NASB — 1 Kings 20 — KJV

War with Aram

1 Now aBen-hadad king of Aram gathered all his army, band there [were] thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots. And he went up and cbesieged Samaria and fought against it. 2 Then he sent messengers to the city to Ahab king of Israel and said to him, “Thus says Ben-hadad, 3 ‘Your silver and your gold are mine; your most beautiful wives and children are also mine.’” 4 The king of Israel replied, “It is according to your word, my lord, O king; I am yours, and all that I have.” 5 Then the messengers returned and said, “Thus says IBen-hadad, ‘Surely, I sent to you saying, “You shall give me your silver and your gold and your wives and your children,” 6 but about this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you, and they will search your house and the houses of your servants; and Iwhatever is desirable in your eyes, they will IItake in their hand and carry away.’”

[1] a1K 15:18, 20; 2K 6:24 b1K 22:31 c1K 16:24; 2K 6:24
[5] ILit Ben-hadad, saying
[6] ILit all the desire of your eyes IILit put

7 ¶ Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land and said, “Please observe and asee how this man is looking for trouble; for he sent to me for my wives and my children and my silver and my gold, and I did not refuse him.” 8 All the elders and all the people said to him, “Do not listen or consent.” 9 So he said to the messengers of Ben-hadad, “Tell my lord the king, ‘All that you sent for to your servant at the first I will do, but this thing I cannot do.’” And the messengers departed and brought him word again. 10 Ben-hadad sent to him and said, “May athe gods do so to me and more also, if the dust of Samaria will suffice for handfuls for all the people who Ifollow me.” 11 Then the king of Israel replied, “Tell [him], ‘aLet not him who girds on [his armor] boast like him who takes [it] off.’” 12 When [Ben-hadad] heard this message, as ahe was drinking Iwith the kings in the IItemporary shelters, he said to his servants, “Station [yourselves].” So they stationed [themselves] against the city.

[7] a2K 5:7
[10] ILit are at my feet a1K 19:2; 2K 6:31
[11] aPv 27:1
[12] ILit he and IIOr booths a1K 16:9; Pv 31:4, 5

Ahab Victorious

13 ¶ Now behold, a prophet approached Ahab king of Israel and said, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Have you seen all this great multitude? Behold, aI will deliver them into your hand today, and byou shall know that I am the LORD.’” 14 Ahab said, “By whom?” So he said, “Thus says the LORD, ‘By the young men of the rulers of the provinces.’” Then he said, “Who shall Ibegin the battle?” And he IIanswered, “You.” 15 Then he mustered the young men of the rulers of the provinces, and there were 232; and after them he mustered all the people, [even] all the sons of Israel, 7,000.

[13] a1K 20:28 b1K 18:36
[14] ILit bind IILit said

16 ¶ They went out at noon, while aBen-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the Itemporary shelters IIwith the thirty-two kings who helped him. 17 The young men of the rulers of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad sent out and they told him, saying, “Men have come out from Samaria.” 18 aThen he said, “If they have come out for peace, take them alive; or if they have come out for war, take them alive.”

[16] IOr booths IILit he and the 32 kings a1K 16:9; 20:12; Pv 20:1
[18] a2K 14:8-12

19 ¶ So these went out from the city, the young men of the rulers of the provinces, and the army which followed them. 20 They Ikilled each his man; and the Arameans fled and Israel pursued them, and Ben-hadad king of Aram escaped on a horse with horsemen. 21 The king of Israel went out and Istruck the horses and chariots, and Ikilled the Arameans with a great slaughter.

[20] ILit smote
[21] ILit smote

22 ¶ Then athe prophet came near to the king of Israel and said to him, “Go, strengthen yourself and observe and see what you have to do; for bat the turn of the year the king of Aram will come up against you.”

[22] a1K 20:13 b2S 11:1; 1K 20:26

23 ¶ Now the servants of the king of Aram said to him, “aTheir gods are gods of the mountains, therefore they were stronger than we; but rather let us fight against them in the plain, [and] surely we will be stronger than they. 24 Do this thing: remove the kings, each from his place, and put captains in their place, 25 and Imuster an army like the army that you have lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot. Then we will fight against them in the plain, and surely we will be stronger than they.” And he listened to their voice and did so.

[23] a1K 14:23; Jr 16:19-21; Ro 1:21-23
[25] ILit number

Another Aramean War

26aAt the turn of the year, Ben-hadad mustered the Arameans and went up to bAphek to fight against Israel. 27 The sons of Israel were mustered and were provisioned and went to meet them; and the sons of Israel camped before them like two little flocks of goats, abut the Arameans filled the country. 28 Then aa man of God came near and spoke to the king of Israel and said, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Because the Arameans have said, “bThe LORD is a god of [the] mountains, but He is not a god of [the] valleys,” therefore cI will give all this great multitude into your hand, and you shall know that I am the LORD.’” 29 So they camped one over against the other seven days. And on the seventh day the battle was joined, and the sons of Israel Ikilled [of] the Arameans 100,000 foot soldiers in one day. 30 But the rest fled to aAphek into the city, and the wall fell on 27,000 men who were left. And Ben-hadad fled and came into the city binto an inner chamber.

[26] a1K 20:22 b2K 13:17
[27] aJg 6:3-5; 1S 13:5-8
[28] a1K 17:18 b1K 20:23 c1K 20:13
[29] ILit smote
[30] a1K 20:26 b1K 22:25; 2Ch 18:24

31aHis servants said to him, “Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings, please let us bput sackcloth on our loins and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel; perhaps he will save your Ilife.” 32 So athey girded sackcloth on their loins and [put] ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel and said, “bYour servant Ben-hadad says, ‘Please let me live.’” And he said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.” 33 Now the men Itook this as an omen, and quickly IIcatching his word said, “Your brother Ben-hadad.” Then he said, “Go, bring him.” Then Ben-hadad came out to him, and he IIItook him up into the chariot. 34 [Ben-hadad] said to him, “aThe cities which my father took from your father I will restore, and you shall make streets for yourself in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria.” [Ahab said], “And I will let you go with this covenant.” So he made a covenant with him and let him go.

[31] ILit soul a1K 20:23-26 bGn 37:34; 2S 3:31
[32] a1K 20:31 b1K 20:3-6
[33] ILit divined IILit caught from him IIILit caused him to come up
[34] a1K 15:20

35 ¶ Now a certain man of athe sons of the prophets said to Ianother bby the word of the LORD, “Please strike me.” But the man refused to strike him. 36 Then he said to him, “Because you have not listened to the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as you have departed from me, aa lion will Ikill you.” And as soon as he had departed from him a lion found him and IIkilled him. 37 Then he found another man and said, “Please Istrike me.” And the man IIstruck him, IIIwounding him. 38 So the prophet departed and waited for the king by the way, and adisguised himself with a bandage over his eyes. 39 As the king passed by, he cried to the king and said, “Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold, a man turned aside and brought a man to me and said, ‘Guard this man; if for any reason he is missing, athen your life shall be for his life, or else you shall pay a talent of silver.’ 40 While your servant was busy here and there, he was gone.” And the king of Israel said to him, “So shall your judgment be; you yourself have decided [it].” 41 Then he hastily took the bandage away from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized him that he was of the prophets. 42 He said to him, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Because you have let go out of [your] hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore ayour Ilife shall go for his Ilife, and your people for his people.’” 43 So athe king of Israel went to his house sullen and vexed, and came to Samaria.

[35] ILit his neighbor a2K 2:3-7 b1K 13:17, 18
[36] ILit smite IILit smote a1K 13:24
[37] ILit smite IILit smote IIILit striking and wounding
[38] a1K 14:2
[39] a2K 10:24
[42] ILit soul a1K 20:39
[43] a1K 21:4


New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Ben-hadad, not content with Ahab's homage, besiegeth Samaria.

1 ¶ And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and [there were] thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it. 2 And he sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel into the city, and said unto him, Thus saith Benhadad, 3 Thy silver and thy gold [is] mine; thy wives also and thy children, [even] the goodliest, [are] mine. 4 And the king of Israel answered and said, My lord, O king, according to thy saying, I [am] thine, and all that I have. 5 And the messengers came again, and said, Thus speaketh Benhadad, saying, Although I have sent unto thee, saying, Thou shalt deliver me thy silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy children; 6 Yet I will send my servants unto thee to morrow about this time, and they shall search thine house, and the houses of thy servants; and it shall be, [that] whatsoever is pleasant in thine eyes, they shall put [it] in their hand, and take [it] away. 7 Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, and said, Mark, I pray you, and see how this [man] seeketh mischief: for he sent unto me for my wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I denied him not. 8 And all the elders and all the people said unto him, Hearken not [unto him], nor consent. 9 Wherefore he said unto the messengers of Benhadad, Tell my lord the king, All that thou didst send for to thy servant at the first I will do: but this thing I may not do. And the messengers departed, and brought him word again. 10 And Benhadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me. 11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell [him], Let not him that girdeth on [his harness] boast himself as he that putteth it off. 12 And it came to pass, when [Benhadad] heard this message, as he [was] drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions, that he said unto his servants, Set [yourselves in array]. And they set [themselves in array] against the city.

[1] Gn 14:1; Ex 14:7; Lv 26:25; Dt 20:1; 28:52; Jg 1:7; 4:3; 1S 13:5; 1K 15:18, 20; 20:16, 24; 2K 6:24; 8:7; 17:5; 2Ch 16:2; Ezr 7:12; Is 10:8; 37:24; Jr 49:27; Ezk 26:7; Dn 2:37; Am 1:4.
[2] 2K 19:9; Is 36:2; 37:9.
[3] Ex 15:9; Is 10:13.
[4] Lv 26:36; Dt 28:48; Jg 15:11; 1S 13:6; 2K 18:14.
[6] Gn 27:15; 1S 13:19; 2S 24:14; 2K 18:31; Ezr 8:27; Is 44:9; Jr 25:34; Lm 1:7, 10; Ho 13:15; Jol 3:5.
[7] 1K 8:1; 20:4; 2K 5:7; 1Ch 13:1; 28:1; Jb 15:35; Ps 7:14; 36:4; 62:3; 140:2; Pv 6:14; 11:14, 27; 24:2; Dn 11:27; Ro 3:13.
[10] Ex 11:8; Jg 4:10; 2S 17:12; 1K 19:2; 2K 19:23; Is 10:13; 37:24; Ac 23:12.
[11] Ex 13:18; 1S 14:6, 12; 17:44; Pv 27:1; Ec 9:11; Is 10:15; Mt 26:33, 75.
[12] 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; 1K 16:9; 20:16; Pv 31:4; Jr 43:10; Dn 5:2, 30; Lk 21:34; Ep 5:18.

By the direction of a prophet, the Syrians are slain.

13 ¶ And, behold, there came a prophet unto Ahab king of Israel, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou seen all this great multitude? behold, I will deliver it into thine hand this day; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD. 14 And Ahab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith the LORD, [Even] by the young men of the princes of the provinces. Then he said, Who shall order the battle? And he answered, Thou. 15 Then he numbered the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred and thirty two: and after them he numbered all the people, [even] all the children of Israel, [being] seven thousand. 16 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad [was] drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him. 17 And the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Benhadad sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come out of Samaria. 18 And he said, Whether they be come out for peace, take them alive; or whether they be come out for war, take them alive. 19 So these young men of the princes of the provinces came out of the city, and the army which followed them. 20 And they slew every one his man: and the Syrians fled; and Israel pursued them: and Benhadad the king of Syria escaped on an horse with the horsemen. 21 And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.

[13] Ex 14:18; 16:12; 1K 18:37; 20:28; 2K 6:8; 7:1; 13:23; Ps 83:18; Is 7:1; 37:20; Ezk 6:7; 20:14, 22; Jol 3:17.
[14] Gn 14:14; Jg 7:16; 1S 17:50; 1K 18:44; 1Co 1:27.
[15] Jg 7:7, 16; 1S 14:2, 6; 1K 19:18; 2K 13:7; 2Ch 14:11; Ps 106:40.
[16] 1K 16:7; 20:11; Pv 23:29; Ec 10:16; Is 54:15; Ho 4:11.
[17] 1K 20:14, 19.
[18] 1S 2:3; 14:11; 17:44; 2K 14:8; Pv 18:12.
[20] Lv 26:8; Jg 7:20; 1S 14:13; 30:16; 2S 2:16; 2K 7:6; 19:36; Ps 33:16; 46:6; Ec 9:11.
[21] Jg 3:28; 7:23; 1S 14:20; 17:52; 2K 3:18, 24.

As the prophet forewarned Ahab, the Syrians, trusting in the valleys, come against him in Aphek.

22 ¶ And the prophet came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest: for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee. 23 And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their gods [are] gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they. 24 And do this thing, Take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their rooms: 25 And number thee an army, like the army that thou hast lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot: and we will fight against them in the plain, [and] surely we shall be stronger than they. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so. 26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Benhadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel. 27 And the children of Israel were numbered, and were all present, and went against them: and the children of Israel pitched before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country.

[22] 2S 11:1; 1K 19:10; 20:13, 26, 38; 22:8; 2K 6:12; 1Ch 20:1; 2Ch 25:8, 11; Ps 27:14; 115:2; Pv 18:10; 20:18; Is 8:9; 26:11; 42:8; Jol 3:9; Ep 6:10.
[23] 1S 4:8; 1K 14:23; 20:28; 2K 19:12; 2Ch 32:13; Ps 50:21; 121:1; Is 42:8.
[24] 1K 20:1, 16; 22:31; Pv 21:30.
[25] Ps 10:3.
[26] Jsh 13:4; 19:30; Jg 1:31; 1S 4:1; 29:1; 1K 20:30; 2K 13:17.
[27] Dt 32:30; Jsh 1:11; Jg 6:5; 7:8; 1S 13:5; 14:2; 2Ch 32:7; Ec 9:11.

By the word of the prophet, and God's judgment, the Syrians are smitten again.

28 ¶ And there came a man of God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith the LORD, Because the Syrians have said, The LORD [is] God of the hills, but he [is] not God of the valleys, therefore will I deliver all this great multitude into thine hand, and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD. 29 And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And [so] it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined: and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day. 30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and [there] a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men [that were] left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.

[28] Ex 6:7; 7:5; 8:22; Dt 29:6; 32:27; Jsh 7:8; 1K 13:1; 17:18; 20:13, 22, 23; 2Ch 20:14; Jb 12:16; Ps 58:10; 79:10; Is 37:29, 35; Jr 14:7; Ezk 6:14; 11:12; 12:16; 20:9, 14; 36:21, 22, 32; 39:7.
[29] Jsh 6:15; 1S 17:16; 2S 10:18; 2Ch 13:17; 20:23; 28:6; Ps 10:16; Is 37:36.
[30] 1K 20:10, 20; 22:25; 2Ch 18:24; Ps 18:25; Is 24:18; Jr 48:44; Dn 4:37; Am 2:14; 5:19; 9:3; Lk 13:4.

The Syrians, submitting themselves, Ahab sendeth Ben-hadad away with a covenant.

31 ¶ And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel [are] merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life. 32 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and [put] ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Benhadad saith, I pray thee, let me live. And he said, [Is] he yet alive? he [is] my brother. 33 Now the men did diligently observe whether [any thing would come] from him, and did hastily catch [it]: and they said, Thy brother Benhadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Benhadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot. 34 And [Benhadad] said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then [said Ahab], I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away.

[31] Gn 37:34; 2S 3:31; 14:2; 1K 20:23; 21:27; 2K 5:13; 7:4; 19:1; Es 4:1, 16; Jb 2:4; Pv 20:28; Is 16:5; 22:12; 37:1; Jna 3:5; Mt 10:28; Ep 1:7; Rv 11:3.
[32] 1S 15:8; 1K 20:3, 42; Jb 12:17; 40:11; Is 2:11; 10:12; Dn 5:20; Ob 1:3.
[33] 2K 10:15; Pv 25:13; Lk 16:8; Ac 8:31.
[34] 1K 15:20; 20:42; 22:31; 2Ch 16:4; 18:30; Is 8:12; 26:10.

The prophet, under the parable of a prisoner, making Ahab judge himself, denounceth God's judgment against him.

35 ¶ And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his neighbour in the word of the LORD, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man refused to smite him. 36 Then said he unto him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him, and slew him. 37 Then he found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, so that in smiting he wounded [him]. 38 So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised himself with ashes upon his face. 39 And as the king passed by, he cried unto the king: and he said, Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man unto me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he be missing, then shall thy life be for his life, or else thou shalt pay a talent of silver. 40 And as thy servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto him, So [shall] thy judgment [be]; thyself hast decided [it]. 41 And he hasted, and took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned him that he [was] of the prophets. 42 And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Because thou hast let go out of [thy] hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore thy life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people. 43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.

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