Ammon and Aram Defeated
1 aNow it happened° afterwards°° that bthe king° of the Ammonites°° died°, and Hanun° his son° became° king° in his place°. 2 Then David° said°, “I will show° kindness° to Hanun° the son° of aNahash°, just° as his father° showed° kindness° to me.” So David° sent° Isome° of his servants° to console° him concerning° his father°. But when David’s° servants° came° to the land° of the Ammonites°°, 3 the princes° of the Ammonites°° said° to Hanun° their lord°, “IDo you think° that David° is honoring° your father° because° he has sent° consolers° to you? aHas David° not sent° his servants° to you in order° to search° the city°, to spy° it out and overthrow° it?” 4 So Hanun° took° David’s° servants° and ashaved° off° half° of their beards°, and bcut° off° their garments° in the middle° as far° as their hips°, and sent° them away°. 5 When they told° [it] to David°, he sent° to meet° them, for the men° were greatly° humiliated°. And the king° said°, “IStay° at Jericho° until° your beards° grow°, and [then] return°.”
 a1Ch 19:1-19 b1S 11:1
 ILit by the hand of a1S 11:1
 ILit In your eyes is David honoring aGn 42:9, 16
 aIs 15:2; Jr 41:5 bIs 20:4
 ILit Return to
6 ¶ Now when the sons° of Ammon° saw° that athey had become° odious° to David°, the sons° of Ammon° sent° and bhired° the Arameans° of cBeth-rehob° and the dArameans° of Zobah°, 20,000°° foot° soldiers°, and the king° of eMaacah° with 1,000° men°, and the men° of Tob° with 12,000°°° men°. 7 When David° heard° [of it], he sent° Joab° and all° the army°, the mighty° men°. 8 The sons° of Ammon° came° out and drew° up in battle° array aat the entrance° of the Icity°, while the Arameans° of Zobah° and of Rehob° and the men° of bTob° and Maacah° [were] by themselves° in the field°.
 aGn 34:30; 1S 27:12 b2S 8:3, 5; 2K 7:6 cJg 18:28 d2S 8:3 eDt 3:14
 ILit gate a1Ch 19:9 bJg 11:3, 5
9 ¶ Now when Joab° saw° that Ithe battle°° was set against° him in front° and in the rear°, he selected° from all° the choice° men of Israel°, and arrayed° [them] against° the Arameans°. 10 But the remainder° of the people° he placed° in the hand° of Abishai° his brother°, and he arrayed° [them] against° the sons° of Ammon°. 11 He said°, “If° the Arameans° are too° strong° for me, then you shall help° me, but if° the sons° of Ammon° are too° strong° for you, then I will come° to help° you. 12 aBe strong°, and let us show° ourselves courageous° for the sake° of our people° and for the cities° of our God°; and bmay the LORD° do° what° is good° in His sight°.” 13 So Joab° and the people° who° were with him drew° near° to the battle° against the Arameans°, and athey fled° before°° him. 14 When the sons° of Ammon° saw° that the Arameans° fled°, they [also] fled° before°° Abishai° and entered° the city°. aThen Joab° returned° from [fighting] against° the sons° of Ammon° and came° to Jerusalem°.
 ILit the faces of the battle were against
 aDt 31:6; Jsh 1:6; 1Co 16:13 b1S 3:18
 a1K 20:13-21
 a2S 11:1
15 ¶ When the Arameans° saw° that they had been Idefeated° by Israel°, they gathered° themselves together°. 16 aAnd Hadadezer° sent° and brought° out the Arameans° who° were beyond°° the IRiver°, and they came° to Helam°; and bShobach° the commander° of the army° of Hadadezer° IIled° them. 17 Now when it was told° David°, he gathered° all° Israel° together and crossed° the Jordan°, and came° to Helam°. And the Arameans° arrayed° themselves to meet° David° and fought° against° him. 18 But the Arameans° fled° before°° Israel°, and David° killed° a700°° charioteers° of the Arameans° and 40,000°° horsemen° and struck° down° Shobach° the commander° of their army°, and he died° there°. 19 When all° the kings°, servants° of Hadadezer°, saw° that they were Idefeated° by Israel°, athey made° peace° with Israel° and served° them. So the Arameans° feared° to help° the sons° of Ammon° anymore°.
 ILit smitten before
 II.e. Euphrates IILit before a2S 8:3-8 b1Ch 19:16
 a1Ch 19:18
 ILit smitten before a2S 8:6
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David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun the son of Nahash, are villainously entreated.
1 ¶ And it came to pass² after² this,¹² that the kingº of the childrenº of Ammonº died,ºª and Hanunº his sonº reignedºª in his stead.² 2 Then saidºª David,º I will shewºª kindnessº unto² Hanunº the sonº of Nahash,º as² his fatherº shewedºª kindnessº unto² me. And Davidº sentºª to comfortºª him by the handº of his servantsº for² his father.º And David'sº servantsº cameºª into the landº of the childrenº of Ammon.º 3 And the princesº of the childrenº of Ammonº saidºª unto² Hanunº their lord,º Thinkestº thou that Davidº doth honourºª² thy father,º that² he hath sentºª comfortersºª unto thee? hath not² Davidº [rather] sentºª² his servantsº unto² thee, toº searchºª² the city,º and to spy it out,ºª and to overthrowºª it? 4 Wherefore Hanunº tookºª David'sº² servants,º and shaved offºª the² one halfº of their beards,º and cut offºª² their garmentsº in the middle,º [even] to² their buttocks,º and sent them away.ºª 5 When they toldºª [it] unto David,º he sentºª to meetºª them, because² the men¹² were² greatlyº ashamed:ºª and the kingº said,ºª Tarryºª at Jerichoº until² your beardsº be grown,ºª and [then] return.ºª
 Jg 10:7; 11:12; 1S 11:1; 1Ch 19:1.
 Dt 23:3; 1S 11:1; 22:3; Ne 4:3; 13:1.
 Gn 42:9, 16; 1Co 13:5, 7.
 Lv 19:27; 1Ch 19:3; Ps 109:4; Is 15:2; 20:4; 47:2; Jr 41:5.
 Jsh 6:24; 1K 16:34; 1Ch 19:5.
The Ammonites, strengthened by the Syrians, are overcome by Joab and Abishai.
6 ¶ And when the childrenº of Ammonº sawºª that² they stankºª before David,º the childrenº of Ammonº sentºª and hiredºª² the Syriansº of Bethrehob,º and the Syriansº of Zoba,º twentyº thousandº footmen,º and of kingº Maacahº a thousandº men,º and of Ishtobº twelveºº thousandº men.º 7 And when Davidº heardºª of [it], he sentºª² Joab,º and all² the hostº of the mighty men.º 8 And the childrenº of Ammonº came out,ºª and put the battleº in arrayºª at the entering² in¹ of the gate:º and the Syriansº of Zoba,º and of Rehob,º and Ishtob,º and Maacah,º [were] by themselvesº in the field.º 9 When Joabº sawºª that² the frontº of the battleº was² against² him beforeº² and behind,º² he choseºª of all²² the choiceºª [men] of Israel,º and put [them] in arrayºª againstºª the Syrians:º 10 And the restº of the peopleº he deliveredºª into the handº of Abishaiº his brother,º that he might put [them] in arrayºª againstºª the childrenº of Ammon.º 11 And he said,ºª If² the Syriansº be too strongºª for² me, then thou shalt² helpº me: but if² the childrenº of Ammonº be too strongºª for² thee, then I will comeºª and helpºª thee. 12 Be of good courage,ºª and let us play the menºª for² our people,º and for² the citiesº of our God:º and the LORDº doºª that which seemethº him good.º 13 And Joabº drew nigh,ºª and the peopleº that² [were] with² him, unto the battleº against the Syrians:º and they fledºª beforeº² him. 14 And when the childrenº of Ammonº sawºª that² the Syriansº were fled,ºª then fledºª they also beforeº² Abishai,º and enteredºª into the city.º So Joabº returnedºª from²² the childrenº of Ammon,º and cameºª to Jerusalem.º
 Gn 34:30; Ex 5:21; Jsh 13:11; Jg 11:3, 5; 1S 13:4; 27:12; 2S 8:3, 5, 12; 1Ch 19:6; Pv 25:8; Is 8:9.
 2S 23:8; 1Ch 19:8.
 Nu 13:21; Jsh 19:28; Jg 1:31; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 19:7.
 Jsh 8:21; Jg 20:42.
 1Ch 19:9; Ne 4:20; Lk 22:32; Ro 15:1; Ga 6:2; Php 1:27.
 Nu 13:20; Dt 31:6; Jsh 1:6, 9, 18; Jg 10:15; 1S 3:18; 4:9; 14:6, 12; 17:32; 2S 16:10; 1Ch 19:13; 2Ch 32:7; Ne 4:14; Jb 1:21; 1Co 16:13; He 13:6.
 1K 20:13, 28; 1Ch 19:14; 2Ch 13:5.
Shobach, making a new supply of the Syrians at Helam, is slain by David.
15 ¶ And when the Syriansº sawºª that² they were smittenºª beforeº Israel,º they gathered¹ª themselves² together.º 16 And Hadarezerº sent,ºª and brought outºª² the Syriansº that² [were] beyondº² the river:º and they cameºª to Helam;º and Shobachº the captainº of the hostº of Hadarezerº [went] beforeº them. 17 And when it was toldºª David,º he gathered¹ª all Israel¹ together,ºª²²² and passed overºª² Jordan,º and cameºª to Helam.º And the Syriansº set themselves in arrayºª againstºª David,º and foughtºª with² him. 18 And the Syriansº fledºª beforeº² Israel;º and Davidº slewºª [the men of] sevenº hundredº chariotsº of the Syrians,º² and fortyº thousandº horsemen,º and smoteºª Shobachº the captainº of their host,º who diedºª there.² 19 And when all² the kingsº [that were] servantsº to Hadarezerº sawºª that² they were smittenºª beforeº Israel,º they made peaceºª with² Israel,º and servedºª them. So the Syriansº fearedºª to helpºª² the childrenº of Ammonº any more.²
 Ps 2:1; Is 8:9; Mi 4:11; Zc 14:2; Rv 19:19.
 2S 8:3; 1Ch 18:3, 5; 19:16.
 1Ch 19:17.
 Jg 4:2, 22; 5:26; 2S 8:4; 1Ch 19:18; Ps 18:38; 46:11.
 Gn 14:1; Jsh 11:10; Jg 1:7; 2S 8:6; 1K 20:1; 1Ch 19:19; Ps 18:37; 48:4; Is 26:11; Dn 2:37; Rv 18:10.
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