War with Aram
1 Now aBen-hadad° king° of Aram° gathered° all° his army°, band there [were] thirty-two°° kings° with him, and horses° and chariots°. And he went° up and cbesieged°° Samaria° and fought° against it. 2 Then he sent° messengers° to the city° to Ahab° king° of Israel° and said° to him, “Thus° says° Ben-hadad°, 3 ‘Your silver° and your gold° are mine; your most beautiful° wives° and children° are also mine.’” 4 The king° of Israel° replied°, “It is according to your word°, my lord°, O king°; I am yours, and all° that I have.” 5 Then the messengers° returned° and said°, “Thus° says° IBen-hadad°, ‘Surely°, I sent° to you saying°, “You shall give° me your silver° and your gold° and your wives° and your children°,” 6 but about this time° tomorrow° I will send° my servants° to you, and they will search° your house° and the houses° of your servants°; and Iwhatever° is desirable° in your eyes°, they will IItake° in their hand° and carry° away.’”
 a1K 15:18, 20; 2K 6:24 b1K 22:31 c1K 16:24; 2K 6:24
 ILit Ben-hadad, saying
 ILit all the desire of your eyes IILit put
7 ¶ Then the king° of Israel° called° all° the elders° of the land° and said°, “Please° observe° and asee° how° this° man is looking° for trouble°; for he sent° to me for my wives° and my children° and my silver° and my gold°, and I did not refuse° him.” 8 All° the elders° and all° the people° said° to him, “Do not listen° or consent°.” 9 So he said° to the messengers° of Ben-hadad°, “Tell° my lord° the king°, ‘All° that you sent° for to your servant° at the first° I will do°, but this° thing° I cannot°° do°.’” And the messengers° departed° and brought° him word° again°. 10 Ben-hadad° sent° to him and said°, “May athe gods° do° so° to me and more° also°, if° the dust° of Samaria° will suffice° for handfuls° for all° the people° who° Ifollow° me.” 11 Then the king° of Israel° replied°, “Tell° [him], ‘aLet not him who girds° on [his armor] boast° like him who takes° [it] off°.’” 12 When [Ben-hadad] heard° this° message°, as ahe was drinking° Iwith the kings° in the IItemporary° shelters°, he said° to his servants°, “Station° [yourselves].” So they stationed° [themselves] against° the city°.
 a2K 5:7
 ILit are at my feet a1K 19:2; 2K 6:31
 aPv 27:1
 ILit he and IIOr booths a1K 16:9; Pv 31:4, 5
13 ¶ Now behold°, a prophet° approached° Ahab° king° of Israel° and said°, “Thus° says° the LORD°, ‘Have you seen° all° this° great° multitude°? Behold°, aI will deliver° them into your hand° today°, and byou shall know° that I am the LORD°.’” 14 Ahab° said°, “By whom°?” So he said°, “Thus° says° the LORD°, ‘By the young° men° of the rulers° of the provinces°.’” Then he said°, “Who° shall Ibegin° the battle°?” And he IIanswered°, “You.” 15 Then he mustered° the young° men° of the rulers° of the provinces°, and there were 232°°°; and after° them he mustered° all° the people°, [even] all° the sons° of Israel°, 7,000°°.
16 ¶ They went° out at noon°, while aBen-hadad° was drinking° himself drunk° in the Itemporary° shelters° IIwith the thirty-two°° kings° who helped° him. 17 The young° men° of the rulers° of the provinces° went° out first°; and Ben-hadad° sent° out and they told° him, saying°, “Men° have come° out from Samaria°.” 18 aThen he said°, “If° they have come° out for peace°, take° them alive°; or if° they have come° out for war°, take° them alive°.”
19 ¶ So these° went° out from the city°, the young° men° of the rulers° of the provinces°, and the army° which° followed° them. 20 They Ikilled° each° his man°; and the Arameans° fled° and Israel° pursued° them, and Ben-hadad° king° of Aram° escaped° on a horse° with horsemen°. 21 The king° of Israel° went° out and Istruck° the horses° and chariots°, and Ikilled° the Arameans° with a great° slaughter°.
22 ¶ Then athe prophet° came° near° to the king° of Israel° and said° to him, “Go°, strengthen° yourself and observe° and see° what° you have to do°; for bat the turn° of the year° the king° of Aram° will come° up against° you.”
23 ¶ Now the servants° of the king° of Aram° said° to him, “aTheir gods° are gods° of the mountains°, therefore°° they were stronger° than° we; but rather° let us fight° against° them in the plain°, [and] surely°° we will be stronger° than° they. 24 Do° this° thing°: remove° the kings°, each° from his place°, and put° captains° in their place°, 25 and Imuster° an army° like the army° that you have lost°, horse° for horse°, and chariot° for chariot°. Then we will fight° against° them in the plain°, and surely°° we will be stronger° than° they.” And he listened° to their voice° and did° so°.
Another Aramean War
26 ¶ aAt the turn° of the year°, Ben-hadad° mustered° the Arameans° and went° up to bAphek° to fight° against° Israel°. 27 The sons° of Israel° were mustered° and were provisioned° and went° to meet° them; and the sons° of Israel° camped° before° them like two° little° flocks° of goats°, abut the Arameans° filled° the country°. 28 Then aa man° of God° came° near° and spoke° to the king° of Israel° and said°, “Thus° says° the LORD°, ‘Because°° the Arameans° have said°, “bThe LORD° is a god° of [the] mountains°, but He is not a god° of [the] valleys°,” therefore cI will give° all° this° great° multitude° into your hand°, and you shall know° that I am the LORD°.’” 29 So they camped° one° over° against° the other° seven° days°. And on the seventh° day° the battle° was joined°, and the sons° of Israel° Ikilled° [of] the Arameans° 100,000°° foot° soldiers° in one° day°. 30 But the rest° fled° to aAphek° into the city°, and the wall° fell° on 27,000°°° men° who were left°. And Ben-hadad° fled° and came° into the city° binto an inner° chamber°.
 a1K 20:22 b2K 13:17
 aJg 6:3-5; 1S 13:5-8
 a1K 17:18 b1K 20:23 c1K 20:13
 ILit smote
 a1K 20:26 b1K 22:25; 2Ch 18:24
31 ¶ aHis servants° said° to him, “Behold° now°, we have heard° that the kings° of the house° of Israel° are merciful° kings°, please° let us bput° sackcloth° on our loins° and ropes° on our heads°, and go° out to the king° of Israel°; perhaps° he will save° your Ilife°.” 32 So athey girded° sackcloth° on their loins° and [put] ropes° on their heads°, and came° to the king° of Israel° and said°, “bYour servant° Ben-hadad° says°, ‘Please° let me live°.’” And he said°, “Is he still° alive°? He is my brother°.” 33 Now the men° Itook° this as an omen°, and quickly° IIcatching° his word said°, “Your brother° Ben-hadad°.” Then he said°, “Go°, bring° him.” Then Ben-hadad° came° out to him, and he IIItook° him up into the chariot°. 34 [Ben-hadad] said° to him, “aThe cities° which° my father° took° from your father° I will restore°, and you shall make° streets° for yourself in Damascus°, as my father° made° in Samaria°.” [Ahab said], “And I will let° you go° with this covenant°.” So he made° a covenant° with him and let° him go°.
 ILit soul a1K 20:23-26 bGn 37:34; 2S 3:31
 a1K 20:31 b1K 20:3-6
 ILit divined IILit caught from him IIILit caused him to come up
 a1K 15:20
35 ¶ Now a certain° man° of athe sons° of the prophets° said° to Ianother° bby the word° of the LORD°, “Please° strike° me.” But the man° refused° to strike° him. 36 Then he said° to him, “Because°° you have not listened° to the voice° of the LORD°, behold°, as soon as you have departed° from me, aa lion° will Ikill° you.” And as soon as he had departed° from him a lion° found° him and IIkilled° him. 37 Then he found° another° man° and said°, “Please° Istrike° me.” And the man° IIstruck° him, IIIwounding°° him. 38 So the prophet° departed° and waited° for the king° by the way°, and adisguised° himself with a bandage° over° his eyes°. 39 As the king° passed° by, he cried° to the king° and said°, “Your servant° went° out into the midst° of the battle°; and behold°, a man° turned° aside° and brought° a man° to me and said°, ‘Guard° this° man°; if° for any° reason° he is missing°, athen your life° shall be for his life°, or° else you shall pay° a talent° of silver°.’ 40 While your servant° was busy° here° and there°, he was gone°.” And the king° of Israel° said° to him, “So° shall your judgment° be; you yourself° have decided° [it].” 41 Then he hastily° took° the bandage° away° from his eyes°, and the king° of Israel° recognized° him that he was of the prophets°. 42 He said° to him, “Thus° says° the LORD°, ‘Because° you have let° go° out of [your] hand° the man° whom I had devoted° to destruction°, therefore ayour Ilife° shall go° for his Ilife°, and your people° for his people°.’” 43 So athe king° of Israel° went° to his house° sullen° and vexed°, and came° to Samaria°.
 ILit his neighbor a2K 2:3-7 b1K 13:17, 18
 ILit smite IILit smote a1K 13:24
 ILit smite IILit smote IIILit striking and wounding
 a1K 14:2
 a2K 10:24
 ILit soul a1K 20:39
 a1K 21:4
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.
Ben-hadad, not content with Ahab's homage, besiegeth Samaria.
1 ¶ And Benhadadº the kingº of Syriaº gathered¹ª all his host¹ together:ºª²²² and [there were] thirtyº and twoº kingsº with² him, and horses,º and chariots:º and he went upºª and besiegedºª² Samaria,º and warredºª against it. 2 And he sentºª messengersº to² Ahabº kingº of Israelº into the city,º and saidºª unto him, Thus² saithºª Benhadad,º 3 Thy silverº and thy goldº [is] mine; thy wivesº also and thy children,º [even] the goodliest,º [are] mine. 4 And the kingº of Israelº answeredºª and said,ºª My lord,º O king,º according to thy saying,º I² [am] thine, and all² that² I have. 5 And the messengersº came again,ºª and said,ºª Thus² speakethºª Benhadad,º saying,ºª Although² I have sentºª unto² thee, saying,ºª Thou shalt deliverºª me thy silver,º and thy gold,º and thy wives,º and thy children;º 6 Yet² I will sendºª² my servantsº unto² thee to morrowº about² this time,º and they shall searchºª² thine house,º and the housesº of thy servants;º and it shall be,ºª [that] whatsoever² is pleasantº in thine eyes,º they shall putºª [it] in their hand,º and take [it] away.ºª 7 Then the kingº of Israelº calledºª all² the eldersº of the land,º and said,ºª Mark,ºª I pray you,² and seeºª how² this² [man] seekethºª mischief:º for² he sentºª unto² me for my wives,º and for my children,º and for my silver,º and for my gold;º and I deniedºª² him not.² 8 And all² the eldersº and all² the peopleº saidºª unto² him, Hearkenºª not² [unto him], nor² consent.ºª 9 Wherefore he saidºª unto the messengersº of Benhadad,º Tellºª my lordº the king,º All² that² thou didst sendºª for to² thy servantº at the firstº I will do:ºª but this² thingº I mayºª not² do.ºª And the messengersº departed,¹ª² and broughtºª him wordº again.¹ª 10 And Benhadadº sentºª unto² him, and said,ºª The godsº do² so¹ª² unto me, and more² also,¹ª² if² the dustº of Samariaº shall sufficeºª for handfulsº for all² the peopleº that² followº me. 11 And the kingº of Israelº answeredºª and said,ºª Tellºª [him], Let not² him that girdethºª on [his harness] boast¹ª himself² as he that putteth it off.ºª 12 And it came to pass,² when [Benhadad] heardºª² this² message,º as he² [was] drinking,ºª he² and the kingsº in the pavilions,º that he saidºª unto² his servants,º Setºª [yourselves in array]. And they setºª [themselves in array] against² the city.º
 Gn 14:1; Ex 14:7; Lv 26:25; Dt 20:1; 28:52; Jg 1:7; 4:3; 1S 13:5; 1K 15:18, 20; 20:16, 24; 2K 6:24; 8:7; 17:5; 2Ch 16:2; Ezr 7:12; Is 10:8; 37:24; Jr 49:27; Ezk 26:7; Dn 2:37; Am 1:4.
 2K 19:9; Is 36:2; 37:9.
 Ex 15:9; Is 10:13.
 Lv 26:36; Dt 28:48; Jg 15:11; 1S 13:6; 2K 18:14.
 Gn 27:15; 1S 13:19; 2S 24:14; 2K 18:31; Ezr 8:27; Is 44:9; Jr 25:34; Lm 1:7, 10; Ho 13:15; Jol 3:5.
 1K 8:1; 20:4; 2K 5:7; 1Ch 13:1; 28:1; Jb 15:35; Ps 7:14; 36:4; 62:3; 140:2; Pv 6:14; 11:14, 27; 24:2; Dn 11:27; Ro 3:13.
 Ex 11:8; Jg 4:10; 2S 17:12; 1K 19:2; 2K 19:23; Is 10:13; 37:24; Ac 23:12.
 Ex 13:18; 1S 14:6, 12; 17:44; Pv 27:1; Ec 9:11; Is 10:15; Mt 26:33, 75.
 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; 1K 16:9; 20:16; Pv 31:4; Jr 43:10; Dn 5:2, 30; Lk 21:34; Ep 5:18.
By the direction of a prophet, the Syrians are slain.
13 ¶ And, behold,² there cameºª aº prophetº unto² Ahabº kingº of Israel,º saying,ºª Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Hast thou seenºª² all² this² greatº multitude?º behold,² I will deliverºª it into thine handº this day;º and thou shalt knowºª that² I² [am] the LORD.º 14 And Ahabº said,ºª By whom?² And he said,ºª Thus² saithºª the LORD,º [Even] by the young menº of the princesº of the provinces.º Then he said,ºª Who² shall orderºª the battle?º And he answered,ºª Thou.² 15 Then he numberedºª² the young menº of the princesº of the provinces,º and they were² two¹ hundredº and thirtyº two:º and afterº them he numberedºª² all² the people,º [even] all² the childrenº of Israel,º [being] sevenº thousand.º 16 And they went outºª at noon.º But Benhadadº [was] drinkingºª himself drunkº in the pavilions,º he² and the kings,º the thirtyº and twoº kingsº that helpedºª him. 17 And the young menº of the princesº of the provincesº went outºª first;º and Benhadadº sent out,ºª and they toldºª him, saying,ºª There are men¹² come outºª of Samaria.º² 18 And he said,ºª Whether² they be come outºª for peace,º takeºª them alive;º or whether² they be come outºª for war,º takeºª them alive.º 19 So these² young menº of the princesº of the provincesº came outºª of² the city,º and the armyº which² followedº them. 20 And they slewºª every oneº his man:º and the Syriansº fled;ºª and Israelº pursuedºª them: and Benhadadº the kingº of Syriaº escapedºª on² an horseº with the horsemen.º 21 And the kingº of Israelº went out,ºª and smoteºª² the horsesº and chariots,º and slewºª the Syriansº with a greatº slaughter.º
 Ex 14:18; 16:12; 1K 18:37; 20:28; 2K 6:8; 7:1; 13:23; Ps 83:18; Is 7:1; 37:20; Ezk 6:7; 20:14, 22; Jol 3:17.
 Gn 14:14; Jg 7:16; 1S 17:50; 1K 18:44; 1Co 1:27.
 Jg 7:7, 16; 1S 14:2, 6; 1K 19:18; 2K 13:7; 2Ch 14:11; Ps 106:40.
 1K 16:7; 20:11; Pv 23:29; Ec 10:16; Is 54:15; Ho 4:11.
 1K 20:14, 19.
 1S 2:3; 14:11; 17:44; 2K 14:8; Pv 18:12.
 Lv 26:8; Jg 7:20; 1S 14:13; 30:16; 2S 2:16; 2K 7:6; 19:36; Ps 33:16; 46:6; Ec 9:11.
 Jg 3:28; 7:23; 1S 14:20; 17:52; 2K 3:18, 24.
As the prophet forewarned Ahab, the Syrians, trusting in the valleys, come against him in Aphek.
22 ¶ And the prophetº cameºª to² the kingº of Israel,º and saidºª unto him, Go,¹ª² strengthen¹ª thyself,² and mark,ºª and seeºª² what² thou doest:ºª for² at the returnº of the yearº the kingº of Syriaº will come upºª against² thee. 23 And the servantsº of the kingº of Syriaº saidºª unto² him, Their godsº [are] godsº of the hills;º therefore²² they were strongerºª than² we; butº let us fightºª against² them in the plain,º and surely¹² we shall be strongerºª² than² they. 24 And doºª this² thing,º Take¹ª the kings¹ away,²² every manº out of his place,º² and putºª captainsº in their rooms:² 25 And numberºª² thee an army,º like the armyº that thou hast lost,ºª²² horseº for horse,º and chariotº for chariot:º and we will fight¹ª against¹² them in the plain,º [and] surely²² we shall be strongerºª than² they. And he hearkenedºª unto their voice,º and did² so.¹ª² 26 And it came to pass² at the returnº of the year,º that Benhadadº numberedºª² the Syrians,º and went upºª to Aphek,º to fightº against² Israel.º 27 And the childrenº of Israelº were numbered,ºª and were all present,ºª and went¹ª² against¹ª² them: and the childrenº of Israelº pitchedºª before² them like twoº little flocksº of kids;º but the Syriansº filledºª² the country.º
 2S 11:1; 1K 19:10; 20:13, 26, 38; 22:8; 2K 6:12; 1Ch 20:1; 2Ch 25:8, 11; Ps 27:14; 115:2; Pv 18:10; 20:18; Is 8:9; 26:11; 42:8; Jol 3:9; Ep 6:10.
 1S 4:8; 1K 14:23; 20:28; 2K 19:12; 2Ch 32:13; Ps 50:21; 121:1; Is 42:8.
 1K 20:1, 16; 22:31; Pv 21:30.
 Ps 10:3.
 Jsh 13:4; 19:30; Jg 1:31; 1S 4:1; 29:1; 1K 20:30; 2K 13:17.
 Dt 32:30; Jsh 1:11; Jg 6:5; 7:8; 1S 13:5; 14:2; 2Ch 32:7; Ec 9:11.
By the word of the prophet, and God's judgment, the Syrians are smitten again.
28 ¶ And there cameºª a manº of God,º and spakeºª unto² the kingº of Israel,º and said,ºª Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Because²² the Syriansº have said,ºª The LORDº [is] Godº of the hills,º but he² [is] not² Godº of the valleys,º therefore will I deliverºª² all² this² greatº multitudeº into thine hand,º and ye shall knowºª that² I² [am] the LORD.º 29 And they pitchedºª oneº over againstº the otherº sevenº days.º And [so] it was,² that in the seventhº dayº the battleº was joined:ºª and the childrenº of Israelº slewºª of² the Syriansº an hundredº thousandº footmenº in oneº day.º 30 But the restºª fledºª to Aphek,º into² the city;º and [there] a wallº fellºª upon² twentyº and sevenº thousandº of the menº [that were] left.ºª And Benhadadº fled,ºª and cameºª into² the city,º into an inner¹ chamber.º
 Ex 6:7; 7:5; 8:22; Dt 29:6; 32:27; Jsh 7:8; 1K 13:1; 17:18; 20:13, 22, 23; 2Ch 20:14; Jb 12:16; Ps 58:10; 79:10; Is 37:29, 35; Jr 14:7; Ezk 6:14; 11:12; 12:16; 20:9, 14; 36:21, 22, 32; 39:7.
 Jsh 6:15; 1S 17:16; 2S 10:18; 2Ch 13:17; 20:23; 28:6; Ps 10:16; Is 37:36.
 1K 20:10, 20; 22:25; 2Ch 18:24; Ps 18:25; Is 24:18; Jr 48:44; Dn 4:37; Am 2:14; 5:19; 9:3; Lk 13:4.
The Syrians, submitting themselves, Ahab sendeth Ben-hadad away with a covenant.
31 ¶ And his servantsº saidºª unto² him, Behold² now,² we have heardºª that² the kingsº of the houseº of Israelº [are] mercifulº kings:º let us, I pray thee,² putºª sackclothº on our loins,º and ropesº upon our heads,º and go outºª to² the kingº of Israel:º peradventure² he will saveºª² thy life.º 32 So they girdedºª sackclothº on their loins,º and [put] ropesº on their heads,º and cameºª to² the kingº of Israel,º and said,ºª Thy servantº Benhadadº saith,ºª I pray thee,² let me² live.ºª¹ And he said,ºª [Is] he yet² alive?º he² [is] my brother.º 33 Now the men¹² did diligently observeºª whether [any thing would come] from² him, and did hastilyºª catchºª [it]: and they said,ºª Thy brotherº Benhadad.º Then he said,ºª Goºª ye, bringºª him. Then Benhadadº came forthºª to² him; and he caused him to come upºª into² the chariot.º 34 And [Benhadad] saidºª unto² him, The cities,º which² my fatherº tookºª from²² thy father,º I will restore;ºª and thou shalt makeºª streetsº for thee in Damascus,º as² my fatherº madeºª in Samaria.º Then [said Ahab], I² will send thee awayºª with this covenant.º So he madeºª a covenantº with him, and sent him away.ºª
 Gn 37:34; 2S 3:31; 14:2; 1K 20:23; 21:27; 2K 5:13; 7:4; 19:1; Es 4:1, 16; Jb 2:4; Pv 20:28; Is 16:5; 22:12; 37:1; Jna 3:5; Mt 10:28; Ep 1:7; Rv 11:3.
 1S 15:8; 1K 20:3, 42; Jb 12:17; 40:11; Is 2:11; 10:12; Dn 5:20; Ob 1:3.
 2K 10:15; Pv 25:13; Lk 16:8; Ac 8:31.
 1K 15:20; 20:42; 22:31; 2Ch 16:4; 18:30; Is 8:12; 26:10.
The prophet, under the parable of a prisoner, making Ahab judge himself, denounceth God's judgment against him.
35 ¶ And a certainº manº of the sonsº² of the prophetsº saidºª unto² his neighbourº in the wordº of the LORD,º Smiteºª me, I pray thee.² And the manº refusedºª to smiteºª him. 36 Then saidºª he unto him, Because²² thou hast not² obeyedºª the voiceº of the LORD,º behold,² as soon as thou art departedºª from²² me, a lionº shall slayºª thee. And as soon as he was departed¹ª² from²² him,¹ a lionº foundºª him, and slewºª him. 37 Then he foundºª anotherº man,º and said,ºª Smiteºª me, I pray thee.² And the manº smoteºª him, so that in smitingºª he woundedºª [him]. 38 So the prophetº departed,¹ª² and waitedºª for the kingº by² the way,º and disguised¹ª himself² with ashesº upon² his face.º 39 And as² the kingº passed by,ºª he² criedºª unto² the king:º and he said,ºª Thy servantº went outºª into the midstº of the battle;º and, behold,² a manº turned aside,ºª and broughtºª a manº unto² me, and said,ºª Keepºª² this² man:º if² by any means¹ª he be missing,ºª then shall thy lifeº be² for² his life,º or² else thou shalt payºª a talentº of silver.º 40 And as thy servantº was² busyºª here² and there,² he² was gone.º And the kingº of Israelº saidºª unto² him, So² [shall] thy judgmentº [be]; thyself² hast decidedºª [it]. 41 And he hasted,ºª and took²² the ashesº away¹ª from²² his face;º and the kingº of Israelº discernedºª him that² he² [was] of the prophets.º² 42 And he saidºª unto² him, Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Because² thou hast let goºª out of [thy] handº²² a manº whom I appointed to utter destruction,º therefore thy lifeº shall go² for² his life,º and thy peopleº for² his people.º 43 And the kingº of Israelº went¹ª² to² his houseº heavyº and displeased,º and cameºª to Samaria.º