NASB — 2 Samuel 22 — KJV

David’s Psalm of Deliverance

1 aAnd David spoke bthe words of this song to the LORD in the day that the LORD delivered him from the Ihand of all his enemies and from the Ihand of Saul. 2 He said,
  “aThe LORD is my Irock and my fortress and my deliverer;
  3 IaMy God, my rock, in whom I take refuge,
  My bshield and cthe horn of my salvation, my stronghold and dmy refuge;
  My savior, You save me from violence.
  4 “I call upon the LORD, awho is worthy to be praised,
  And I am saved from my enemies.
  5 “For athe waves of death encompassed me;
  bThe torrents of Idestruction IIoverwhelmed me;
  6 aThe cords of ISheol surrounded me;
  The snares of death confronted me.
  7aIn my distress I called upon the LORD,
  Yes, I Icried to my God;
  And from His temple He heard my voice,
  And my cry for help [came] into His ears.
  8 “Then athe earth shook and quaked,
  bThe foundations of heaven were trembling
  And were shaken, because He was angry.
  9 “Smoke went up Iout of His nostrils,
  aFire from His mouth devoured;
  bCoals were kindled by it.
  10 “He bowed the heavens also, and came down
  With athick darkness under His feet.
  11aAnd He rode on a cherub and flew;
  And He Iappeared on bthe wings of the wind.
  12aAnd He made darkness Icanopies around Him,
  A mass of waters, thick clouds of the sky.
  13 “From the brightness before Him
  aCoals of fire were kindled.
  14aThe LORD thundered from heaven,
  And the Most High uttered His voice.
  15aAnd He sent out arrows, and scattered them,
  Lightning, and Irouted them.
  16 “Then the channels of the sea appeared,
  The foundations of the world were Ilaid bare
  By the rebuke of the LORD,
  aAt the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
  17aHe sent from on high, He took me;
  bHe drew me out of many waters.
  18 “He delivered me from my strong enemy,
  From those who hated me, for they were too strong for me.
  19 “They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
  aBut the LORD was my support.
  20aHe also brought me forth into a broad place;
  He rescued me, bbecause He delighted in me.
  21aThe LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness;
  bAccording to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
  22aFor I have kept the ways of the LORD,
  And have not acted wickedly against my God.
  23aFor all His ordinances [were] before me,
  And [as for] His statutes, I did not depart from Ithem.
  24aI was also Iblameless toward Him,
  And I kept myself from my iniquity.
  25aTherefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
  According to my cleanness before His eyes.
  26aWith the Ikind You show Yourself Ikind,
  With the IIblameless You show Yourself IIblameless;
  27 aWith the pure You show Yourself pure,
  bAnd with the perverted You show Yourself Iastute.
  28aAnd You save an afflicted people;
  bBut Your eyes are on the haughty [whom] You abase.
  29aFor You are my lamp, O LORD;
  And the LORD illumines my darkness.
  30aFor by You I can Irun upon a troop;
  By my God I can leap over a wall.
  31aAs for God, His way is Iblameless;
  bThe word of the LORD is tested;
  cHe is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
  32aFor who is God, besides the LORD?
  bAnd who is a rock, besides our God?
  33aGod is my strong fortress;
  And He Isets the IIblameless in IIIHis way.
  34aHe makes Imy feet like hinds’ [feet],
  bAnd sets me on my high places.
  35aHe trains my hands for battle,
  bSo that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
  36 “You have also given me athe shield of Your salvation,
  And Your Ihelp makes me great.
  37aYou enlarge my steps under me,
  And my Ifeet have not slipped.
  38 “I pursued my enemies and adestroyed them,
  And I did not turn back until they were consumed.
  39 “And I have devoured them and shattered them, so that they did not rise;
  And athey fell under my feet.
  40 “For You have girded me with strength for battle;
  You have Isubdued under me athose who rose up against me.
  41 “You have also amade my enemies turn [their] backs to me,
  And I Idestroyed those who hated me.
  42aThey looked, but there was none to save;
  b[Even] to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
  43aThen I pulverized them as the dust of the earth;
  bI crushed [and] stamped them as the mire of the streets.
  44aYou have also delivered me from the contentions of my people;
  bYou have kept me as head of the nations;
  cA people whom I have not known serve me.
  45aForeigners pretend obedience to me;
  As soon as they hear, they obey me.
  46 “Foreigners Ilose heart,
  aAnd IIcome trembling out of their IIIfortresses.
  47 “The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock;
  And exalted be IaGod, the rock of my salvation,
  48 aThe God who executes vengeance for me,
  bAnd brings down peoples under me,
  49 Who also brings me out from my enemies;
  You even lift me above athose who rise up against me;
  bYou rescue me from the violent man.
  50aTherefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the nations,
  And I will sing praises to Your name.
  51a[He] is a tower of Ideliverance to His king,
  And bshows lovingkindness to His anointed,
  cTo David and his IIdescendants forever.”

[1] ILit palm aPs 18:2-50 bEx 15:1; Dt 31:30
[2] ILit crag a1S 23:25; 24:2; Ps 31:3; 71:3
[3] ILit God of my rock aDt 32:4, 37; 1S 2:2 bGn 15:1; Dt 33:29 cLk 1:69 dPs 9:9
[4] aPs 48:1; 96:4
[5] IHeb Belial IIOr terrified aPs 93:4; Jna 2:3 bPs 69:14, 15
[6] II.e. the nether world aPs 116:3
[7] IOr called aPs 116:4; 120:1
[8] aJg 5:4; Ps 97:4 bJb 26:11
[9] IOr in His wrath aPs 97:3; He 12:29 b2S 22:13
[10] aEx 19:16; 1K 8:12; Ps 97:2; Na 1:3
[11] IMany mss read sped a2S 6:2 bPs 104:3
[12] IOr pavilions aJb 36:29
[13] a2S 22:9
[14] aJb 37:2-5; Ps 29:3
[15] ILit confused aDt 32:23; Jsh 10:10; 1S 7:10
[16] IOr uncovered aEx 15:8; Na 1:4
[17] aPs 144:7 bEx 2:10
[19] aPs 23:4
[20] aPs 31:8; 118:5 b2S 15:26
[21] a1S 26:23; 1K 8:32 bPs 24:4
[22] aGn 18:19; Ps 128:1; Pv 8:32
[23] ILit it aDt 6:6-9; Ps 119:30, 102
[24] ILit complete; or having integrity aGn 6:9; 7:1; Ep 1:4; Col 1:21, 22
[25] a2S 22:21
[26] IOr loyal IILit complete; or having integrity aMt 5:7
[27] ILit twisted aMt 5:8; 1 Jn 3:3 bLv 26:23, 24; Ro 1:28
[28] aEx 3:7, 8; Ps 72:12, 13 bIs 2:11, 12, 17; 5:15
[29] a2S 21:17; 1K 11:36; Ps 27:1
[30] IOr crush a troop a2S 5:6-8
[31] ILit complete; or having integrity aDt 32:4; Mt 5:48 bPs 12:6; 119:140; Pv 30:5 c2S 22:3; Ps 84:9
[32] a1S 2:2 b2S 22:2
[33] IOr sets free IILit complete; or having integrity IIIAnother reading is my a2S 22:2; Ps 31:3, 4
[34] IAnother reading is His a2S 2:18; Hab 3:19 bDt 32:13
[35] aPs 144:1 bJb 20:24
[36] ILit answering aEp 6:16, 17
[37] ILit ankles a2S 22:20; Pv 4:12
[38] aEx 15:9
[39] aMal 4:3
[40] ILit caused to bow down aPs 44:5
[41] IOr silenced aEx 23:27; Jsh 10:24
[42] aIs 17:7, 8 b1S 28:6; Is 1:15
[43] a2K 13:7 bIs 10:6; Mi 7:10
[44] a2S 3:1; 19:9, 14 b2S 8:1-14 cIs 55:5
[45] aPs 66:3; 81:15
[46] ILit languish IILit gird themselves IIILit fastnesses a1S 14:11; Mi 7:17
[47] ILit the God of the rock a2S 22:3; Ps 89:26
[48] a1S 24:12; 25:39; 2S 4:8; Ps 94:1 bPs 144:2
[49] aPs 44:5 bPs 140:1, 4, 11
[50] aRo 15:9
[51] II.e. victories; lit salvation IILit seed aPs 144:10 bPs 89:24 c2S 7:12-16


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A psalm of thanksgiving for God's powerful deliverance, and manifold blessings.

1 ¶ And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul: 2 And he said, The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; 3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: [he is] my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence. 4 I will call on the LORD, [who is] worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies. 5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; 6 The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me; 7 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry [did enter] into his ears. 8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth. 9 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. 10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness [was] under his feet. 11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind. 12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, [and] thick clouds of the skies. 13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled. 14 The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice. 15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them. 16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils. 17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters; 18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, [and] from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me. 19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay. 20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me. 21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. 22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God. 23 For all his judgments [were] before me: and [as for] his statutes, I did not depart from them. 24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity. 25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight. 26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, [and] with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright. 27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury. 28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes [are] upon the haughty, [that] thou mayest bring [them] down. 29 For thou [art] my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness. 30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall. 31 [As for] God, his way [is] perfect; the word of the LORD [is] tried: he [is] a buckler to all them that trust in him. 32 For who [is] God, save the LORD? and who [is] a rock, save our God? 33 God [is] my strength [and] power: and he maketh my way perfect. 34 He maketh my feet like hinds' [feet]: and setteth me upon my high places. 35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms. 36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great. 37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip. 38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them. 39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet. 40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me. 41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me. 42 They looked, but [there was] none to save; [even] unto the LORD, but he answered them not. 43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, [and] did spread them abroad. 44 Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me [to be] head of the heathen: a people [which] I knew not shall serve me. 45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me. 46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places. 47 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation. 48 It [is] God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me, 49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man. 50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name. 51 [He is] the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

[1] Ex 15:1; Jg 5:1; 1S 23:14; 24:15; 25:29; 26:24; 27:1; 2S 22:49; Ps 18:1; 34:19; 50:14; 103:1; 116:1; Is 12:1; 2Co 1:10; 2Ti 4:18; Rv 7:9.
[2] Dt 32:4; 1S 2:2; Ps 18:2; 31:3; 42:9; 71:3; 91:2; 144:2; Mt 16:18.
[3] Gn 15:1; Dt 33:29; 1S 2:1; 2S 22:49, 51; Ps 3:3; 5:12; 9:9; 14:6; 18:2; 27:5; 28:7; 32:7; 46:1, 7, 11; 55:9; 59:16; 61:3; 71:7; 72:14; 84:9, 11; 86:14; 115:9; 140:1, 4, 11; 142:4; 144:2; Pv 18:10; 30:5; Is 12:2; 32:2; 45:21; Jr 16:9; Lk 1:47, 69, 71; Tit 3:4, 6; He 2:13.
[4] Ne 9:5; Ps 18:3; 34:6; 50:15; 55:16; 56:9; 57:1; 66:2; 106:2; 116:2, 4, 13, 17; 148:1; Ro 10:13; Rv 4:11; 5:12.
[5] Ps 18:4; 69:14; 93:3; Is 59:19; Jr 46:7; 1Th 5:3; Rv 12:15; 17:1, 15.
[6] Jb 36:8; Ps 18:5; 116:3; 140:5; Pv 5:22; 13:14; 14:27; Jna 2:2; Ac 2:24.
[7] Ex 3:7; 1K 8:28; Ps 18:6; 27:4; 34:6, 15; 116:4; 120:1; Jna 2:4, 7; Hab 2:20; Mt 26:38; Lk 22:44; He 5:7; Jm 5:4.
[8] Jg 5:4; Jb 26:11; Ps 18:7; 77:18; 97:4; Na 1:5; Hab 3:6; Mt 27:51; 28:2; Ac 4:31.
[9] Ex 15:7; 19:18; 24:17; Dt 32:22; 2S 22:16; Jb 4:9; 41:20; Ps 18:8, 15; 97:3; Is 30:27, 33; Jr 5:14; 15:14; Hab 3:5; He 12:29.
[10] Ex 20:21; Dt 4:11; 1K 8:12; Ps 97:2; 104:3; 144:5; Is 64:1; Mt 27:45; Lk 23:44.
[11] Gn 3:24; Ex 25:19; 1S 4:4; Ps 18:10; 68:17; 80:1; 99:1; 104:3; 139:9; Ezk 9:3; 10:2; He 1:14.
[12] 2S 22:10; Ps 18:11; 27:5; 97:2.
[13] 2S 22:9.
[14] Ex 19:6; Jg 5:20; 1S 2:10; 7:10; 12:17; Jb 37:2; 40:9; Ps 29:3; 77:16; Is 30:30; Ezk 10:5; Rv 11:19.
[15] Dt 32:23; Jsh 10:10; Ps 7:12; 18:14; 45:5; 144:6; Hab 3:11.
[16] Ex 14:21; 15:8; 2S 22:9; Jb 38:11; Ps 18:15; 74:1; 106:9; 114:3; Na 1:4; Hab 3:8; Mt 8:26.
[17] Ps 18:16; 32:6; 59:1; 93:3; 124:4; 130:1; 144:7; Is 43:2; Lm 3:54; Rv 17:15.
[18] 2S 22:1; Ps 3:7; 56:9; 2Co 1:10; 2Ti 4:17.
[19] 1S 19:11; 23:26; 2S 15:10; Ps 18:18; 71:20; 118:10; Is 26:19; 50:10; Mt 27:39.
[20] Gn 26:22; 2S 15:26; 1Ch 4:10; Ps 22:8; 31:8; 118:5; 147:11; 149:4; Is 42:1; Ho 4:16; Mt 3:17; 17:5; 27:43; Ac 2:32.
[21] 1S 26:23; 2S 22:25; 1K 8:32; Jb 17:9; Ps 7:3, 8; 18:20; 19:11; 24:4; 1Co 15:58; Jm 4:8.
[22] Gn 18:19; Nu 16:15; 1S 12:3; Jb 23:10; Ps 36:3; 119:1; 125:5; 128:1; Pv 8:32; Zp 1:6; Jn 15:10; 2Co 1:12; He 10:38.
[23] Dt 6:1; 7:12; 8:11; Ps 19:8; 119:6, 13, 30, 86, 102, 128; Lk 1:6; Jn 15:14.
[24] Gn 6:9; 17:1; Jb 1:1; Ps 51:6; 84:11; Pv 4:23; Jn 1:47; 2Co 5:11; He 12:1.
[25] 2S 22:21; Pv 5:21; Is 3:10; Ro 2:7; 2Co 5:10.
[26] Mt 5:7; Jm 2:13.
[27] Ex 18:11; Lv 26:23; Dt 28:58; Ps 18:26; 125:5; Is 45:9; Mt 5:8.
[28] Ex 3:7; 9:14; 10:3; 18:11; Jb 40:11; Ps 12:5; 72:12; 138:6; 140:12; Pv 21:4; Is 2:11; 5:15; 37:23, 28; 61:1; 63:9; Dn 4:37; Mt 5:3; Jm 4:6; 1P 5:5.
[29] Jb 29:3; Ps 4:6; 18:28; 27:1; 84:11; 97:11; 112:4; Is 50:10; 60:19; Mi 7:9; Mal 4:2; Jn 8:12; 12:46; Rv 21:23.
[30] Ps 18:29; 118:10; Ro 8:37; Php 4:13.
[31] Dt 32:4; 2S 22:3; Ps 2:7; 12:6; 18:30; 35:2; 91:4; 119:140; Pv 30:5; Dn 4:37; Mt 5:48; Rv 15:3.
[32] Dt 32:31, 39; 1S 2:2; 2S 22:2; Is 44:6, 8; 45:5, 21; Jr 10:6, 16.
[33] Ex 15:2; Dt 18:13; Jb 22:3; Ps 18:32; 27:1; 28:7; 31:4; 46:1; 101:2, 6; 119:1; Is 41:10; Zc 10:12; 2Co 12:9; Ep 6:10; Php 4:13; He 13:21.
[34] Dt 32:13; 33:25; 2S 2:18; Is 33:16; 58:14; Hab 3:19.
[35] Ps 18:33; 46:9; 144:1; Ezk 39:3, 9.
[36] Gn 12:2; 15:1; 22:17; Ps 18:35; 84:11; 115:14; Ep 6:16.
[37] 1S 2:9; Ps 4:1; 17:5; 18:36; 94:18; 121:3; Pv 4:12.
[38] 2S 5:18; 8:1, 13; 10:14; Ps 21:8; Ro 8:37.
[39] Ps 18:37; 110:1, 5; 118:10; Mal 4:1, 3.
[40] 1S 17:49; 23:5; Ps 18:32, 39; 44:5; 144:2; Is 45:5; 60:14; Col 1:11; Rv 5:9.
[41] Gn 49:8; Ex 23:27; Jsh 10:24; Ps 18:40; 21:8; Lk 19:14, 27; 2Th 1:8.
[42] 1S 28:6; Jb 27:9; Pv 1:28; Is 1:15; Ezk 20:3; Mi 3:4; Mt 7:22; Lk 13:25.
[43] Dt 32:26; 2K 13:7; Ps 18:42; 35:5; Is 10:6; 26:15; Dn 2:35; Mi 7:10; Zc 2:6; 10:5; Mal 4:1; Lk 21:24.
[44] Dt 28:13; 2S 3:1; 5:1; 8:1; 18:6; 19:9, 14; 20:1, 22; Ps 2:1, 8; 18:43; 60:8; 72:8; 110:6; Is 55:5; 60:12; 65:1; Dn 7:14; Ho 2:23; Ac 4:25; 5:30; Ro 9:25; 15:12; Rv 11:15.
[45] Dt 33:29; Ps 18:44; 66:3; 81:15; Is 56:3, 6; Ac 8:13, 21.
[46] Is 2:19, 21; 64:6; Am 9:3; Mi 7:17; Jm 1:11.
[47] Dt 32:39; Jb 19:25; Ps 89:26; Lk 1:47.
[48] 1S 25:30; 2S 18:19, 31; Ps 94:1; 110:1; 144:2; 1Co 15:25.
[49] Nu 24:7, 17; 1S 2:8; 2S 5:12; 7:8; Ps 18:48; 52:1; 140:1.
[50] Ps 18:49; 145:1; 146:1; Is 12:1; Ro 15:9.
[51] 2S 7:12; 22:2; Ps 3:3; 18:50; 21:1; 48:3; 89:20, 26, 29, 36; 91:2; 144:10; Jr 30:9; Lk 1:31; Rv 11:15.


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