NASB — 2 Chronicles 36 — KJV

Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, then Jehoiachin Rule

1 aThen the people of the land took IbJoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in place of his father in Jerusalem. 2 Joahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 3 Then the king of Egypt deposed him at Jerusalem, and imposed on the land a fine of one hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold. 4 The king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But aNeco took Joahaz his brother and brought him to Egypt.

[1] II.e. short form of Jehoahaz a2K 23:30-34 bJr 22:11
[4] aJr 22:10-12

5aJehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did evil in the sight of the LORD his God. 6 Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up aagainst him and bbound him with bronze [chains] to take him to Babylon. 7 aNebuchadnezzar also brought [some] of the articles of the house of the LORD to Babylon and put them in his temple at Babylon. 8 aNow the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and Ithe abominations which he did, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son became king in his place.

[5] a2K 23:36, 37; Jr 22:13-19; 26:1; 35:1
[6] a2K 24:1; Jr 25:1-9 b2Ch 33:11
[7] a2K 24:13
[8] ILit his a2K 24:5

9aJehoiachin was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem, and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.

[9] a2K 24:8-17

Captivity in Babylon Begun

10 aAt the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of the LORD, and he made his kinsman bZedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem.

[10] a2S 11:1; Jr 22:25; 24:1; 29:1; Ezk 17:12 bJr 37:1

Zedekiah Rules in Judah

11aZedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12 He did evil in the sight of the LORD his God; ahe did not humble himself bbefore Jeremiah the prophet Iwho spoke for the LORD. 13 aHe also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar who had made him swear [allegiance] by God. But bhe stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the LORD God of Israel. 14 Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful [following] all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of the LORD which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.

[11] a2K 24:18-20; Jr 27:1; 28:1; 52:1
[12] ILit from the mouth of the LORD a2Ch 33:23 bJr 21:3-7
[13] aJr 52:3; Ezk 17:15 b2Ch 30:8

15 ¶ The LORD, the God of their fathers, asent [word] to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place; 16 but they [continually] amocked the messengers of God, bdespised His words and scoffed at His prophets, cuntil the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy. 17 aTherefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave [them] all into his hand. 18 aAll the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought [them] all to Babylon. 19 Then athey burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles. 20 Those who had escaped from the sword he acarried away to Babylon; and bthey were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, 21 ato fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until bthe land had enjoyed its sabbaths. cAll the days of its desolation it kept sabbath Iduntil seventy years were complete.

[15] aJr 7:13; 25:3
[16] a2Ch 30:10; Jr 5:12, 13 bPv 1:24-32 cEzr 5:12
[17] a2K 25:1-7; Jr 21:1-10
[18] a2Ch 36:7, 10
[19] a1K 9:8; 2K 25:9; Jr 52:13
[20] a2K 25:11 bJr 27:7
[21] ILit to fulfill seventy years aJr 29:10 bLv 26:34 cLv 25:4 dJr 25:11

Cyrus Permits Return

22aNow in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to fulfill the word of the LORD bby the mouth of Jeremiah—the LORD cstirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also [put it] in writing, saying, 23 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the LORD his God be with him, and let him go up!’”

[22] aEzr 1:1-3 bJr 25:12; 29:10 cIs 44:28


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Jehoahaz succeeding is deposed by Pharaoh, and carried into Egypt.

1 ¶ Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem. 2 Jehoahaz [was] twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 3 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.

[1] 2K 23:30, 31; 1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 26:1; 33:25; Jr 22:11.
[3] 2K 23:33.
[4] 2K 23:34; 1Ch 3:15; Jr 22:10; Ezk 19:3.

Jehoiakim reigning ill is carried bound into Babylon.

5 ¶ Jehoiakim [was] twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD his God. 6 Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon. 7 Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon. 8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they [are] written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

[5] 2K 23:36; Jr 22:13; 26:21; 36:1, 27.
[6] 2K 24:1, 5, 13; Ezk 19:5; Dn 1:1; Hab 1:5.
[7] 2K 24:13; Ezr 1:7; Jr 27:16; 28:3; Dn 5:2.
[8] 2K 24:5; 1Ch 3:16; Jr 22:24, 28; Mt 1:11.

Jehoiachin succeeding reigneth ill, and is brought into Babylon.

9 ¶ Jehoiachin [was] eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD. 10 And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.

[9] 2K 24:8.
[10] 2K 24:10, 17; 25:27; 1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 36:7; Jr 27:18; 29:2; 37:1; Ezk 1:2; Dn 1:1; 5:2, 23.

Zedekiah succeeding reigneth ill, and despiseth the prophets, and rebelleth against Nebuchadnezzar.

11 ¶ Zedekiah [was] one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD his God, [and] humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet [speaking] from the mouth of the LORD. 13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.

[11] 2K 24:18; Jr 52:1.
[12] Ex 10:3; 2Ch 32:26; 33:12, 19, 23; 35:22; Jr 21:1; 27:12; 28:1; 34:2; 37:2; 38:14; Dn 5:22; Jm 4:10; 1P 5:6.
[13] Ex 8:15, 32; 9:17; Jsh 9:15, 19; 2S 21:2; 2K 17:4; 24:20; Ne 9:16, 29; Is 48:4; Jr 52:2; Ezk 17:11; Ro 2:4; He 3:8, 13.

Jerusalem, for the sins of the priests and people, is wholly destroyed.

14 ¶ Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem. 15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till [there was] no remedy. 17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave [them] all into his hand. 18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all [these] he brought to Babylon. 19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. 20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: 21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: [for] as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.

[14] 2K 16:10; 2Ch 28:3; 33:4, 9; Ezr 9:7; Jr 5:5; 37:13; 38:4; Ezk 8:5; 22:6, 26; Dn 9:6, 8; Mi 3:1, 9; 7:2; Zp 3:3.
[15] Jg 10:16; 2K 13:23; 17:13; 2Ch 24:18; 33:10; Jr 25:3; 26:5; 35:15; 44:4; Ho 11:8; Lk 19:41.
[16] 2Ch 30:10; Ps 35:16; 74:1; 79:1; Pv 1:24; 6:15; 29:1; Is 28:22; Jr 5:12; 20:7; 32:3; 38:6; Mt 5:12; 21:33; Lk 16:14; 18:32; 22:63; 23:11, 36; Ac 2:13; 7:52; 13:41; 17:32; 1Th 4:8; He 11:36.
[17] Lv 26:14; Dt 28:15, 49, 50; 29:18; 30:18; 31:16; 32:15; 2K 24:2; 25:1; 2Ch 24:21; 33:11; Ezr 9:7; Ps 74:20; 79:2; Jr 15:8, 9; 18:21; 32:42; 39:1; 40:3; 52:1; Lm 2:20, 21; Ezk 9:5; Dn 9:14; Lk 13:1.
[18] 2K 20:13; 25:13; 2Ch 36:7, 10; Is 39:6; Jr 27:18; 52:17; Dn 5:3; Zc 1:6.
[19] 2K 25:9, 10; Ps 74:4; 79:1, 7; Is 64:10; Jr 7:4, 14; 52:13, 14; Lm 4:1; Mi 3:12; Lk 21:6.
[20] Dt 28:47; 2Ch 36:22; Ezr 1:1; Jr 27:7.
[21] Lv 25:4; 26:34, 43; Jr 25:9, 12; 26:6; 27:12; 29:10; Dn 9:2; Zc 1:4, 12.

The proclamation of Cyrus.

22 ¶ Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD [spoken] by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and [put it] also in writing, saying, 23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which [is] in Judah. Who [is there] among you of all his people? The LORD his God [be] with him, and let him go up.

[22] 1S 26:19; 1K 11:14, 23; 1Ch 5:26; 2Ch 21:16; 24:9; 30:5; 36:21; Ezr 1:1, 5; Is 13:3, 17; 44:28; 45:1; Jr 25:12, 14; 29:10; 32:42; 33:10; Dn 10:1; Hg 1:14; He 10:23.
[23] 1Ch 22:16; 29:5; Ezr 7:13; Ps 75:5; Is 44:26; Dn 2:21, 37; 4:35; 5:18, 23; Zc 2:6; Ro 8:31.


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