NASB — 2 Samuel 19 — KJV

Joab Reproves David’s Lament

1 Then it was told Joab, “Behold, athe king is weeping and mourns for Absalom.” 2 The Ivictory that day was turned to mourning for all the people, for the people heard [it] said that day, “The king is grieved for his son.” 3 So the people went by stealth into the city that day, as people who are humiliated steal away when they flee in battle. 4 The king acovered his face and Icried out with a loud voice, “bO my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!” 5 Then Joab came into the house to the king and said, “Today you have covered with shame the faces of all your servants, who today have saved your life and the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines, 6 by loving those who hate you, and by hating those who love you. For you have shown today that Iprinces and servants are nothing to you; for I know this day that if Absalom were alive and all of us were dead today, then IIyou would be pleased. 7 Now therefore arise, go out and speak Ikindly to your servants, for I swear by the LORD, if you do not go out, surely anot a man will pass the night with you, and this will be worse for you than all the evil that has come upon you from your youth until now.”

[1] a2S 18:5, 14
[2] ILit salvation
[4] ILit the king cried a2S 15:30 b2S 18:33
[6] IOr commanders IILit it would be right in your eyes
[7] ILit to the heart aPv 14:28

David Restored as King

8 So the king arose and sat in the gate. When they told all the people, saying, “Behold, the king is asitting in the gate,” then all the people came before the king.

¶ Now bIsrael had fled, each to his tent. 9 All the people were quarreling throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, “aThe king delivered us from the Ihand of our enemies and bsaved us from the Ihand of the Philistines, but now che has fled out of the land from Absalom. 10 However, Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. Now then, why are you silent about bringing the king back?”

[8] a2S 15:2; 18:24 b2S 18:17
[9] ILit palm a2S 8:1-14 b2S 5:20; 8:1 c2S 15:14

11 ¶ Then King David sent to aZadok and Abiathar the priests, saying, “Speak to the elders of Judah, saying, ‘Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house, since the word of all Israel has come to the king, [even] to his house? 12 You are my brothers; ayou are my bone and my flesh. Why then should you be the last to bring back the king?’ 13 Say to aAmasa, ‘Are you not my bone and my flesh? bMay God do so to me, and more also, if you will not be ccommander of the army before me continually din place of Joab.’” 14 Thus he turned the hearts of all the men of Judah aas one man, so that they sent [word] to the king, [saying], “Return, you and all your servants.” 15 The king then returned and came as far as the Jordan. And Judah came to aGilgal in order to go to meet the king, to bring the king across the Jordan.

[11] a2S 15:29
[12] a2S 5:1
[13] a2S 17:25 b1K 19:2 c2S 8:16 d2S 3:27-39; 19:5-7
[14] aJg 20:1
[15] aJsh 5:9; 1S 11:14, 15

16 ¶ Then aShimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite who was from Bahurim, hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet King David. 17 There were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, with aZiba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they rushed to the Jordan before the king. 18 Then they kept crossing the ford to bring over the king’s household, and to do what was good in his sight. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king as he was about to cross the Jordan. 19 So he said to the king, “aLet not my lord consider me guilty, nor remember what your servant did wrong on the day when my lord the king came out from Jerusalem, so that the king would Itake [it] to heart. 20 For your servant knows that I have sinned; therefore behold, I have come today, athe first of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.” 21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah said, “aShould not Shimei be put to death for this, bbecause he cursed the LORDS anointed?” 22 David then said, “aWhat have I to do with you, O sons of Zeruiah, that you should this day be an adversary to me? bShould any man be put to death in Israel today? For do I not know that I am king over Israel today?” 23 The king said to Shimei, “aYou shall not die.” Thus the king swore to him.

[16] a2S 16:5-13; 1K 2:8
[17] a2S 16:1-4; 19:26, 27
[19] ILit set a1S 22:15; 2S 16:6-8
[20] a2S 16:5
[21] a2S 16:7, 8 bEx 22:28
[22] a2S 3:39; 16:9, 10 b1S 11:13
[23] a1K 2:8

24 ¶ Then aMephibosheth the Ison of Saul came down to meet the king; and bhe had neither IIcared for his feet, nor IItrimmed his mustache, nor cwashed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came [home] in peace. 25 It was when he came from Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said to him, “aWhy did you not go with me, Mephibosheth?” 26 So he answered, “O my lord, the king, my servant deceived me; for your servant said, ‘I will saddle a donkey for myself that I may ride on it and go with the king,’ abecause your servant is lame. 27 Moreover, ahe has slandered your servant to my lord the king; but my lord the king is blike the angel of God, therefore do what is good in your sight. 28 For aall my father’s household was nothing but dead men before my lord the king; byet you set your servant among those who ate at your own table. What right do I have yet that I should Icomplain anymore to the king?” 29 So the king said to him, “Why do you still speak of your affairs? I have Idecided, ‘You and Ziba shall divide the land.’” 30 Mephibosheth said to the king, “Let him even take it all, since my lord the king has come safely to his own house.”

[24] II.e. grandson IILit done a2S 9:6-10 b2S 12:20 cEx 19:10
[25] a2S 16:17
[26] a2S 9:3
[27] a2S 16:3, 4 b2S 14:17, 20
[28] ILit cry out a2S 21:6-9 b2S 9:7, 10, 13
[29] ILit said

31 ¶ Now aBarzillai the Gileadite had come down from Rogelim; and he went on to the Jordan with the king to Iescort him over the Jordan. 32 Now Barzillai was very old, being eighty years old; and he had Iasustained the king while he stayed at Mahanaim, for he was a very great man. 33 The king said to Barzillai, “You cross over with me and I will Isustain you in Jerusalem with me.” 34 But Barzillai said to the king, “aHow long Ihave I yet to live, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem? 35 I am Inow aeighty years old. Can I distinguish between good and bad? Or can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Or can I hear anymore bthe voice of singing men and women? cWhy then should your servant be an added burden to my lord the king? 36 Your servant would merely cross over the Jordan with the king. Why should the king compensate me [with] this reward? 37 Please let your servant return, that I may die in my own city near the grave of my father and my mother. However, here is your servant aChimham, let him cross over with my lord the king, and do for him what is good in your sight.” 38 The king answered, “Chimham shall cross over with me, and I will do for him what is good in your sight; and whatever you Irequire of me, I will do for you.” 39 All the people crossed over the Jordan and the king crossed too. The king then akissed Barzillai and blessed him, and he returned to his place.

[31] ILit send a2S 17:27-29; 1K 2:7
[32] IOr provided food for a2S 17:27-29
[33] IOr provide food for
[34] ILit are the days of the years of my life aGn 47:8
[35] ILit today aPs 90:10 bEc 2:8; Is 5:11, 12 c2S 15:33
[37] a2S 19:40; 1K 2:7; Jr 41:17
[38] ILit choose
[39] aGn 31:55; Ru 1:14; 2S 14:33

40 ¶ Now the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him; and all the people of Judah and also ahalf the people of Israel Iaccompanied the king. 41 And behold, all the men of Israel came to the king and said to the king, “aWhy had our brothers bthe men of Judah stolen you away, and brought the king and his household and all David’s men with him over the Jordan?” 42 Then all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, “Because athe king is a close relative to Ius. Why then IIare you angry about this matter? Have we eaten at all at the king’s [expense], or has IIIanything been taken for us?” 43 But the men of Israel answered the men of Judah and said, “IaWe have ten parts in the king, therefore Iwe also have more [claim] on David than you. Why then did you treat us with contempt? Was it not Iour advice first to bring back Iour king?” Yet the words of the men of Judah were harsher than the words of the men of Israel.

[40] ILit crossed over with a2S 19:9, 10
[41] aJg 8:1; 12:1 b2S 19:11, 12
[42] ILit me IILit is it hot to you IIIOr a gift a2S 19:12
[43] ISingular in Heb a2S 5:1; 1K 11:30, 31


New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Joab causeth the king to cease mourning.

1 ¶ And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom. 2 And the victory that day was [turned] into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son. 3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. 4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son! 5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines; 6 In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well. 7 Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now. 8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.

[1] 2S 18:5, 12, 14, 20, 33; Pv 17:25.
[2] Pv 16:15; 19:12.
[3] Gn 31:27; 2S 17:24; 19:32.
[4] 2S 15:30; 18:33.
[5] Ne 9:27; Ps 3:8; 18:47.
[6] 2S 3:24; Jb 34:18; Pv 19:9; Ac 23:5.
[7] Gn 34:3; Ps 71:4, 9, 18; 129:1; Pv 14:28; 19:15; Is 40:1; Ho 2:14.
[8] 2S 18:4, 6, 24; 19:3; 1K 22:36; 2K 14:12.

The Israelites are earnest to bring the king back.

9 ¶ And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for Absalom. 10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?

[9] Gn 3:12; Ex 32:24; 1S 17:50; 18:5, 25; 19:5; 2S 8:10; 15:14; Jm 3:14.
[10] Jg 18:9; 2S 15:12; 18:14; Ho 8:4.

David sendeth to the priests to incite them of Judah.

11 ¶ And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, [even] to his house. 12 Ye [are] my brethren, ye [are] my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king? 13 And say ye to Amasa, [Art] thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab. 14 And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as [the heart of] one man; so that they sent [this word] unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants. 15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.

[11] 2S 15:29, 35; 1K 2:25, 35; Mt 5:16; 2Co 5:20; 2Th 3:9.
[12] Gn 2:23; Jg 9:2; 2S 5:1; Ep 5:30.
[13] Ru 1:17; 2S 3:29; 8:16; 17:25; 18:11; 19:5; 1K 19:2; 1Ch 2:16; 12:18.
[14] Jg 20:1; Ps 110:2; Ac 4:32.
[15] Jsh 5:9; 1S 11:14.

16 ¶ And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which [was] of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David. 17 And [there were] a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king.

[16] 2S 16:5; 1K 2:8, 36; Jb 2:4; Pv 6:4; Mt 5:25.
[17] 2S 9:2, 10; 16:1; 19:26.

Shimei is pardoned.

18 And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king's household, and to do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan; 19 And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart. 20 For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king. 21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed? 22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I [am] this day king over Israel? 23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.

[18] Ps 66:3; 81:15; Rv 3:9.
[19] Ex 10:16; 1S 22:15; 25:25; 26:21; 2S 13:20, 33; 16:5, 10; Ps 32:2; 79:8; Ec 10:4; Is 43:25; Jr 31:34; Mt 27:4; Ro 4:6; 2Co 5:19.
[20] Gn 48:14, 20; 2S 16:5; 19:9; 1K 12:20, 25; Ps 78:34; Jr 22:23; Ho 4:15; 5:3, 15.
[21] Ex 22:28; 1S 24:6; 26:9; 2S 16:5, 7, 13; 1K 21:10.
[22] 1S 11:13; 26:8; 2S 3:39; 16:10; Is 16:5; Mt 8:29; Lk 9:54.
[23] 1S 28:10; 30:15; 1K 2:8, 37, 46; He 6:16.

Mephibosheth excused.

24 ¶ And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came [again] in peace. 25 And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth? 26 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant [is] lame. 27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king [is] as an angel of God: do therefore [what is] good in thine eyes. 28 For all [of] my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king? 29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land. 30 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.

[24] Dt 21:12; 2S 9:6; 15:30; 16:3; Is 15:2; Jr 41:5; Mt 6:16; Ro 12:15; He 13:3.
[25] 2S 16:17.
[26] 2S 4:4; 16:2.
[27] Ex 20:16; 1S 29:9; 2S 14:17, 20; 16:3; Ps 15:3; 101:5; Jr 9:4.
[28] Gn 32:10; 1S 26:16; 2S 9:7, 10, 13; 2K 8:3.
[29] Dt 19:17; Jb 19:16; Ps 82:2; 101:5; Pv 18:13; Ac 18:15.
[30] 2S 1:26; Ac 20:24; Php 1:20.

31 ¶ And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan.

[31] 1K 2:7; Ezr 2:61; Ne 7:63.

Barzillai dismissed, Chimham his son is taken into the king's family.

32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, [even] fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he [was] a very great man. 33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem. 34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem? 35 I [am] this day fourscore years old: [and] can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king? 36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward? 37 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again,