The Census Taken
1 aNow bagain° the anger° of the LORD° burned° against Israel°, and it incited° David° against them to say°, “cGo°, number° Israel° and Judah°.” 2 The king° said° to Joab° the commander° of the army° who° was with him, “Go° about° now° through all° the tribes° of Israel°, afrom Dan° to Beersheba°, and Iregister° the people°, that I may know° the number° of the people°.” 3 But Joab° said° to the king°, “aNow may the LORD° your God° add° to the people° a hundred° times° as many as they are, while the eyes° of my lord° the king° [still] see°; but why° does my lord° the king° delight° in this° thing°?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s° word° prevailed° against° Joab° and against° the commanders° of the army°. So Joab° and the commanders° of the army° went° out from the presence° of the king° to Iregister° the people° of Israel°. 5 They crossed° the Jordan° and camped° in aAroer°, on the right° side° of the city° that is in the middle° of the valley° of Gad° and toward° bJazer°. 6 Then they came° to Gilead° and to Ithe land° of Tahtim-hodshi°, and they came° to Dan-jaan° and around° to aSidon°, 7 and came° to the afortress° of Tyre° and to all° the cities° of the bHivites° and of the Canaanites°, and they went° out to the south° of Judah°, [to] cBeersheba°. 8 So when they had gone° about° through the whole° land°, they came° to Jerusalem° at the end° of nine° months° and twenty° days°. 9 And Joab° gave° athe number° of the Iregistration° of the people° to the king°; and there were in Israel° beight° hundred° thousand° valiant° men° who drew° the sword°, and the men° of Judah° were five° hundred° thousand° men°.
 a1Ch 21:1 b2S 21:1, 2 c1Ch 27:23, 24
 ILit muster aJg 20:1; 2S 3:10
 aDt 1:11
 ILit muster
 aDt 2:36; Jsh 13:9, 16 bNu 21:32; 32:35
 IOr Kadesh in the land of the Hittite aJsh 19:28; Jg 1:31
 aJsh 19:29 bJsh 11:3; Jg 3:3 cGn 21:22-33
 ILit muster aNu 1:44-46 b1Ch 21:5
10 ¶ Now aDavid’s° heart° Itroubled° him after°° he had numbered° the people°. So David° said° to the LORD°, “bI have sinned° greatly° in what° I have done°. But now°, O LORD°, please° IItake° away° the iniquity° of Your servant°, for cI have acted° very° foolishly°.” 11 When David° arose° in the morning°, the word° of the LORD° came° to athe prophet° Gad°, David’s° bseer°, saying°, 12 “Go° and speak° to David°, ‘Thus° the LORD° says°, “I am offering° you three° things°; choose° for yourself one° of them, which I will do° to you.”’” 13 So Gad° came° to David° and told° him, and said° to him, “Shall aseven° years° of famine° come° to you in your land°? Or° will you flee° three° months° before° your foes° while they pursue° you? Or shall there be three° days’° pestilence° in your land°? Now° consider° and see° what° answer° I shall return° to Him who sent° me.” 14 Then David° said° to Gad°, “I am in great° distress°. Let us now° fall° into the hand° of the LORD° afor His mercies° are great°, but do not let me fall° into the hand° of man°.”
 ILit smote IILit cause to pass away a1S 24:5 b2S 12:13 c1S 13:13; 2Ch 16:9
 a1S 22:5; 1Ch 29:29 b1S 9:9
 a1Ch 21:12; Ezk 14:21
 aPs 51:1; 130:4, 7
15 ¶ So athe LORD° Isent° a pestilence° upon Israel° from the morning° until° the appointed° time°, and seventy° thousand° men° of the people° bfrom Dan° to Beersheba° died°. 16 aWhen the angel° stretched° out his hand° toward Jerusalem° to destroy° it, bthe LORD° relented° from the calamity° and said° to the angel° who destroyed° the people°, “It is enough°! Now° relax° your hand°!” And the angel° of the LORD° was by the threshing° floor° of Araunah° the Jebusite°. 17 Then David° spoke° to the LORD° when he saw° the angel° who was striking° down° the people°, and said°, “Behold°, ait is I who have sinned°, and it is I who have done° wrong°; but bthese° sheep°, what° have they done°? Please° let Your hand° be against me and against my father’s° house°.”
 ILit gave a1Ch 21:14; 27:24 b2S 24:2
 aEx 12:23; 2K 19:35; Ac 12:23 bEx 32:14; 1S 15:11
 a2S 24:10 b2S 7:8; Ps 74:1
David Builds an Altar
18 ¶ So Gad° came° to David° that day° and said° to him, “aGo° up, erect° an altar° to the LORD° on the threshing° floor° of IAraunah° the Jebusite°.” 19 David° went° up according to the word° of Gad°, just° as the LORD° had commanded°. 20 Araunah° looked° down° and saw° the king° and his servants° crossing° over° toward° him; and Araunah° went° out and bowed° his face° to the ground° before the king°. 21 Then Araunah° said°, “Why° has my lord° the king° come° to his servant°?” And David° said°, “To buy° the threshing° floor° from you, in order to build° an altar° to the LORD°, athat the plague° may be held° back° from the people°.” 22 Araunah° said° to David°, “Let my lord° the king° take° and offer° up what° is good° in his sight°. Look°, athe oxen° for the burnt° offering°, the threshing° sledges° and the yokes° of the oxen° for the wood°. 23 Everything°, O king°, Araunah° gives° to the king°.” And Araunah° said° to the king°, “May the LORD° your God° aaccept° you.” 24 However, the king° said° to Araunah°, “No°, but I will surely° buy° [it] from you for a price°, for aI will not offer° burnt° offerings° to the LORD° my God° Iwhich° cost° me nothing°.” So bDavid° bought° the threshing° floor° and the oxen° for fifty° shekels° of silver°. 25 David° built° there° an altar° to the LORD° and offered° burnt° offerings° and peace° offerings°. aThus the LORD° was moved° by prayer° for the land°, and the plague° was held° back° from Israel°.
 IIn 2Ch 3:1, Ornan a1Ch 21:18
 aNu 16:44-50
 a1S 6:14; 1K 19:21
 aEzk 20:40, 41
 ILit gratuitously aMal 1:13, 14 b1Ch 21:24, 25
 a2S 21:14
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David, tempted by Satan, forceth Joab to number the people.
1 ¶ And againºª the angerº of the LORDº was kindledºª against Israel,º and he movedºª² Davidº against them to say,ºª Go,¹ª² numberºª² Israelº and Judah.º 2 For the kingº saidºª to² Joabº the captainº of the host,º which² [was] with² him, Go² now² through¹ª all² the tribesº of Israel,º from Danº² even to² Beersheba,º and numberºª ye² the people,º that I may knowºª² the numberº of the people.º 3 And Joabº saidºª unto² the king,º Now the LORDº thy Godº addºª unto² the people,º how many soever¹ they be,º an hundredfold,ºº and that the eyesº of my lordº the kingº may seeºª [it]: but why² doth my lordº the kingº delightºª in this² thing?º 4 Notwithstanding the king'sº wordº prevailedºª against² Joab,º and against² the captainsº of the host.º And Joabº and the captainsº of the hostº went outºª from the presenceº of the king,º to numberºª² the peopleº of Israel.º
 Gn 45:5; 50:20; Ex 7:3; 1S 26:19; 2S 12:11; 16:10; 21:1; 1K 22:20; 1Ch 21:1; 27:23; Ezk 14:9; 20:25; Ac 4:28; 2Th 2:11; Jm 1:13.
 Dt 8:13; Jg 20:1; 2S 2:13; 3:10; 8:16; 17:11; 20:23; 23:37; 1Ch 21:2; 2Ch 32:25, 31; Pv 29:23; Jr 17:5; 2Co 12:7.
 2S 10:12; 1Ch 21:3; Ps 115:14; Pv 14:28; Is 60:5.
 Ex 1:17; 1Ch 21:4; Ec 8:4; Ac 5:29.
The captains, in nine months and twenty days, bring the muster of thirteen hundred thousand fighting men.
5 ¶ And they passed overºª² Jordan,º and pitchedºª in Aroer,º on the right sideº of the cityº that² [lieth] in the midstº of the riverº of Gad,º and toward² Jazer:º 6 Then they cameºª to Gilead,º and to² the landº of Tahtimhodshi;º and they cameºª to Danjaan,º and aboutº to² Zidon,º 7 And cameºª to the strong holdº of Tyre,º and to all² the citiesº of the Hivites,º and of the Canaanites:º and they went outºª to² the southº of Judah,º [even] to Beersheba.º 8 So when they had goneºª through all² the land,º they cameºª to Jerusalemº at the endº² of nineº monthsº and twentyº days.º 9 And Joabº gave upºª² the sumº of the numberº of the peopleº unto² the king:º and there were² in Israelº eightº hundredº thousandº valiantº menºª¹ that drewºª the sword;º and the menº of Judahº [were] fiveº hundredº thousandº men.º
 Nu 32:1, 3, 35; Dt 2:36; Jsh 13:9, 16; 1S 30:28; Is 16:8; 17:2.
 Gn 10:15; 31:21, 47; Nu 32:1, 39; Jsh 11:8; 19:28, 47; Jg 18:28, 29.
 Gn 21:31; Jsh 19:29; 2S 24:2.
 1Ch 21:5; 27:23.
David, having three plagues propounded by Gad, repenteth, and chooseth the three days' pestilence.
10 ¶ And David'sº heartº smoteºª him afterº that² he had numberedºª² the people.º And Davidº saidºª unto² the LORD,º I have sinnedºª greatlyº in that² I have done:ºª and now,² I beseech thee,² O LORD,º take awayºª² the iniquityº of thy servant;º for² I have done veryº foolishly.ºª 11 For when Davidº was upºª in the morning,º the wordº of the LORDº came² unto² the prophetº Gad,º David'sº seer,º saying,ºª 12 Goºª and sayºª unto² David,º Thus² saithºª the LORD,º I² offerºª² thee threeº [things]; chooseºª thee oneº of² them, that I may [do² it] unto thee.¹ª 13 So Gadº cameºª to² David,º and toldºª him, and saidºª unto him, Shall sevenº yearsº of famineº comeºª unto thee in thy land?º or² wilt thou fleeºª threeº monthsº beforeº thine enemies,º while they² pursueºª thee? or² that there be² threeº days'º pestilenceº in thy land?º now² advise,ºª and seeºª what² answerº I shall returnºª to him that sentºª me. 14 And Davidº saidºª unto² Gad,º I am in a greatº strait:¹ª² let us fallºª now² into the handº of the LORD;º for² his merciesº [are] great:º and let me not² fallºª into the handº of man.º
 Dt 32:6; 1S 13:13; 24:5; 26:21; 2S 12:13; 1Ch 21:8; 2Ch 16:9; 32:26; Jb 7:21; 33:27; Ps 32:5; Pv 28:13; Ho 14:2; Mi 7:8; Mk 7:22; Jn 1:29; 8:9; Tit 3:3; 1Jn 1:9; 3:20.
 1S 9:9; 22:5; 1Ch 2:19; 29:29.
 Lv 26:41, 43; 2S 12:9, 14; 1Ch 21:10; Jb 5:17; Pv 3:12; He 12:6; Rv 3:19.
 Lv 26:16, 17, 20, 25, 36; Dt 28:22, 25, 27, 35, 52; 2S 21:1; 1K 17:1; 1Ch 21:12; Ps 91:6; Ezk 14:13, 19, 21; Lk 4:25.
 Ex 34:6; 1S 13:6; 2K 6:15; 13:3; 1Ch 21:13; 2Ch 28:5; Ps 51:1; 86:5, 15; 103:8; 106:41; 119:156; 145:9; Pv 12:10; Is 47:6; 55:7; Jna 4:2; Mi 7:18; Zc 1:15; Jn 12:27; Php 1:23.
After the death of threescore and ten thousand, David by repentance preventeth the destruction of Jerusalem.
15 ¶ So the LORDº sentºª a pestilenceº upon Israelº from the morningº even to² the timeº appointed:º and there diedºª of² the peopleº from Danº² even to² Beershebaº seventyº thousandº men.º 16 And when the angelº stretched outºª his handº upon Jerusalemº to destroyºª it, the LORDº repented¹ª him² of² the evil,º and saidºª to the angelº that destroyedºª the people,º It is enough:º stayºª now² thine hand.º And the angelº of the LORDº was² by² the threshingplaceº of Araunahº the Jebusite.º 17 And Davidº spakeºª unto² the LORDº when he sawºª² the angelº that smoteºª the people,º and said,ºª Lo,² I² have sinned,ºª and I² have done wickedly:ºª but these² sheep,º what² have they done?ºª let thine hand,º I pray thee,² be² against me, and against my father'sº house.º
 Nu 16:46; 25:9; 1S 6:19; 2S 24:2; 1Ch 21:14; 27:4; Is 37:36; Mt 24:7; Rv 6:8.
 Gn 6:6; 10:16; Ex 9:28; 12:23; Jsh 15:63; Jg 1:21; 19:11; 1S 15:11; 2S 5:8; 24:18; 1K 19:4; 2K 19:35; 1Ch 21:15; 2Ch 3:1; 32:21; Ps 35:6; 78:38; 90:13; 135:14; Is 27:8; 40:1; 57:16; Jr 18:7; Jol 2:13; Am 7:3, 6; Hab 3:2; Zc 9:7; Mk 14:41; Ac 12:23; 2Co 2:6.
 Gn 44:33; 2S 24:10; 1K 22:17; 1Ch 21:16; Jb 7:20; 42:6; Ps 44:11; 51:2; 74:1; Is 6:5; Ezk 34:2, 23; Zc 13:7; Jn 10:11; 1P 2:24.
David, by Gad's direction, purchaseth Araunah's threshingfloor, where having sacrificed, the plague stayeth.
18 ¶ And Gadº cameºª that² dayº to² David,º and saidºª unto him, Go up,ºª rearºª an altarº unto the LORDº in the threshingfloorº of Araunahº the Jebusite.º 19 And David,º according to the sayingº of Gad,º went upºª as² the LORDº commanded.ºª 20 And Araunahº looked,ºª and sawºª² the kingº and his servantsº coming onºª toward² him: and Araunahº went out,ºª and bowed¹ª himself² before the kingº on his faceº upon the ground.º 21 And Araunahº said,ºª Wherefore² is my lordº the kingº comeºª to² his servant?º And Davidº said,ºª To buyºª² the threshingfloorº of²² thee, to buildºª an altarº unto the LORD,º that the plagueº may be stayedºª from²² the people.º 22 And Araunahº saidºª unto² David,º Let my lordº the kingº takeºª and offer upºª what [seemeth] goodº unto him:º behold,ºª [here be] oxenº for burnt sacrifice,º and threshing instrumentsº and [other] instrumentsº of the oxenº for wood.º 23 All² these [things] did Araunah,º [as] a king,º giveºª unto² the king.º And Araunahº saidºª unto the king,º The LORDº thy Godº acceptºª thee. 24 And the kingº saidºª unto² Araunah,º Nay;² but² I will surely¹ª buyºª [it] of²² thee at a price:º neither² will I offerºª burnt offeringsº unto the LORDº my Godº of that which² doth cost me nothing.º So Davidº boughtºª² the threshingfloorº and the oxenº for fiftyº shekelsº of silver.º 25 And Davidº builtºª there² an altarº unto the LORD,º and offeredºª burnt offeringsº and peace offerings.º So the LORDº was intreatedºª for the land,º and the plagueº was stayedºª from²² Israel.º
 2S 24:11, 16; 1Ch 21:18.
 Gn 6:22; 1Ch 21:19; 2Ch 20:20; 36:16; Ne 9:26; He 11:8.
 Gn 18:2; Ru 2:10; 2S 9:8; 1Ch 21:20.
 Gn 23:8; Nu 16:47; 25:8; 2S 21:3; 24:3, 18; 1Ch 21:22; Ps 106:30; Jr 32:6.
 Gn 23:11; 1S 6:14; 1K 19:21; 1Ch 21:22.
 Jb 42:8; Ps 20:3; 45:16; Is 32:8; 60:7; Ezk 20:40; Ho 8:13; Ro 15:30; 1Ti 2:1; 1P 2:5.
 Gn 23:13; 1Ch 21:24, 25; 22:1; Mal 1:12; Ro 12:17.
 Gn 8:20; 22:9; 1S 7:9, 17; 2S 21:14; 24:14; 1Ch 21:26; Lm 3:32.
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