NASB — Genesis 42 — KJV

Joseph’s Brothers Sent to Egypt

1 Now aJacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at one another?” 2 He said, “Behold, aI have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy [some] for us Ifrom that place, bso that we may live and not die.” 3 Then ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother aBenjamin with his brothers, for he said, “bI am afraid that harm may befall him.” 5 So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who were coming, afor the famine was in the land of Canaan [also].

[1] aAc 7:12
[2] ILit from there aAc 7:12 bGn 43:8; Ps 33:18, 19
[4] aGn 35:24 bGn 42:38
[5] aGn 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; Ac 7:11

6 ¶ Now aJoseph was the ruler over the land; he was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bbowed down to him with [their] faces to the ground. 7 When Joseph saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and aspoke to them harshly. And he said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”

[6] aGn 41:41, 55 bGn 37:7-10; 41:43; Is 60:14
[7] aGn 42:30

8 ¶ But Joseph had recognized his brothers, although athey did not recognize him. 9 Joseph aremembered the dreams which he Ihad about them, and said to them, “You are spies; you have come to look at the IIundefended parts of our land.” 10 Then they said to him, “No, amy lord, but your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all sons of one man; we are ahonest men, your servants are not spies.” 12 Yet he said to them, “No, but you have come to look at the Iundefended parts of our land!” 13 But they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers [in all], the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is with aour father today, and bone is no longer alive.” 14 Joseph said to them, “It is as I said Ito you, you are spies; 15 by this you will be tested: aby the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here! 16 Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is atruth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies.” 17 So he put them all together in aprison for three days.

[8] aGn 37:2; 41:46
[9] ILit had dreamed IILit nakedness of the land aGn 37:6-9
[10] aGn 37:8
[11] aGn 42:16, 19, 31, 34
[12] ILit nakedness of the land
[13] aGn 43:7 bGn 37:30; 42:32; 44:20
[14] ILit to you, saying
[15] a1S 17:55
[16] aGn 42:11
[17] aGn 40:4, 7

18 ¶ Now Joseph said to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for aI fear God: 19 if you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in Iyour prison; but as for [the rest of] you, go, carry grain for the famine of your households, 20 and abring your youngest brother to me, so your words may be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21 Then they said to one another, “aTruly we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; therefore this distress has come upon us.” 22 Reuben answered them, saying, “aDid I not tell Iyou, ‘Do not sin against the boy’; and you would not listen? IIbNow comes the reckoning for his blood.” 23 They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them. 24 He turned away from them and awept. But when he returned to them and spoke to them, he btook Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25 aThen Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain and to restore every man’s money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. And thus it was done for them.

[18] aGn 39:9; Lv 25:43; Ne 5:15
[19] ILit the house of your prison
[20] aGn 42:34; 43:5; 44:23
[21] aGn 37:26-28; 45:3; Ho 5:15
[22] ILit you saying IILit And behold, his blood also is required aGn 37:21, 22 bGn 9:5, 6; 1K 2:32; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 9:12
[24] aGn 43:30; 45:14, 15 bGn 43:14, 23
[25] aGn 44:1; Ro 12:17, 20, 21; 1P 3:9

26 ¶ So they loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed from there. 27 As one [of them] opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at the lodging place, he saw his amoney; and behold, it was in the mouth of his sack. 28 Then he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned, and behold, it is even in my sack.” And their hearts Isank, and they [turned] IItrembling to one another, saying, “aWhat is this that God has done to us?”

[27] aGn 43:21, 22
[28] ILit went out IILit trembled aGn 43:23

Simeon Is Held Hostage

29 ¶ When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them, saying, 30 “The man, the lord of the land, aspoke harshly with us, and took us for spies of the country. 31 But we said to him, ‘We are ahonest men; we are not spies. 32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no longer alive, and the youngest is with our father today in the land of Canaan.’ 33 The man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘aBy this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me and take [grain for] the famine of your households, and go. 34 But bring your youngest brother to me that I may know that you are not spies, but Ihonest men. I will give your brother to you, and you may atrade in the land.’”

[30] aGn 42:7
[31] aGn 42:11
[33] aGn 42:19, 20
[34] ILit you are honest aGn 34:10

35 ¶ Now it came about as they were emptying their sacks, that behold, aevery man’s bundle of money [was] in his sack; and when they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were dismayed. 36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You have abereaved me of my children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is no more, and you would take Benjamin; all these things are against me.” 37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “You may put my two sons to death if I do not bring him [back] to you; put him in my Icare, and I will return him to you.” 38 But IJacob said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his abrother is dead, and he alone is left. bIf harm should befall him on the journey IIyou are taking, then you will cbring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow.”

[35] aGn 43:12, 15, 21
[36] aGn 43:14
[37] ILit hand
[38] ILit he IILit on which you are going aGn 37:33, 34; 42:13; 44:27, 28 bGn 42:4 cGn 37:35; 44:29, 31


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Jacob sendeth his ten sons to buy corn in Egypt.

1 ¶ Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? 2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.

[1] Gn 41:54, 57; 42:2; Ex 5:19; 20:18; Jsh 7:10; 1K 19:3; 2K 8:3; Ezr 10:4; Jr 8:14; Ho 5:13; Ac 7:12; Ga 2:7.
[2] Gn 43:2, 4, 8; 45:9; Ps 118:17; Is 38:1; Mt 4:4.

3 ¶ And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt. 4 But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him. 5 And the sons of Israel came to buy [corn] among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan. 6 And Joseph [was] the governor over the land, [and] he [it was] that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him [with] their faces to the earth. 7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food. 8 And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. 9 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye [are] spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come. 10 And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come. 11 We [are] all one man's sons; we [are] true [men], thy servants are no spies. 12 And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come. 13 And they said, Thy servants [are] twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest [is] this day with our father, and one [is] not. 14 And Joseph said unto them, That [is it] that I spake unto you, saying, Ye [are] spies: 15 Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

[3] Gn 42:5, 13.
[4] Gn 3:22; 11:4; 33:1; 35:16; 42:38; 43:14, 29; 44:20, 27.
[5] Gn 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; Ac 7:11; 11:28.
[6] Gn 18:2; 19:1; 37:7, 9; 41:40, 55; 44:14; 45:8, 26; Ps 105:16; Ac 7:10; Rv 3:9.
[7] Gn 42:9, 14, 19; Mt 15:23.
[8] Lk 24:16; Jn 20:14; 21:4.
[9] Gn 37:5; 42:9, 16, 30, 34; Ex 32:35; Nu 13:2, 16; Jsh 2:1; 6:23; Jg 1:24; 1S 26:4; Lk 20:20; He 11:31.
[10] Gn 27:29, 37; 37:8; 44:9; 1S 26:17; 1K 18:7.
[11] Gn 42:19, 33; Jn 7:18; 2Co 6:4.
[12] Gn 42:9.
[13] Gn 29:32; 30:6; 35:16; 37:30; 42:11, 32, 36, 38; 43:7; 44:20, 28; 45:26; 46:8; Ex 1:2; Nu 1:1; 10:1; 26:1; 34:1; 1Ch 2:1; Jr 31:15; Lm 5:7; Mt 2:16, 18.
[14] Gn 42:9; Jb 13:24; 19:11; Mt 15:21.
[15] Gn 42:7, 12, 16, 20, 30, 34; 43:3; 44:20; Dt 6:13; 1S 1:26; 17:55; 20:3; Jr 5:2, 7; Mt 5:33; 23:16; Jm 5:12.

They are imprisoned by Joseph for spies.

16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether [there be any] truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye [are] spies. 17 And he put them all together into ward three days.

[16] Gn 42:19.
[17] Gn 40:4, 7; 41:10; Lv 24:12; Ps 119:65; Is 24:22; Ac 4:3; 5:18; He 12:10.

They are set at liberty, on condition to bring Benjamin.

18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; [for] I fear God: 19 If ye [be] true [men], let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses: 20 But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.

[18] Gn 20:11; Lv 25:43; Ne 5:9, 15; Lk 18:2, 4.
[19] Gn 40:3; 41:56; 42:1, 26; 43:1; 45:23; Is 42:7, 22; Jr 37:15.
[20] Gn 6:22; 42:15, 26, 34; 43:5, 19; 44:23; Jn 2:5.

They have remorse for Joseph.

21 ¶ And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us. 22 And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required. 23 And they knew not that Joseph understood [them]; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.

[21] Gn 37:23; 41:9; Nu 32:23; Jg 1:7; 2S 12:13; 1K 17:18; Jb 33:27; 34:31; 36:8; Pv 1:27; 21:13; 24:11; 28:17; Jr 2:17, 19; 4:18; 34:17; Ho 5:15; Mt 7:2; 27:3; Mk 9:44, 46, 48; Lk 16:28; Ac 19:18; Jm 2:13; 1Jn 1:9.
[22] Gn 4:10; 9:5; 37:21, 29; 1K 2:32; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 9:12; Ezk 3:18; Lk 11:50; 23:41; Ac 28:4; Ro 2:15; Rv 13:10; 16:9.
[23] Gn 39:1; 42:24; 43:19; 49:1; Jn 16:13; 2Co 5:20.

Simeon is kept for a pledge.

24 And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.

[24] Gn 34:25; 43:30; 49:5; Is 63:9; Lk 19:41; Ro 12:15; 1Co 12:26; He 4:15; Jde 1:22.

They return with corn, and their money.

25 ¶ Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them. 26 And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence. 27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it [was] in his sack's mouth. 28 And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, [it is] even in my sack: and their heart failed [them], and they were afraid, saying one to another, What [is] this [that] God hath done unto us?

[25] Gn 44:1; 45:21; Is 55:1; Mt 5:44; 6:33; Ro 12:17; 1P 3:9.
[27] Gn 43:21; 44:11; Ex 4:24; Lk 2:7; 10:34.
[28] Gn 27:33; 42:36; Lv 26:36; Dt 28:65; 1K 10:5; Ps 61:2; So 5:6; Is 45:7; Lm 2:17; 3:37; Am 3:6; Lk 21:26.

Their relation to Jacob.

29 ¶ And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying, 30 The man, [who is] the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country. 31 And we said unto him, We [are] true [men]; we are no spies: 32 We [be] twelve brethren, sons of our father; one [is] not, and the youngest [is] this day with our father in the land of Canaan. 33 And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye [are] true [men]; leave one of your brethren [here] with me, and take [food for] the famine of your households, and be gone: 34 And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye [are] no spies, but [that] ye [are] true [men: so] will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.

[30] Gn 42:7.
[31] Gn 42:11.
[32] Gn 42:13.
[33] Gn 42:15, 19.
[34] Gn 34:10, 21; 1K 10:15; Ezk 17:4.

35 ¶ And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle of money [was] in his sack: and when [both] they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.

[35] Gn 42:27; 43:21.

Jacob refuseth to send Benjamin.

36 And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved [of my children]: Joseph [is] not, and Simeon [is] not, and ye will take Benjamin [away]: all these things are against me. 37 And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again. 38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

[36] Gn 37:20; 43:14; 45:28; 47:12; 1S 27:1; Jb 7:7; Ps 34:19; Ec 7:8; Is 27:9; 38:10; 41:10, 13; Mt 14:31; Ro 8:28, 31; 1Co 10:13; 2Co 4:17; Jm 5:7.
[37] Gn 43:9; 44:32; 46:9; Mi 6:7.
[38] Gn 30:22; 35:16; 37:33, 35; 42:4, 13; 44:20, 27, 29, 31; 1K 2:6; Ps 71:18; 90:10; Ec 1:14; 2:26; Is 38:10; 46:4.


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