NASB — 1 Samuel 28 — KJV

Saul and the Spirit Medium

1 Now it came about in those days that athe Philistines gathered their armed camps for war, to fight against Israel. And Achish said to David, “Know assuredly that you will go out with me in the camp, you and your men.” 2 David said to Achish, “Very well, you shall know what your servant can do.” So Achish said to David, “Very well, I will make you Imy bodyguard afor life.”

[1] a1S 29:1
[2] ILit keeper of my head a1S 1:22, 28

3 ¶ Now aSamuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him and buried him bin Ramah, his own city. And Saul had removed from the land those who cwere mediums and spiritists. 4 So the Philistines gathered together and came and camped ain Shunem; and Saul gathered all Israel together and they camped in bGilboa. 5 When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly. 6 aWhen Saul inquired of the LORD, bthe LORD did not answer him, either by cdreams or by dUrim or by prophets. 7 Then Saul said to his servants, “Seek for me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her.” And his servants said to him, “Behold, athere is a woman who is a medium at bEn-dor.”

[3] a1S 25:1 b1S 7:17 cLv 19:31; 20:27; Dt 18:10; 1S 15:23
[4] aJsh 19:18; 1S 28:4; 1K 1:3; 2K 4:8 b1S 31:1
[6] a1Ch 10:13, 14 b1S 14:37; Pv 1:24-31 cNu 12:6; Jol 2:28 dEx 28:30; Nu 27:21
[7] aAc 16:16 bJsh 17:11; Ps 83:10

8 ¶ Then Saul adisguised himself by putting on other clothes, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night; and he said, “bConjure up for me, please, and cbring up for me whom I shall Iname to you.” 9 But the woman said to him, “Behold, you know awhat Saul has done, how he has cut off those who are mediums and spiritists from the land. Why are you then laying a snare for my life to bring about my death?” 10 Saul vowed to her by the LORD, saying, “As the LORD lives, no punishment shall come upon you for this thing.” 11 Then the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?” And he said, “Bring up Samuel for me.” 12 When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, “Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul.” 13 The king said to her, “Do not be afraid; but what do you see?” And the woman said to Saul, “I see a Idivine being coming up out of the earth.” 14 He said to her, “What is his form?” And she said, “An old man is coming up, and ahe is wrapped with a robe.” And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and bhe bowed with his face to the ground and did homage.

[8] ILit say a2Ch 18:29; 35:22 b1Ch 10:13; Is 8:19 cDt 18:10, 11
[9] a1S 28:3
[13] IOr god
[14] a1S 15:27 b1S 24:8

15 ¶ Then Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?” And Saul answered, “I am greatly distressed; for the Philistines are waging war against me, and aGod has departed from me and bno longer answers me, either through prophets or by dreams; therefore I have called you, that you may make known to me what I should do.” 16 Samuel said, “Why then do you ask me, since the LORD has departed from you and has become your adversary? 17 The LORD has done Iaccordingly aas He spoke through me; for the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, to David. 18 As ayou did not Iobey the LORD and did not execute His fierce wrath on Amalek, so the LORD has done this thing to you this day. 19 Moreover the LORD will also give over Israel along with you into the hands of the Philistines, therefore tomorrow ayou and your sons will be with me. Indeed the LORD will give over the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines!”

[15] a1S 16:14; 18:12 b1S 28:6
[17] ILit for himself a1S 15:28
[18] ILit listen to the voice of a1S 15:20, 26; 1K 20:42
[19] a1S 31:2; Jb 3:17-19

20 ¶ Then Saul immediately fell full length upon the ground and was very afraid because of the words of Samuel; also there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no Ifood all day and all night. 21 The woman came to Saul and saw that he was terrified, and said to him, “Behold, your maidservant has Iobeyed you, and aI have IItaken my life in my hand and have listened to your words which you spoke to me. 22 So now also, please listen to the voice of your maidservant, and let me set a piece of bread before you that [you may] eat and have strength when you go on [your] way.” 23 But he refused and said, “aI will not eat.” bHowever, his servants together with the woman urged him, and he listened to Ithem. So he arose from the ground and sat on cthe bed. 24 The woman had a afattened calf in the house, and she quickly slaughtered it; and she btook flour, kneaded it and baked unleavened bread from it. 25 She brought [it] before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they arose and went away that night.

[20] ILit bread
[21] ILit listened to your voice IILit put aJg 12:3; 1S 19:5; Jb 13:14
[23] ILit their voices a1K 21:4 b2K 5:13 cEs 1:6; Ezk 23:41
[24] aGn 18:7; Lk 15:23, 27, 30 bGn 18:6

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Achish putteth confidence in David.

1 ¶ And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men. 2 And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.

[1] Jg 3:1; 1S 7:7; 13:5; 17:1; 27:12; 29:1, 2.
[2] 1S 27:10; 2S 16:16; Ro 12:9.

Saul having destroyed the witches,

3 ¶ Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.

[3] Ex 22:18; Lv 19:31; 20:6, 27; Dt 18:10; 1S 25:1; 28:9; Is 57:1; Ac 16:16.

and now in his fear forsaken by God,

4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa. 5 And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled. 6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.

[4] Jsh 19:18; 1S 31:1; 2S 1:6, 21; 21:12; 2K 4:8.
[5] Jb 15:21; 18:11; Ps 48:5; 73:19; Pv 10:24; Is 7:2; 21:3; 57:20; Dn 5:6.
[6] Gn 28:12; 46:2; Ex 28:20; Nu 12:6; 27:21; Dt 33:8; 1S 14:37; 1Ch 10:14; Jb 33:14; Ps 74:9; Pv 1:27; Jr 23:28; Lm 2:9; Ezk 20:1, 3; Mt 1:20; Jn 9:31; Jm 4:3.

seeketh a witch.

7 ¶ Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, [there is] a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor. 8 And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me [him] up, whom I shall name unto thee.

[7] Lv 19:31; Dt 18:11; Jsh 17:11; 1S 28:3; 2K 1:2; 6:33; 1Ch 10:13; Ps 83:10; Is 8:19; 19:3; Lm 3:25; Hab 2:3; Ac 16:16.
[8] Dt 18:11; 1S 28:15; 1K 14:2; 22:30, 34; 1Ch 10:13; Jb 24:13; Is 8:19; Jr 23:24; Jn 3:19.

The witch, encouraged by Saul, raiseth up Samuel.

9 And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die? 10 And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, [As] the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing. 11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel. 12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou [art] Saul. 13 And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. 14 And he said unto her, What form [is] he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he [is] covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it [was] Samuel, and he stooped with [his] face to the ground, and bowed himself.

[9] 1S 28:3; 2S 18:13; 2K 5:7.
[10] Gn 3:5; Ex 20:7; Dt 18:10; 1S 14:39; 19:6; 2S 14:11; Mt 26:72; Mk 6:23.
[12] 1S 28:3; 1K 14:5.
[13] Ex 4:16; 22:28; Ps 82:6; Jn 10:34.
[14] 1S 15:27; 2K 2:8, 13.

Saul, hearing his ruin, fainteth.

15 ¶ And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do. 16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy? 17 And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, [even] to David: 18 Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day. 19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow [shalt] thou and thy sons [be] with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines. 20 Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.

[15] Jg 16:20; 1S 16:13; 18:12; 23:2, 4, 9; 28:4, 6, 8, 11; Ps 51:11; Pv 5:11; 14:14; Jr 2:17; Ho 9:12; Mt 25:41; Lk 16:23.
[16] Jg 5:31; 2K 6:27; Ps 68:1; Lm 2:5; Rv 18:20, 24; 19:1.
[17] 1S 13:13; 15:27, 28; 16:13; 24:20; Pv 16:4.
[18] 1S 13:9; 15:9, 23; 1K 20:42; 1Ch 10:13; Ps 50:21; Jr 48:10.
[19] Ex 9:18; 1S 12:25; 28:14; 31:1; 1K 22:20, 28; Jr 28:16; Dn 5:25; Mt 26:24; Ac 5:5, 9.
[20] 1S 25:37; 28:5; Jb 15:20; 26:2; Ps 50:21.

The woman with his servants refresh him with meat.

21 ¶ And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me. 22 Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way. 23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed. 24 And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded [it], and did bake unleavened bread thereof: 25 And she brought [it] before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.

[21] Jg 12:3; 1S 19:5; Jb 13:14.
[23] 1K 21:4; 2K 4:8; Pv 25:20; Lk 14:23; 24:29; Ac 16:15; 2Co 5:14.
[24] Gn 18:7; Lk 15:23.

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