Water in the Rock
1 Then all° the congregation° of the sons° of Israel° journeyed° by Istages° from the wilderness° of aSin°, according° to the IIcommand° of the LORD°, and camped° at bRephidim°, and there° was no° water° for the people° to drink°. 2 Therefore the people° aquarreled° with Moses° and said°, “Give° us water° that we may drink°.” And Moses° said° to them, “bWhy° do you quarrel° with me? cWhy° do you test° the LORD°?” 3 But the people° thirsted° there° for water°; and Ithey agrumbled° against° Moses° and said°, “Why°, now°, have you brought° us up from Egypt°, to kill° IIus and IIIour children° and IIIbour livestock° with thirst°?” 4 So Moses° cried° out to the LORD°, saying°, “What° shall I do° to this° people°? A alittle° more° and they will stone° me.” 5 Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Pass° before° the people° and take° with you some° of athe elders° of Israel°; and take° in your hand° your staff° with which° byou struck° the Nile°, and go°. 6 Behold°, I will stand° before° you there° on the rock° at aHoreb°; and byou shall strike° the rock°, and water° will come° out of it, that the people° may drink°.” And Moses° did° so° in the sight° of the elders° of Israel°. 7 He named°° the place° IaMassah° and IIbMeribah° because° of the quarrel° of the sons° of Israel°, and because° they ctested° the LORD°, saying°, “Is the LORD° among° us, or° not?”
 ILit their journeyings IILit mouth aEx 16:1; Nu 33:12 bEx 19:2; Nu 33:14
 aEx 14:11; Nu 20:2, 3, 13 bEx 16:8 cDt 6:16; Ps 78:18, 41; Mt 4:7; 1Co 10:9
 ILit the people IILit me IIILit my aEx 16:2, 3 bEx 12:38
 aNu 14:10; 1S 30:6
 aEx 3:16, 18 bEx 7:20
 aEx 3:1 bNu 20:10, 11; Dt 8:15; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:15; 105:41; 114:8; 1Co 10:4
 II.e. test III.e. quarrel aDt 6:16; 9:22; Ps 95:8 bNu 20:13, 24; 27:14; Ps 81:7 cNu 14:22; Dt 33:8
8 ¶ Then aAmalek° came° and fought° against° Israel° at bRephidim°. 9 So Moses° said° to aJoshua°, “Choose° men° for us and go° out, fight° against Amalek°. Tomorrow° I will station° myself° on the top° of the hill° with bthe staff° of God° in my hand°.” 10 Joshua° did° as Moses° Itold° him, IIand fought° against Amalek°; and Moses°, Aaron°, and aHur° went° up to the top° of the hill°. 11 So it came° about when° Moses° held° his hand° up, that Israel° prevailed°, and when° he let his hand° Idown°, Amalek° prevailed°. 12 But Moses’ hands° were heavy°. Then they took° a stone° and put° it under° him, and he sat° on it; and Aaron° and Hur° asupported° his hands°, one° on one° side° and one° on the other°. Thus his hands° were steady° until° the sun° set°. 13 So Joshua° Ioverwhelmed° Amalek° and his people° with the edge° of the sword°.
 aGn 36:12; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17-19; 1S 15:2 bEx 17:1
 aEx 24:13 bEx 4:20
 ILit said to IILit to fight aEx 24:14; 31:2
 ILit rest
 aIs 35:3
 ILit weakened
14 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “aWrite° this° in Ia book° as a memorial° and IIrecite°° it to Joshua°, IIIthat bI will utterly° blot° out the memory° of Amalek° from under° heaven°.” 15 Moses° built° an aaltar° and named°° it bThe LORD° is My Banner°; 16 and he said°, “IaThe LORD° has sworn°°°; the LORD° will have war° against Amalek° from generation° to generation°.”
 ILit the book IILit place it in the ears of IIIOr for aEx 24:4; 34:27; Nu 33:2 bDt 25:19; 1S 15:3
 aEx 24:4 bGn 22:14; Jg 6:24
 IOr Because a hand is against the throne of the LORD; lit Because a hand upon the throne of YAH aGn 22:16
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The people murmur for water at Rephidim.
1 ¶ And all² the congregationº of the childrenº of Israelº journeyedºª from the wildernessº² of Sin,º after their journeys,º according to² the commandmentº of the LORD,º and pitchedºª in Rephidim:º and [there was] no² waterº for the peopleº to drink.ºª 2 Wherefore the peopleº did chideºª with² Moses,º and said,ºª Giveºª us waterº that we may drink.ºª And Mosesº saidºª unto them, Why² chideºª ye with² me? wherefore² do ye temptºª² the LORD?º 3 And the peopleº thirstedºª there² for water;º and the peopleº murmuredºª against² Moses,º and said,ºª Wherefore² [is] this² [that] thou hast brought¹ª us up² out of Egypt,º² to killºª us and our childrenº and our cattleº with thirst?º 4 And Mosesº criedºª unto² the LORD,º saying,ºª What² shall I doºª unto this² people?º they be almostº ready² to stoneºª me.
 Ex 16:1; 17:8; 19:2; Nu 33:12.
 Gn 30:1; Ex 5:21; 14:11; 15:24; 16:2; 17:7; Nu 11:4; 14:2, 22; 20:3; 21:5; Dt 6:16; 1S 8:6; Ps 78:18, 41, 56; 95:9; 106:14; Is 7:12; Mal 3:15; Mt 4:7; 16:1; Lk 4:12; 15:12; Ac 5:9; 15:10; 1Co 10:9; He 3:9.
 Ex 16:3.
 Ex 14:15; 15:25; Nu 11:11; 14:10; 16:19; 1S 30:6; Jn 8:59; 10:31; Ac 7:50; 14:19.
God sendeth them for water to the rock in Horeb.
5 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Go onºª beforeº the people,º and takeºª with² thee of the eldersº² of Israel;º and thy rod,º wherewith² thou smotestºª² the river,º takeºª in thine hand,º and go.ºª 6 Behold,² I will standºª beforeº thee there² upon² the rockº in Horeb;º and thou shalt smiteºª the rock,º and there shall comeºª waterº out of² it, that the peopleº may drink.ºª And Mosesº didºª so² in the sightº of the eldersº of Israel.º 7 And he calledºª the nameº of the placeº Massah,º and Meribah,º because of² the chidingº of the childrenº of Israel,º and because² they temptedºª² the LORD,º saying,ºª Isº the LORDº amongº us, or² not?²
 Ex 7:19; Nu 20:8; Ezk 2:6; Ac 20:23.
 Ex 3:1; 16:10; Nu 20:9; Dt 8:15; Ne 9:15; Ps 46:4; 78:15, 20; 105:41; 114:8; Is 41:17; 43:19; 48:21; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37; 1Co 10:4; Rv 22:17.
 Ex 17:2; 34:9; Nu 20:13; Dt 9:22; 31:17; Jsh 22:31; Ps 81:7; 95:8; Is 12:6; Mi 3:11; Jn 1:14; Ac 7:37; He 3:8.
Amalek is overcome by the holding up of Moses' hands.
8 ¶ Then cameºª Amalek,º and foughtºª with² Israelº in Rephidim.º 9 And Mosesº saidºª unto² Joshua,º Choose us outºª men,¹² and go out,ºª fightºª with Amalek:º to morrowº I² will standºª on² the topº of the hillº with the rodº of Godº in mine hand.º 10 So Joshuaº didºª as² Mosesº had saidºª to him, and foughtºª with Amalek:º and Moses,º Aaron,º and Hurº went upºª to the topº of the hill.º 11 And it came to pass,² when² Mosesº held upºª his hand,º that Israelº prevailed:ºª and when² he let downºª his hand,º Amalekº prevailed.ºª 12 But Moses'º handsº [were] heavy;º and they tookºª a stone,º and putºª [it] under² him, and he satºª thereon;² and Aaronº and Hurº stayed upºª his hands,º the one² on the one side,¹²² and the other² on the other side;¹²² and his handsº were² steadyº until² the going downºª of the sun.º 13 And Joshuaº discomfitedºª² Amalekº and his peopleº with the edgeº of the sword.º 14 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Writeºª this² [for] a memorialº in a book,º and rehearseºª [it] in the earsº of Joshua:º for² I will utterly¹ª put outºª² the remembranceº of Amalekº from under²² heaven.º
 Gn 36:12, 16; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17; 1S 15:2; 30:1; Ps 83:7.
 Ex 4:2, 20; 17:13; 24:13; Nu 11:28; 13:16; 31:3; Dt 32:44; Ac 7:45; He 4:8.
 Ex 17:9, 12; 24:14; Jsh 11:15; Mt 28:20; Jn 2:5; 15:14.
 Ps 56:9; Lk 18:1; 1Ti 2:8; Jm 5:16.
 Ps 35:3; Is 35:3; Mt 26:40; Mk 14:37; 2Co 1:11; Ep 6:18; Php 1:19; Col 4:2; 1Th 5:25; He 12:12; Jm 1:6.
 Jsh 10:28, 32, 37, 42; 11:12.
 Ex 12:14; 13:9; 34:27; Nu 24:20; Dt 25:17; 31:9; Jsh 4:7; 1S 15:2, 7, 18; 27:8; 30:1, 17; 2S 1:1, 8; 8:12; 1Ch 4:43; Ezr 9:14; Jb 18:17; 19:23; Ps 9:6; Pv 10:7; Hg 2:2.
Moses buildeth the altar JEHOVAH-nissi.
15 And Mosesº builtºª an altar,º and calledºª the nameº of it Jehovahnissi:º 16 For he said,ºª Because² the LORDº hath swornºº² [that] the LORDº [will have] warº with Amalekº from generationº² to generation.º
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