NASB — James 4 — KJV

Things to Avoid

1 IWhat is the source of quarrels and aconflicts among you? IIIs not the source your pleasures that wage bwar in your members? 2 You lust and do not have; [so] you acommit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; [so] you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask. 3 You ask and ado not receive, because you ask Iwith wrong motives, so that you may spend [it] IIon your pleasures. 4 You aadulteresses, do you not know that friendship with bthe world is chostility toward God? dTherefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. 5 Or do you think that the Scripture aspeaks to no purpose: “IHe IIjealously desires bthe Spirit which He has made to dwell in us”? 6 But aHe gives a greater grace. Therefore [it] says, “bGOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE.” 7 aSubmit therefore to God. bResist the devil and he will flee from you. 8 aDraw near to God and He will draw near to you. bCleanse your hands, you sinners; and cpurify your hearts, you ddouble-minded. 9 aBe miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning and your joy to gloom. 10 aHumble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you.

[1] ILit From where wars and from where fightings IILit Are they not from here, from your aTit 3:9 bRo 7:23
[2] aJm 5:6; 1 Jn 3:15
[3] ILit wickedly IILit in a1 Jn 3:22; 5:14
[4] aJr 2:2; Ezk 16:32 bJm 1:27 cRo 8:7; 1 Jn 2:15 dMt 6:24; Jn 15:19
[5] IOr The spirit which He has made to dwell in us lusts with envy IILit desires to jealousy aNu 23:19 b1Co 6:19; 2Co 6:16
[6] aIs 54:7f; Mt 13:12 bPs 138:6; Pv 3:34; Mt 23:12; 1P 5:5
[7] a1P 5:6 bEp 4:27; 6:11f; 1P 5:8f
[8] a2Ch 15:2; Zc 1:3; Mal 3:7; He 7:19 bJb 17:9; Is 1:16; 1Ti 2:8 cJr 4:14; Jm 3:17; 1P 1:22; 1 Jn 3:3 dJm 1:8
[9] aNe 8:9; Pv 14:13; Lk 6:25
[10] aJb 5:11; Ezk 21:26; Lk 1:52; Jm 4:6

11aDo not speak against one another, bbrethren. He who speaks against a brother or cjudges his brother, speaks against dthe law and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not ea doer of the law but a judge [of it]. 12 There is [only] one aLawgiver and Judge, the One who is bable to save and to destroy; but cwho are you who judge your neighbor?

[11] a2Co 12:20; Jm 5:9; 1P 2:1 bJm 1:16; 5:7, 9, 10 cMt 7:1; Ro 14:4 dJm 2:8 eJm 1:22
[12] aIs 33:22; Jm 5:9 bMt 10:28 cRo 14:4

13aCome now, you who say, “bToday or tomorrow we will go to such and such a city, and spend a year there and engage in business and make a profit.” 14 IYet you do not know IIwhat your life will be like tomorrow. aYou are [just] a vapor that appears for a little while and then vanishes away. 15 IInstead, [you ought] to say, “aIf the Lord wills, we will live and also do this or that.” 16 But as it is, you boast in your Iarrogance; aall such boasting is evil. 17 Therefore, ato one who knows [the] Iright thing to do and does not do it, to him it is sin.

[13] aJm 5:1 bPv 27:1; Lk 12:18-20
[14] ILit Who do not IIOr what will happen tomorrow. What kind of life is yours? aJb 7:7; Ps 39:5; 102:3; 144:4
[15] ILit Instead of your saying aAc 18:21
[16] IOr pretensions a1Co 5:6
[17] IOr good aLk 12:47; Jn 9:41; 2P 2:21


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We are to strive against covetousness,

1 ¶ From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? 2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. 3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume [it] upon your lusts.

[1] Gn 4:5; Jr 17:9; Mt 15:19; Mk 7:21; Jn 8:44; Ro 7:5, 23; 8:7; Ga 5:17; Col 3:5; 1Ti 6:4; Tit 3:3; Jm 1:14; 3:14; 4:3; 1P 1:14; 2:11; 4:2; 2P 2:18; 3:3; 1Jn 2:15; Jde 1:16.
[2] Pv 1:19; Ec 4:8; Is 7:12; Hab 2:5; Mt 7:7; Lk 11:9; Jn 4:10; 16:24; 1Ti 6:9; Jm 1:5; 5:1.
[3] Jb 27:8; 35:12; Ps 18:41; 66:18; Pv 1:28; 15:8; 21:13, 27; Is 1:15; Jr 11:11, 14; 14:12; Mi 3:4; Zc 7:13; Mt 20:22; Mk 10:38; Lk 15:13, 30; 16:1; Jm 1:6; 4:1; 1Jn 3:22; 5:14.

intemperance,

4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

[4] Gn 3:15; Ps 21:8; 50:18; 73:27; Is 57:3; Jr 9:2; Ho 3:1; Mt 12:39; 16:4; Lk 19:27; Jn 7:7; 15:19, 23; 17:14; Ro 5:10; 8:7; Ga 1:10; 1Jn 2:15.

pride,

5 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? 6 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. 7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded. 9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness. 10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.

[5] Gn 4:5; 6:5; 8:21; 26:14; 30:1; 37:11; Nu 11:29; Ps 37:1; 106:16; Pv 21:10; Ec 4:4; Is 11:13; Jn 7:42; 10:35; 19:37; Ac 7:9; Ro 1:29; 9:17; Ga 3:8; Tit 3:3.
[6] Ex 10:3; 15:9; 18:11; 1S 2:3; 2Ch 32:26; 33:12, 19, 23; 34:27; Jb 22:29; 40:10; Ps 9:12; 138:6; Pv 3:34; 6:16; 15:33; 18:12; 22:4; 29:23; Is 2:11, 17; 10:8; 16:6; 57:15; Dn 4:37; 5:20; Mt 23:12; Lk 1:52; 14:11; 18:14; 1P 5:5.
[7] 1S 3:18; 2S 15:26; 2K 1:13; 2Ch 30:8; 33:12; Jb 1:21; 40:3; 42:1; Ps 32:3; 66:3; 68:30; Jr 13:18; Dn 4:25, 32, 34; Mt 4:3; 11:29; Lk 4:2; Ac 9:6; 16:29; 26:19; Ro 10:3; 14:11; Ep 4:27; 5:21; 6:11; He 12:9; 1P 2:13; 5:8; Rv 12:9.
[8] Gn 18:23; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 15:2; Jb 9:30; 16:17; 17:9; Ps 18:20; 24:4; 26:6; 51:6, 10; 73:13, 28; 145:18; Is 1:15; 13:15; 29:13; 55:6; Jr 4:11; Ezk 18:31; 36:25; Ho 6:1; Zc 1:3; Mal 3:7; Mt 12:33; 15:2; 23:25; 27:24; Lk 11:39; Ac 15:9; 2Co 7:1; 1Ti 2:8; He 7:19; 10:22; Jm 1:8; 1P 1:22; 3:21; 1Jn 3:3.
[9] Jb 30:31; Ps 119:67, 71, 136; 126:5; Pv 14:13; Ec 2:2; 7:2, 6; Is 22:12; Jr 31:9, 13, 18; Lm 5:15; Ezk 7:16; 16:63; Zc 12:10; Mt 5:4; Lk 6:21, 25; 16:25; 2Co 7:10; Jm 5:1; Rv 18:7.
[10] 1S 2:9; Jb 22:29; Ps 27:6; 28:9; 30:1; 113:7; 147:6; Mt 23:12; Lk 14:11; 18:14; Jm 4:6; 1P 5:6.

detraction, and rash judgments of others:

11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of [his] brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge. 12 There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?

[11] Ps 140:11; Mt 7:1; Lk 6:37; Ro 2:1, 13; 7:7, 12; 14:3, 10; 1Co 4:5; Ep 4:31; 1Ti 3:11; 2Ti 3:3; Tit 2:3; Jm 1:22, 25; 1P 2:1.
[12] 1S 25:10; Jb 38:2; Is 33:22; Mt 10:28; Lk 12:5; Ro 2:1; 9:20; 14:4, 13; He 7:25.

and not to be confident in the good success of worldly business, but mindful ever of the uncertainty of this life, to commit ourselves and all our affairs to God's providence.

13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: 14 Whereas ye know not what [shall be] on the morrow. For what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. 15 For that ye [ought] to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. 16 But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil. 17 Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth [it] not, to him it is sin.

[13] Gn 11:3, 7; Pv 27:1; Ec 2:1; Is 5:5; 24:2; 56:11, 12; Ezk 7:12; Lk 12:17; 1Co 7:30; Jm 5:1.
[14] Jb 7:6; 9:25; 14:1; Ps 39:5; 89:47; 90:5; 102:3; Is 38:12; Jm 1:10; 1P 1:24; 4:7; 1Jn 2:17.
[15] 2S 15:25; Pv 19:21; Lm 3:37; Ac 18:21; Ro 1:10; 15:32; 1Co 4:19; 16:7; He 6:3.
[16] Ps 52:1, 7; Pv 25:14; 27:1; Is 47:7, 10; 1Co 4:7; 5:6; Jm 3:14; Rv 18:7.
[17] Lk 12:47; Jn 9:41; 13:17; 15:22; Ro 1:20, 32; 2:17; 7:13.


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