Israel Demands a King
1 And it came° about when° Samuel° was old° that ahe appointed° his sons° judges° over Israel°. 2 Now the name° of his firstborn° was Joel°, and the name° of his second°, Abijah°; [they] were judging° in aBeersheba°. 3 His sons°, however, did not walk° in his ways°, but turned° aside° after° dishonest° gain° and atook° bribes° and perverted° justice°.
4 ¶ Then all° the elders° of Israel° gathered° together and came° to Samuel° at aRamah°; 5 and they said° to him, “Behold°, you have grown° old°, and your sons° do not walk° in your ways°. Now° aappoint° a king° for us to judge° us like all° the nations°.” 6 But the thing° was Iadispleasing° in the sight° of Samuel° when° they said°, “Give° us a king° to judge° us.” And bSamuel° prayed° to the LORD°. 7 The LORD° said° to Samuel°, “Listen° to the voice° of the people° in regard to all° that they say° to you, for athey have not rejected° you, but they have rejected° Me from being° king° over° them. 8 Like all° the deeds° which° they have done° since° the day° that I brought° them up from Egypt° even to this° day°in that they have forsaken° Me and served° other° gods°so° they are doing° to you also°. 9 Now° then, listen° to their voice°; ahowever°, you shall solemnly° Iwarn° them and tell° them of bthe IIprocedure° of the king° who° will reign° over° them.”
 a1S 7:17
 aDt 17:14, 15
 IOr evil a1S 12:17 b1S 15:11
 aEx 16:8; 1S 10:19
 ILit testify to IILit custom aEzk 3:18 b1S 8:11-18; 10:25
Warning concerning a King
10 ¶ So Samuel° spoke° all° the words° of the LORD° to athe people° who had asked° of him a king°. 11 He said°, “aThis° will be the Iprocedure° of the king° who° will reign° over° you: bhe will take° your sons° and place° [them] for himself in his chariots° and among his horsemen° and cthey will run° before° his chariots°. 12 aHe will appoint° for himself commanders° of thousands° and of fifties°, and [some] to Ido° his plowing° and to reap° his harvest° and to make° his weapons° of war° and equipment° for his chariots°. 13 He will also take° your daughters° for perfumers° and cooks° and bakers°. 14 aHe will take° the best° of your fields° and your vineyards° and your olive° groves° and give° [them] to his servants°. 15 He will take° a tenth° of your seed° and of your vineyards° and give° to his officers° and to his servants°. 16 He will also take° your male° servants° and your female° servants° and your best° young° men° and your donkeys° and Iuse° [them] for his work°. 17 He will take° a tenth° of your flocks°, and you yourselves° will become° his servants°. 18 Then ayou will cry° out in that day° because°° of your king° whom° you have chosen° for yourselves, but bthe LORD° will not answer° you in that day°.”
 a1S 8:4
 ILit custom aDt 17:14-20; 1S 10:25 b1S 14:52 c2S 15:1
 ILit plow his plowing aNu 31:14; 1S 22:7
 a1K 21:7; Ezk 46:18
 ILit make
 aIs 8:21 bPv 1:25-28; Is 1:15; Mi 3:4
19 ¶ Nevertheless, the people° arefused° to listen° to the voice° of Samuel°, and they said°, “No°, but there shall be a king° over° us, 20 athat we also° may be like all° the nations°, that our king° may judge° us and go° out before° us and fight° our battles°.” 21 Now after Samuel° had heard° all° the words° of the people°, ahe repeated° them in the LORD’S° hearing°. 22 The LORD° said° to Samuel°, “aListen° to their voice° and Iappoint° them a king°.” So Samuel° said° to the men° of Israel°, “Go° every° man° to his city°.”
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By occasion of the ill government of Samuel's sons, the Israelites ask a king.
1 ¶ And it came to pass,² when² Samuelº was old,ºª that he madeºª² his sonsº judgesºª over Israel.º 2 Now the nameº of his firstbornº¹ was² Joel;º and the nameº of his second,º Abiah:º [they were] judgesºª in Beersheba.º 3 And his sonsº walkedºª not² in his ways,º but turned asideºª afterº lucre,º and tookºª bribes,º and pervertedºª judgment.º 4 Then all² the eldersº of Israelº gathered themselves together,ºª and cameºª to² Samuelº unto Ramah,º 5 And saidºª unto² him, Behold,² thou² art old,ºª and thy sonsº walkºª not² in thy ways:º now² makeºª us a kingº to judgeºª us like all² the nations.º
 Dt 16:18; Jg 5:10; 8:22; 10:4; 12:14; 2Ch 19:5; Ne 7:2; 1Ti 5:21.
 1Ch 6:28, 38.
 Ex 18:21; Dt 16:19; 2S 15:4; 1K 12:6; 2K 21:1; Ps 15:5; 26:10; Ec 2:19; Is 33:15; Jr 22:15; 1Ti 3:3; 6:10.
 Ex 3:16; 24:1; 2S 5:3.
 Nu 23:9; Dt 17:14; 1S 8:6, 19; 12:17; Ho 13:10; Ac 13:21.
Samuel praying in grief is comforted by God.
6 ¶ But the thingº displeasedººª Samuel,º when² they said,ºª Giveºª us a kingº to judgeºª us. And Samuelº prayedºª unto² the LORD.º 7 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Samuel,º Hearkenºª unto the voiceº of the peopleº in all² that² they sayºª unto² thee: for² they have not² rejectedºª thee, but² they have rejectedºª me, that I should not reignºª² over² them. 8 According to all² the worksº which² they have doneºª since the dayº² that I brought them upºª² out of Egyptº² even unto² this² day,º wherewith they have forsakenºª me, and servedºª otherº gods,º so² doºª they² also² unto thee. 9 Now² therefore hearkenºª unto their voice:º howbeitº yet² protest¹ª solemnlyºª unto them, and shewºª them the mannerº of the kingº that² shall reignºª over² them.
 Ex 32:21, 32; Nu 16:15, 22, 46; 1S 12:17; 15:11; Ezr 9:3; Ps 109:4; Lk 6:11; Php 4:6; Jm 1:5.
 Ex 16:8; Nu 22:20; 1S 10:19; 12:17; Ps 81:11; Is 66:4; Ho 13:10; Mt 10:24, 40; Lk 10:16; 19:14, 27; Jn 13:16; 15:20.
 Ex 14:11; 16:3; 17:2; 32:1; Nu 14:2; 16:2, 41; Dt 9:24; Jg 2:2, 20; 4:1; 6:1; 13:1; Ps 78:56; 106:14, 34; Ac 7:51.
 1S 2:13; 8:11; 10:25; 14:52; Ezk 3:18; 45:7; 46:18.
He telleth the manner of a king.
10 ¶ And Samuelº toldºª all² the wordsº of the LORDº unto² the peopleº that askedºª of²² him a king.º 11 And he said,ºª This² will be² the mannerº of the kingº that² shall reignºª over² you: He will takeºª² your sons,º and appointºª [them] for himself, for his chariots,º and [to be] his horsemen;º and [some] shall runºª beforeº his chariots.º 12 And he will appointºª him captainsº over thousands,º and captainsº over fifties;º and [will set them] to earºª his ground,º and to reapºª his harvest,º and to makeºª his instrumentsº of war,º and instrumentsº of his chariots.º 13 And he will takeºª your daughtersº [to be] confectionaries,º and [to be] cooks,º and [to be] bakers.ºª 14 And he will takeºª your fields,º and your vineyards,º and your oliveyards,º [even] the bestº [of them], and giveºª [them] to his servants.º 15 And he will take the tenthºª of your seed,º and of your vineyards,º and giveºª to his officers,º and to his servants.º 16 And he will takeºª your menservants,º and your maidservants,º and your goodliestº young men,º and your asses,º and putºª [them] to his work.º 17 He will take the tenthºª of your sheep:º and ye² shall be² his servants.º 18 And ye shall cry outºª in that² dayº becauseº² of your kingº which² ye shall have chosenºª you; and the LORDº will not² hearºª you in that² day.º
 Dt 17:14; 1S 10:25; 14:52; 2S 15:1; 1K 1:5; 9:22; 10:26; 12:4, 10; 18:46; 2Ch 26:10.
 1K 4:7, 22, 27; 1Ch 27:1; 2Ch 32:28.
 1S 22:7; 1K 21:7, 19; Ezk 46:18.
 Gn 37:36; Is 39:7; Dn 1:3, 7, 18.
 1S 8:13; Jb 27:9; Ps 18:41; Pv 1:25; 21:13; Is 1:15; 8:21; Mi 3:4; Lk 13:25.
God willeth Samuel to yield unto the importunity of the people.
19 ¶ Nevertheless the peopleº refusedºª to obeyºª the voiceº of Samuel;º and they said,ºª Nay;² but²² we will have² a kingº over² us; 20 That we² also² may be² like all² the nations;º and that our kingº may judgeºª us, and go outºª beforeº us, and fightºª² our battles.º 21 And Samuelº heardºª² all² the wordsº of the people,º and he rehearsedºª them in the earsº of the LORD.º 22 And the LORDº saidºª to² Samuel,º Hearkenºª unto their voice,º and make¹ª them a king.º² And Samuelº saidºª unto² the men¹² of Israel,º Go¹ª² ye every manº unto his city.º
 Ps 81:11; Jr 7:13; 44:16; Ezk 33:31.
 Ex 33:16; Lv 20:24; Nu 23:9; Dt 7:6; 1S 8:5; Ps 106:35; Jn 15:19; Ro 12:12; 2Co 6:17; Php 3:20; 1P 2:9.
 Jg 11:11.
 1S 8:7; Ho 13:11.
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