NASB — 1 Samuel 8 — KJV

Israel Demands a King

1 And it came about when Samuel was old that ahe appointed his sons judges over Israel. 2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; [they] were judging in aBeersheba. 3 His sons, however, did not walk in his ways, but turned aside after dishonest gain and atook bribes and perverted justice.

[1] aDt 16:18, 19
[2] aGn 22:19; 1K 19:3; Am 5:5
[3] aEx 23:6, 8; Dt 16:19

4 ¶ Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at aRamah; 5 and they said to him, “Behold, you have grown old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now aappoint a king for us to judge us like all the nations.” 6 But the thing was Iadispleasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And bSamuel prayed to the LORD. 7 The LORD said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for athey have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them. 8 Like all the deeds which they have done since the day that I brought them up from Egypt even to this day—in that they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also. 9 Now then, listen to their voice; ahowever, you shall solemnly Iwarn them and tell them of bthe IIprocedure of the king who will reign over them.”

[4] a1S 7:17
[5] aDt 17:14, 15
[6] IOr evil a1S 12:17 b1S 15:11
[7] aEx 16:8; 1S 10:19
[9] ILit testify to IILit custom aEzk 3:18 b1S 8:11-18; 10:25

Warning concerning a King

10 ¶ So Samuel spoke all the words of the LORD to athe people who had asked of him a king. 11 He said, “aThis will be the Iprocedure of the king who will reign over you: bhe will take your sons and place [them] for himself in his chariots and among his horsemen and cthey will run before his chariots. 12 aHe will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and of fifties, and [some] to Ido his plowing and to reap his harvest and to make his weapons of war and equipment for his chariots. 13 He will also take your daughters for perfumers and cooks and bakers. 14 aHe will take the best of your fields and your vineyards and your olive groves and give [them] to his servants. 15 He will take a tenth of your seed and of your vineyards and give to his officers and to his servants. 16 He will also take your male servants and your female servants and your best young men and your donkeys and Iuse [them] for his work. 17 He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his servants. 18 Then ayou will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, but bthe LORD will not answer you in that day.”

[10] a1S 8:4
[11] ILit custom aDt 17:14-20; 1S 10:25 b1S 14:52 c2S 15:1
[12] ILit plow his plowing aNu 31:14; 1S 22:7
[14] a1K 21:7; Ezk 46:18
[16] ILit make
[18] aIs 8:21 bPv 1:25-28; Is 1:15; Mi 3:4

19 ¶ Nevertheless, the people arefused to listen to the voice of Samuel, and they said, “No, but there shall be a king over us, 20 athat we also may be like all the nations, that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.” 21 Now after Samuel had heard all the words of the people, ahe repeated them in the LORDS hearing. 22 The LORD said to Samuel, “aListen to their voice and Iappoint them a king.” So Samuel said to the men of Israel, “Go every man to his city.”

[19] aIs 66:4; Jr 44:16
[20] a1S 8:5
[21] aJg 11:11
[22] ILit cause a king to reign for them a1S 8:7


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By occasion of the ill government of Samuel's sons, the Israelites ask a king.

1 ¶ And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel. 2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: [they were] judges in Beersheba. 3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment. 4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah, 5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.

[1] Dt 16:18; Jg 5:10; 8:22; 10:4; 12:14; 2Ch 19:5; Ne 7:2; 1Ti 5:21.
[2] 1Ch 6:28, 38.
[3] Ex 18:21; Dt 16:19; 2S 15:4; 1K 12:6; 2K 21:1; Ps 15:5; 26:10; Ec 2:19; Is 33:15; Jr 22:15; 1Ti 3:3; 6:10.
[4] Ex 3:16; 24:1; 2S 5:3.
[5] Nu 23:9; Dt 17:14; 1S 8:6, 19; 12:17; Ho 13:10; Ac 13:21.

Samuel praying in grief is comforted by God.

6 ¶ But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. 7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. 8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. 9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.

[6] Ex 32:21, 32; Nu 16:15, 22, 46; 1S 12:17; 15:11; Ezr 9:3; Ps 109:4; Lk 6:11; Php 4:6; Jm 1:5.
[7] Ex 16:8; Nu 22:20; 1S 10:19; 12:17; Ps 81:11; Is 66:4; Ho 13:10; Mt 10:24, 40; Lk 10:16; 19:14, 27; Jn 13:16; 15:20.
[8] Ex 14:11; 16:3; 17:2; 32:1; Nu 14:2; 16:2, 41; Dt 9:24; Jg 2:2, 20; 4:1; 6:1; 13:1; Ps 78:56; 106:14, 34; Ac 7:51.
[9] 1S 2:13; 8:11; 10:25; 14:52; Ezk 3:18; 45:7; 46:18.

He telleth the manner of a king.

10 ¶ And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king. 11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint [them] for himself, for his chariots, and [to be] his horsemen; and [some] shall run before his chariots. 12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and [will set them] to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots. 13 And he will take your daughters [to be] confectionaries, and [to be] cooks, and [to be] bakers. 14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, [even] the best [of them], and give [them] to his servants. 15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. 16 And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put [them] to his work. 17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants. 18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.

[11] Dt 17:14; 1S 10:25; 14:52; 2S 15:1; 1K 1:5; 9:22; 10:26; 12:4, 10; 18:46; 2Ch 26:10.
[12] 1K 4:7, 22, 27; 1Ch 27:1; 2Ch 32:28.
[14] 1S 22:7; 1K 21:7, 19; Ezk 46:18.
[15] Gn 37:36; Is 39:7; Dn 1:3, 7, 18.
[18] 1S 8:13; Jb 27:9; Ps 18:41; Pv 1:25; 21:13; Is 1:15; 8:21; Mi 3:4; Lk 13:25.

God willeth Samuel to yield unto the importunity of the people.

19 ¶ Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD. 22 And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.

[19] Ps 81:11; Jr 7:13; 44:16; Ezk 33:31.
[20] Ex 33:16; Lv 20:24; Nu 23:9; Dt 7:6; 1S 8:5; Ps 106:35; Jn 15:19; Ro 12:12; 2Co 6:17; Php 3:20; 1P 2:9.
[21] Jg 11:11.
[22] 1S 8:7; Ho 13:11.


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