War against Jerusalem
1 Now it came° about in the days° of aAhaz°, the son° of Jotham°, the son° of Uzziah°, king° of Judah°, that bRezin° the king° of Aram° and cPekah° the son° of Remaliah°, king° of Israel°, went° up to Jerusalem° to [wage] war° against° it, but dcould° not Iconquer°° it. 2 When it was reported° to the ahouse° of David°, saying°, “The Arameans° Ibhave camped° in cEphraim°,” his heart° and the hearts° of his people° shook° as the trees° of the forest° shake° IIwith the wind°.
 ILit fight against a2K 16:1; Is 1:1 b2K 15:37 c2K 15:25; 2Ch 28:6 dIs 7:6, 7
 ILit has settled down on IILit from before aIs 7:13; 22:22 bIs 8:12 cIs 9:9
3 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Isaiah°, “Go° out now° to meet° Ahaz°, you and your son° IShear-jashub°, at the end° of the aconduit° of the upper° pool°, on the highway° to the IIfuller’s° field°, 4 and say° to him, ‘Take° care° and be acalm°, have° no° bfear° and cdo not be fainthearted°° because° of these° two° stubs° of smoldering° dfirebrands°, on account of the fierce° anger° of Rezin° and Aram° and the eson° of Remaliah°. 5 Because°° aAram°, [with] Ephraim° and the son° of Remaliah°, has planned° evil° against° you, saying°, 6 “Let us go° up against Judah° and Iterrorize° it, and make° for ourselves a breach° in IIits walls and set° up the son° of Tabeel° as king° in the midst° of it,” 7 thus° says° the Lord° IGOD°: “aIt shall not stand° nor° shall it come° to pass°. 8 For the head° of Aram° is aDamascus° and the head° of Damascus° is Rezin° (now within another° 65°° years° Ephraim° will be shattered°, [so that it is] no° longer a people°), 9 and the head° of Ephraim° is Samaria° and the head° of Samaria° is the son° of Remaliah°. aIf° you will not believe°, you surely° shall not Ilast°.”’”
 II.e. a remnant shall return III.e. laundryman’s a2K 18:17; Is 36:2
 aEx 14:13; Is 30:15; Lm 3:26 bIs 10:24; Mt 24:6 cDt 20:3; 1S 17:32; Is 35:4 dAm 4:11; Zc 3:2 eIs 7:1, 9
 aIs 7:2
 ILit cause it a sickening dread IILit it
 IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 8:10; 28:18; Ac 4:25, 26
 aGn 14:15; Is 17:1-3
 IOr be established a2Ch 20:20; Is 5:24; 8:6-8; 30:12-14
The Child Immanuel
10 ¶ Then the LORD° spoke° again° to Ahaz°, saying°, 11 “Ask° a asign° for yourself from the LORD° your God°; Imake° [it] deep° as Sheol° or° high° as IIheaven°.” 12 But Ahaz° said°, “I will not ask°, nor° will I test° the LORD°!” 13 Then he said°, “Listen° now°, O ahouse° of David°! Is it too° slight° a thing° for you to try° the patience° of men°, that you will btry° the patience° of cmy God° as well°? 14 Therefore° the Lord° Himself° will give° you a sign°: Behold°, aa Ivirgin° will be with child° and bear° a son°, and she will call° His name° IIbImmanuel°. 15 He will eat° acurds° and honey° Iat the time He knows° [enough] to refuse° evil° and choose° good°. 16 aFor before° the boy° will know° [enough] to refuse° evil° and choose° good°, bthe land° whose° two° kings° you dread° will be forsaken°.
 ISo with the versions; M.T. make the request deep or high IILit heights a2K 19:29; Is 37:30; 38:7, 8; 55:13
 aIs 7:2 bIs 1:14; 43:24 cIs 25:1
 IOr maiden III.e. God is with us aMt 1:23 bIs 8:8, 10
 ILit with respect to his knowing aIs 7:22
 aIs 8:4 bIs 8:14; 17:3; Jr 7:15; Ho 5:3, 9, 14; Am 1:3-5
Trials to Come for Judah
18 ¶ In that day° the LORD° will awhistle° for the fly° that is in the Ibremotest° part° of the rivers° of Egypt° and for the bee° that is in the land° of Assyria°. 19 They will all° come° and settle° on the steep° Iravines°, on the aledges° of the cliffs°, bon all° the thorn° bushes° and on all° the IIwatering° places°.
 IOr mouth of the rivers; i.e. the Nile Delta aIs 5:26 bIs 13:5
 IOr wadis IIOr pastures aIs 2:19; Jr 16:16 bIs 7:24, 25
20 ¶ In that day° the Lord° will ashave° with a brazor°, chired° from regions° beyond° dthe IEuphrates° ([that is], with the king° of Assyria°), the head° and the hair° of the legs°; and it will also° remove° the beard°.
21 ¶ Now in that day° a man° may keep° alive° a aheifer° and a pair° of sheep°; 22 and because° of the abundance° of the milk° produced° he will eat° curds°, for everyone° that is left° within° the land° will eat° acurds° and honey°.
23 ¶ And it will come° about in that day°, athat every° place° where°° there used to be a thousand° vines°, [valued] at a thousand° [shekels] of silver°, will become° bbriars° and thorns°. 24 [People] will come° there° with bows° and arrows° because° all° the land° will be briars° and thorns°. 25 As for all° the hills° which° used to be cultivated° with the hoe°, you will not go° there° for fear° of briars° and thorns°; but they will become° a place° for Iapasturing° oxen° and for sheep° to trample°.
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Ahaz, being troubled with fear of Rezin and Pekah, is comforted by Isaiah.
1 ¶ And it came to pass² in the daysº of Ahazº the sonº of Jotham,º the sonº of Uzziah,º kingº of Judah,º [that] Rezinº the kingº of Syria,º and Pekahº the sonº of Remaliah,º kingº of Israel,º went upºª toward Jerusalemº to warº against² it, but couldºª not² prevailºª against² it. 2 And it was toldºª the houseº of David,º saying,ºª Syriaº is confederateºª with² Ephraim.º And his heartº was moved,ºª and the heartº of his people,º as the treesº of the woodº are movedºª withº² the wind.º 3 Then saidºª the LORDº unto² Isaiah,º Go forthºª now² to meet¹ª² Ahaz,º thou,² and Shearjashubº thy son,º at² the endº of the conduitº of the upperº poolº in² the highwayº of the fuller'sºª field;º 4 And sayºª unto² him, Take heed,ºª and be quiet;ºª fearºª not,² neither² be faintheartedººª for the twoº² tailsº of these² smokingº firebrands,º for the fierceº angerº of Rezinº with Syria,º and of the sonº of Remaliah.º 5 Because²² Syria,º Ephraim,º and the sonº of Remaliah,º have taken evilº counselºª against² thee, saying,ºª 6 Let us go upºª against Judah,º and vex¹ª² it, and let us make a breachºª therein for² us, and set¹ª a kingº² in the midstº of it, [even]² the sonº of Tabeal:º 7 Thusº saithºª the Lordº GOD,º It shall not² stand,ºª neither² shall it come to pass.² 8 For² the headº of Syriaº [is] Damascus,º and the headº of Damascusº [is] Rezin;º and within² threescoreº and fiveº yearsº shall Ephraimº be broken,¹ª² that it be not a people.º² 9 And the headº of Ephraimº [is] Samaria,º and the headº of Samariaº [is] Remaliah'sº son.º If² ye will not² believe,ºª surely² ye shall not² be established.ºª
 2K 15:37; 16:1; 2Ch 28:1; Ps 83:3; Is 7:4; 8:6, 9.
 Lv 26:36; Nu 14:1; Dt 28:65; 2S 7:16; 1K 11:32; 12:16; 13:2; 2K 7:6; 2Ch 25:10; 28:12; Ps 11:1; 27:1; 112:7; Pv 28:1; Is 6:13; 7:13, 17; 8:12; 11:13; 37:27, 35; Jr 21:12; Ezk 37:16; Ho 12:1; Mt 2:3.
 Ex 7:15; 2K 18:17; 20:20; Is 6:13; 10:21; 36:2; 55:7; Jr 19:2; 22:1; Ro 9:27.
 Ex 14:13; Dt 20:3; 1S 17:32; 2K 15:29; 2Ch 20:17; Is 7:8; 8:4, 11; 30:7, 15; 35:4; 41:14; 51:12; Lm 3:26; Am 4:11; Mt 10:28; 24:6.
 Ps 2:2; 83:3; Na 1:11; Zc 1:15.
 Ps 2:4; 33:11; 76:10; Pv 21:30; Is 8:10; 10:6; 37:29; 46:10; Lm 3:37; Dn 4:35; Ac 4:25.
 2S 8:6; 2K 17:5; Ezr 4:2; Is 7:9; 8:4; 17:1; Ho 1:6.
 1K 16:24; 2K 15:27; 2Ch 20:20; Ac 27:11, 25; Ro 11:20; He 11:6; 1Jn 5:10.
Ahaz, having liberty to choose a sign, and refusing it, hath for a sign, Christ promised.
10 ¶ Moreover the LORDº spakeºª againºª unto² Ahaz,º saying,ºª 11 Askºª thee a signº of²² the LORDº thy God;º askºª it either in the depth,ºª or² in the heightºª above.º 12 But Ahazº said,ºª I will not² ask,ºª neither² will I temptººª the LORD.º 13 And he said,ºª Hearºª ye now,² O houseº of David;º [Is it] a small thingº for² you to wearyºª men,¹² but² will ye wearyºª² my Godº also?² 14 Therefore² the Lordº himself² shall giveºª you a sign;º Behold,² a virginº shall conceive,¹² and bearºª a son,º and shall callºª his nameº Immanuel.º¹ 15 Butterº and honeyº shall he eat,ºª that he may knowºª to refuseºª the evil,º and chooseºª the good.º 16 For² before² the childº shall knowºª to refuseºª the evil,º and chooseºª the good,º the landº that² thou² abhorrestºª shall be¹ forsakenºª of bothº her kings.º
 Is 1:5, 13; 8:5; 10:20; Ho 13:2.
 Jg 6:36; 2K 20:8; Is 37:30; 38:7, 22; Jr 19:1, 10; 51:63; Mt 12:38; 16:1.
 Dt 6:16; 2K 16:15; 2Ch 28:22; Ezk 33:31; Mal 3:15; Ac 5:9; 1Co 10:9.
 Gn 30:15; Nu 16:9, 13; 2Ch 21:7; 36:15; Is 1:24; 7:2; 43:24; 63:10; 65:3; Jr 6:11; 21:12; Ezk 16:20, 47; 34:18; Am 3:13; Mal 2:17; Lk 1:69; Ac 7:51; He 3:10.
 Gn 3:15; 4:1, 25; 16:11; 29:32; 30:6, 8; 1S 1:20; 4:21; Is 8:8; 9:6; Jr 31:22; Mt 1:23; Lk 1:35; Jn 1:1, 14; Ro 9:5; 1Ti 3:16.
 Gn 24:43; Ex 2:8; Ps 51:5; 68:26; Pv 30:19; So 1:3; 6:8; Is 7:22; Am 5:15; Mt 3:4; Lk 1:35; 2:40, 52; Ro 12:9; Php 1:9.
 Dt 1:39; 2K 15:29; 16:9; Is 8:4; 9:11; 17:1; Jna 4:11.
His judgment is prophesied to come by Assyria.
17 ¶ The LORDº shall bringºª upon² thee, and upon² thy people,º and upon² thy father'sº house,º daysº that² have not² come,ºª from the dayº² that Ephraimº departedºª from²² Judah;º [even]² the kingº of Assyria.º 18 And it shall come to pass² in that² day,º [that] the LORDº shall hissºª for the flyº that² [is] in the uttermost partº of the riversº of Egypt,º and for the beeº that² [is] in the landº of Assyria.º 19 And they shall come,ºª and shall restºª all² of them in the desolateº valleys,º and in the holesº of the rocks,º and upon all² thorns,º and upon all² bushes.º 20 In the same² dayº shall the Lordº shaveºª with a razorº that is hired,º [namely], by them beyondº the river,º by the kingº of Assyria,º² the head,º and the hairº of the feet:º and it shall also² consumeºª² the beard.º 21 And it shall come to pass² in that² day,º [that] a manº shall nourishºª a youngº cow,º and twoº sheep;º 22 And it shall come to pass,² for the abundanceº² of milkº [that] they shall giveºª he shall eatºª butter:º for² butterº and honeyº shall every one² eatºª that is leftºª in¹ the land.º 23 And it shall come to pass² in that² day,º [that] every² placeº shall be,² where² there were² a thousandº vinesº at a thousandº silverlings,º it shall [even] be² for briersº and thorns.º 24 With arrowsº and with bowsº shall [men] comeºª thither;² because² all² the landº shall become² briersº and thorns.º 25 And [on] all² hillsº that² shall be diggedºª with the mattock,º there shall not² come² thither¹ª² the fearº of briersº and thorns:º but it shall be² for the sending forthº of oxen,º and for the treadingº of lesser cattle.º
 1K 12:16; 2K 18:1; 2Ch 10:16; 28:19; 32:1; 33:11; 36:6; Ne 9:32; Is 8:7; 10:5; 36:1.
 Ex 8:21, 24; Dt 1:44; 7:20; Jsh 24:12; 2K 23:33; Ps 118:12; Is 5:26; 7:17; 30:1; 31:1.
 2Ch 33:11; Is 2:19, 21; Jr 16:16; Mi 7:17.
 2K 16:7; 2Ch 28:20; Is 1:5; 9:14; 10:6; 24:2; Jr 27:6; Ezk 5:1; 29:18, 20.
 Is 5:17; 7:25; 17:2; 37:30; Jr 39:10.
 2S 17:29; Is 7:15; Mt 3:4.
 So 8:11; Is 5:6; 32:12; Jr 4:26; Mt 21:33; He 6:8.
 Gn 27:3.
 Is 7:21; 13:20; 17:2; Zp 2:6.
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