1 Now there was aa famine° in the days° of David° for three° years°, year° after° year°; and bDavid° sought° the presence° of the LORD°. And the LORD° said°, “It is for Saul° and his bloody° house°, because°° he put° the Gibeonites° to death°.” 2 So the king° called° the Gibeonites° and spoke° to them (now the Gibeonites° were not of the sons° of Israel° but of the remnant° of the Amorites°, and athe sons° of Israel° Imade° a covenant° with them, but Saul° had sought° to IIkill° them in his zeal° for the sons° of Israel° and Judah°). 3 Thus David° said° to the Gibeonites°, “What° should I do° for you? And how° can I make° atonement° that you may bless° athe inheritance° of the LORD°?” 4 Then the Gibeonites° said° to him, “aWe have° no° [concern] of silver° or gold° with Saul° or his house°, nor° is it for us to put° any° man° to death° in Israel°.” And he said°, “I will do° for you whatever° you say°.” 5 So they said° to the king°, “aThe man° who° consumed° us and who° planned° Ito exterminate° us from remaining° within any° border° of Israel°, 6 let seven° men° from his sons° be given° to us, and we will Ihang° them abefore the LORD° in Gibeah° of Saul°, bthe chosen° of the LORD°.” And the king° said°, “I will give° [them].”
 aGn 12:10; 26:1; 42:5 bNu 27:21
 ILit had sworn to IILit smite aJsh 9:3, 15-20
 a1S 26:19; 2S 20:19
 aNu 35:31, 32
 ILit against us that we should be exterminated a2S 21:1
 ILit expose them aNu 25:4 b1S 10:24
7 ¶ But the king° spared° aMephibosheth°, the son° of Jonathan° the son° of Saul°, bbecause° of the oath° of the LORD° which° was between° them, between° David° and Saul’s° son° Jonathan°. 8 So the king° took° the two° sons° of aRizpah° the daughter° of Aiah°, Armoni° and Mephibosheth° whom° she had borne° to Saul°, and the five° sons° of IbMerab° the daughter° of Saul°, whom° she had borne° to Adriel° the son° of Barzillai° the cMeholathite°. 9 Then he gave° them into the hands° of the Gibeonites°, and they Ihanged° them in the mountain° before° the LORD°, so that the seven° of them fell° together°; and they were put° to death° in the first° days° of harvest° at athe beginning° of barley° harvest°.
 a2S 4:4; 9:10 b1S 18:3; 20:12-17; 23:18; 2S 9:1-7
 ISo Gr and Heb mss a2S 3:7 b1S 18:19 c1K 19:16
 ILit exposed them aEx 9:31, 32
10 ¶ aAnd Rizpah° the daughter° of Aiah° took° sackcloth° and spread° it for herself on the rock°, from the beginning° of harvest° until° Iit rained° on them from the sky°; and bshe IIallowed° neither° the birds° of the sky° to rest° on them by day° nor° the beasts° of the field° by night°. 11 When it was told° David° what° Rizpah° the daughter° of Aiah°, the concubine° of Saul°, had done°, 12 then David° went° and took° athe bones° of Saul° and the bones° of Jonathan° his son° from the men° of Jabesh-gilead°°, who° had stolen° them from the open° square° of bBeth-shan°, cwhere°° the Philistines° had hanged° them on the day° dthe Philistines° struck° down° Saul° in Gilboa°. 13 He brought° up the bones° of Saul° and the bones° of Jonathan° his son° from there°, and they gathered° the bones° of those who had been Ihanged°. 14 They buried° the bones° of Saul° and Jonathan° his son° in the country° of Benjamin° in aZela°, in the grave° of Kish° his father°; thus they did° all° that the king° commanded°, and after° that bGod° was moved° by prayer° for the land°.
 ILit water was poured IILit gave aDt 21:23 b1S 17:44, 46
 a1S 31:11-13 bJsh 17:11 c1S 31:10 d1S 31:3, 4
 ILit exposed
 aJsh 18:28 bJsh 7:26; 2S 24:25
15 ¶ Now when athe Philistines° were at war° again° with Israel°, David° went° down° and his servants° with him; and as they fought° against° the Philistines°, David° became° weary°. 16 Then Ishbi-benob°, who° was aamong the descendants° of the Igiant°, the weight° of whose spear° was three° hundred° [shekels] of bronze° in weight°, IIwas girded° with a new° [sword], and he IIIintended° to kill° David°. 17 But aAbishai° the son° of Zeruiah° helped° him, and struck° the Philistine° and killed° him. Then° the men° of David° swore° to him, saying°, “bYou shall not go° out again° with us to battle°, so° that you do not extinguish° cthe lamp° of Israel°.”
 a2S 5:17-25
 IHeb Raphah IILit and he was IIILit said aNu 13:22, 28; Jsh 15:14; 2S 21:18-22
 a2S 20:6-10 b2S 18:3 c2S 22:29; 1K 11:36
18 ¶ aNow it came° about after° this° that there was war° again° with the Philistines° at Gob°; then° bSibbecai° the Hushathite° struck° down° Saph°, who° was among the descendants° of the Igiant°. 19 There was war° with the Philistines° again° at Gob°, and Elhanan° the son° of Jaare-oregim° the Bethlehemite° Ikilled° IIGoliath° the Gittite°, athe shaft° of whose spear° was like a weaver’s° beam°. 20 There was war° at Gath° again°, where there was a man° of [great] stature° who had six° fingers° on each hand° and six° toes° on each foot°, twenty-four°° in number°; and he also° had been born° ato the Igiant°. 21 When he defied° Israel°, Jonathan° the son° of Shimei°, David’s° brother°, struck° him down°. 22 aThese° four° were born° to the Igiant° in Gath°, and they fell° by the hand° of David° and by the hand° of his servants°.
 IHeb Raphah a1Ch 20:4-8 b1Ch 11:29; 27:11
 ILit smote IIIn 1Ch 20:5, Lahmi, the brother of Goliath a1S 17:7
 IHeb Raphah a2S 21:16, 18
 IHeb Raphah a1Ch 20:8
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The three years' famine for the Gibeonites ceaseth, by hanging seven of Saul's sons.
1 ¶ Then there was² a famineº in the daysº of Davidº threeº years,º yearº afterº year;º and Davidº enquiredºª² of¹ the LORD.º And the LORDº answered,ºª [It is] for² Saul,º and for² [his] bloodyº house,º because²² he slewºª² the Gibeonites.º 2 And the kingº calledºª the Gibeonites,º and saidºª unto² them; (now the Gibeonitesº [were] not² of the childrenº² of Israel,º but²² of the remnantº² of the Amorites;º and the childrenº of Israelº had swornºª unto them: and Saulº soughtºª to slayºª them in his zealºª to the childrenº of Israelº and Judah.)º 3 Wherefore Davidº saidºª unto² the Gibeonites,º What² shall I doºª for you? and wherewith² shall I make the atonement,ºª that ye may blessºª² the inheritanceº of the LORD?º 4 And the Gibeonitesº saidºª unto him, We will have no² silverº nor goldº ofº Saul,º nor of² his house;º neither² for us shalt thou killºª any manº in Israel.º And he said,ºª What² ye² shall say,ºª [that] will I doºª for you. 5 And they answeredºª² the king,º The manº that² consumedºª us, and that² devisedºª against us [that] we should be destroyedºª from remainingºª² in any² of the coastsº of Israel,º 6 Let sevenº men¹² of his sonsº² be deliveredºª unto us, and we will hang² them up¹ª unto the LORDº in Gibeahº of Saul,º [whom] the LORDº did choose.º And the kingº said,ºª I² will giveºª [them]. 7 But the kingº sparedºª² Mephibosheth,º the sonº of Jonathanº the sonº of Saul,º because² of the LORD'Sº oathº that² [was] between² them, between² Davidº and Jonathanº the sonº of Saul.º 8 But the kingº tookºª² the twoº sonsº of Rizpahº the daughterº of Aiah,º whom² she bareºª unto Saul,º² Armoniº and Mephibosheth;º and the fiveº sonsº of Michalº the daughterº of Saul,º whom² she brought upºª for Adrielº the sonº of Barzillaiº the Meholathite:º 9 And he deliveredºª them into the handsº of the Gibeonites,º and they hangedºª them in the hillº beforeº the LORD:º and they fellºª [all] sevenºª¹ together,º and were put to deathºª in the daysº of harvest,º in the firstº [days], in the beginningº of barleyº harvest.º
 Gn 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; 42:1; 43:1; Lv 26:19, 26; Nu 27:21; Jsh 7:1, 11; 1S 22:17; 23:2, 4, 11; 2S 5:19, 23; 1K 17:1; 18:2; 2K 6:25; 8:1; Jb 5:8; 10:2; Ps 50:15; 91:15; Jr 14:1.
 Gn 15:16; Dt 7:16; Jsh 6:19; 9:3; 1S 14:44; 15:8; 2K 10:16, 31; Lk 9:54; Jn 16:2; Ro 10:2; Ga 4:17.
 Ex 32:30; Lv 1:4; 1S 2:25; 2S 20:19; Mi 6:6; He 9:22; 10:4.
 Ps 49:6; 1P 1:18.
 2S 21:1; Es 9:24; Dn 9:26; Mt 7:2.
 Gn 40:19, 22; Nu 25:4; Dt 21:22; Jsh 8:29; 10:26; 1S 9:16; 10:1, 24, 26; 11:4; 2S 17:23; 18:10; Ezr 6:11; Es 9:10, 13; Mt 27:5; Ac 13:21.
 1S 18:3; 20:8, 15, 17, 42; 23:18; 2S 4:4; 9:10; 16:4; 19:25.
 1S 18:19; 2S 3:7.
 Ex 20:5; Nu 35:31; Dt 21:1; Ru 1:22; 1S 15:33; 2S 6:17, 21; 21:6; 2K 24:3.
Rizpah's kindness unto the dead.
10 ¶ And Rizpahº the daughterº of Aiahº tookºª² sackcloth,º and spreadºª it for her upon² the rock,º from the beginningº² of harvestº until² waterº droppedºª upon² them out of² heaven,º and sufferedºª neither² the birdsº of the airº to restºª on² them by day,º nor the beastsº of the fieldº by night.º 11 And it was toldºª Davidº² what² Rizpahº the daughterº of Aiah,º the concubineº of Saul,º had done.ºª
 Gn 40:19; Dt 11:14; 21:13; 2S 3:7; 21:8, 9; 1K 18:41; 21:27; Jr 5:24; 14:22; Ezk 39:4; Ho 6:3; Jol 1:18; 2:23; Zc 10:1.
 Ru 2:11; 2S 2:4.
David burrieth the bones of Saul and Jonathan in his father's sepulchre.
12 ¶ And Davidº went¹ª² and tookºª² the bonesº of Saulº and the bonesº of Jonathanº his sonº from²² the menº of Jabeshgilead,ºº which² had stolenºª them from the streetº² of Bethshan,º where²² the Philistinesº had hangedºªª¹ them, whenº the Philistinesº had slainºª² Saulº in Gilboa:º 13 And he brought upºª from thence²²² the bonesº of Saulº and the bonesº of Jonathanº his son;º and they gatheredºª² the bonesº of them that were hanged.ºª 14 And² the bonesº of Saulº and Jonathanº his sonº buriedºª they in the countryº of Benjaminº in Zelah,º in the sepulchreº of Kishº his father:º and they performedºª all² that² the kingº commanded.ºª And after¹ that²² Godº was intreatedºª for the land.º
 Jsh 17:11; 1S 28:4; 31:1, 10, 11; 2S 1:6, 21; 2:5; 1Ch 10:1, 8.
 Ex 32:27; Nu 25:13; Jsh 7:26; 18:28; 1S 10:2; 2S 3:32; 4:12; 24:25; 1K 18:40; Jr 14:1; Jol 2:18; Am 7:1; Jna 1:15; Zc 6:8.
Four battles against the Philistines, wherein four valiants of David slay four giants.
15 ¶ Moreover the Philistinesº had² yet warº again with² Israel;º and Davidº went down,ºª and his servantsº with² him, and fought¹ª against²² the Philistines:º and Davidº waxed faint.ºª 16 And Ishbibenob,º which² [was] of the sonsº of the giant,¹² the weightº of whose spearº [weighed] threeº hundredº [shekels] of brassº in weight,º he² being girdedºª with a newº [sword], thoughtºª to have slainºª² David.º 17 But Abishaiº the sonº of Zeruiahº succouredºª him, and smoteºª² the Philistine,º and killedºª him. Then² the men¹² of Davidº swareºª unto him, saying,ºª Thou shalt goºª no² more² out with us to battle,º that thou quenchºª not²² the lightº of Israel.º 18 And it came to pass² after² this,¹² that there was² again² a battleº with² the Philistinesº at Gob:º then² Sibbechaiº the Hushathiteº slewºª² Saph,º which² [was] of the sonsº of the giant.¹² 19 And there was² again² a battleº in Gobº with² the Philistines,º where Elhananº the sonº of Jaareoregim,º a Bethlehemite,º slewºª [the brother of]² Goliathº the Gittite,º the staffº of whose spearº [was] like a weaver'sºª beam.º 20 And there was² yet² a battleº in Gath,º where was² a manº of [great] stature,º¹ª that had on every handº sixº fingers,º and on every footº sixº toes,º fourº and twentyº in number;º and he² also² was bornºª to the giant.¹² 21 And when he defiedºª² Israel,º Jonathanº the sonº of Shimeaº the brotherº of Davidº slewºª him. 22 These²² fourº were bornºª to the giant¹² in Gath,º and fellºª by the handº of David,º and by the handº of his servants.º
 Jsh 14:10; 2S 5:17, 22; 1Ch 20:4; Ps 71:9, 18; 73:26; Ec 12:3; Is 40:28; Jr 9:23; 1P 1:24.
 Gn 6:4; 14:5; Nu 13:32; Dt 1:28; 2:10, 21; 3:11; 9:2; 1S 17:4, 45; 2S 5:18; 21:18, 20.
 2S 14:7; 18:3; 20:6; 22:19; 1K 11:36; 15:4; Ps 46:1; 132:17; 144:10; Jn 1:8; 5:35.
 2S 21:16, 20; 1Ch 11:29; 20:4.
 1S 17:4; 1Ch 11:26; 20:5.
 2S 21:16, 18; 1Ch 20:6.
 1S 16:9; 17:3, 10, 25, 36; 2K 19:13; 1Ch 2:13; 27:32.
 Jsh 14:12; 1Ch 20:8; Ps 60:12; 108:13; 118:15; Ec 9:11; Jr 9:23; Ro 8:31, 37.
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