NASB — 2 Samuel 23 — KJV

David’s Last Song

1 Now these are the last words of David.
  David the son of Jesse declares,
  aThe man who was raised on high declares,
  bThe anointed of the God of Jacob,
  And the sweet psalmist of Israel,
  2aThe Spirit of the LORD spoke by me,
  And His word was on my tongue.
  3 “The God of Israel said,
  aThe Rock of Israel spoke to me,
  ‘bHe who rules over men righteously,
  cWho rules in the fear of God,
  4 aIs as the light of the morning [when] the sun rises,
  A morning without clouds,
  [When] the tender grass [springs] out of the earth,
  Through sunshine after rain.’
  5 “Truly is not my house so with God?
  For aHe has made an everlasting covenant with me,
  Ordered in all things, and secured;
  For all my salvation and all [my] desire,
  Will He not indeed make [it] grow?
  6aBut the worthless, every one of them will be thrust away like thorns,
  Because they cannot be taken in hand;
  7 But the man who touches them
  Must be Iarmed with iron and the shaft of a spear,
  And athey will be completely burned with fire in [their] IIplace.”

[1] a2S 7:8, 9; Ps 78:70, 71 b1S 16:12, 13; Ps 89:20
[2] aMt 22:43; 2P 1:21
[3] a2S 22:2, 3, 32 bPs 72:1-3; Is 11:1-5 c2Ch 19:7, 9
[4] aJg 5:31; Ps 72:6
[5] a2S 7:12-16; Ps 89:29; Is 55:3
[6] aMt 13:41
[7] ILit filled IILit sitting aMt 3:10; 13:30; He 6:8

His Mighty Men

8aThese are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite, chief of the Icaptains, he was [called] Adino the Eznite, because of eight hundred slain [by him] at one time; 9 and after him was Eleazar the son of aDodo the bAhohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they Idefied the Philistines who were gathered there to battle and the men of Israel had IIwithdrawn. 10 aHe arose and struck the Philistines until his hand was weary and Iclung to the sword, and bthe LORD brought about a great IIvictory that day; and the people returned after him only to strip [the slain].

[8] IOr three a1Ch 11:11-47
[9] ILit reproached IILit gone up a1Ch 27:4 b1Ch 8:4
[10] ILit his hand clung IILit salvation a1Ch 11:13 b1S 11:13; 19:5

11 ¶ Now after him was Shammah the son of Agee a aHararite. And the Philistines were gathered Iinto a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the Philistines. 12 But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, defended it and struck the Philistines; and athe LORD brought about a great Ivictory.

[11] IPossibly, at Lehi a2S 23:33
[12] ILit salvation a2S 23:10

13 ¶ Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the acave of Adullam, while the troop of the Philistines was camping in bthe valley of Rephaim. 14 David was then ain the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. 15 aDavid had a craving and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!” 16 aSo the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water from the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took [it] and brought [it] to David. Nevertheless he would not drink it, but bpoured it out to the LORD; 17 and he said, “Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this. a[Shall I drink] the blood of the men who went in [jeopardy] of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

[13] a1S 22:1 b2S 5:18
[14] a1S 22:4, 5
[15] a1Ch 11:17
[16] a1Ch 11:18 bGn 35:14
[17] aLv 17:10

18aAbishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was bchief of the Ithirty. And he swung his spear against three hundred IIand killed [them], and had a name as well as the three. 19 He was most honored of the thirty, therefore he became their commander; however, he did not attain to the three.

[18] ISo two Heb mss and Syriac; M.T. three IILit slain ones a2S 10:10, 14; 18:2 b1Ch 11:20, 21

20 ¶ Then aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of bKabzeel, who had done mighty deeds, Ikilled the IItwo [sons of] Ariel of Moab. He also went down and killed a lion in the middle of a pit on a snowy day. 21 He Ikilled an Egyptian, IIan impressive man. Now the Egyptian [had] a spear in his hand, but he went down to him with a club and snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22 These [things] aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada did, and had a name as well as the three mighty men. 23 He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his guard.

[20] ILit smote IIOr two lion-like heroes a2S 8:18; 20:23 bJsh 15:21
[21] ILit smote IILit a man of appearance
[22] a2S 23:20

24aAsahel the brother of Joab was among the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25 aShammah the bHarodite, Elika the Harodite, 26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the aTekoite, 27 Abiezer the aAnathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite, 28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the aNetophathite, 29 aHeleb the son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai of bGibeah of the sons of Benjamin, 30 Benaiah a aPirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of bGaash, 31 Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the aBarhumite, 32 Eliahba the aShaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33 aShammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite, 34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of athe Maacathite, bEliam the son of cAhithophel the Gilonite, 35 aHezro the bCarmelite, Paarai the Arbite, 36 Igal the son of Nathan of aZobah, Bani the Gadite, 37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the aBeerothite, armor bearers of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 38 Ira the aIthrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 39 aUriah the Hittite; thirty-seven in all.

[24] a2S 2:18; 1Ch 27:7
[25] a1Ch 11:27 bJg 7:1
[26] a2S 14:2
[27] aJsh 21:18
[28] a2K 25:23
[29] a1Ch 11:30 bJsh 18:28
[30] aJg 12:13, 15 bJsh 24:30
[31] a2S 3:16
[32] aJsh 19:42
[33] a2S 23:11
[34] a2S 10:6, 8; 20:14 b2S 11:3 c2S 15:12
[35] a1Ch 11:37 bJsh 15:55
[36] a2S 8:3
[37] a2S 4:2
[38] a1Ch 2:53
[39] a2S 11:3, 6


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David, in his last words, professeth his faith in God's promises to be beyond sense or experience.

1 ¶ Now these [be] the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, 2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue. 3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God. 4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain. 5 Although my house [be] not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it] not to grow.

[1] Gn 49:1; Dt 33:1; Jsh 23:1; 1S 2:10; 16:12; 2S 7:8; 1Ch 16:4, 7, 9; Ps 2:6; 72:20; 78:70; 89:20; Am 6:5; Lk 20:42; 24:44; Ep 5:19; Col 3:16; Jm 5:13; 2P 1:13.
[2] Mt 22:43; Mk 12:36; Ac 2:25; He 3:7; 2P 1:21.
[3] Gn 33:20; Ex 3:15; 18:21; 19:5; 20:2; 23:6; Dt 16:18; 32:4, 30; 2S 22:2, 32; 2Ch 19:7; Ne 5:14; Ps 42:9; 82:3; 110:2; Pv 31:9; Is 11:4; 32:1; Jr 23:5; Zc 9:9; He 1:8.
[4] Dt 32:2; Jg 5:31; Ps 72:6; 89:36; 110:3; Pv 4:18; Is 4:2; 60:1, 3, 18; Ho 6:3, 5; Mi 5:7; Mal 4:2; Lk 1:78; Jn 1:7.
[5] 1S 2:35; 25:28; 2S 7:14, 18; 12:10; 13:14, 28; 18:14; 1K 1:5; 2:24; 11:6, 38; 12:14; 1Ch 17:11; Ps 27:4; 62:2; 63:1; 73:25; 89:3, 28; 119:81; Is 4:2; 7:14; 9:6; 11:1; 27:6; 55:3; 61:8; Jr 32:40; 33:25; Ezk 37:26; Am 9:11; Ac 13:34; 1Co 3:6; He 6:19; 13:20.

The different state of the wicked.

6 ¶ But [the sons] of Belial [shall be] all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: 7 But the man [that] shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the [same] place.

[6] Gn 3:18; Dt 13:13; 1S 2:12; 2S 20:1; So 2:2; Is 33:12; Ezk 2:6.
[7] 2S 22:8; Is 27:4; Mt 3:10; 13:42; Lk 19:14, 27; Jn 15:6; 2Th 1:8; 2:8; He 6:8.

A catalogue of David's mighty men.

8 ¶ These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. 9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil. 11 And after him [was] Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory. 13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim. 14 And David [was] then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines [was] then [in] Bethlehem. 15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the gate! 16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD. 17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: [is not this] the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men. 18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three. 19 Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the [first] three. 20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear. 22 These [things] did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men. 23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard. 24 Asahel the brother of Joab [was] one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite, 26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, 27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite, 28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, 29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin, 30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash, 31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, 34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite, 36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah, 38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite, 39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.

[8] 1Ch 11:11; 27:2, 32.
[9] Nu 23:7; 1S 17:10, 26, 36, 45; 1Ch 11:12; 27:4; Is 63:3, 5; Mk 14:50.
[10] Jsh 10:10, 42; 11:8; Jg 15:14, 18; 1S 11:13; 14:6, 23; 19:5; 2K 5:1; Ps 68:12; 108:13; 144:10; Is 53:12; Ro 15:18; 2Co 4:5; Ep 6:10.
[11] 1Ch 11:13, 27.
[12] 2S 23:10; Ps 3:8; 44:2; Pv 21:31.
[13] Ex 14:7; Jsh 12:15; 15:35; 1S 22:1; 2S 5:18, 22; 23:8; 1Ch 11:15; 14:9; Is 17:5; Ezk 33:1; Mi 1:15.
[14] 1S 10:5; 13:4, 23; 14:1, 6; 22:1, 4; 24:22; 1Ch 12:16.
[15] Nu 11:4; Ps 42:1; 63:1; 119:81; Is 41:17; 44:3; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37.
[16] Nu 28:7; 1S 7:6; 19:5; 2S 23:9; Lm 2:19; Ac 20:24; Ro 5:7; 2Co 5:14; Php 2:17.
[17] Gn 9:4; 44:17; Lv 17:10; Jg 5:18; 1S 2:30; 26:11; 2S 20:20; 1K 21:3; 1Ch 11:19; Ps 72:14; Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24; Jn 6:52; 1Co 15:30.
[18] 1S 26:6; 2S 2:18; 3:30; 10:10, 14; 18:2; 20:10; 1Ch 2:16; 11:20.
[19] 2S 23:9, 13, 16; 1Ch 11:25; Mt 13:8, 23; 1Co 15:41.
[20] Ex 15:15; Jsh 15:21; Jg 14:5; 1S 17:34; 2S 1:23; 8:18; 20:23; 1K 1:8, 26, 38; 2:29, 46; 1Ch 11:22; 12:8; 18:17; 27:5.
[21] 1S 17:51; 1Ch 11:23; Col 2:15.
[23] 1S 22:14; 2S 8:8; 20:23; 1Ch 27:6.
[24] 2S 2:18; 1Ch 11:26; 27:7.
[25] 1Ch 11:27.
[26] 2S 14:2; 1Ch 11:27, 28; 27:9, 10.
[27] 1Ch 11:19, 28; 27:12.
[28] 1Ch 11:30; 27:13.
[29] 1Ch 11:30, 31; 27:15.
[30] Dt 1:24; Jg 2:9; 12:15; 1Ch 11:31, 32; 27:14.
[31] 1Ch 11:32, 33.
[32] 1Ch 11:34.
[33] 1Ch 11:27, 35.
[34] 2S 11:3; 15:31; 17:23; 1Ch 27:33.
[35] 1Ch 11:37.
[36] 1Ch 11:38.
[37] 1Ch 11:37, 39.
[38] 2S 20:26; 1Ch 2:53; 11:40.
[39] 2S 11:3, 6; 12:9; 24:13; 1K 15:5; 1Ch 11:41; Mt 1:6.


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