NASB — Numbers 31 — KJV

The Slaughter of Midian

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2aTake full vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites; afterward you will be bgathered to your people.” 3 Moses spoke to the people, saying, “Arm men from among you for the war, that they may Igo against Midian to execute athe LORDS vengeance on Midian. 4 A thousand from each tribe of all the tribes of Israel you shall send to the war.” 5 So there were Ifurnished from the thousands of Israel, a thousand from each tribe, twelve thousand armed for war. 6 Moses sent them, a thousand from each tribe, to the war, and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war with them, aand the holy vessels and bthe trumpets for the alarm in his hand. 7 So they made war against Midian, just as the LORD had commanded Moses, and athey killed every male. 8 They killed the kings of Midian along with the [rest of] their slain: aEvi and Rekem and bZur and Hur and Reba, the five kings of Midian; they also killed cBalaam the son of Beor with the sword. 9 The sons of Israel captured the women of Midian and their little ones; and all their cattle and all their flocks and all their goods they plundered. 10 Then they burned all their cities where they lived and all their camps with fire. 11 aThey took all the spoil and all the prey, both of man and of beast. 12 They brought the captives and the prey and the spoil to Moses, and to Eleazar the priest and to the congregation of the sons of Israel, to the camp at the plains of Moab, which are by the Jordan [opposite] Jericho.

[2] aNu 25:1, 16, 17 bNu 20:24, 26; 27:13
[3] ILit be aLv 26:25
[5] ILit delivered
[6] aNu 14:44 bNu 10:8, 9
[7] aDt 20:13; Jg 21:11; 1K 11:15, 16
[8] aJsh 13:21 bNu 25:15 cNu 31:16; Jsh 13:22
[11] aDt 20:14

13 ¶ Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the leaders of the congregation went out to meet them outside the camp. 14 Moses was angry with the officers of the army, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, who had come from service in the war. 15 And Moses said to them, “Have you Ispared aall the women? 16 aBehold, these Icaused the sons of Israel, through the IIcounsel of bBalaam, to IIItrespass against the LORD in the matter of Peor, so the plague was among the congregation of the LORD. 17 aNow therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has known man Iintimately. 18 But all the Igirls who have not known man IIintimately, IIIspare for yourselves. 19 aAnd you, camp outside the camp seven days; whoever has killed any person and whoever has touched any slain, purify yourselves, you and your captives, on the third day and on the seventh day. 20 You shall purify for yourselves every garment and every article of Ileather and all the work of goats’ [hair], and all articles of wood.”

[15] ILit let...live aDt 20:14
[16] ILit were to IILit word IIIPossibly defect from the Lord aNu 25:1-9 bNu 31:8
[17] ILit by lying with a man aDt 7:2; 20:16-18
[18] ILit female children IILit by lying with a man IIILit keep alive
[19] aNu 19:11-22
[20] IOr skin

21 ¶ Then Eleazar the priest said to the men of war who had gone to battle, “This is the statute of the law which the LORD has commanded Moses: 22 only the gold and the silver, the bronze, the iron, the tin and the lead, 23 everything that can stand the fire, you shall pass through the fire, and it shall be clean, but it shall be purified with awater for impurity. But whatever cannot stand the fire you shall pass through the water. 24 And you shall wash your clothes on the seventh day and be clean, and afterward you may enter the camp.”

[23] aNu 19:9, 17

Division of the Booty

25 ¶ Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 26 “You and Eleazar the priest and the heads of the fathers’ [households] of the congregation take a count of the booty Ithat was captured, both of man and of animal; 27 and adivide the booty between the warriors who went out to battle and all the congregation. 28 aLevy a tax for the LORD from the men of war who went out to battle, one Iin five hundred of the persons and of the cattle and of the donkeys and of the sheep; 29 take it from their half and give it to Eleazar the priest, as an Ioffering to the LORD. 30 From the sons of Israel’s half, you shall take one drawn out of every fifty of the persons, of the cattle, of the donkeys and of the sheep, from all the animals, and give them to the Levites who akeep charge of the tabernacle of the LORD.” 31 Moses and Eleazar the priest did just as the LORD had commanded Moses.

[26] ILit of captives
[27] aJsh 22:8
[28] ILit soul from aNu 18:21-30
[29] ILit heave offering, and so throughout the ch
[30] aNu 3:7, 8, 25, 26, 31, 36, 37; 18:3, 4

32 ¶ Now the booty that remained from the spoil which the Imen of war had plundered was 675,000 sheep, 33 and 72,000 cattle, 34 and 61,000 donkeys, 35 and of human beings, of the women who had not known man Iintimately, all the persons were 32,000.

[32] ILit people
[35] ILit by lying with a man

36 ¶ The half, the portion of those who went out to war, was [as follows]: the number of sheep was 337,500, 37 and the LORDS levy of the sheep was 675; 38 and the cattle were 36,000, from which the LORDS levy was 72; 39 and the donkeys were 30,500, from which the LORDS levy was 61; 40 and the human beings were 16,000, from whom the LORDS levy was 32 persons. 41 Moses gave the levy [which was] the LORDS offering to Eleazar the priest, just aas the LORD had commanded Moses.

[41] aNu 5:9, 10; 18:19

42 ¶ As for the sons of Israel’s half, which Moses Iseparated from the men who had gone to war43 now the congregation’s half was 337,500 sheep, 44 and 36,000 cattle, 45 and 30,500 donkeys, 46 and the human beings were 16,00047 and from the sons of Israel’s half, Moses took one drawn out of every fifty, both of man and of animals, and gave them to the Levites, who kept charge of the tabernacle of the LORD, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.

[42] IOr divided

48 ¶ Then the officers who were over the thousands of the army, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, approached Moses, 49 and they said to Moses, “Your servants have taken a census of men of war who are in our charge, and no man of us is missing. 50 So we have brought as an offering to the LORD what each man found, articles of gold, armlets and bracelets, signet rings, earrings and necklaces, ato make atonement for ourselves before the LORD.” 51 Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold from them, all kinds of wrought articles. 52 All the gold of the offering which they offered up to the LORD, from the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, was 16,750 shekels. 53 aThe men of war had taken booty, every man for himself. 54 So Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold from the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it to the tent of meeting as aa memorial for the sons of Israel before the LORD.

[50] aEx 30:12-16
[53] aNu 31:32; Dt 20:14
[54] aEx 30:16


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The Midianites are spoiled, and Balaam slain.

1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people. 3 And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian. 4 Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribes of Israel, shall ye send to the war. 5 So there were delivered out of the thousands of Israel, a thousand of [every] tribe, twelve thousand armed for war. 6 And Moses sent them to the war, a thousand of [every] tribe, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand. 7 And they warred against the Midianites, as the LORD commanded Moses; and they slew all the males. 8 And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword. 9 And the children of Israel took [all] the women of Midian captives, and their little ones, and took the spoil of all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods. 10 And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt, and all their goodly castles, with fire. 11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, [both] of men and of beasts. 12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.

[2] Gn 15:15; 25:1, 8, 17; Ex 2:16; Nu 25:6, 14, 17; 27:13; 31:3; Dt 32:35; Jg 2:10; 16:24, 28; Ps 94:1; Is 1:24; Na 1:2; Lk 21:22; Ac 13:36; Ro 12:19; 13:4; 1Th 4:6; He 10:30; Rv 6:10; 18:20; 19:2.
[3] Ex 17:9, 16; Lv 26:25; Nu 25:11, 13; 31:2; Jg 5:2, 23; 2K 9:7; 10:30; Jr 46:10; 50:28.
[4] Lv 26:8; Jg 7:2; 1S 14:6.
[6] Ex 25:9; Nu 10:8; 14:44; 25:7; 33:20; Jsh 6:4, 13; 1S 4:4, 17; 14:18; 23:9; 2S 11:11; 2Ch 13:12.
[7] Dt 20:13; Jg 6:1, 33; 21:11; 1S 27:9; 1K 11:15.
[8] Nu 22:4, 10; 24:25; 25:15, 18; Jsh 13:21, 22; Ps 9:16; 10:2; 1Ti 6:9; 2P 2:15; Jde 1:11; Rv 2:14; 19:20.
[9] Nu 31:15; Dt 20:14; 2Ch 28:5, 8.
[10] Jsh 6:24; 1S 30:1; 1K 9:16; Is 1:7; Rv 18:8.
[11] Dt 20:14; Jsh 8:2.
[12] Nu 22:1.

Moses is wroth with the officers for saving the women alive.

13 ¶ And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp. 14 And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host, [with] the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, which came from the battle. 15 And Moses said unto them, Have ye saved all the women alive? 16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the LORD in the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of the LORD. 17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. 18 But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.

[13] Gn 14:17; Nu 5:2; 19:11; 31:12, 22; 1S 15:12; 30:21.
[14] Ex 32:19, 22; Lv 10:16; Nu 12:3; 1S 15:13; 1K 20:42; 2K 13:19; Ep 4:26.
[15] Dt 2:34; 20:13, 16; Jsh 6:21; 8:25; 10:40; 11:14; 1S 15:3; Ps 137:8; Jr 48:10; Ezk 9:6.
[16] Nu 24:14; 25:1, 9, 18; Dt 4:3; Jsh 22:17; Pv 23:27; Ec 7:26; 2P 2:15; Rv 2:14.
[17] Jg 21:11.
[18] Lv 25:44; Dt 20:14; 21:10; 2Ch 28:8; Is 14:2.

How the soldiers, with their captives and spoil, are to be purified.

19 And do ye abide without the camp seven days: whosoever hath killed any person, and whosoever hath touched any slain, purify [both] yourselves and your captives on the third day, and on the seventh day. 20 And purify all [your] raiment, and all that is made of skins, and all work of goats' [hair], and all things made of wood.

[19] Nu 5:2; 19:11; 1Ch 22:8.
[20] Gn 35:2; Ex 19:10; Nu 19:14, 22.

21 ¶ And Eleazar the priest said unto the men of war which went to the battle, This [is] the ordinance of the law which the LORD commanded Moses; 22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead, 23 Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make [it] go through the fire, and it shall be clean: nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of separation: and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make go through the water. 24 And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye shall come into the camp.

[21] Nu 30:16.
[23] Lv 11:32; 15:17; Nu 8:7; 19:9, 17; Is 43:2; Zc 13:9; Mal 2:2; Mt 3:11; 1Co 3:13; Ep 5:26; Tit 3:5; 1P 1:7; 3:21; 4:12; Rv 3:18.
[24] Lv 11:25; 14:9; 15:13; Nu 19:19.

The proportion whereby the prey is to be divided.

25 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 26 Take the sum of the prey that was taken, [both] of man and of beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, and the chief fathers of the congregation: 27 And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation: 28 And levy a tribute unto the LORD of the men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred, [both] of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the asses, and of the sheep: 29 Take [it] of their half, and give it unto Eleazar the priest, [for] an heave offering of the LORD. 30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the flocks, of all manner of beasts, and give them unto the Levites, which keep the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD. 31 And Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the LORD commanded Moses. 32 And the booty, [being] the rest of the prey which the men of war had caught, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep, 33 And threescore and twelve thousand beeves, 34 And threescore and one thousand asses, 35 And thirty and two thousand persons in all, of women that had not known man by lying with him. 36 And the half, [which was] the portion of them that went out to war, was in number three hundred thousand and seven and thirty thousand and five hundred sheep: 37 And the LORD'S tribute of the sheep was six hundred and threescore and fifteen. 38 And the beeves [were] thirty and six thousand; of which the LORD'S tribute [was] threescore and twelve. 39 And the asses [were] thirty thousand and five hundred; of which the LORD'S tribute [was] threescore and one. 40 And the persons [were] sixteen thousand; of which the LORD'S tribute [was] thirty and two persons. 41 And Moses gave the tribute, [which was] the LORD'S heave offering, unto Eleazar the priest, as the LORD commanded Moses. 42 And of the children of Israel's half, which Moses divided from the men that warred, 43 (Now the half [that pertained unto] the congregation was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand [and] seven thousand and five hundred sheep, 44 And thirty and six thousand beeves, 45 And thirty thousand asses and five hundred, 46 And sixteen thousand persons;) 47 Even of the children of Israel's half, Moses took one portion of fifty, [both] of man and of beast, and gave them unto the Levites, which kept the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.

[26] Nu 31:26.
[27] Jsh 22:8; 1S 30:4, 24; Ps 68:12.
[28] Gn 14:20; Nu 18:26; 31:30, 47; Jsh 6:19, 24; 2S 8:11; 1Ch 18:11; 26:26; Pv 3:9; Is 18:7; 23:18; 60:9; Mt 22:21.
[29] Ex 29:27; Nu 18:26; Dt 12:12, 19.
[30] Nu 3:7, 25, 31, 36; 18:1, 23, 24; 31:28, 42; 1Ch 9:27; 23:32; 26:20; Ac 20:28; 1Co 4:2; 9:13; Col 4:17; He 13:17.
[32] Nu 31:17, 28, 30.
[41] Nu 18:8, 19; 31:29; Mt 10:10; 1Co 9:10; Ga 6:6; 1Ti 5:17; He 7:4, 9.
[47] Nu 18:21; 31:30; Dt 12:17; Ps 134:1; Is 56:10; Lk 10:1; 1Th 5:12.

The voluntary oblation unto the treasury of the LORD.

48 ¶ And the officers which [were] over thousands of the host, the captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds, came near unto Moses: 49 And they said unto Moses, Thy servants have taken the sum of the men of war which [are] under our charge, and there lacketh not one man of us. 50 We have therefore brought an oblation for the LORD, what every man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, to make an atonement for our souls before the LORD. 51 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of them, [even] all wrought jewels. 52 And all the gold of the offering that they offered up to the LORD, of the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels. 53 ([For] the men of war had taken spoil, every man for himself.) 54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of the congregation, [for] a memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD.

[49] 1S 30:18; Ps 72:14; Jn 18:9.
[50] Ex 30:12, 15; Lv 17:11; Ps 107:15, 21; 116:12, 17.
[51] Nu 7:2.
[52] Nu 31:52.
[53] Dt 20:14.
[54] Ex 30:16; Nu 16:40; Jsh 4:7; Ps 18:49; 103:1; 115:1; 145:7; Zc 6:14; Lk 22:19; Ac 10:4.


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