NASB — Exodus 17 — KJV

Water in the Rock

1 Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed by Istages from the wilderness of aSin, according to the IIcommand of the LORD, and camped at bRephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore the people aquarreled with Moses and said, “Give us water that we may drink.” And Moses said to them, “bWhy do you quarrel with me? cWhy do you test the LORD?” 3 But the people thirsted there for water; and Ithey agrumbled against Moses and said, “Why, now, have you brought us up from Egypt, to kill IIus and IIIour children and IIIbour livestock with thirst?” 4 So Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, “What shall I do to this people? A alittle more and they will stone me.” 5 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pass before the people and take with you some of athe elders of Israel; and take in your hand your staff with which byou struck the Nile, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at aHoreb; and byou shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 He named the place IaMassah and IIbMeribah because of the quarrel of the sons of Israel, and because they ctested the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD among us, or not?”

[1] ILit their journeyings IILit mouth aEx 16:1; Nu 33:12 bEx 19:2; Nu 33:14
[2] aEx 14:11; Nu 20:2, 3, 13 bEx 16:8 cDt 6:16; Ps 78:18, 41; Mt 4:7; 1Co 10:9
[3] ILit the people IILit me IIILit my aEx 16:2, 3 bEx 12:38
[4] aNu 14:10; 1S 30:6
[5] aEx 3:16, 18 bEx 7:20
[6] aEx 3:1 bNu 20:10, 11; Dt 8:15; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:15; 105:41; 114:8; 1Co 10:4
[7] II.e. test III.e. quarrel aDt 6:16; 9:22; Ps 95:8 bNu 20:13, 24; 27:14; Ps 81:7 cNu 14:22; Dt 33:8

Amalek Fought

8 ¶ Then aAmalek came and fought against Israel at bRephidim. 9 So Moses said to aJoshua, “Choose men for us and go out, fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will station myself on the top of the hill with bthe staff of God in my hand.” 10 Joshua did as Moses Itold him, IIand fought against Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and aHur went up to the top of the hill. 11 So it came about when Moses held his hand up, that Israel prevailed, and when he let his hand Idown, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses’ hands were heavy. Then they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it; and Aaron and Hur asupported his hands, one on one side and one on the other. Thus his hands were steady until the sun set. 13 So Joshua Ioverwhelmed Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

[8] aGn 36:12; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17-19; 1S 15:2 bEx 17:1
[9] aEx 24:13 bEx 4:20
[10] ILit said to IILit to fight aEx 24:14; 31:2
[11] ILit rest
[12] aIs 35:3
[13] ILit weakened

14 ¶ Then the LORD said to Moses, “aWrite this in Ia book as a memorial and IIrecite it to Joshua, IIIthat bI will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven.” 15 Moses built an aaltar and named it bThe LORD is My Banner; 16 and he said, “IaThe LORD has sworn; the LORD will have war against Amalek from generation to generation.”

[14] ILit the book IILit place it in the ears of IIIOr for aEx 24:4; 34:27; Nu 33:2 bDt 25:19; 1S 15:3
[15] aEx 24:4 bGn 22:14; Jg 6:24
[16] IOr Because a hand is against the throne of the LORD; lit Because a hand upon the throne of YAH aGn 22:16


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The people murmur for water at Rephidim.

1 ¶ And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and [there was] no water for the people to drink. 2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? 3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore [is] this [that] thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? 4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

[1] Ex 16:1; 17:8; 19:2; Nu 33:12.
[2] Gn 30:1; Ex 5:21; 14:11; 15:24; 16:2; 17:7; Nu 11:4; 14:2, 22; 20:3; 21:5; Dt 6:16; 1S 8:6; Ps 78:18, 41, 56; 95:9; 106:14; Is 7:12; Mal 3:15; Mt 4:7; 16:1; Lk 4:12; 15:12; Ac 5:9; 15:10; 1Co 10:9; He 3:9.
[3] Ex 16:3.
[4] Ex 14:15; 15:25; Nu 11:11; 14:10; 16:19; 1S 30:6; Jn 8:59; 10:31; Ac 7:50; 14:19.

God sendeth them for water to the rock in Horeb.

5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?

[5] Ex 7:19; Nu 20:8; Ezk 2:6; Ac 20:23.
[6] Ex 3:1; 16:10; Nu 20:9; Dt 8:15; Ne 9:15; Ps 46:4; 78:15, 20; 105:41; 114:8; Is 41:17; 43:19; 48:21; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37; 1Co 10:4; Rv 22:17.
[7] Ex 17:2; 34:9; Nu 20:13; Dt 9:22; 31:17; Jsh 22:31; Ps 81:7; 95:8; Is 12:6; Mi 3:11; Jn 1:14; Ac 7:37; He 3:8.

Amalek is overcome by the holding up of Moses' hands.

8 ¶ Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand. 10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses' hands [were] heavy; and they took a stone, and put [it] under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this [for] a memorial in a book, and rehearse [it] in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

[8] Gn 36:12, 16; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17; 1S 15:2; 30:1; Ps 83:7.
[9] Ex 4:2, 20; 17:13; 24:13; Nu 11:28; 13:16; 31:3; Dt 32:44; Ac 7:45; He 4:8.
[10] Ex 17:9, 12; 24:14; Jsh 11:15; Mt 28:20; Jn 2:5; 15:14.
[11] Ps 56:9; Lk 18:1; 1Ti 2:8; Jm 5:16.
[12] Ps 35:3; Is 35:3; Mt 26:40; Mk 14:37; 2Co 1:11; Ep 6:18; Php 1:19; Col 4:2; 1Th 5:25; He 12:12; Jm 1:6.
[13] Jsh 10:28, 32, 37, 42; 11:12.
[14] Ex 12:14; 13:9; 34:27; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17; 31:9; Jsh 4:7; 1S 15:2, 7, 18; 27:8; 30:1, 17; 2S 1:1, 8; 8:12; 1Ch 4:43; Ezr 9:14; Jb 18:17; 19:23; Ps 9:6; Pv 10:7; Hg 2:2.

Moses buildeth the altar JEHOVAH-nissi.

15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi: 16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.

[15] Gn 22:14; 33:20; Ps 60:4.
[16] Ps 21:8; Is 66:1; Ac 7:49.


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