Joseph’s Brothers Sent to Egypt
1 Now aJacob° saw° that there° was grain° in Egypt°, and Jacob° said° to his sons°, “Why° are you staring° at one another?” 2 He said°, “Behold°, aI have heard° that there° is grain° in Egypt°; go° down° there° and buy° [some] for us Ifrom that place°, bso that we may live° and not die°.” 3 Then ten° brothers° of Joseph° went° down° to buy° grain° from Egypt°. 4 But Jacob° did not send° Joseph’s° brother° aBenjamin° with his brothers°, for he said°, “bI am afraid that harm° may befall° him.” 5 So the sons° of Israel° came° to buy° grain° among° those who were coming°, afor the famine° was in the land° of Canaan° [also].
 aAc 7:12
 ILit from there aAc 7:12 bGn 43:8; Ps 33:18, 19
 aGn 35:24 bGn 42:38
 aGn 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; Ac 7:11
6 ¶ Now aJoseph° was the ruler° over° the land°; he was the one who sold° to all° the people° of the land°. And Joseph’s° brothers° came° and bbowed° down° to him with [their] faces° to the ground°. 7 When Joseph° saw° his brothers° he recognized° them, but he disguised° himself to them and aspoke° to them harshly°. And he said° to them, “Where° have you come° from?” And they said°, “From the land° of Canaan°, to buy° food°.”
8 ¶ But Joseph° had recognized° his brothers°, although athey did not recognize° him. 9 Joseph° aremembered° the dreams° which° he Ihad° about them, and said° to them, “You are spies°; you have come° to look° at the IIundefended° parts° of our land°.” 10 Then they said° to him, “No°, amy lord°, but your servants° have come° to buy° food°. 11 We are all° sons° of one° man°; we are ahonest° men°, your servants° are not spies°.” 12 Yet he said° to them, “No°, but you have come° to look° at the Iundefended° parts° of our land°!” 13 But they said°, “Your servants° are twelve°° brothers° [in all], the sons° of one° man° in the land° of Canaan°; and behold°, the youngest° is with aour father° today°, and bone° is no° longer° alive.” 14 Joseph° said° to them, “It is as I said° Ito you, you are spies°; 15 by this° you will be tested°: aby the life° of Pharaoh°, you shall not go° from this° place unless°° your youngest° brother° comes° here°! 16 Send° one° of you that he may get° your brother°, while you remain confined°, that your words° may be tested°, whether there is atruth° in you. But if° not, by the life° of Pharaoh°, surely° you are spies°.” 17 So he put° them all° together° in aprison° for three° days°.
 aGn 37:2; 41:46
 ILit had dreamed IILit nakedness of the land aGn 37:6-9
 aGn 37:8
 aGn 42:16, 19, 31, 34
 ILit nakedness of the land
 aGn 43:7 bGn 37:30; 42:32; 44:20
 ILit to you, saying
 a1S 17:55
 aGn 42:11
 aGn 40:4, 7
18 ¶ Now Joseph° said° to them on the third° day°, “Do° this° and live°, for aI fear° God°: 19 if° you are honest° men°, let one° of your brothers° be confined° in Iyour prison°°; but as for [the rest of] you, go°, carry° grain° for the famine° of your households°, 20 and abring° your youngest° brother° to me, so your words° may be verified°, and you will not die°.” And they did° so°. 21 Then they said° to one° another°, “aTruly° we are guilty° concerning° our brother°, because° we saw° the distress° of his soul° when he pleaded° with us, yet we would not listen°; therefore°° this° distress° has come° upon us.” 22 Reuben° answered° them, saying°, “aDid I not tell° Iyou, ‘Do not sin° against the boy°’; and you would not listen°? IIbNow°° comes° the reckoning° for his blood°.” 23 They did not know°, however, that Joseph° understood°, for there was an interpreter° between° them. 24 He turned° away° from them and awept°. But when he returned° to them and spoke° to them, he btook° Simeon° from them and bound° him before their eyes°. 25 aThen Joseph° gave° orders° to fill° their bags° with grain° and to restore° every° man’s° money° in his sack°, and to give° them provisions° for the journey°. And thus° it was done° for them.
 aGn 39:9; Lv 25:43; Ne 5:15
 ILit the house of your prison
 aGn 42:34; 43:5; 44:23
 aGn 37:26-28; 45:3; Ho 5:15
 ILit you saying IILit And behold, his blood also is required aGn 37:21, 22 bGn 9:5, 6; 1K 2:32; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 9:12
 aGn 43:30; 45:14, 15 bGn 43:14, 23
 aGn 44:1; Ro 12:17, 20, 21; 1P 3:9
26 ¶ So they loaded° their donkeys° with their grain° and departed° from there°. 27 As one° [of them] opened° his sack° to give° his donkey° fodder° at the lodging° place°, he saw° his amoney°; and behold°, it was in the mouth° of his sack°. 28 Then he said° to his brothers°, “My money° has been returned°, and behold°, it is even° in my sack°.” And their hearts° Isank°, and they [turned] IItrembling° to one° another°, saying°, “aWhat° is this° that God° has done° to us?”
Simeon Is Held Hostage
29 ¶ When they came° to their father° Jacob° in the land° of Canaan°, they told° him all° that had happened° to them, saying°, 30 “The man°, the lord° of the land°, aspoke° harshly° with us, and took° us for spies° of the country°. 31 But we said° to him, ‘We are ahonest° men°; we are not spies°. 32 We are twelve°° brothers°, sons° of our father°; one° is no° longer° alive, and the youngest° is with our father° today° in the land° of Canaan°.’ 33 The man°, the lord° of the land°, said° to us, ‘aBy this° I will know° that you are honest° men°: leave° one° of your brothers° with me and take° [grain for] the famine° of your households°, and go°. 34 But bring° your youngest° brother° to me that I may know° that you are not spies°, but Ihonest° men°. I will give° your brother° to you, and you may atrade° in the land°.’”
35 ¶ Now it came° about as they were emptying° their sacks°, that behold°, aevery° man’s° bundle° of money° [was] in his sack°; and when they and their father° saw° their bundles° of money°, they were dismayed°. 36 Their father° Jacob° said° to them, “You have abereaved° me of my children°: Joseph° is no° more°, and Simeon° is no° more°, and you would take° Benjamin°; all° these things are against° me.” 37 Then Reuben° spoke° to his father°, saying°, “You may put° my two° sons° to death° if° I do not bring° him [back] to you; put° him in my Icare°, and I will return° him to you.” 38 But IJacob said°, “My son° shall not go° down° with you; for his abrother° is dead°, and he alone° is left°. bIf harm° should befall° him on the journey° IIyou are taking°, then you will cbring° my gray° hair° down° to Sheol° in sorrow°.”
 aGn 43:12, 15, 21
 aGn 43:14
 ILit hand
 ILit he IILit on which you are going aGn 37:33, 34; 42:13; 44:27, 28 bGn 42:4 cGn 37:35; 44:29, 31
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Jacob sendeth his ten sons to buy corn in Egypt.
1 ¶ Now when Jacobº sawºª that² there wasº cornº in Egypt,º Jacobº saidºª unto his sons,º Why² do ye look¹ª one upon another?² 2 And he said,ºª Behold,² I have heardºª that² there isº cornº in Egypt:º get you downºª thither,² and buyºª for us from thence;²² that we may live,ºª and not² die.ºª
 Gn 41:54, 57; 42:2; Ex 5:19; 20:18; Jsh 7:10; 1K 19:3; 2K 8:3; Ezr 10:4; Jr 8:14; Ho 5:13; Ac 7:12; Ga 2:7.
 Gn 43:2, 4, 8; 45:9; Ps 118:17; Is 38:1; Mt 4:4.
3 ¶ And Joseph'sº tenº brethrenº went downºª to buyºª cornº in Egypt.º² 4 But Benjamin,º Joseph'sº brother,º Jacobº sentºª not² with² his brethren;º for² he said,ºª Lest peradventureº mischiefº befall² him.¹ª 5 And the sonsº of Israelº cameºª to buyºª [corn] amongº those that came:ºª for² the famineº was² in the landº of Canaan.º 6 And Josephº [was] the governorº over² the land,º [and] he² [it was] that soldºª to all² the peopleº of the land:º and Joseph'sº brethrenº came,ºª and bowed down¹ª themselves² before him [with] their facesº to the earth.º 7 And Josephº sawºª² his brethren,º and he knewºª them, but made himself strangeºª unto² them, and spakeºª roughlyº unto² them; and he saidºª unto² them, Whenceº² comeºª ye? And they said,ºª From the landº² of Canaanº to buyºª food.º 8 And Josephº knewºª² his brethren,º but they² knewºª not² him. 9 And Josephº rememberedºª² the dreamsº which² he dreamedºª of them, and saidºª unto² them, Ye² [are] spies;ºª to seeºª² the nakednessº of the landº ye are come.ºª 10 And they saidºª unto² him, Nay,² my lord,º but to buyºª foodº are thy servantsº come.ºª 11 Weº [are] all² oneº man'sº sons;º we² [are] trueº [men], thy servantsº are² no² spies.ºª 12 And he saidºª unto² them, Nay,² but² to seeºª the nakednessº of the landº ye are come.ºª 13 And they said,ºª Thy servantsº [are] twelveºº brethren,º the sonsº of oneº manº in the landº of Canaan;º and, behold,² the youngestº [is] this dayº with² our father,º and oneº [is] not.² 14 And Josephº saidºª unto² them, That² [is it] that² I spakeºª unto² you, saying,ºª Ye² [are] spies:ºª 15 Herebyº ye shall be proved:ºª By the lifeº of Pharaohº ye shall not go forthºª hence,²² except²² your youngestº brotherº comeºª hither.²
 Gn 42:5, 13.
 Gn 3:22; 11:4; 33:1; 35:16; 42:38; 43:14, 29; 44:20, 27.
 Gn 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; Ac 7:11; 11:28.
 Gn 18:2; 19:1; 37:7, 9; 41:40, 55; 44:14; 45:8, 26; Ps 105:16; Ac 7:10; Rv 3:9.
 Gn 42:9, 14, 19; Mt 15:23.
 Lk 24:16; Jn 20:14; 21:4.
 Gn 37:5; 42:9, 16, 30, 34; Ex 32:35; Nu 13:2, 16; Jsh 2:1; 6:23; Jg 1:24; 1S 26:4; Lk 20:20; He 11:31.
 Gn 27:29, 37; 37:8; 44:9; 1S 26:17; 1K 18:7.
 Gn 42:19, 33; Jn 7:18; 2Co 6:4.
 Gn 42:9.
 Gn 29:32; 30:6; 35:16; 37:30; 42:11, 32, 36, 38; 43:7; 44:20, 28; 45:26; 46:8; Ex 1:2; Nu 1:1; 10:1; 26:1; 34:1; 1Ch 2:1; Jr 31:15; Lm 5:7; Mt 2:16, 18.
 Gn 42:9; Jb 13:24; 19:11; Mt 15:21.
 Gn 42:7, 12, 16, 20, 30, 34; 43:3; 44:20; Dt 6:13; 1S 1:26; 17:55; 20:3; Jr 5:2, 7; Mt 5:33; 23:16; Jm 5:12.
They are imprisoned by Joseph for spies.
16 Sendºª oneº of² you, and let him fetchºª² your brother,º and ye² shall be kept in prison,ºª that your wordsº may be proved,ºª whether [there be any] truthº inº you: or elseº² by the lifeº of Pharaohº surely² ye² [are] spies.ºª 17 And he put them all togetherºª² into² wardº threeº days.º
They are set at liberty, on condition to bring Benjamin.
18 And Josephº saidºª unto² them the thirdº day,º This² do,ºª and live;ºª [for] I² fearº² God:º 19 If² ye² [be] trueº [men], let oneº of your brethrenº be boundºª in the houseº of your prison:º go¹ª² ye,² carryºª cornº for the famineº of your houses:º 20 But bringºª your youngestº brotherº unto² me; so shall your wordsº be verified,ºª and ye shall not² die.ºª And they didºª so.²
 Gn 20:11; Lv 25:43; Ne 5:9, 15; Lk 18:2, 4.
 Gn 40:3; 41:56; 42:1, 26; 43:1; 45:23; Is 42:7, 22; Jr 37:15.
 Gn 6:22; 42:15, 26, 34; 43:5, 19; 44:23; Jn 2:5.
They have remorse for Joseph.
21 ¶ And they saidºª oneº to² another,º We² [are] verilyº guiltyº concerning² our brother,º in thatº we sawºª the anguishº of his soul,º when he besoughtºª² us, and we would not² hear;ºª therefore²² is this² distressº comeºª upon² us. 22 And Reubenº answeredºª them, saying,ºª Spake² I¹ª not² unto² you, saying,ºª Do not² sinºª against the child;º and ye would not² hear?ºª therefore, behold,² also² his bloodº is required.ºª 23 And they² knewºª not² that² Josephº understoodºª [them]; for² he spake unto² them by an interpreter.ºª
 Gn 37:23; 41:9; Nu 32:23; Jg 1:7; 2S 12:13; 1K 17:18; Jb 33:27; 34:31; 36:8; Pv 1:27; 21:13; 24:11; 28:17; Jr 2:17, 19; 4:18; 34:17; Ho 5:15; Mt 7:2; 27:3; Mk 9:44, 46, 48; Lk 16:28; Ac 19:18; Jm 2:13; 1Jn 1:9.
 Gn 4:10; 9:5; 37:21, 29; 1K 2:32; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 9:12; Ezk 3:18; Lk 11:50; 23:41; Ac 28:4; Ro 2:15; Rv 13:10; 16:9.
 Gn 39:1; 42:24; 43:19; 49:1; Jn 16:13; 2Co 5:20.
Simeon is kept for a pledge.
They return with corn, and their money.
25 ¶ Then Josephº commandedºª to fillºª² their sacksº with corn,º and to restoreºª every man'sº moneyº into² his sack,º and to giveºª them provisionº for the way:º and thusº did² he¹ª unto them. 26 And they ladedºª² their assesº with² the corn,º and departed¹ª² thence.²² 27 And as oneº of them openedºª² his sackº to giveºª his assº provenderº in the inn,º he espiedºª² his money;º for, behold,² it² [was] in his sack'sº mouth.º 28 And he saidºª unto² his brethren,º My moneyº is restored;ºª and, lo,º [it is] even² in my sack:º and their heartº failedºª [them], and they were afraid,ºª sayingºª oneº to² another,º What² [is] this² [that] Godº hath doneºª unto us?
 Gn 44:1; 45:21; Is 55:1; Mt 5:44; 6:33; Ro 12:17; 1P 3:9.
 Gn 43:21; 44:11; Ex 4:24; Lk 2:7; 10:34.
 Gn 27:33; 42:36; Lv 26:36; Dt 28:65; 1K 10:5; Ps 61:2; So 5:6; Is 45:7; Lm 2:17; 3:37; Am 3:6; Lk 21:26.
Their relation to Jacob.
29 ¶ And they cameºª unto² Jacobº their fatherº unto the landº of Canaan,º and toldºª him² all² that befellºª unto them; saying,ºª 30 The man,º [who is] the lordº of the land,º spakeºª roughlyº to² us, and tookºª us for spiesºª of² the country.º 31 And we saidºª unto² him, We² [are] trueº [men]; we are² no² spies:ºª 32 We² [be] twelveºº brethren,º sonsº of our father;º oneº [is] not,² and the youngestº [is] this dayº with² our fatherº in the landº of Canaan.º 33 And the man,º the lordº of the country,º saidºª unto² us, Hereby² shall I knowºª that² ye² [are] trueº [men]; leave¹ª² oneº of your brethrenº [here] with² me, and takeºª [food for] the famineº of your households,º and be gone:¹ª² 34 And bringºª² your youngestº brotherº unto² me: then shall I knowºª that² ye² [are] no² spies,ºª but² [that] ye² [are] trueº [men: so] will I deliverºª you² your brother,º and ye shall traffickºª in the land.º
35 ¶ And it came to pass² as they² emptiedºª their sacks,º that, behold,² every man'sº bundleº of moneyº [was] in his sack:º and when [both] they² and their fatherº sawºª² the bundlesº of money,º they were afraid.ºª
Jacob refuseth to send Benjamin.
36 And Jacobº their fatherº saidºª unto² them, Me have ye bereavedºª [of my children]: Josephº [is] not,² and Simeonº [is] not,² and ye will takeºª Benjaminº [away]: all² these things are² against² me. 37 And Reubenº spakeºª unto² his father,º saying,ºª Slayºª² my twoº sons,º if² I bringºª him not² to² thee: deliverºª him into² my hand,º and I² will bring² him to² thee again.¹ª 38 And he said,ºª My sonº shall not² go downºª with² you; for² his brotherº is dead,ºª and he² is leftºª alone:² if mischiefº befallºª him by the wayº in the which² ye go,¹ª² then shall ye bring downºª² my gray hairsº with sorrowº to the grave.º
 Gn 37:20; 43:14; 45:28; 47:12; 1S 27:1; Jb 7:7; Ps 34:19; Ec 7:8; Is 27:9; 38:10; 41:10, 13; Mt 14:31; Ro 8:28, 31; 1Co 10:13; 2Co 4:17; Jm 5:7.
 Gn 43:9; 44:32; 46:9; Mi 6:7.
 Gn 30:22; 35:16; 37:33, 35; 42:4, 13; 44:20, 27, 29, 31; 1K 2:6; Ps 71:18; 90:10; Ec 1:14; 2:26; Is 38:10; 46:4.
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