NASB — Numbers 13 — KJV

Spies View the Land

1 Then athe LORD spoke to Moses saying, 2aSend out for yourself men so that they may spy out the land of Canaan, which I am going to give to the sons of Israel; you shall send a man from each of their fathers’ tribes, every one a leader among them.” 3 So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran at the Icommand of the LORD, all of them men who were heads of the sons of Israel. 4 These then [were] their names: from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur; 5 from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori; 6 from the tribe of Judah, aCaleb the son of Jephunneh; 7 from the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph; 8 from the tribe of Ephraim, aHoshea the son of Nun; 9 from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu; 10 from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi; 11 from the tribe of Joseph, from the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi; 12 from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli; 13 from the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael; 14 from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi; 15 from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16 These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land; but Moses called aHoshea the son of Nun, Joshua.

[1] aDt 1:22, 23
[2] aDt 1:22; 9:23
[3] ILit mouth
[6] aNu 14:6, 30; Jsh 14:6
[8] aNu 13:16; Dt 32:44
[16] aNu 13:8; Dt 32:44

17 ¶ When Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, he said to them, “Go up Ithere into athe IINegev; then go up into the hill country. 18 See what the land is like, and whether the people who live in it are strong [or] weak, whether they are few or many. 19 How is the land in which they live, is it good or bad? And how are the cities in which they live, are [they] Ilike [open] camps or with fortifications? 20 aHow is the land, is it fat or lean? Are there trees in it or not? IMake an beffort then to get some of the fruit of the land.” Now the time was the time of the first ripe grapes.

[17] ILit here III.e. South country, and so throughout the ch aGn 12:9; 13:1, 3
[19] ILit in
[20] ILit Use your strength aDt 1:24, 25 bDt 31:6, 23

21 ¶ So they went up and spied out the land from athe wilderness of Zin as far as Rehob, Ibat Lebo-hamath. 22 When they had gone up into athe Negev, Ithey came to Hebron where bAhiman, Sheshai and Talmai, the IIdescendants of cAnak were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before dZoan in Egypt.)

[21] IOr to the entrance of Hamath aNu 20:1; 27:14; 33:36 bJsh 13:5
[22] ILit Most mss read one came IILit children aNu 13:17 bJsh 15:14 cNu 13:28, 33 dPs 78:12, 43

23 ¶ Then they came to the Ivalley of IIaEshcol and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two [men], with some of the pomegranates and the figs. 24 That place was called the valley of IEshcol, because of the cluster which the sons of Israel cut down from there.

[23] IOr wadi III.e. cluster aGn 14:13; Nu 13:24; 32:9; Dt 1:24
[24] II.e. cluster

The Spies’ Reports

25 ¶ When they returned from spying out the land, at the end of forty days, 26 they proceeded to come to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation of the sons of Israel Iin the wilderness of Paran, at aKadesh; and they brought back word to them and to all the congregation and showed them the fruit of the land. 27 Thus they told him, and said, “We went in to the land where you sent us; and ait certainly does flow with milk and honey, and bthis is its fruit. 28 Nevertheless, athe people who live in the land are strong, and the cities are fortified [and] very large; and moreover, we saw bthe Idescendants of Anak there. 29 Amalek is living in the land of athe Negev and the Hittites and the Jebusites and bthe Amorites are living in the hill country, and cthe Canaanites are living by the sea and by the side of the Jordan.”

[26] ILit to aNu 20:1, 14; 32:8
[27] aEx 3:8, 17; 13:5 bDt 1:25
[28] ILit born ones aDt 1:28; 9:1, 2 bNu 13:33
[29] aNu 13:17; 14:25, 45 bJsh 10:6 cNu 14:43, 45

30 ¶ Then Caleb quieted the people Ibefore Moses and said, “We should by all means go up and take possession of it, for we will surely overcome it.” 31 But the men who had gone up with him said, “aWe are not able to go up against the people, for they are too strong for us.” 32 So they gave out to the sons of Israel aa bad report of the land which they had spied out, saying, “The land through which we have gone, in spying it out, is ba land that devours its Iinhabitants; and call the people whom we saw in it are men of [great] size. 33 There also we saw the aNephilim (the sons of Anak are part of the Nephilim); and bwe became like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”

[30] ILit toward
[31] aDt 1:28; 9:1-3
[32] IOr settlers aNu 14:36, 37; Ps 106:24 bEzk 36:13, 14 cAm 2:9
[33] aGn 6:4 bDt 1:28; 9:2; Jsh 11:21


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The names of the men who were sent to search the land.

1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them. 3 And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men [were] heads of the children of Israel. 4 And these [were] their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur. 5 Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori. 6 Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 7 Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph. 8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun. 9 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu. 10 Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi. 11 Of the tribe of Joseph, [namely], of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi. 12 Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli. 13 Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael. 14 Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi. 15 Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16 These [are] the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

[2] Ex 18:25; Nu 1:4; 11:16; 32:8; 34:18; Dt 1:15, 22; Jsh 2:1.
[3] Nu 12:16; 32:8; Dt 1:19, 23; 9:23.
[6] Nu 13:30; 14:6, 24, 30, 38; 26:65; 27:15; 34:19; Dt 31:7; Jsh 14:6; 15:13; 1Ch 4:15; Lk 1:10.
[8] Ex 17:9; 24:13; 32:17; Nu 11:28; 13:16; 27:18; Dt 31:7, 14, 23; 34:9; Jsh 1:1, 16; 24:1.
[16] Ex 17:9; Nu 13:8; 14:6, 30; Ho 1:1; Mt 1:21; Ac 7:45; Ro 9:25; He 4:8.

Their instructions.

17 ¶ And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this [way] southward, and go up into the mountain: 18 And see the land, what it [is]; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they [be] strong or weak, few or many; 19 And what the land [is] that they dwell in, whether it [be] good or bad; and what cities [they be] that they dwell in, whether in tents, or in strong holds; 20 And what the land [is], whether it [be] fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time [was] the time of the firstripe grapes.

[17] Gn 12:9; 13:1; 14:10; Nu 13:21; 14:40; Dt 1:44; Jsh 15:3; Jg 1:9, 15, 19.
[18] Ex 3:8; Ezk 34:14.
[20] Nu 13:23, 30; Dt 31:6, 23; Jsh 1:6, 9; 2:3, 22; 1Ch 22:11; Ne 9:25, 35; Ezk 34:14; Mi 7:1; He 13:6.

Their acts.

21 ¶ So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath. 22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) 23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs. 24 The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence. 25 And they returned from searching of the land after forty days.

[21] Ex 16:1; Nu 20:1; 27:14; 33:36; 34:3; Dt 32:51; Jsh 15:1; 19:28; Jg 1:31; 18:28; 2S 8:9; Am 6:2.
[22] Gn 13:18; 23:2; Nu 13:33; Jsh 11:21; 14:13; 15:13; 21:13; Jg 1:10; 2S 2:1, 11; Ps 78:12, 43; Is 19:11; 30:4.
[23] Nu 13:24; 32:9; Dt 1:24; Jg 16:4.
[24] Nu 13:23.
[25] Ex 24:18; 34:28; Nu 14:33.

Their relation.

26 ¶ And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land. 27 And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this [is] the fruit of it. 28 Nevertheless the people [be] strong that dwell in the land, and the cities [are] walled, [and] very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there. 29 The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan. 30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. 31 But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they [are] stronger than we. 32 And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, [is] a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it [are] men of a great stature. 33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, [which come] of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

[26] Nu 13:3; 20:1, 16; 32:8; 33:36; Dt 1:19; Jsh 14:6.
[27] Ex 3:8, 17; 13:5; 33:3; Lv 20:24; Nu 14:8; Dt 1:25; 6:3; 11:9; 26:9, 11; 27:3; 31:20; Jsh 5:6; Jr 11:5; 32:22; Ezk 20:6, 15.
[28] Nu 13:22, 33; Dt 1:28; 2:10, 21; 3:5; 9:1; Jsh 11:22; 15:14; Jg 1:20.
[29] Gn 14:7; 15:19; Ex 3:8, 17; 17:8; Nu 14:43; 24:20; Jg 6:3; 1S 14:48; 15:3; 30:1; Ps 83:7.
[30] Nu 14:6, 24; Jsh 14:6; Ps 27:1; 60:12; 118:10; Is 41:10; Ro 8:31, 37; Php 4:13; He 11:33.
[31] Nu 32:9; Dt 1:28; Jsh 14:8; He 3:19.
[32] Nu 13:28; 14:36; Dt 1:28; 2S 21:20; 1Ch 20:6; Ezk 36:13; Am 2:9; Mt 23:13.
[33] Nu 13:22; Dt 1:28; 2:10; 3:11; 9:2; 1S 17:4, 42; 2S 21:20; 1Ch 11:23; Is 40:22.


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