NASB — Isaiah 10 — KJV

Assyria Is God’s Instrument

  1 Woe to those who aenact evil statutes
  And to those who constantly record Iunjust decisions,
  2 So as ato Ideprive the needy of justice
  And rob the poor of My people of [their] rights,
  So bthat widows may be their spoil
  And that they may plunder the IIorphans.
  3 Now awhat will you do in the bday of punishment,
  And in the devastation which will come cfrom afar?
  dTo whom will you flee for help?
  And where will you leave your Iwealth?
  4 Nothing [remains] but to crouch Iamong the acaptives
  Or fall Iamong the bslain.
  cIn [spite of] all this, His anger does not turn away
  And His hand is still stretched out.

[1] ILit mischief or misfortune aPs 94:20; Is 29:21; 59:4, 13
[2] ILit turn aside from IIOr fatherless aIs 5:23 bIs 1:23; 3:14, 15
[3] ILit glory aJb 31:14 bIs 13:6; 26:14, 21; 29:6; Jr 9:9; Ho 9:7; Lk 19:44 cIs 5:26 dIs 20:6; 30:5, 7; 31:3
[4] ILit under aIs 24:22 bIs 22:2; 34:3; 66:16 cIs 5:25

  5 ¶ Woe to aAssyria, the brod of My anger
  And the staff in whose hands is cMy indignation,
  6 I send it against a agodless nation
  And commission it against the bpeople of My fury
  To capture booty and cto seize plunder,
  And to Itrample them down like dmud in the streets.
  7 Yet it adoes not so intend,
  Nor does Iit plan so in its heart,
  But rather it is IIits purpose to destroy
  And to cut off IIImany nations.
  8 For it says, “Are not my princes Iall kings?
  9 “Is not aCalno like bCarchemish,
  Or cHamath like Arpad,
  Or dSamaria like eDamascus?
  10 “As my hand has reached to the akingdoms of the idols,
  Whose graven images [were] greater than those of Jerusalem and Samaria,
  11 Shall I not Ido to Jerusalem and her images
  Just as I have done to Samaria and aher idols?”

[5] aIs 7:17; 8:7; 14:24-27; Zp 2:13-15 bJr 51:20 cIs 13:5; 30:30; 34:2; 66:14
[6] ILit make them a trampled place aIs 9:17 bIs 9:19 cIs 5:29 dIs 5:25
[7] ILit its heart so plan IILit in its heart IIILit not a few aGn 50:20; Mi 4:11, 12; Ac 2:23, 24
[8] ILit altogether
[9] aGn 10:10; Am 6:2 b2Ch 35:20 cNu 34:8 d2K 17:6 e2K 16:9
[10] a2K 19:17, 18
[11] ILit do thus aIs 2:8

12 ¶ So it will be that when the Lord has completed all His awork on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, [He will say], “I will Ipunish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria and bthe pomp of IIhis haughtiness.” 13 For ahe has said,
  “By the power of my hand and by my wisdom I did [this],
  For I have understanding;
  And I bremoved the boundaries of the peoples
  And plundered their treasures,
  And like a mighty man I brought down I[their] inhabitants,
  14 And my hand reached to the riches of the peoples like a anest,
  And as one gathers abandoned eggs, I gathered all the earth;
  And there was not one that flapped its wing or opened [its] beak or chirped.”

[12] ILit visit IILit haughtiness of his eyes a2K 19:31; Is 28:21, 22; 29:14; 65:7 bIs 37:23
[13] IOr those who sit on thrones a2K 19:22-24; Is 37:24-27; Ezk 28:4; Dn 4:30 bHab 2:6-11
[14] aJr 49:16; Ob 4

  15 ¶ Is the aaxe to bboast itself over the one who chops with it?
  Is the saw to exalt itself over the one who wields it?
  [That would be] like ca Iclub wielding those who lift it,
  [Or] like ca rod lifting [him who] is not wood.
  16 Therefore the Lord, the IGOD of hosts, will send a awasting disease among his bstout warriors;
  And under his cglory a fire will be kindled like a burning flame.
  17 And the alight of Israel will become a fire and his bHoly One a flame,
  And it will cburn and devour his thorns and his briars in a single day.
  18 And He will adestroy the glory of his forest and of his fruitful garden, both soul and body,
  And it will be as when a sick man wastes away.
  19 And the arest of the trees of his forest will be so small in number
  That a child could write them down.

[15] ILit staff aJr 51:20 bIs 29:16; 45:9; Ro 9:20, 21 cIs 10:5
[16] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aPs 106:15 bIs 17:4 cIs 8:7; 10:18
[17] aIs 30:33; 31:9 bIs 37:23 cNu 11:1-3; Is 27:4; 33:12; Jr 4:4; 7:20
[18] aIs 10:33, 34
[19] aIs 21:17

A Remnant Will Return

20 ¶ Now in that day the aremnant of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob bwho have escaped, will never again rely on the one who struck them, but will truly crely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
  21 A aremnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the bmighty God.
  22 For athough your people, O Israel, may be like the sand of the sea,
  [Only] a remnant within them will return;
  A bdestruction is determined, overflowing with righteousness.
23 For a complete destruction, one that is decreed, athe Lord IGOD of hosts will execute in the midst of the whole land.

[20] aIs 1:9; 11:11, 16; 46:3 bIs 4:2; 37:31, 32 c2Ch 14:11; Is 17:7, 8; 50:10
[21] aIs 7:3 bIs 9:6
[22] aRo 9:27, 28 bIs 28:22; Dn 9:27; Ro 9:28
[23] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 28:22; Dn 9:27; Ro 9:28

24 ¶ Therefore thus says the Lord IGOD of hosts, “O My people who dwell in aZion, bdo not fear the Assyrian IIwho cstrikes you with the rod and lifts up his staff against you, the way Egypt [did]. 25 For in a very alittle while bMy indignation [against you] will be spent and My anger [will be directed] to their destruction.” 26 The LORD of hosts will aarouse a scourge against him like the slaughter of bMidian at the rock of Oreb; and His cstaff will be over the sea and He will lift it up dthe way [He did] in Egypt. 27 So it will be in that day, that Ihis aburden will be removed from your shoulders and his yoke from your neck, and the yoke will be broken because bof fatness.

[24] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD IILit he aPs 87:5, 6 bIs 7:4; 12:2; 37:6 cEx 5:14-16
[25] aIs 17:14; Hg 2:6 bIs 10:5; 26:20; Dn 11:36
[26] aIs 37:36-38 bJg 7:25; Is 9:4 cEx 14:16 dEx 14:27
[27] II.e. the Assyrian aIs 9:4; 14:25 bIs 30:23; 55:2

  28 ¶ He has come against Aiath,
  He has passed through aMigron;
  At bMichmash he deposited his cbaggage.
  29 They have gone through athe pass, [saying],
  “bGeba will be our lodging place.”
  cRamah is terrified, and dGibeah of Saul has fled away.
  30 Cry aloud with your voice, O daughter of aGallim!
  Pay attention, Laishah [and] Iwretched bAnathoth!
  31 Madmenah has fled.
  The inhabitants of Gebim have sought refuge.
  32 Yet today he will halt at aNob;
  He bshakes his fist at the mountain of the Icdaughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.

[28] a1S 14:2 b1S 13:2, 5 cJg 18:21; 1S 17:22
[29] a1S 13:23 bJsh 21:17; 1S 13:16 cJsh 18:25; 1S 7:17 d1S 10:26
[30] IAn ancient version reads Answer her, O Anathoth a1S 25:44 bJsh 21:18; Jr 1:1
[32] IAnother reading is house of a1S 21:1; 22:9 bIs 19:16; Zc 2:9 cIs 1:8; Jr 6:23

  33 ¶ Behold, the Lord, the IGOD of hosts, will lop off the boughs with a terrible crash;
  Those also who are atall in stature will be cut down
  And those who are lofty will be abased.
  34 He will cut down the thickets of the forest with an iron [axe],
  And aLebanon will fall Iby the Mighty One.

[33] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 37:24, 36-38; Ezk 31:3; Am 2:9
[34] IOr as a mighty one aIs 2:13; 33:9; 37:24


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The woe of tyrants.

1 ¶ Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness [which] they have prescribed; 2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and [that] they may rob the fatherless! 3 And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation [which] shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory? 4 Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still.

[1] 1K 21:13; Es 3:10; Ps 58:2; 94:20; Is 3:11; 5:8, 11, 18, 20; Jr 22:13; Dn 6:8; Mi 3:1, 9; 6:16; Hab 2:6, 9, 12, 15, 19; Mt 11:21; 23:13, 23, 27, 29; 26:24; Lk 11:42, 46, 52; Jn 9:22; 19:6; Jde 1:11.
[2] Is 1:23; 3:14; 5:7; 29:21; Jr 7:6; Lm 3:35; Ezk 22:7; Am 2:7; 5:11; Mal 3:5; Mt 23:14.
[3] Gn 31:1; Dt 28:49; 2K 7:6, 15; Jb 31:14; Ps 49:16; Pv 11:4; Is 2:20; 5:14, 26; 20:6; 26:21; 30:1, 16, 27; 31:1; 33:14; 39:3, 6; Jr 5:31; Ezk 24:13; Ho 5:13; 9:7; Zp 1:18; Lk 19:44; 1P 2:12; Rv 6:15.
[4] Lv 26:17, 36; Dt 31:15; 32:30; Is 5:25; 9:12, 17, 21; Jr 37:10; Ho 9:12.

Assyria, the rod of hypocrites, for his pride shall be broken.

5 ¶ O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation. 6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. 7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but [it is] in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. 8 For he saith, [Are] not my princes altogether kings? 9 [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus? 10 As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria; 11 Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols? 12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, [that] when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks. 13 For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done [it], and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant [man]: 14 And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped. 15 Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? [or] shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? as if the rod should shake [itself] against them that lift it up, [or] as if the staff should lift up [itself, as if it were] no wood. 16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. 17 And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day; 18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth. 19 And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.

[5] Gn 10:11; Ps 17:14; 125:3; Is 8:4; 10:15; 14:5; Jr 51:20.
[6] 2S 22:43; Is 9:17; 10:13; 19:17; 22:5; 29:13; 30:9; 33:14; 37:26; 41:25; 45:1; 63:3, 6; Jr 3:10; 4:14; 25:9; 34:22; 47:6; Mi 7:10; Zc 10:5; Mt 15:7.
[7] Gn 50:20; Is 36:18; 37:11; Mi 4:11; Ac 2:23; 13:27.
[8] 2K 18:24; 19:10; Is 36:8; Ezk 26:7; Dn 2:37.
[9] 2S 8:9; 2K 16:9; 17:5, 24; 18:9; 2Ch 35:20; Is 7:8; 17:3; 36:19; 37:13; Jr 46:2; 49:23; Am 6:1.
[10] 2K 18:33; 19:12, 17; 2Ch 32:12, 19; Is 10:14.
[11] Is 36:19; 37:10.
[12] Jb 40:11; Ps 18:27; 21:10; 76:10; Pv 30:13; Is 2:11; 5:15; 9:9; 10:5, 16, 25; 14:24; 17:12; 27:9; 29:7; 30:30; 31:5; 37:36; 46:10; 50:11; Jr 50:18; Ezk 31:10, 14; Dn 4:37; Mt 12:33; 15:19; 1P 4:17.
[13] Dt 8:17; 2K 15:29; 16:8; 17:6, 24; 18:11, 15, 32; 1Ch 5:26; Is 10:8; 37:23; Ezk 25:3; 26:2; 28:2; 29:3; Dn 4:30; Ho 13:15; Am 5:27; 6:1, 13; Hab 1:16.
[14] Jb 31:25; Pv 18:12; 21:6; Is 5:8; Ho 12:7; Na 2:9; 3:1; Hab 2:5.
[15] Ps 17:13; Is 10:5; Jr 51:20; Ezk 28:9; Ro 9:20.
[16] 2Ch 32:21; Ps 106:15; Is 5:17; 9:5; 14:24; 29:5; 30:30; 33:10; 37:6, 29, 36; Ac 12:23.
[17] Nu 11:1; 16:35; Ps 18:8; 21:9; 27:1; 50:3; 83:14; 84:11; 97:3; Is 27:4; 30:27; 33:14; 37:36; 60:19; 64:1; 66:15, 24; Jr 4:4; 7:20; Na 1:5, 10; Mal 4:1; Mt 3:12; 2Th 1:7; He 12:29; Rv 21:23; 22:5.
[18] 2K 19:23, 28; Is 9:18; 10:33; Jr 21:14; Ezk 20:47.
[19] Is 37:36.

A remnant of Israel shall be saved.

20 ¶ And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. 21 The remnant shall return, [even] the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. 22 For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. 23 For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.

[20] 2K 16:7; 2Ch 28:20; Ezr 9:14; Is 1:9; 4:2; 6:13; 17:7; 26:3; 37:4, 31; 48:1; 50:10; Ho 5:13; 14:3; Ro 9:27.
[21] Is 7:3; 9:6, 13; 19:22; 55:7; 65:8; Ho 6:1; 7:10, 16; 14:1; Ac 26:20; 2Co 3:14.
[22] Gn 18:25; 1K 4:20; Is 6:11, 13; 8:8; 27:10; 28:15; Dn 9:27; Ho 1:10; Ac 17:31; Ro 2:5; 3:5; 9:27, 28; 11:5; Rv 20:8.
[23] Is 14:26; 24:1; Dn 4:35.

Israel is comforted with promise of deliverance from Assyria.

24 ¶ Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt. 25 For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction. 26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and [as] his rod [was] upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt. 27 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. 28 He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages: 29 They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled. 30 Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth. 31 Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee. 32 As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand [against] the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem. 33 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature [shall be] hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. 34 And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.

[24] Ex 1:10; 14:9, 21; 15:6; Is 4:3; 8:12; 9:4; 10:5; 12:6; 14:29; 27:7; 30:19; 33:14; 35:4; 37:6, 22, 33; 46:13; 61:3; He 12:22.
[25] 2K 19:35; Ps 37:10; Is 10:33; 12:1; 14:24; 17:12; 30:30; 31:4; 37:36; 54:7; Dn 11:36; He 10:37.
[26] Ex 14:25; Jg 7:25; 2K 19:35; Ne 9:10; Ps 35:23; 83:11; 106:10; Is 9:4; 10:16, 24; 11:16; 51:9; Hab 3:7; Rv 11:18; 19:15.
[27] 2S 1:21; 2K 18:13; Ps 2:1, 6; 20:6; 45:7; 84:9; 89:20; 105:15; 132:10, 17; Is 9:4; 14:25; 37:35; Dn 9:24; Na 1:9; Lk 4:18; Jn 1:41; Ac 4:27; 1Jn 2:20, 27.
[28] Jsh 7:2; 1S 13:2, 5; 14:2, 5, 31; Ne 11:31.
[29] Jsh 18:24; 21:17; Jg 19:12; 1S 7:17; 11:4; 13:2, 23; 14:4; 15:34; 1K 15:23; Jr 31:15; Ho 5:8; 9:9; 10:9.
[30] Jsh 21:18; Jg 18:7, 29; 1S 25:44; 1K 2:26; Jr 1:1; 32:8.
[31] Jsh 15:31.
[32] 1S 21:1; 22:19; Ne 11:32; Is 2:2; 10:24; 11:15; 13:2; 19:16; 37:22; Zc 2:9.
[33] 2K 19:21; 2Ch 32:21; Jb 40:11; Is 2:11; 10:16; 37:24, 38; Dn 4:37; Am 2:9; Lk 14:11.
[34] Ps 103:20; Is 10:18; 31:8; 37:24, 36; Jr 22:7; 46:22; 48:2; Dn 4:13, 23; Na 1:12; Zc 11:1; 2Th 1:7; 2P 2:11; Rv 10:1; 18:21.


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