.” 21 So Abner° said° to him, “ITurn° to your right° or° to your left°, and take° hold° of one° of the young° men° for yourself, and take° for yourself his spoil°.” But Asahel° was not willing° to turn° aside° from following° him. 22 Abner° repeated°° again° to Asahel°, “Turn° Iaside° from following° me. Why° should I strike° you to the ground°? aHow° then could I lift° up my face° to your brother° Joab°?” 23 However, he refused° to turn° aside°; therefore Abner° struck° him in the belly° with the butt° end° of the spear°, so that the spear° came° out at his back°. And he fell° there° and died° on the spot°. And it came° about that all° who came° to the place° where°° aAsahel° had fallen° and died°, stood° still°.
 ILit light in his feet a1Ch 2:16 b1Ch 12:8; Hab 3:19
 ILit turn to go to
 ILit Turn for yourself
 ILit aside for yourself a2S 3:27
 a2S 20:12
24 ¶ But Joab° and Abishai° pursued° Abner°, and when the sun° was going° down, they came° to the hill° of Ammah°, which° is in front° of Giah° by the way° of the wilderness° of Gibeon°. 25 The sons° of Benjamin° gathered° together behind° Abner° and became° one° band°, and they stood° on the top° of a certain° hill°. 26 Then Abner° called° to Joab° and said°, “Shall the sword° devour° forever°? Do you not know° that it will be bitter° in the end°? How° long°° will you Irefrain° from telling° the people° to turn° back° from following° their brothers°?” 27 Joab° said°, “As God° lives°, if°° you had not spoken°, surely° then° the people° would have gone° away° in the morning°, each° from following° his brother°.” 28 So Joab° blew° the trumpet°; and all° the people° halted° and pursued° Israel° no° longer°, anor° did they continue° to fight° anymore°. 29 Abner° and his men° then went° through the Arabah° all° that night°; so they crossed° the Jordan°, walked° all° morning°, and came° to aMahanaim°.
30 ¶ Then Joab° returned° from following° Abner°; when he had gathered° all° the people° together, Inineteen°° of David’s° servants° besides Asahel° were missing°. 31 But the servants° of David° had struck° down° many of Benjamin° and Abner’s° men°, [so that] three° hundred° and sixty° men° died°. 32 And they took° up Asahel° and buried° him ain his father’s° tomb° which° was in Bethlehem°. Then Joab° and his men° went° all° night° until the day Idawned° at Hebron°.
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David, by God's direction, with his company goeth up to Hebron, where he is made king of Judah.
1 ¶ And it came to pass² after² this,¹² that Davidº enquiredºª of the LORD,º saying,ºª Shall I go upºª into anyº of the citiesº of Judah?º And the LORDº saidºª unto² him, Go up.ºª And Davidº said,ºª Whither² shall I go up?ºª And he said,ºª Unto Hebron.º 2 So Davidº went upºª thither,² and his twoº wivesº also,² Ahinoamº the Jezreelitess,º and Abigailº Nabal'sº wifeº the Carmelite.º 3 And his men¹² that² [were] with² him did Davidº bring up,ºª every manº with his household:º and they dweltºª in the citiesº of Hebron.º 4 And the men¹² of Judahº came,ºª and there² they anointedºª² Davidº kingº over² the houseº of Judah.º And they toldºª David,º saying,ºª [That] the men¹² of Jabeshgileadºº [were they] that² buriedºª² Saul.º
 Gn 32:2; Nu 13:22; 27:21; Jsh 14:14; Jg 1:1; 1S 23:2, 4, 9; 30:7, 31; 2S 2:11; 5:1, 19, 23; 15:7; 1K 2:11; 1Ch 29:7; Ps 25:4; 27:4; 143:8; Pv 3:5; Ezk 36:37.
 1S 25:42; 30:5; Lk 22:28.
 Jsh 21:11; 1S 22:2; 27:2; 30:1, 9; 1Ch 12:1.
 Gn 49:8; 1S 16:13; 31:11; 2S 2:7, 11; 5:3, 5, 17; 19:11, 42; 1Ch 11:3.
He commendeth them of Jabesh-gilead for their kindness to Saul.
5 ¶ And Davidº sentºª messengersº unto² the men¹² of Jabeshgilead,ºº and saidºª unto² them, Blessedºª [be] ye² of the LORD,º that² ye have shewedºª this² kindnessº unto² your lord,º [even] unto² Saul,º and have buriedºª him. 6 And now² the LORDº shewºª kindnessº and truthº unto² you: and I² also² will requiteºª you this² kindness,º because² ye have doneºª this² thing.º 7 Therefore now² let your handsº be strengthened,ºª and be² ye valiant:ºº for² your masterº Saulº is dead,ºª and also² the houseº of Judahº have anointedºª me kingº over² them.
 Ru 1:8; 2:20; 3:10; 1S 23:21; 24:19; 25:32; Ps 115:15.
 2S 9:3, 7; 10:2; 15:20; Ps 57:3; Pv 14:22; Mt 5:7, 44; 10:16; 2Ti 1:16; Phm 1:18.
 Gn 15:1; 1S 4:9; 31:7, 12; 2S 10:12; 1Co 16:13; Ep 6:10.
Abner maketh Ish-bosheth king of Israel.
8 ¶ But Abnerº the sonº of Ner,º captainº of Saul'sº host,º tookºª² Ishboshethº the sonº of Saul,º and brought him overºª to Mahanaim;º 9 And made him kingºª over² Gilead,º and over² the Ashurites,¹² and over² Jezreel,º and over² Ephraim,º and over² Benjamin,º and over² all² Israel.º 10 Ishboshethº Saul'sº sonº [was] fortyº yearsº oldº when he began to reignºª over² Israel,º and reignedºª twoº years.º But² the houseº of Judahº followedº² David.º 11 And the timeºº that² Davidº was² kingº in Hebronº over² the houseº of Judahº was² sevenº yearsº and sixº months.º
 Gn 32:2; 1S 14:50; 17:55; 26:14; 2S 3:7; 4:5; 17:26; 1Ch 8:33; 9:39.
 Gn 30:13; Nu 1:40; 32:1; Jsh 13:8; 19:18; Ps 108:8.
 2S 2:10.
 2S 5:4; 1K 2:11; 1Ch 3:4; 29:27.
A mortal skirmish between twelve of Abner's and twelve of Joab's men.
12 ¶ And Abnerº the sonº of Ner,º and the servantsº of Ishboshethº the sonº of Saul,º went outºª from Mahanaimº² to Gibeon.º 13 And Joabº the sonº of Zeruiah,º and the servantsº of David,º went out,ºª and metºª togetherº by² the poolº of Gibeon:º and they sat down,ºª the one² on the one side²² of² the pool,º and the other² on the other side²² of² the pool.º 14 And Abnerº saidºª to² Joab,º Let the young menº now² arise,ºª and playºª beforeº us. And Joabº said,ºª Let them arise.ºª 15 Then there aroseºª and went overºª by numberº twelveºº of Benjamin,º which [pertained] to Ishboshethº the sonº of Saul,º and twelveºº of the servantsº² of David.º 16 And they caughtºª every oneº his fellowº by the head,º and [thrust] his swordº in his fellow'sº side;º so they fell downºª together:º wherefore that² placeº was calledºª Helkathhazzurim,º which² [is] in Gibeon.º 17 And there was² a veryº² soreº battleº that² day;º and Abnerº was beaten,ºª and the men¹² of Israel,º beforeº the servantsº of David.º
 Gn 32:2; Jsh 9:3; 10:2, 4, 12; 18:25; 2S 17:14.
 2S 2:18; 8:16; 20:23; 1K 1:7; 2:28; 1Ch 2:16; Jr 41:12.
 2S 2:17, 26; Pv 10:23; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8; 26:18.
 2S 2:16.
 2S 3:1.
Asahel is slain.
18 ¶ And there² were² threeº sonsº of Zeruiahº there, Joab,º and Abishai,º and Asahel:º and Asahelº [was as] lightº of footº as aº wildº² roe.º 19 And Asahelº pursuedºª afterº Abner;º and in going¹ª² he turnedºª not² to² the right² hand¹ nor to² the leftº from followingº² Abner.º 20 Then Abnerº lookedºª behindº him, and said,ºª [Art] thou² Asahel?º And he answered,ºª I² [am]. 21 And Abnerº saidºª to him, Turn thee asideºª to² thy right² hand¹ or² to² thy left,º and lay thee holdºª on oneº of the young men,º² and takeºª thee² his armour.º But Asahelº wouldºª not² turn asideºª from followingº² of him. 22 And Abnerº saidºª againºª to² Asahel,º Turn thee asideºª from followingº² me: wherefore² should I smiteºª thee to the ground?º how² then should I hold upºª my faceº to² Joabº thy brother?º 23 Howbeit he refusedºª to turn aside:ºª wherefore Abnerº with the hinder end¹ of² the spearº smoteºª him underº the fifthº [rib], that the spearº came outºª behindº² him; and he fell downºª there,² and diedºª in the same place:º and it came to pass,² [that] as many² as cameºª to² the placeº where² Asahelº fell downºª and diedºª stood still.ºª 24 Joabº also and Abishaiº pursuedºª afterº Abner:º and the sunº went downºª when they² were comeºª to² the hillº of Ammah,º that² [lieth] beforeº² Giahº by the wayº of the wildernessº of Gibeon.º
 Dt 15:22; 2S 1:23; 1Ch 2:15; 11:26; 12:8; Ps 18:33; 147:10; Ec 9:11; So 2:17; 8:14; Am 2:14; Hab 3:19.
 Jsh 1:7; 23:6; 2S 2:21; 2K 22:2; Pv 4:27.
 Jg 14:19.
 2S 3:27; 2K 14:10; Pv 29:1; Ec 6:10.
 2S 3:27; 4:6; 5:6; 20:10, 12.
At Abner's motion Joab soundeth a retreat.
25 ¶ And the childrenº of Benjaminº gathered themselves togetherºª afterº Abner,º and became² oneº troop,º and stoodºª on² the topº of an² hill.º 26 Then Abnerº calledºª to² Joab,º and said,ºª Shall the swordº devourºª for ever?º knowestºª thou not² that² it will be² bitternessº in the latter end?º how long² shall it be then, ere² thou bidºª the peopleº returnºª from followingº² their brethren?º 27 And Joabº said,ºª [As] Godº liveth,º unlessº² thou hadst spoken,ºª surely² then² in the morningº the peopleº had gone upºª every oneº from followingº² his brother.º 28 So Joabº blewºª a trumpet,º and all² the peopleº stood² still,¹ª and pursuedºª afterº Israelº no² more,² neither² foughtºª they any more.ºª 29 And Abnerº and his men¹² walkedºª all² that² nightº through the plain,º and passed overºª² Jordan,º and went through¹ª² all² Bithron,º and they cameºª to Mahanaim.º 30 And Joabº returnedºª from followingº² Abner:º and when he had gathered¹ª all the people¹ together,ºª²²² there lackedºª of David's¹ servantsº²² nineteenºº menº and Asahel.º 31 But the servantsº of Davidº had smittenºª of Benjamin,º² and of Abner'sº men,¹²² [so that] threeº hundredº and threescoreº menº died.ºª
 2S 2:14, 16; 11:25; Jb 18:2; 19:2; Ps 4:2; Pv 17:14; Is 1:20; Jr 2:30; 4:21; 12:12; 46:10, 14; Ho 11:6; Ac 7:26.
 1S 25:26; 2S 2:14; Jb 27:2; Pv 15:1; 17:14; 20:18; 25:8; Is 47:7; Lk 14:31.
 2S 2:12; So 2:17.
 2S 3:1; 1K 20:11.
32 ¶ And they took upºª² Asahel,º and buriedºª him in the sepulchreº of his father,º which² [was in] Bethlehem.º And Joabº and his men¹² went¹ª² all² night,º and they came to Hebronº at break of day.ºª
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