1 Now athe angel° of the LORD° came° up from Gilgal° to bBochim°. And he said°, “cI brought° you up out of Egypt° and led° you into the land° which° I have sworn° to your fathers°; and I said°, ‘dI will never°° break° My covenant° with you, 2 and as for you, ayou shall make° no° covenant° with the inhabitants° of this° land°; byou shall tear° down° their altars°.’ But you have not Iobeyed°° Me; what° is this° you have done°? 3 Therefore I also° said°, ‘aI will not drive° them out before°° you; but they will Ibecome° b[as thorns] in your sides° and their gods° will be a snare° to you.’” 4 When the angel° of the LORD° spoke° these° words° to all° the sons° of Israel°, the people° lifted° up their voices° and wept°. 5 So they named°° that place° IBochim°; and there° they sacrificed° to the LORD°.
 aJg 6:11; 13:2-21 bJg 2:5 cEx 20:2 dGn 17:7, 8; Lv 26:42, 44; Dt 7:9
 ILit listened to My voice aEx 23:32; Dt 7:2-5 bEx 34:12, 13
 ISome ancient mss read be adversaries, and aJsh 23:13 bNu 33:55
 II.e. weepers
6 ¶ aWhen Joshua° had dismissed° the people°, the sons° of Israel° went° each° to his inheritance° to possess° the land°. 7 The people° served° the LORD° all° the days° of Joshua°, and all° the days° of the elders° who° Isurvived°°° Joshua°, who° had seen° all° the great° work° of the LORD° which° He had done° for Israel°. 8 Then Joshua° the son° of Nun°, the servant° of the LORD°, died° at the age° of one hundred° and ten°. 9 And they buried° him in the territory° of ahis inheritance° in Timnath-heres°, in the hill° country° of Ephraim°, north° of Mount° Gaash°. 10 All° that generation° also° were gathered° to their fathers°; and there arose° another° generation° after° them who° adid not know° the LORD°, nor° yet° the work° which° He had done° for Israel°.
Israel Serves Baals
11 ¶ Then the sons° of Israel° did° aevil° in the sight° of the LORD° and Iserved° the bBaals°, 12 and athey forsook° the LORD°, the God° of their fathers°, who had brought° them out of the land° of Egypt°, and followed°° other° gods° from [among] the gods° of the peoples° who° were around° them, and bowed° themselves down° to them; thus they provoked° the LORD° to anger°. 13 So they forsook° the LORD° and aserved° Baal° and the Ashtaroth°. 14 aThe anger° of the LORD° burned° against Israel°, and He gave° them into the hands° of plunderers° who plundered° them; and bHe sold° them into the hands° of their enemies° around° [them], so that they could° no° longer° stand° before° their enemies°. 15 Wherever°° they went°, the hand° of the LORD° was against them for evil°, as the LORD° had spoken° and aas the LORD° had sworn° to them, so that they were severely° distressed°.
 IOr worshiped aJg 3:7, 12; 4:1; 6:1 bJg 6:25; 8:33; 10:6
 aDt 31:16
 aJg 10:6
 aDt 31:17; Ps 106:40-42 bDt 28:25; 32:30
 aLv 26:14-39; Dt 28:15-68
16 ¶ aThen the LORD° raised° up judges° Iwho delivered° them from the hands° of those who plundered° them. 17 Yet° they did not listen° to their judges°, for they played° the harlot° after° other° gods° and bowed° themselves down° to them. They turned° aside° quickly° from the way° ain which° their fathers° had walked° in obeying° the commandments° of the LORD°; they did° not do° as [their fathers]. 18 When° the LORD° raised° up judges° for them, athe LORD° was with the judge° and delivered° them from the hand° of their enemies° all° the days° of the judge°; for the LORD° was bmoved° to pity° by their groaning° because°° of those who oppressed° and afflicted° them. 19 But it came° about when the judge° died°, that they would turn° back° and act° more° corruptly° than° their fathers°, in following°° other° gods° to serve° them and bow° down° to them; they did not abandon° their practices° or their stubborn° ways°. 20 aSo the anger° of the LORD° burned° against Israel°, and He said°, “Because°° this° nation° has transgressed° My covenant° which° I commanded° their fathers° and has not listened° to My voice°, 21 aI also° will no° longer° drive° out before°° them any° of the nations° which° Joshua° left° when he died°, 22 in order° to atest° Israel° by them, whether they will keep° the way° of the LORD° to walk° in it as their fathers° Idid°, or° not.” 23 So the LORD° allowed those° nations° to remain°, not driving° them out quickly°; and He did not give° them into the hand° of Joshua°.
 ILit and they aPs 106:43-45
 aJg 2:7
 aJsh 1:5 bDt 32:36; Ps 106:44
 aJg 2:14
 aJsh 23:4, 5, 13
 ILit kept aDt 8:2; 13:3
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An angel rebuketh the people at Bochim.
1 ¶ And an angelº of the LORDº came upºª from² Gilgalº to² Bochim,º and said,ºª I made you to go upºª² out of Egypt,º² and have broughtºª you unto² the landº which² I swareºª unto your fathers;º and I said,ºª I will neverº² breakºª my covenantº with² you. 2 And ye² shall makeºª no² leagueº with the inhabitantsºª of this² land;º ye shall throw downºª their altars:º but ye have not² obeyedºª my voice:º why² have ye doneºª this?² 3 Wherefore I also² said,ºª I will not² drive them outºª² from beforeº² you; but they shall be² [as thorns] in your sides,º and their godsº shall be² a snareº unto you. 4 And it came to pass,² when the angelº of the LORDº spakeºª² these² wordsº unto² all² the childrenº of Israel,º that the peopleº lifted upºª² their voice,º and wept.ºª 5 And they calledºª the nameº of that² placeº Bochim:º and they sacrificedºª there² unto the LORD.º
 Gn 12:7; 16:7, 13; 17:7; 22:11, 16; 26:3; 48:16; Ex 3:2, 7; 14:14, 19; 20:2; 23:20; 33:14; Lv 26:42; Nu 14:34; Dt 4:34; Jsh 3:10; 5:13; Jg 2:5; 6:12; 13:3; Ps 78:51; 89:34; 105:36, 44; Is 63:9; Jr 14:21; 33:20; Ho 12:3; Zc 3:1; 11:10; Mal 3:1; Ac 7:30.
 Gn 3:11; 4:10; Ex 23:32; 32:21; 34:12; Nu 33:52; Dt 7:2, 16, 25; 12:2; 20:16; Jg 2:20; Ezr 9:1, 10; Ps 78:55; 106:34; Jr 2:5, 18, 31, 36; 7:23; 2Co 6:14; 2Th 1:8; 1P 4:17.
 Ex 23:33; 34:12; Nu 33:55; Dt 7:16; Jsh 23:13; Jg 2:21; 3:6; 1K 11:1; Ps 106:36.
 1S 7:6; Ezr 10:1; Pv 17:10; Jr 31:9; Zc 12:10; Lk 6:21; 7:38; 2Co 7:10; Jm 4:9.
 Gn 35:8; Jsh 7:26; Jg 6:24; 13:19; 1S 7:9.
The wickedness of the new generation after Joshua.
6 ¶ And when Joshuaº had let² the peopleº go,ºª the childrenº of Israelº went¹ª² every manº unto his inheritanceº to possessºª² the land.º 7 And the peopleº servedºª² the LORDº all² the daysº of Joshua,º and all² the daysº of the eldersº that² outlivedºººª Joshua,º who² had seenºª² all² the greatº worksº of the LORD,º that² he didºª for Israel.º 8 And Joshuaº the sonº of Nun,º the servantº of the LORD,º died,ºª [being] an hundredº and tenº yearsº old.º 9 And they buriedºª him in the borderº of his inheritanceº in Timnathheres,º in the mountº of Ephraim,º on the north sideº² of the hillº Gaash.º 10 And also² all² that² generationº were gatheredºª unto² their fathers:º and there aroseºª anotherº generationº afterº them, which² knewºª not²² the LORD,º nor yet²² the worksº which² he had doneºª for Israel.º
 Jsh 22:6; 24:28.
 Jsh 24:31; 2K 12:2; 2Ch 24:2, 14; Php 2:12.
 Jsh 24:29.
 Jsh 19:50; 24:30.
 Gn 15:15; 25:8, 17; 49:33; Ex 5:2; Nu 27:13; Dt 31:16; 1S 2:12; 2S 7:12; 1Ch 28:9; Jb 21:14; Ps 92:5; Is 5:12; Jr 9:3; 22:16; 31:34; Ac 13:36; Ga 4:8; 2Th 1:8; Tit 1:16.
11 ¶ And the childrenº of Israelº didºª² evilº in the sightº of the LORD,º and servedºª² Baalim:º 12 And they forsookºª² the LORDº Godº of their fathers,º which brought them outºª² of the landº² of Egypt,º and followedº¹ª² otherº gods,º of the godsº² of the peopleº that² [were] round aboutº them, and bowed¹ª themselves² unto them, and provoked²² the LORDº to anger.ºª 13 And they forsookºª² the LORD,º and servedºª Baalº and Ashtaroth.º
 Gn 13:13; 38:7; Jg 3:7; 4:1; 6:1; 10:6, 10; 13:1; 1S 7:4; 1K 18:18; 2Ch 28:2; 33:2, 3, 6; Ezr 8:12; Jr 2:23; 9:14; Ho 2:13.
 Ex 20:5; Dt 5:9; 6:14; 13:5; 29:18, 25; 31:16; 32:15; 33:17; Jg 5:8.
 Jg 2:11; 3:7; 10:6; 1S 31:10; 1K 11:5, 33; 2K 23:13; Ps 106:36; 1Co 8:5; 10:20.
God's anger and pity towards them.
14 ¶ And the angerº of the LORDº was hotºª against Israel,º and he deliveredºª them into the handsº of spoilersºª that spoiledºª them, and he soldºª them into the handsº of their enemiesºª round about,º² so that they couldºª not² any longerº standºª beforeº their enemies.ºª 15 Whithersoever²² they went out,ºª the handº of the LORDº was² against them for evil,º as² the LORDº had said,ºª and as² the LORDº had swornºª unto them: and they were greatlyº distressed.ºª
 Lv 26:28, 37; Nu 32:14; Dt 28:20, 58; 29:19; 31:17; 32:30; Jsh 7:12; Jg 1:19, 34; 3:7, 8; 4:2; 10:7; 2K 17:20; 2Ch 15:5; 36:16; Ps 44:9, 12; 106:40; Is 50:1; Jr 37:10.
 Lv 26:15; Dt 4:25; 28:15; 32:40; Jsh 23:15; Jg 10:9; 1S 13:6; 14:24; 30:6; Jr 18:8; 21:10; 44:11, 27; Mi 2:3; 2Co 4:8.
16 ¶ Nevertheless the LORDº raised upºª judges,ºª which deliveredºª them out of the handº² of those that spoiledºª them. 17 And yet² they would not² hearkenºª unto² their judges,ºª but² they went a whoringºª afterº otherº gods,º and bowed¹ª themselves² unto them: they turnedºª quicklyº out of² the wayº which² their fathersº walked² in,¹ª obeyingºª the commandmentsº of the LORD;º [but] they didºª not² so.² 18 And when² the LORDº raised¹ª them up² judges,ºª then the LORDº was² with² the judge,ºª and deliveredºª them out of the handº² of their enemiesºª all² the daysº of the judge:ºª for² it repentedºª the LORDº because¹ of their groaningsº² by reason of them²² that oppressedºª them and vexedºª them. 19 And it came to pass,² when the judgeºª was dead,¹² [that] they returned,ºª and corruptedºª [themselves] more than their fathers,º² in followingº¹ª² otherº godsº to serveºª them, and to bow downºª unto them; they ceasedºª not² from their own doings,º² nor from their stubborn¹ way.º²²
 Jg 3:9, 15; 4:5; 6:14; 1S 12:11; Ne 9:27; Ps 106:43; Ac 13:20.
 Ex 32:8; 34:15; Lv 17:7; Dt 9:12, 16; Jsh 24:24, 31; Jg 2:7; 1S 8:5; 12:12, 17, 19; 2Ch 36:15; Ps 73:27; 106:39, 43; Ho 2:2; Ga 1:6; Rv 17:1.
 Gn 6:6; Ex 2:24; 3:12; Dt 32:36; Jsh 1:5; Jg 10:16; 2K 13:4, 22; Ps 12:5; 90:13; 106:44; Jr 18:7; Ho 11:8; Jna 3:10; Ac 18:9.
 Jsh 24:31; Jg 2:7; 3:11; 4:1; 8:33; 1S 15:23; 2Ch 24:17; Ps 78:8; Jr 3:17; 16:12; 23:17; Mt 23:32.
The Canaanites are left to prove Israel.
20 ¶ And the angerº of the LORDº was hotºª against Israel;º and he said,ºª Because² that² this² peopleº hath transgressedºª² my covenantº which² I commandedºª² their fathers,º and have not² hearkenedºª unto my voice;º 21 I² also² will not² henceforthºª drive outºª anyº from beforeº² them of² the nationsº which² Joshuaº leftºª when he died:ºª 22 That² through them I may proveºª² Israel,º whether they² will keepºª² the wayº of the LORDº to walk¹ª² therein, as² their fathersº did keepºª [it], or² not.² 23 Therefore the LORDº left¹ª²² those² nations,º withoutº driving them outºª hastily;º neither² deliveredºª he them into the handº of Joshua.º
 Ex 24:3; 32:10; Dt 29:10; 32:22; Jsh 23:16; 24:21; Jg 2:14; 3:8; 10:7; Jr 31:32; Ezk 20:37.
 Jsh 23:13; Jg 2:3; 3:3; Ezk 20:24.
 Gn 22:1; Dt 8:2, 16; 13:3; Jg 3:1; 2Ch 32:31; Jb 23:10; Ps 66:10; Pv 17:3; Mal 3:2.
 Jg 2:23.
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