NASB — Hosea 10 — KJV

Retribution for Israel’s Sin

  1 Israel is a Iluxuriant avine;
  He produces fruit for himself.
  The more his fruit,
  The more altars he bmade;
  The IIricher his land,
  The better IIIhe made the [sacred] cpillars.
  2 Their heart is Iafaithless;
  Now they must bear their bguilt.
  IIThe LORD will cbreak down their altars
  [And] destroy their [sacred] pillars.

[1] IOr degenerate IIOr better IIILit they aIs 5:1-7; Ezk 15:1-6 bJr 2:28; Ho 8:11; 12:11 c1K 14:23; Ho 3:4
[2] ILit smooth IILit He a1K 18:21; Zp 1:5 bHo 13:16 cHo 10:8; Mi 5:13

  3 ¶ Surely now they will say, “We have ano king,
  For we do not revere the LORD.
  As for the king, what can he do for us?”
  4 They speak [mere] words,
  IWith aworthless oaths they make covenants;
  And bjudgment sprouts like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
  5 The inhabitants of Samaria will fear
  For the Iacalf of bBeth-aven.
  Indeed, its people will mourn for it,
  And its cidolatrous priests IIwill cry out over it,
  Over its dglory, since it has departed from it.
  6 The thing itself will be carried to aAssyria
  As tribute to IbKing Jareb;
  Ephraim will IIbe cseized with shame
  And Israel will be ashamed of its down counsel.
  7 Samaria will be acut off [with] her king
  Like a stick on the surface of the water.
  8 Also the ahigh places of Aven, the bsin of Israel, will be destroyed;
  cThorn and thistle will grow on their altars;
  Then they will dsay to the mountains,
  “Cover us!” And to the hills, “Fall on us!”
  9 From the days of Gibeah you have sinned, O Israel;
  There they stand!
  Will not the battle against the sons of iniquity overtake them in Gibeah?
  10 When it is My adesire, I will Ibchastise them;
  And cthe peoples will be gathered against them
  When they are bound for their double guilt.

[3] aPs 12:4; Is 5:19
[4] IOr Swearing falsely in making a covenant aEzk 17:13-19; Ho 4:2 bDt 31:16, 17; 2K 17:3, 4; Am 5:7
[5] ISo with some ancient versions; Heb calves IIOr who used to rejoice over aHo 8:5, 6 bHo 4:15; 5:8 c2K 23:5 dHo 9:11
[6] IOr the avenging king or the great king IILit receive shame aHo 11:5 bHo 5:13 cHo 4:7 dIs 30:3; Jr 7:24
[7] aHo 13:11
[8] aHo 4:13 b1K 12:28-30; 13:34 cIs 32:13; Ho 9:6; 10:2 dIs 2:19; Lk 23:30; Rv 6:16
[10] IOr bind aEzk 5:13 bHo 4:9 cJr 16:16

  11 ¶ Ephraim is a trained aheifer that loves to thresh,
  But I will bcome over her fair neck [with a yoke];
  I will harness Ephraim,
  Judah will plow, Jacob will harrow for himself.
  12 aSow with a view to righteousness,
  Reap in accordance with Ikindness;
  bBreak up your fallow ground,
  For it is time to cseek the LORD
  Until He dcomes to IIerain righteousness on you.
  13 You have aplowed wickedness, you have reaped injustice,
  You have eaten the fruit of blies.
  Because you have trusted in your way, in your cnumerous warriors,
  14 Therefore a tumult will arise among your people,
  And all your afortresses will be destroyed,
  As Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle,
  [When] bmothers were dashed in pieces with [their] children.
  15 Thus it will be done to you at Bethel because of your great wickedness.
  At dawn the king of Israel will be completely cut off.

[11] aJr 50:11; Ho 4:16; Mi 4:13 bJr 28:14
[12] IOr loyalty IIOr teach aPv 11:18 bJr 4:3 cHo 12:6 dHo 6:3 eIs 44:3; 45:8
[13] aJb 4:8; Pv 22:8; Ga 6:7, 8 bHo 4:2; 7:3; 11:12 cPs 33:16
[14] aIs 17:3 bHo 13:16


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Israel is reproved and threatened for their impiety and idolatry.

1 ¶ Israel [is] an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images. 2 Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images. 3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us? 4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field. 5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it. 6 It shall be also carried unto Assyria [for] a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel. 7 [As for] Samaria, her king is cut off as the foam upon the water. 8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us. 9 O Israel, thou hast sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood: the battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not overtake them. 10 [It is] in my desire that I should chastise them; and the people shall be gathered against them, when they shall bind themselves in their two furrows. 11 And Ephraim [is as] an heifer [that is] taught, [and] loveth to tread out [the corn]; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, [and] Jacob shall break his clods. 12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you. 13 Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men. 14 Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon [her] children. 15 So shall Bethel do unto you because of your great wickedness: in a morning shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.

[1] Lv 26:1; 1K 14:23; Is 5:1; Jr 2:28; Ezk 15:1; Ho 2:8; 8:4, 11; 12:8, 11; 13:2, 6; Na 2:2; Zc 7:5; Jn 15:1; Ro 14:7; 2Co 5:16; Php 2:21.
[2] 1S 5:4; 1K 18:21; Is 44:18; Jr 43:13; Ho 7:8; 8:5; 10:5; Mi 5:13; Zp 1:5; Zc 13:2; Mt 6:24; Lk 16:13; 2Th 2:11; Jm 1:8; 4:4; 1Jn 2:15; Rv 3:15.
[3] Gn 49:10; Ho 3:4; 10:7, 15; 11:5; 13:11; Mi 4:9; Jn 19:15.
[4] Dt 29:18; 2K 17:3; Is 5:7; 59:13; Ezk 17:13; Ho 6:7; Am 5:7; 6:12; Ac 8:23; Ro 1:31; 2Ti 3:3; He 12:15; Rv 8:10.
[5] Jsh 7:2; Jg 18:24; 1S 4:21; 1K 12:28; 2K 10:29; 17:16; 23:5; 2Ch 11:15; 13:8; Ho 4:15; 5:8; 8:5; 9:11; 13:2; Zp 1:4; Ac 19:27; Rv 18:11.
[6] 2K 17:3; Jb 18:7; Is 1:29; 30:3; 44:9; 45:16; 46:1; Jr 2:26, 36; 3:24; 7:24; 43:12; 48:13; Ezk 36:31; Dn 11:8; Ho 4:19; 5:13; 8:6; 11:6; Mi 6:16.
[7] 1K 21:1; 2K 1:3; 15:30; 17:4; Ho 10:3, 15; Jde 1:13.
[8] Dt 9:21; 1K 12:28; 13:2, 34; 14:16; 2K 23:15; 2Ch 31:1; 34:5; Is 2:19; 32:13; 34:13; Ho 4:15; 5:8; 9:6; 10:5; Am 8:14; Mi 1:5, 13; Lk 23:30; Rv 6:16; 9:6.
[9] Gn 6:5; 8:21; Jg 19:22; 20:5, 13, 17; Ho 9:9; Zp 3:6; Mt 23:31.
[10] Dt 28:63; Is 1:24; Jr 15:6; 16:16; 21:4; Ezk 5:13; 16:37, 42; 23:9, 46; Ho 8:1, 10; Mi 4:10; Zc 14:2; Mt 22:7.
[11] Dt 25:4; 2Ch 28:5; Is 28:24; Jr 50:11; Ho 2:5; 3:1; 4:16; 9:1; 11:4; Ro 16:18.
[12] Ps 72:6; 105:4; 126:5; Pv 11:18; 18:21; Ec 11:6; Is 5:6; 30:23; 31:1; 32:20; 44:3; 45:8; 55:6; Jr 4:3; 29:12; 50:4; Ezk 34:26; Ho 6:3; 8:7; Am 5:4, 6, 8, 15; Zp 2:1; Lk 13:24; Ac 2:18; 1Co 3:6; Jm 3:18.
[13] Jb 4:8; Ps 33:16; 52:7; 62:10; Pv 1:31; 12:19; 18:20; 19:5; 22:8; Ec 9:11; Ho 8:7; Ga 6:7.
[14] Gn 32:11; 2K 17:16; 18:9, 33; 19:11; Is 13:16; 22:1; 33:14; Jr 13:14; 48:41; Ho 13:16; Am 3:8; 9:5; Na 3:10, 12; Hab 1:10.
[15] Is 16:14; Ho 10:3, 5, 7; Am 7:9; Ro 7:13.


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