NASB — Psalms 89 — KJV

The LORDS Covenant with David, and Israel’s Afflictions.

A Maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite.

  1 I will asing of the lovingkindness of the LORD forever;
  To all generations I will bmake known Your cfaithfulness with my mouth.
  2 For I have said, “aLovingkindness will be built up forever;
  In the heavens You will establish Your bfaithfulness.”
  3 “I have made a covenant with aMy chosen;
  I have bsworn to David My servant,
  4 I will establish your aseed forever
  And build up your bthrone to all generations.”
      ISelah.

[1] Possibly, Contemplative, or Didactic, or Skillful Psalm 1K 4:31 Ps 88: title aPs 59:16; 101:1 bPs 40:10 cPs 36:5; 88:11; 89:5, 8, 24, 33, 49; 92:2; 119:90; Is 25:1; Lm 3:23
[2] aPs 103:17 bPs 36:5; 119:90
[3] a1K 8:16 bPs 132:11
[4] ISelah may mean: Pause, Crescendo or Musical interlude a2S 7:16 b2S 7:13; Is 9:7; Lk 1:33

  5 ¶ The aheavens will praise Your wonders, O LORD;
  Your faithfulness also bin the assembly of the choly ones.
  6 For awho in the skies is comparable to the LORD?
  Who among the Ibsons of the mighty is like the LORD,
  7 A God agreatly feared in the council of the bholy ones,
  And cawesome above all those who are around Him?
  8 O LORD God of hosts, awho is like You, O mighty ILORD?
  Your faithfulness also surrounds You.
  9 You rule the swelling of the sea;
  When its waves rise, You astill them.
  10 You Yourself crushed IaRahab like one who is slain;
  You bscattered Your enemies with IIYour mighty arm.

[5] aPs 19:1; 97:6 bPs 149:1 cJb 5:1
[6] IOr sons of gods aPs 86:8; 113:5 bPs 29:1; 82:1
[7] aPs 47:2; 68:35; 76:7, 11 bPs 89:5 cPs 96:4
[8] IHeb YAH aPs 35:10; 71:19
[9] aPs 65:7; 107:29
[10] II.e. Egypt IILit the arm of Your might aPs 87:4; Is 30:7; 51:9 bPs 18:14; 68:1; 144:6

  11 ¶ The aheavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours;
  The bworld and Iall it contains, You have founded them.
  12 The anorth and the south, You have created them;
  bTabor and cHermon dshout for joy at Your name.
  13 You have Ia strong arm;
  Your hand is mighty, Your aright hand is exalted.
  14 aRighteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne;
  bLovingkindness and Itruth go before You.
  15 How blessed are the people who know the Iajoyful sound!
  O LORD, they walk in the blight of Your countenance.
  16 In aYour name they rejoice all the day,
  And by Your righteousness they are exalted.
  17 For You are the glory of atheir strength,
  And by Your favor Iour bhorn is exalted.
  18 For our ashield belongs to the LORD,
  IAnd our king to the bHoly One of Israel.

[11] ILit its fullness aGn 1:1; 1Ch 29:11; Ps 96:5 bPs 24:1
[12] aJb 26:7 bJsh 19:22; Jg 4:6; Jr 46:18 cDt 3:8; Jsh 11:17; 12:1; Ps 133:3; So 4:8 dPs 98:8
[13] ILit an arm with strength aPs 98:1; 118:16
[14] IOr faithfulness aPs 97:2 bPs 85:13
[15] IOr blast of the trumpet, shout of joy aLv 23:24; Nu 10:10; Ps 98:6 bPs 4:6; 44:3; 67:1; 80:3; 90:8
[16] aPs 105:3
[17] IAnother reading is You exalt our horn aPs 28:8 bPs 75:10; 92:10; 148:14
[18] IOr Even to the Holy One of Israel our King aPs 47:9 bPs 71:22; 78:41

  19IOnce You spoke in vision to Your godly IIones,
  And said, “I have IIIgiven help to one who is amighty;
  I have exalted one bchosen from the people.
  20 “I have afound David My servant;
  With My holy boil I have anointed him,
  21 With whom aMy hand will be established;
  My arm also will bstrengthen him.
  22 “The enemy will not Ideceive him,
  Nor the IIason of wickedness afflict him.
  23 “But I shall acrush his adversaries before him,
  And strike those who hate him.
  24 “My afaithfulness and My lovingkindness will be with him,
  And in My name his bhorn will be exalted.
  25 “I shall also set his hand aon the sea
  And his right hand on the rivers.
  26 “He will cry to Me, ‘You are amy Father,
  My God, and the brock of my salvation.’
  27 “I also shall make him [My] afirstborn,
  The bhighest of the kings of the earth.
  28 “My alovingkindness I will keep for him forever,
  And My bcovenant shall be confirmed to him.
  29 “So I will establish his Iadescendants forever
  And his bthrone cas the days of heaven.

[19] IOr At that time IISome mss read one IIILit placed help upon a2S 17:10 b1K 11:34; Ps 78:70
[20] a1S 13:14; 16:1-12; Ac 13:22 b1S 16:13
[21] aPs 18:35; 80:17 bPs 18:32
[22] IOr exact usury from him IIOr wicked man a2S 7:10; Ps 125:3
[23] a2S 7:9; Ps 18:40
[24] aPs 89:1 bPs 132:17
[25] aPs 72:8
[26] a2S 7:14; 1Ch 22:10; Jr 3:19 b2S 22:47; Ps 95:1
[27] aEx 4:22; Ps 2:7; Jr 31:9; Col 1:15, 18 bNu 24:7; Ps 72:11; Rv 19:16
[28] aPs 89:33 bPs 89:3, 34
[29] ILit seed aPs 18:50; 89:4, 36 b1K 2:4; Ps 89:4; 132:12; Is 9:7; Jr 33:17 cDt 11:21

  30 ¶ “If his sons aforsake My law
  And do not walk in My judgments,
  31 If they Iviolate My statutes
  And do not keep My commandments,
  32 Then I will punish their transgression with the arod
  And their iniquity with stripes.
  33 “But I will not break off aMy lovingkindness from him,
  Nor deal falsely in My faithfulness.
  34 “My acovenant I will not Iviolate,
  Nor will I balter IIthe utterance of My lips.
  35IOnce I have asworn by My holiness;
  I will not lie to David.
  36 “His Iadescendants shall endure forever
  And his bthrone cas the sun before Me.
  37 “It shall be established forever alike the moon,
  And the bwitness in the sky is faithful.”
      ISelah.

[30] a2S 7:14; Ps 119:53
[31] ILit profane
[32] aJb 9:34; 21:9
[33] a2S 7:15
[34] ILit profane IILit that which goes forth aDt 7:9; Jr 33:20, 21 bNu 23:19
[35] IOr One thing aPs 60:6; Am 4:2
[36] ILit seed aPs 89:29; Lk 1:33 bPs 72:5 cPs 72:17
[37] ISelah may mean: Pause, Crescendo or Musical interlude aPs 72:5 bJb 16:19

  38 ¶ But You have acast off and brejected,
  You have been full of wrath Iagainst Your canointed.
  39 You have aspurned the covenant of Your servant;
  You have bprofaned chis crown Iin the dust.
  40 You have abroken down all his walls;
  You have bbrought his strongholds to ruin.
  41 aAll who pass along the way plunder him;
  He has become a breproach to his neighbors.
  42 You have aexalted the right hand of his adversaries;
  You have bmade all his enemies rejoice.
  43 You also turn back the edge of his sword
  And have anot made him stand in battle.
  44 You have made his Iasplendor to cease
  And cast his throne to the ground.
  45 You have ashortened the days of his youth;
  You have bcovered him with shame.
      Selah.

[38] ILit with aPs 44:9 bDt 32:19; 1Ch 28:9 cPs 20:6; 89:20, 51
[39] ILit to the ground aPs 78:59; Lm 2:7 bPs 74:7 cLm 5:16
[40] aPs 80:12 bLm 2:2, 5
[41] aPs 80:12 bPs 44:13; 69:9, 19; 79:4
[42] aPs 13:2 bPs 80:6
[43] aPs 44:10
[44] ILit clearness, luster aEzk 28:7
[45] aPs 102:23 bPs 44:15; 71:13; 109:29

  46aHow long, O LORD?
  Will You hide Yourself forever?
  Will Your bwrath burn like fire?
  47 aRemember Iwhat my span of life is;
  For what bvanity IIYou have created all the sons of men!
  48 What man can live and not asee death?
  Can he bdeliver his soul from the Ipower of IISheol?
      Selah.

[46] aPs 13:1; 44:24 bPs 79:5; 80:4
[47] ILit of what duration I am IIOr have You...men? aJb 7:7; 10:9; 14:1 bPs 39:5; 62:9; Ec 1:2; 2:11
[48] ILit hand III.e. the nether world aPs 22:29; 49:9 bPs 49:15

  49 ¶ Where are Your former lovingkindnesses, O Lord,
  Which You aswore to David in Your faithfulness?
  50 Remember, O Lord, the areproach of Your servants;
  IHow I bear in my bosom [the reproach of] all the many peoples,
  51 With which aYour enemies have reproached, O LORD,
  With which they have reproached the footsteps of bYour anointed.

[49] a2S 7:15; Jr 30:9; Ezk 34:23
[50] ILit My bearing in my bosom aPs 69:9; 74:18, 22
[51] aPs 74:10, 18, 22 bPs 89:38

  52aBlessed be the LORD forever!
  Amen and Amen.

[52] aPs 41:13; 72:19; 106:48


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The psalmist praiseth God for his Covenant,

1 ¶ [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations. 2 For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens. 3 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, 4 Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.

[1] 1K 4:31; 1Ch 2:6; Ps 36:5; 40:9; 71:8, 15; 86:12; 89:4, 5, 8, 33, 49; 92:2; 101:1; 106:1; 119:90; 136:1; Is 25:1; Lm 3:23; Mi 7:20; Tit 1:2.
[2] Nu 23:19; Ne 1:5; 9:17, 31; Ps 36:5; 89:5, 37; 103:17; 119:89; 146:6; Mt 24:35; Lk 1:50; Ep 1:6; He 6:18.
[3] 2S 3:9; 7:10; 23:5; 1K 8:16; Ps 78:70; 89:19, 28, 34, 35, 39; 132:11; Is 42:1; 55:3; Jr 30:9; 33:20; Ezk 34:23; Ho 3:5; Mt 3:17; 12:18; Lk 1:32; Ac 2:30; He 7:21.
[4] 2S 7:12, 29; 1K 9:5; 1Ch 17:10; 22:10; Ps 72:17; 89:1, 29, 36; 132:12; Is 9:6; Zc 12:8; Lk 1:32; 20:41; Ac 13:32; Ro 1:3; 15:12; Php 2:9; Rv 22:16.

for his wonderful power,

5 And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints. 6 For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? [who] among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD? 7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all [them that are] about him. 8 O LORD God of hosts, who [is] a strong LORD like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee? 9 Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them. 10 Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm. 11 The heavens [are] thine, the earth also [is] thine: [as for] the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. 12 The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name. 13 Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, [and] high is thy right hand. 14 Justice and judgment [are] the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.

[5] Dt 33:2; Ps 19:1; 50:6; 89:7; 97:6; Is 44:23; Dn 7:10; Lk 2:10; Ep 3:10; 2Th 1:7; He 12:22; 1P 1:12; Jde 1:14; Rv 5:11; 7:10; 19:1.
[6] Ex 15:11; Ps 29:1; 40:5; 52:1; 71:19; 73:25; 86:8; 89:8; 113:5; Jr 10:6.
[7] Lv 10:3; Ps 76:7; Is 6:2; 66:2; Jr 10:7, 10; Mt 10:28; Lk 12:4; Ac 5:11; He 12:28; Rv 15:3.
[8] Dt 32:31; Jsh 22:22; 1S 2:2; 15:19; Jb 9:19; Ps 24:8; 35:10; 71:19; 84:12; 89:6, 13; 147:5; Is 28:22; 40:25; Jr 32:17; Mt 6:13.
[9] Jb 38:8; Ps 29:10; 65:7; 66:5; 93:3; 107:25; Na 1:4; Mt 8:24; 14:32; Mk 4:39, 41.
[10] Ex 3:19; 7:1; Dt 4:34; Ps 59:11; 68:30; 78:43; 105:27; 144:6; Is 24:1.
[11] Gn 1:1; 2:1; 1Ch 29:11; Jb 41:11; Ps 24:1; 50:12; 115:16; 1Co 10:26, 28.
[12] Dt 3:8; Jsh 12:1; 19:22; Jg 4:6, 12; Jb 26:7; Ps 65:12; 133:3; Is 35:1; 49:13; 55:12.
[13] Ps 62:11; 89:10; Dn 4:34; Mt 6:13.
[14] Dt 32:4; Ps 45:6; 85:13; 89:2; 97:2; 99:4; 145:17; Pv 16:12; Jn 1:17; Rv 15:3.

for the care of his Church,

15 Blessed [is] the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance. 16 In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted. 17 For thou [art] the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted. 18 For the LORD [is] our defence; and the Holy One of Israel [is] our king.

[15] Lv 25:9; Nu 6:26; 10:10; 23:21; Jb 29:3; Ps 4:6; 44:3; 90:6; 98:4; 100:1; Pv 16:15; Is 2:5; 52:7; Na 1:15; Lk 2:10; Jn 14:21; Ac 2:28; Ro 10:15, 18; Rv 21:23.
[16] Ps 29:5, 7; 33:21; 40:10; 44:8; 71:15; 89:12; Is 45:24; 46:13; Jr 23:6; Lk 1:47; Ro 1:17; 3:21; 2Co 5:21; Php 3:9; 4:4.
[17] 1S 2:1, 10; Ps 28:7; 75:10; 89:24; 92:10; 112:9; 132:17; 148:14; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 12:9; Php 4:13.
[18] Gn 15:1; Dt 33:27; Ps 44:4; 47:9; 62:1, 6; 71:22; 84:11; 91:1; Is 1:4; 12:6; 29:19; 30:11; 33:22; 43:3, 14.

for his favour to the kingdom of David.

19 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon [one that is] mighty; I have exalted [one] chosen out of the people. 20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: 21 With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him. 22 The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him. 23 And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. 24 But my faithfulness and my mercy [shall be] with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted. 25 I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. 26 He shall cry unto me, Thou [art] my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. 27 Also I will make him [my] firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. 28 My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. 29 His seed also will I make [to endure] for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven. 30 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; 31 If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; 32 Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. 33 Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. 34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. 35 Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. 36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. 37 It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

[19] 1S 16:1, 18; 2S 7:8; 1K 11:34; Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Jr 30:21; Mk 1:24; Lk 1:70; Php 2:6; He 2:9; 2P 1:21; 3:2; Rv 3:7.
[20] 1S 16:1, 12; Is 61:1; Jn 3:34.
[21] 2S 7:8; Ps 18:32; 80:15; 89:13; Is 41:10; 42:1; 49:8; Ezk 30:24; Zc 10:12.
[22] 1Ch 17:9; Mt 4:1; Jn 17:12; 2Th 2:3.
[23] 2S 3:1; 7:1, 9; 22:40; Ps 2:1; 21:8; 109:3; 110:1; 132:18; Lk 19:14, 27; Jn 15:23.
[24] 1S 2:1; Ps 20:1, 5; 61:7; 89:2, 16, 28, 33; 91:14; Jn 1:17; 17:6, 11, 26; 2Co 1:20.
[25] 1K 4:21; Ps 2:8; 72:8; 80:11; Rv 11:15.
[26] 2S 7:14; 22:47; 1Ch 22:10; Ps 18:46; 43:4; 62:2, 6; 95:1; Is 50:7; Mt 26:39, 42; Mk 15:34; Lk 23:46; Jn 11:41; 20:17; He 1:5.
[27] Nu 24:7; 2Ch 1:12; 9:23; Ps 2:7, 10; 72:11; Is 49:7; Ro 8:29; Col 1:15, 18; Rv 19:16; 21:24.
[28] 2S 7:15; 23:5; Ps 89:34; 111:5, 9; Is 54:10; 55:3; Jr 33:20; Ac 13:32.
[29] Dt 11:21; 1Ch 17:11; 22:10; Ps 21:4; 45:6; 89:4, 36; 132:11; Is 9:7; 59:21; Jr 33:17; Ezk 37:24; Dn 2:44; Lk 1:32.
[30] 2S 7:14; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 7:17; Ps 119:53; 132:12; Pv 4:2; 28:4; Jr 9:13; Ezk 18:9, 17; 20:19; Lk 1:6.
[31] Ps 55:20.
[32] Ex 32:34; 2S 7:14; 1K 11:6, 14, 31, 39; Pv 3:11; Am 3:2; 1Co 11:31; He 12:6.
[33] 1S 15:29; 2S 7:13, 15; 1K 11:13, 32, 36; Ps 89:39; Is 54:8; Jr 33:20; Lm 3:31; 1Co 15:25; He 6:18.
[34] Lv 26:44; Nu 23:19; Jr 14:21; 33:20; Mal 3:6; Mt 24:35; Ro 11:29; Jm 1:17.
[35] Ps 110:4; 132:11; Am 4:2; 8:7; 2Th 2:13; Tit 1:2; He 6:13, 17.
[36] 2S 7:16; Ps 72:5, 17; 89:4, 29; Is 9:7; 53:10; 59:21; Jr 33:20; Lk 1:33; Jn 12:34.
[37] Gn 1:14; 9:13; Ps 72:7; 104:19; Is 54:9; Jr 31:35.

The complaining of contrary events,

38 But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed. 39 Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground. 40 Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin. 41 All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours. 42 Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice. 43 Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle. 44 Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground. 45 The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.

[38] Dt 32:19; 2S 1:21; 15:26; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 12:1; Ps 44:9; 60:1, 10; 77:7; 78:59; 84:9; 89:51; 106:40; Jr 12:1; Lm 2:7; 4:20; Ho 9:17; Zc 11:8; 13:7.
[39] Ps 74:7; 77:10; 89:34, 44; 116:11; 143:3; Is 25:12; 43:28; Lm 5:16; Jn 13:7.
[40] 2Ch 12:2; 15:5; Jb 1:10; Ps 80:12; Is 5:5; Lm 2:2, 5; Rv 13:1.
[41] Dt 28:37; Ne 5:9; Ps 44:10; 74:10; 79:4; 80:13; Is 10:6; Jr 24:9; 29:18; 42:18; 44:8, 12; 50:17; Lm 5:1; Ezk 5:14; Dn 9:16.
[42] Lv 26:17, 25; Dt 28:25, 43; Lm 2:17; Jn 16:20; Rv 11:10.
[43] Lv 26:36; Nu 14:42, 45; Jsh 7:4, 8; 2Ch 25:8; Ezk 30:21.
[44] 1S 4:21; 1K 12:16; 14:25; Ps 89:39; Lm 4:1; Dn 7:20; 2Th 2:3.
[45] 2Ch 10:19; Ps 44:15; 89:28; 109:29; Is 63:18; Mi 7:10.

he expostulateth, prayeth, and blesseth God.

46 How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire? 47 Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain? 48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah. 49 Lord, where [are] thy former lovingkindnesses, [which] thou swarest unto David in thy truth? 50 Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; [how] I do bear in my bosom [the reproach of] all the mighty people; 51 Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed. 52 Blessed [be] the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.

[46] Jb 23:9; Ps 10:1; 13:1; 78:63; 79:5; 85:5; 88:14; 90:13; Is 8:17; 45:15; Jr 4:4; 21:12; Ho 5:15; 2Th 1:8; He 12:29.
[47] Jb 7:7; 9:25; 10:9; 14:1; Ps 39:5; 119:84; 144:4; Jm 4:14.
[48] Jb 30:23; Ps 49:7, 15; Ec 3:19; 8:8; 9:5; 12:7; Jn 8:51; Ac 2:27; 2Co 4:14; He 9:27; 11:5.
[49] 2S 3:9; 7:15; Ps 54:5; 77:9; 89:3, 35; 132:11; Is 55:3; 63:7; He 7:21.
[50] Ps 44:13; 69:9, 19; 74:18, 22; 79:10; Ro 15:3.
[51] 2S 16:7; Ps 56:5; 57:3; Mt 5:10; 12:24; 26:61; Jn 8:48; Ac 5:41; 1Co 4:12; He 10:33; 11:36; 1P 2:20; 3:16; 4:14.
[52] Ne 9:5; Ps 41:13; 72:18; 106:48; Hab 3:17; Mt 6:13; 1Ti 1:17.


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