NASB — 2 Samuel 10 — KJV

Ammon and Aram Defeated

1 aNow it happened afterwards that bthe king of the Ammonites died, and Hanun his son became king in his place. 2 Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of aNahash, just as his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent Isome of his servants to console him concerning his father. But when David’s servants came to the land of the Ammonites, 3 the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun their lord, “IDo you think that David is honoring your father because he has sent consolers to you? aHas David not sent his servants to you in order to search the city, to spy it out and overthrow it?” 4 So Hanun took David’s servants and ashaved off half of their beards, and bcut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away. 5 When they told [it] to David, he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly humiliated. And the king said, “IStay at Jericho until your beards grow, and [then] return.”

[1] a1Ch 19:1-19 b1S 11:1
[2] ILit by the hand of a1S 11:1
[3] ILit In your eyes is David honoring aGn 42:9, 16
[4] aIs 15:2; Jr 41:5 bIs 20:4
[5] ILit Return to

6 ¶ Now when the sons of Ammon saw that athey had become odious to David, the sons of Ammon sent and bhired the Arameans of cBeth-rehob and the dArameans of Zobah, 20,000 foot soldiers, and the king of eMaacah with 1,000 men, and the men of Tob with 12,000 men. 7 When David heard [of it], he sent Joab and all the army, the mighty men. 8 The sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array aat the entrance of the Icity, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of bTob and Maacah [were] by themselves in the field.

[6] aGn 34:30; 1S 27:12 b2S 8:3, 5; 2K 7:6 cJg 18:28 d2S 8:3 eDt 3:14
[8] ILit gate a1Ch 19:9 bJg 11:3, 5

9 ¶ Now when Joab saw that Ithe battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed [them] against the Arameans. 10 But the remainder of the people he placed in the hand of Abishai his brother, and he arrayed [them] against the sons of Ammon. 11 He said, “If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the sons of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come to help you. 12 aBe strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake of our people and for the cities of our God; and bmay the LORD do what is good in His sight.” 13 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Arameans, and athey fled before him. 14 When the sons of Ammon saw that the Arameans fled, they [also] fled before Abishai and entered the city. aThen Joab returned from [fighting] against the sons of Ammon and came to Jerusalem.

[9] ILit the faces of the battle were against
[12] aDt 31:6; Jsh 1:6; 1Co 16:13 b1S 3:18
[13] a1K 20:13-21
[14] a2S 11:1

15 ¶ When the Arameans saw that they had been Idefeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together. 16 aAnd Hadadezer sent and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the IRiver, and they came to Helam; and bShobach the commander of the army of Hadadezer IIled them. 17 Now when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together and crossed the Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Arameans arrayed themselves to meet David and fought against him. 18 But the Arameans fled before Israel, and David killed a700 charioteers of the Arameans and 40,000 horsemen and struck down Shobach the commander of their army, and he died there. 19 When all the kings, servants of Hadadezer, saw that they were Idefeated by Israel, athey made peace with Israel and served them. So the Arameans feared to help the sons of Ammon anymore.

[15] ILit smitten before
[16] II.e. Euphrates IILit before a2S 8:3-8 b1Ch 19:16
[18] a1Ch 19:18
[19] ILit smitten before a2S 8:6


New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun the son of Nahash, are villainously entreated.

1 ¶ And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. 2 Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon. 3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David [rather] sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it? 4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, [even] to their buttocks, and sent them away. 5 When they told [it] unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and [then] return.

[1] Jg 10:7; 11:12; 1S 11:1; 1Ch 19:1.
[2] Dt 23:3; 1S 11:1; 22:3; Ne 4:3; 13:1.
[3] Gn 42:9, 16; 1Co 13:5, 7.
[4] Lv 19:27; 1Ch 19:3; Ps 109:4; Is 15:2; 20:4; 47:2; Jr 41:5.
[5] Jsh 6:24; 1K 16:34; 1Ch 19:5.

The Ammonites, strengthened by the Syrians, are overcome by Joab and Abishai.

6 ¶ And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. 7 And when David heard of [it], he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. 8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, [were] by themselves in the field. 9 When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice [men] of Israel, and put [them] in array against the Syrians: 10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put [them] in array against the children of Ammon. 11 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee. 12 Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good. 13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that [were] with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him. 14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

[6] Gn 34:30; Ex 5:21; Jsh 13:11; Jg 11:3, 5; 1S 13:4; 27:12; 2S 8:3, 5, 12; 1Ch 19:6; Pv 25:8; Is 8:9.
[7] 2S 23:8; 1Ch 19:8.
[8] Nu 13:21; Jsh 19:28; Jg 1:31; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 19:7.
[9] Jsh 8:21; Jg 20:42.
[11] 1Ch 19:9; Ne 4:20; Lk 22:32; Ro 15:1; Ga 6:2; Php 1:27.
[12] Nu 13:20; Dt 31:6; Jsh 1:6, 9, 18; Jg 10:15; 1S 3:18; 4:9; 14:6, 12; 17:32; 2S 16:10; 1Ch 19:13; 2Ch 32:7; Ne 4:14; Jb 1:21; 1Co 16:13; He 13:6.
[13] 1K 20:13, 28; 1Ch 19:14; 2Ch 13:5.

Shobach, making a new supply of the Syrians at Helam, is slain by David.

15 ¶ And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together. 16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that [were] beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them. 17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him. 18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew [the men of] seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there. 19 And when all the kings [that were] servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

[15] Ps 2:1; Is 8:9; Mi 4:11; Zc 14:2; Rv 19:19.
[16] 2S 8:3; 1Ch 18:3, 5; 19:16.
[17] 1Ch 19:17.
[18] Jg 4:2, 22; 5:26; 2S 8:4; 1Ch 19:18; Ps 18:38; 46:11.
[19] Gn 14:1; Jsh 11:10; Jg 1:7; 2S 8:6; 1K 20:1; 1Ch 19:19; Ps 18:37; 48:4; Is 26:11; Dn 2:37; Rv 18:10.


KJV 1769 King James Bible Authorized Version (Student's Edition)
©2011 by First Gospel Publications, Zion, Ill. All rights reserved.
For downloads and more information please visit www.FirstGospel.com.
Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Chaldee and Greek Dictionaries
Featuring the qBible.com Living Strong's Lexical Map
©2003 by The WWW Chat Bible Compages. All rights reserved.
For how to use color-coding please view [www.ChatBible.com/key.asp].

2 Samuel 10 Top of NASB New American Standard Bible KJV King James Version Red-Letter Strong's Concordance Numbers Cross References & Footnotes

 ChatBible.com  |  Lexicon & Concordance  |  1611Bible.com 
 Search  |  Promote  |  Comment  |  About  | Become a fan.