NASB — Mark 12 — KJV

Parable of the Vine-growers

1 aAnd He began to speak to them in parables: bA man cPLANTED A VINEYARD AND PUT A IWALL AROUND IT, AND DUG A VAT UNDER THE WINE PRESS AND BUILT A TOWER, and rented it out to IIvine-growers and went on a journey. 2 At the [harvest] time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, in order to receive [some] of the produce of the vineyard from the vine-growers. 3 They took him, and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4 Again he sent them another slave, and they wounded him in the head, and treated him shamefully. 5 And he sent another, and that one they killed; and [so with] many others, beating some and killing others. 6 He had one more [to send], a beloved son; he sent him last [of all] to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7 But those vine-growers said to one another, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!’ 8 They took him, and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. 9 What will the Iowner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vine-growers, and will give the vineyard to others. 10 Have you not even read this Scripture:
  aTHE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED,
  THIS BECAME THE CHIEF CORNER [stone];
  11 aTHIS CAME ABOUT FROM THE LORD,
  AND IT IS MARVELOUS IN OUR EYES’?”

[1] IOr fence IIOr tenant farmers, also vv 2, 7, 9 aMk 3:23; 4:2ff bMk 12:1-12: Mt 21:33-46; Lk 20:9-19 cIs 5:1, 2
[9] ILit lord
[10] aPs 118:22
[11] aPs 118:23

12aAnd they were seeking to seize Him, and [yet] they feared the Ipeople, for they understood that He spoke the parable against them. And [so] bthey left Him and went away.

[12] ILit crowd aMk 11:18 bMt 22:22

Jesus Answers the Pharisees, Sadducees and Scribes

13aThen they *sent some of the Pharisees and bHerodians to Him in order to ctrap Him in a statement. 14 They *came and *said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are truthful and Idefer to no one; for You are not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it IIlawful to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not? 15 Shall we pay or shall we not pay?” But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing Me? Bring Me a Idenarius to look at.” 16 They brought [one]. And He *said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” And they said to Him, “Caesar’s.” 17 And Jesus said to them, aRender to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they Iwere amazed at Him.

[13] aMk 12:13-17: Mt 22:15-22; Lk 20:20-26 bMt 22:16 cLk 11:54
[14] ILit it is not a concern to You about anyone; i.e. You do not seek anyone’s favor IIOr permissible
[15] IThe denarius was a day’s wages
[17] IOr were greatly marveling aMt 22:21

18a[Some] Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) *came to Jesus, and [began] questioning Him, saying, 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that aIF A MANS BROTHER DIES and leaves behind a wife AND LEAVES NO CHILD, HIS BROTHER SHOULD IMARRY THE WIFE AND RAISE UP CHILDREN TO HIS BROTHER. 20 There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and died leaving no children. 21 The second one Imarried her, and died leaving behind no children; and the third likewise; 22 and [so] Iall seven left no children. Last of all the woman died also. 23 In the resurrection, Iwhen they rise again, which one’s wife will she be? For IIall seven had married her.” 24 Jesus said to them, “Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you do not Iunderstand the Scriptures or the power of God? 25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26 But Iregarding the fact that the dead rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, ain the [passage] about [the burning] bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘bI AM THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE GOD OF JACOB’? 27 aHe is not the God Iof the dead, but of the living; you are greatly mistaken.”

[18] aMk 12:18-27: Mt 22:23-33; Lk 20:27-38; Ac 23:8
[19] ILit take aDt 25:5
[21] ILit took
[22] ILit the seven
[23] IEarly mss do not contain when they rise again IILit the seven
[24] IOr know
[26] ILit concerning the dead, that they rise aLk 20:37; Ro 11:2 bEx 3:6
[27] IOr of corpses aMt 22:32; Lk 20:38

28aOne of the scribes came and heard them arguing, and brecognizing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “What commandment is the Iforemost of all?” 29 Jesus answered, “The foremost is, ‘aHEAR, O ISRAEL! THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD; 30 aAND YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND, AND WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH.’ 31 The second is this, ‘aYOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” 32 The scribe said to Him, “Right, Teacher; You have truly stated that aHE IS ONE, AND THERE IS NO ONE ELSE BESIDES HIM; 33 aAND TO LOVE HIM WITH ALL THE HEART AND WITH ALL THE UNDERSTANDING AND WITH ALL THE STRENGTH, AND TO LOVE ONES NEIGHBOR AS HIMSELF, bis much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 When Jesus saw that he had answered intelligently, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” aAfter that, no one would venture to ask Him any more questions.

[28] IOr first aMk 12:28-34: Mt 22:34-40; Lk 10:25-28; 20:39f bMt 22:34; Lk 20:39
[29] aDt 6:4
[30] aDt 6:5
[31] aLv 19:18
[32] aDt 4:35
[33] aDt 6:5 b1S 15:22; Ho 6:6; Mi 6:6-8; Mt 9:13; 12:7
[34] aMt 22:46

35aAnd Jesus [began] to say, as He btaught in the temple, “How [is it that] the scribes say that Ithe Christ is the cson of David? 36 David himself said Iin the Holy Spirit,
  aTHE LORD SAID TO MY LORD,
  “SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND,
  UNTIL I PUT YOUR ENEMIES BENEATH YOUR FEET.”’
37 David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; so in what sense is He his son?” And athe large crowd Ienjoyed listening to Him.

[35] II.e. the Messiah aMk 12:35-37: Mt 22:41-46; Lk 20:41-44 bMt 26:55; Mk 10:1 cMt 9:27
[36] IOr by aPs 110:1
[37] ILit was gladly hearing Him aJn 12:9

38aIn His teaching He was saying: “Beware of the scribes who like to walk around in long robes, and [like] brespectful greetings in the market places, 39 and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets, 40 awho devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers; these will receive greater condemnation.”

[38] aMk 12:38-40: Mt 23:1-7; Lk 20:45-47 bMt 23:7; Lk 11:43
[40] aLk 20:47

The Widow’s Mite

41aAnd He sat down opposite bthe treasury, and [began] observing how the people were cputting Imoney into the treasury; and many rich people were putting in large sums. 42 A poor widow came and put in two Ismall copper coins, which amount to a IIcent. 43 Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all Ithe contributors to the treasury; 44 for they all put in out of their Isurplus, but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, IIall she had ato live on.”

[41] II.e. copper coins aMk 12:41-44: Lk 21:1-4 bJn 8:20 c2K 12:9
[42] IGr lepta IIGr quadrans; i.e. 1/64 of a denarius
[43] ILit those who were putting in
[44] IOr abundance IILit her whole livelihood aLk 8:43; 15:12, 30; 21:4


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In a parable of the vineyard let out to unthankful husbandmen, Christ foretelleth the reprobation of the Jews, and the calling of the Gentiles.

1 ¶ And he began to speak unto them by parables. A [certain] man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about [it], and digged [a place for] the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. 2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. 3 And they caught [him], and beat him, and sent [him] away empty. 4 And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded [him] in the head, and sent [him] away shamefully handled. 5 And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some. 6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son. 7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours. 8 And they took him, and killed [him], and cast [him] out of the vineyard. 9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. 10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: 11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? 12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.

[1] Ne 9:13; Ps 78:68; 80:8; 147:19; So 8:11; Is 5:1; 7:23; Jr 2:21; Ezk 20:11, 18, 49; Mt 13:10, 34; 21:28, 33; 22:1; 25:14; Mk 4:2, 11, 33; 13:34; Lk 8:10; 13:6; 15:13; 19:12; 20:9; 22:9; Jn 15:1; Ac 7:38, 46; Ro 3:1; 9:4; 11:17.
[2] Jg 6:8; 2K 17:13; 2Ch 36:15; Ezr 9:11; Ps 1:3; Jr 25:4; 35:15; 44:4; Mi 7:1; Zc 1:3; 7:7; Mt 21:34; Lk 12:48; 20:10; Jn 15:1; He 1:1.
[3] 1K 18:4, 13; 19:10, 14; 22:27; 2Ch 16:10; 24:19; 36:16; Ne 9:26; Jr 2:30; 20:2; 26:20; 29:26; 37:15; 38:4; 44:4, 16; Dn 9:10; Zc 7:9; Mt 23:34; Lk 11:47; 13:33; 20:10; Ac 7:52; 1Th 2:15; He 11:36.
[5] Ne 9:30; Jr 7:25; Mt 5:12; 21:35; 22:6; 23:37; Mk 9:13; Lk 6:22, 36.
[6] Gn 22:2, 12; 37:3, 11; 44:20; Ps 2:7, 12; Is 42:1; Mt 1:23; 3:17; 11:27; 17:5; 26:63; Mk 1:11; 9:7; Lk 3:22; 9:35; Jn 1:14, 18, 34, 49; 3:16, 35; 5:23; He 1:1, 6; 1Jn 4:9; 5:11; Rv 5:9.
[7] Gn 3:15; 37:20; Ps 2:2; 22:12; Is 49:7; 53:7; Mt 2:3, 16; Mk 12:12; Jn 11:47; Ac 2:23; 5:28; 7:52; 13:27.
[8] Mt 21:33, 39; Lk 20:15; He 13:11.
[9] Lv 26:15, 23, 27; Dt 4:26; 28:15, 61; Jsh 23:15; Pv 1:24; Is 5:5; 29:17; 32:15; 65:15; Jr 17:3; Dn 9:26; Zc 13:7; Mal 1:11; Mt 3:9; 8:11; 12:45; 21:40, 43; 22:7; 23:34; Lk 19:27, 41; 20:15; Ac 13:46; 28:23; Ro 9:30; 10:20; 11:1.
[10] Ps 118:22; Is 28:16; Mt 12:3; 19:4; 21:16, 42; 22:31; Mk 2:25; 12:26; 13:14; Lk 6:3; 20:17; Ac 4:11; Ro 9:33; Ep 2:20; 1P 2:7.
[11] Nu 23:23; Hab 1:5; Ac 2:12, 32; 3:12; 13:40; Ep 3:8; Col 1:27; 1Ti 3:16.
[12] 2S 12:7; 1K 20:38; 21:17; Mt 21:26, 45; Mk 11:18, 32; Lk 20:6, 19; Jn 7:25, 30, 44.

He avoideth the snare of the Pharisees and Herodians about paying tribute to Caesar:

13 ¶ And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in [his] words. 14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? 15 Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see [it]. 16 And they brought [it]. And he saith unto them, Whose [is] this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's. 17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.

[13] Ps 38:12; 56:5; 140:5; Is 29:21; Jr 18:18; Mt 16:6; 22:15; Mk 3:6; 8:15; Lk 11:54; 20:20.
[14] Ex 23:2; Dt 16:19; 33:9; 2Ch 18:13; 19:7; Ezr 4:12; Ne 9:37; Ps 12:2; 55:21; 120:2; Pv 26:23; Is 50:7; Jr 15:19; 42:2, 20; Ezk 2:6; Mi 3:8; Mt 17:25; 22:17; Mk 14:45; Lk 20:22; 23:2; Jn 7:18; Ro 13:6; 2Co 2:2, 17; 4:1; 5:11, 16; Ga 1:10; 2:6, 11; 1Th 2:4.
[15] Ezk 17:2; Mt 18:28; 22:18; Mk 10:2; Lk 20:23; Jn 2:24; 21:17; Ac 5:9; 1Co 10:9; He 4:13; Rv 2:23.
[16] Mt 22:19; Lk 20:24; 2Ti 2:19; Rv 3:12.
[17] Jb 5:12; Pv 23:26; 24:21; Ec 5:4; Mal 1:6; Mt 17:25; 22:22, 33, 46; Mk 12:30; Ac 4:19; Ro 6:13; 12:1; 13:7; 1Co 6:19; 14:24; 2Co 5:14; 1P 2:17.

convinceth the error of the Sadducees, who denied the resurrection:

18 ¶ Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, 19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave [his] wife [behind him], and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 20 Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. 21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise. 22 And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also. 23 In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife. 24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God? 25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven. 26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I [am] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? 27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.

[18] Mt 22:23; Lk 20:27; Ac 4:1; 23:6; 1Co 15:13; 2Ti 2:18.
[19] Gn 38:8; Dt 25:5; Ru 1:11; 4:5.
[20] Mt 22:25; Lk 20:29.
[24] Gn 18:14; Jb 19:25; Is 8:20; 25:8; 26:19; Jr 8:7; 32:17; Ezk 37:1; Dn 12:2; Ho 6:2, 6; 8:12; 13:14; Mt 22:29; Mk 10:27; Lk 1:37; Jn 5:39; 20:9; Ac 17:11; Ro 15:4; Ep 1:19; Php 3:21; 2Ti 3:15.
[25] Mt 22:30; Lk 20:35; 1Co 15:42; He 12:22; 1Jn 3:2.
[26] Gn 17:7; 26:24; 28:13; 31:42; 32:9; 33:20; Ex 3:2, 16; Is 41:8; Mt 22:31; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:37; Ac 7:30.
[27] Pv 19:27; Mk 12:24; Ro 4:17; 14:9; He 3:10; 11:13.

resolveth the scribe, who questioned of the first commandment:

28 ¶ And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all? 29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment. 31 And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these. 32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he: 33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices. 34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him [any question].

[28] Mt 5:19; 19:18; 22:34; 23:23; Lk 11:42.
[29] Dt 6:4; 10:12; 30:6; Pv 23:26; Mt 10:37; Mk 12:32; Lk 10:27; 1Ti 1:5.
[31] Lv 19:13; Mt 7:12; 19:18; 22:39; Lk 10:27, 36; Ro 13:8; 1Co 13:4; Ga 5:14; Jm 2:8; 1Jn 3:17; 4:7, 21.
[32] Dt 4:39; 5:7; 6:4; Is 44:8; 45:5, 14, 18, 21; 46:9; Jr 10:10.
[33] 1S 15:22; Ps 50:8, 23; Pv 21:3; Is 1:11; 58:5; Jr 7:21; Ho 6:6; Am 5:21; Mi 6:6; Mt 9:13; 12:7; 1Co 13:1.
[34] Jb 32:15; Mt 12:20; 22:46; Lk 20:40; Ro 3:19, 20; 7:9; Ga 2:19; Col 4:6; Tit 1:9.

refuseth the opinion that the scribes held of Christ:

35 ¶ And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David? 36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool. 37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he [then] his son? And the common people heard him gladly.

[35] Mt 22:41; Mk 11:27; Lk 19:47; 20:1, 41; 21:37; Jn 7:42; 18:20.
[36] 2S 23:2; Ne 9:30; Ps 110:1; Mt 22:43; Ac 1:16; 2:34; 28:25; 1Co 15:25; 2Ti 3:16; He 1:13; 3:7; 4:7; 10:12; 1P 1:11; 2P 1:21.
[37] Mt 1:23; 11:5, 25; 21:46; Lk 19:48; 21:38; Jn 7:46; Ro 1:3; 9:5; 1Ti 3:16; Jm 2:5; Rv 22:16.

bidding the people to beware of their ambition and hypocrisy:

38 ¶ And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and [love] salutations in the marketplaces, 39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: 40 Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

[38] Mt 6:5; 10:17; 23:1; Mk 4:2; Lk 11:43; 14:7; 20:45; 3Jn 1:9.
[39] Jm 2:2.
[40] Ezk 22:25; Mi 2:2; 3:1; Mt 6:7; 11:22; 23:14, 33; Lk 12:47; 20:47; 2Ti 3:6.

and commendeth the poor widow for her two mites, above all.

41 ¶ And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much. 42 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. 43 And he called [unto him] his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury: 44 For all [they] did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, [even] all her living.

[41] 2K 12:9; Mt 10:9; 27:6; Lk 21:2; Jn 8:20.
[42] Mk 12:42.
[43] Ex 35:21; Mt 10:42; Ac 11:29; 2Co 8:2, 12; 9:6.
[44] Dt 24:6; 1Ch 29:2; 2Ch 24:10; 31:5; 35:7; Ezr 2:68; Ne 7:70; Mk 14:8; Lk 8:43; 15:12, 30; 21:2; 2Co 8:2; Php 4:10; 1Jn 3:17.


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