NASB — Hosea 4 — KJV

God’s Controversy with Israel

  1 aListen to the word of the LORD, O sons of Israel,
  For the LORD has a bcase against the inhabitants of the land,
  Because there is cno Ifaithfulness or IIkindness
  Or dknowledge of God in the land.
  2 [There is] aswearing, bdeception, cmurder, dstealing and eadultery.
  They employ violence, so that fbloodshed Ifollows bloodshed.
  3 Therefore the land amourns,
  And everyone who lives in it languishes
  Along with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky,
  And also the fish of the sea Idisappear.

[1] IOr truth IIOr loyalty aHo 5:1 bHo 12:2; Mi 6:2 cIs 59:4; Jr 7:28 dJr 4:22
[2] ILit touches aDt 5:11; Ho 10:4 bHo 7:3; 10:13; 11:12 cGn 4:8; Ho 6:9 dDt 5:19; Ho 7:1 eDt 5:18; Ho 7:4 fHo 6:8; 12:14
[3] ILit are taken away aIs 24:4; 33:9; Am 5:16; Zp 1:3

  4 ¶ Yet let no one Iafind fault, and let none offer reproof;
  For your people are like those who bcontend with the priest.
  5 So you will astumble by day,
  And the prophet also will stumble with you by night;
  And I will destroy your bmother.
  6 aMy people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.
  Because you have brejected knowledge,
  I also will creject you from being My priest.
  Since you have dforgotten the elaw of your God,
  I also will forget your children.

[4] ILit contend aEzk 3:26; Am 5:10, 13 bDt 17:12
[5] aEzk 14:3, 7; Ho 5:5 bJr 15:8; Ho 2:2, 5
[6] aIs 5:13 bHo 4:14; Mal 2:7, 8 cZc 11:8, 9, 15-17 dHo 2:13; 8:14; 13:6 eHo 8:1, 12

  7 ¶ The more they amultiplied, the more they sinned against Me;
  I will bchange their glory into shame.
  8 They afeed on the Isin of My people
  And bdirect their desire toward their iniquity.
  9 And it will be, like people, alike priest;
  So I will bpunish them for their ways
  And repay them for their deeds.
  10 aThey will eat, but not have enough;
  They will bplay the harlot, but not increase,
  Because they have Icstopped giving heed to the LORD.

[7] aHo 10:1; 13:6 bHab 2:16
[8] IOr sin offering aHo 10:13 bIs 56:11; Mi 3:11
[9] aIs 24:2; Jr 5:31 bHo 8:13; 9:9
[10] ILit forsaken giving heed; or forsaken the LORD to practice (v 11) harlotry aLv 26:26; Is 65:13; Mi 6:14 bHo 7:4 cHo 9:17

  11 ¶ Harlotry, awine and new wine take away the Iunderstanding.
  12 My people aconsult their wooden idol, and their [diviner’s] wand informs them;
  For a spirit of harlotry has led [them] astray,
  And they have played the harlot, [departing] Ifrom their God.
  13 They offer sacrifices on the atops of the mountains
  And Ibburn incense on the hills,
  cUnder oak, poplar and terebinth,
  Because their shade is pleasant.
  Therefore your daughters play the harlot
  And your IIbrides commit adultery.
  14 I will not punish your daughters when they play the harlot
  Or your Ibrides when they commit adultery,
  For [the men] themselves go apart with harlots
  And offer sacrifices with atemple prostitutes;
  So the people without understanding are IIruined.

[11] ILit heart aPv 20:1; Is 5:12; 28:7
[12] ILit from under aIs 44:19; Jr 2:27
[13] IOr offer sacrifices IIOr daughters-in-law aJr 3:6 bHo 2:13; 11:2 cIs 1:29; Jr 2:20
[14] IOr daughters-in-law IILit thrust down aDt 23:17

  15 ¶ Though you, Israel, play the harlot,
  Do not let Judah become guilty;
  Also do not go to aGilgal,
  Or go up to Beth-aven
  bAnd take the oath:
  “As the LORD lives!”
  16 Since Israel is astubborn
  Like a stubborn heifer,
  ICan the LORD now bpasture them
  Like a lamb in a large field?
  17 Ephraim is joined to aidols;
  bLet him alone.
  18 Their liquor gone,
  They play the harlot continually;
  aTheir Irulers dearly love shame.
  19 aThe wind wraps them in its wings,
  And they will be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

[15] aHo 9:15; 12:11 bJr 5:2; 44:26; Am 8:14
[16] IOr Now the LORD will pasture...field aPs 78:8 bIs 5:17; 7:25
[17] aHo 13:2 bPs 81:12; Ho 4:4
[18] ILit shields aMi 3:11
[19] aHo 12:1; 13:15


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God's judgments against the sins of the people,

1 ¶ Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. 2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. 3 Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away. 4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people [are] as they that strive with the priest. 5 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.

[1] 1K 22:19; Is 1:10, 18; 3:13; 5:3; 28:14; 34:1, 8; 59:13; 66:5; Jr 2:4; 4:22, 28; 5:4; 6:13; 7:2, 3; 9:20; 19:3; 25:31; 34:4; Ho 12:2; Am 7:16; Mi 6:2; 7:2; Jn 8:55; Ro 1:28; 1Co 15:34; Rv 2:11, 29.
[2] Is 24:5; 48:1; 59:2, 12; Jr 5:1, 7, 26; 6:7; 7:6; 9:2; 23:10; Lm 4:13; Ezk 22:2, 25; Ho 5:2; 6:9; Mi 2:1; 3:2, 9; 6:10; 7:2; Zp 3:1; Zc 5:3; 7:9; Mt 23:35; Ac 7:52; 1Th 2:15; Rv 17:6.
[3] Is 24:4; Jr 4:25, 27; 12:4; Ezk 38:20; Jol 1:10; Am 1:2; 5:16; 8:8; Na 1:4; Zp 1:3.
[4] Dt 17:12; Jr 18:18; Ho 4:17; Am 5:13; 6:10; Mt 7:3.
[5] Is 9:13; 50:1; Jr 6:4, 12; 8:10; 14:15; 15:8; 23:9; 50:12; Ezk 13:9; 14:8; 16:44; Ho 2:2; 9:7; Mi 3:5; Zc 11:8; 13:2; Ga 4:26.

and of the priests,

6 ¶ My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. 7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: [therefore] will I change their glory into shame. 8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity. 9 And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings. 10 For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD. 11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.

[6] 1S 2:12, 28; 3:12; 2K 17:16; 2Ch 15:3; Jb 36:12; Ps 119:61, 139; Pv 1:30; 19:2; Is 1:3; 3:12; 5:13; 17:10; 27:11; 28:7; 45:20; 56:10; Jr 2:8; 4:22; 5:3, 21; 8:7, 8; Ho 1:6; 4:1, 12; 6:6; 8:14; 13:6; Zc 11:8, 15; Mal 2:1, 7, 9; Mt 15:3, 14; 21:41; 23:16; Mk 12:8; Lk 20:16; 2Co 4:3.
[7] 1S 2:30; Ezr 9:7; Jr 2:26; Ho 4:10; 5:1; 6:9; 13:6, 14; Mal 2:9; Php 3:19.
[8] Lv 6:26; 7:6; 1S 2:29; Ps 24:4; 25:1; Is 56:11; Ezk 14:3, 7; Mi 3:11; Mal 1:10; Ro 16:18; Tit 1:11; 2P 2:3.
[9] Ps 109:17; Pv 5:22; Is 3:10; 9:14; 24:2; Jr 5:31; 8:10; 23:11; Ezk 22:26; Ho 1:4; Zc 1:6; Mt 15:14.
[10] Lv 26:26; 2Ch 24:17; Ps 36:3; 125:5; Pv 13:25; Is 65:13; Jr 34:15; Ezk 18:24; Ho 4:14; 9:11; Mi 6:14; Zp 1:6; Hg 1:6; Mal 2:1; 2P 2:20.
[11] Pv 6:32; 20:1; 23:27; Ec 7:7; Is 5:12; 28:7; Ho 4:12; Lk 21:34; Ro 13:11.

and against their idolatry.

12 ¶ My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God. 13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof [is] good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery. 14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people [that] doth not understand shall fall.

[12] Lv 17:7; 20:5; Nu 15:39; Dt 31:16; 2Ch 21:13; Ps 73:27; Is 44:18; Jr 2:27; 3:1; 10:8; Ezk 16:1; 21:21; 23:1; Ho 5:4; 9:1; Mi 2:11; Hab 2:19; 2Th 2:9.
[13] 2S 12:10; Jb 31:9; Is 1:29; 57:5, 7; Jr 3:6, 13; Ezk 6:13; 16:16, 25; 20:28; Am 7:17; Ro 1:23.
[14] 1K 14:23; 15:12; 2K 23:7; Pv 28:5; Is 1:5; 44:18; 56:11; Dn 12:10; Ho 4:1, 5, 17; 14:9; Jn 8:43; Ro 3:11; 1Co 6:16; Ep 4:18; He 12:8.

Judah is exhorted to take warning by Israel's calamity.

15 ¶ Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth. 16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place. 17 Ephraim [is] joined to idols: let him alone. 18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers [with] shame do love, Give ye. 19 The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

[15] 1K 12:28; 2K 17:18; Is 48:1; Jr 3:6, 10; 5:2; Ezk 20:39; 23:4; Ho 4:12; 5:8; 9:15; 10:5, 8; 11:12; 12:11; Am 4:4; 5:5; 6:10; 8:14; Zp 1:5; Lk 12:47; Ep 5:11.
[16] Lv 26:33; 1S 15:11; Is 7:21; 22:18; Jr 3:6, 8, 11; 5:6; 7:24; 8:5; 14:7; Ho 11:7; Zc 7:11.
[17] Ps 81:12; Ho 4:4; 11:2; 12:1; 13:2; Mt 15:14; Rv 22:11.
[18] Ex 23:8; Dt 16:19; 32:32; 1S 8:3; 12:3; 2K 17:7; Ps 47:9; Pv 30:15; Is 1:21; Jr 2:21; Ho 4:2, 10; Am 5:12; Mi 3:11; 7:3.
[19] Is 1:29; 42:17; Jr 2:26, 36; 3:24; 4:11; 17:13; 51:1; Ho 10:6; Zc 5:9.


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