NASB — 2 Samuel 17 — KJV

Hushai’s Counsel

1 Furthermore, Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Please let me choose 12,000 men that I may arise and pursue David tonight. 2 aI will come upon him while he is weary and Iexhausted and terrify him, so that all the people who are with him will flee. Then bI will strike down the king alone, 3 and I will bring back all the people to you. IThe return of everyone depends on the man you seek; [then] all the people will be at apeace.” 4 So the Iplan pleased Absalom and all the elders of Israel.

[2] ILit slack of hands a2S 16:14 b1K 22:31
[3] ILit Like the return of the whole is the man whom you seek aJr 6:14
[4] ILit word was pleasing in the sight of

5 ¶ Then Absalom said, “Now call aHushai the Archite also, and let us hear what Ihe has to say.” 6 When Hushai had come to Absalom, Absalom said to Ihim, “Ahithophel has spoken IIthus. Shall we IIIcarry out his plan? If not, you speak.” 7 So Hushai said to Absalom, “aThis time the advice that Ahithophel has Igiven is not good.” 8 Moreover, Hushai said, “You know your father and his men, that they are mighty men and they are Ifierce, alike a bear robbed of her cubs in the field. And your father is an IIexpert in warfare, and will not spend the night with the people. 9 Behold, he has now hidden himself in one of the Icaves or in another place; and it will be IIwhen he falls on them at the first attack, that whoever hears [it] will say, ‘There has been a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom.’ 10 And even the one who is valiant, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, awill completely Ilose heart; for all Israel knows that your father is a mighty man and those who are with him are valiant men. 11 But I counsel that all Israel be surely gathered to you, afrom Dan even to Beersheba, bas the sand that is by the sea in abundance, and that Iyou personally go into battle. 12 So we shall come to him in one of the places where he can be found, and we will Ifall on him aas the dew falls on the ground; and of him and of all the men who are with him, not even one will be left. 13 If he withdraws into a city, then all Israel shall bring ropes to that city, and we will adrag it into the Ivalley until not even a small stone is found there.” 14 Then Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel.” For athe LORD had ordained to thwart the good counsel of Ahithophel, so that the LORD might bring calamity on Absalom.

[5] ILit is in his mouth—even he a2S 15:32-34
[6] ILit him, saying IILit according to this word IIILit do his word
[7] ILit advised a2S 16:21
[8] ILit bitter of soul IILit man of war aHo 13:8
[9] ILit pits IILit according to a falling among them
[10] ILit melt aJsh 2:9-11
[11] ILit your face go a1S 3:20 bGn 22:17; 1S 13:5
[12] ILit settle down aPs 110:3; Mi 5:7
[13] IOr wadi aMi 1:6
[14] a2S 15:31, 34; Ps 9:15, 16

Hushai’s Warning Saves David

15 ¶ Then aHushai said to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, “IThis is what Ahithophel counseled Absalom and the elders of Israel, and Ithis is what I have counseled. 16 Now therefore, send quickly and tell David, saying, ‘aDo not spend the night at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means cross over, or else the king and all the people who are with him will be Idestroyed.’” 17 aNow Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying at bEn-rogel, and a maidservant would go and tell them, and they would go and tell King David, for they could not be seen entering the city. 18 But a lad did see them and told Absalom; so the two of them departed quickly and came to the house of a man ain Bahurim, who had a well in his courtyard, and they went down Iinto it. 19 And athe woman Itook a covering and spread it over the well’s mouth and scattered grain on it, so that nothing was known. 20 Then Absalom’s servants came to the woman at the house and said, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?” And athe woman said to them, “They have crossed the brook of water.” And when they searched and could not find [them], they returned to Jerusalem.

[15] ILit Thus and thus a2S 15:35, 36
[16] ILit swallowed up a2S 15:28
[17] a2S 15:27, 36 bJsh 15:7; 18:16
[18] ILit there a2S 3:16; 16:5
[19] ILit took and spread the covering aJsh 2:4-6
[20] aLv 19:11; Jsh 2:3-5; 1S 19:12-17

21 ¶ It came about after they had departed that they came up out of the well and went and told King David; and they said to David, “aArise and cross over the water quickly for thus Ahithophel has counseled against you.” 22 Then David and all the people who [were] with him arose and crossed the Jordan; and by Idawn not even one remained who had not crossed the Jordan.

[21] a2S 17:15, 16
[22] ILit the light of the morning

23 ¶ Now when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not Ifollowed, he IIsaddled [his] donkey and arose and went to his home, to ahis city, and IIIbset his house in order, and cstrangled himself; thus he died and was buried in the grave of his father.

[23] ILit done IILit bound IIILit gave charge to a2S 15:12 b2K 20:1 cMt 27:5

24 ¶ Then David came to aMahanaim. And Absalom crossed the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him. 25 Absalom set aAmasa over the army in place of Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man whose name was IIthra the Israelite, who went in to Abigail the daughter of bNahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab’s mother. 26 And Israel and Absalom camped in the land of Gilead.

[24] aGn 32:2, 10; 2S 2:8
[25] IIn 1Ch 2:17, Jether the Ishmaelite a2S 19:13; 20:9-12; 1K 2:5, 32 b1Ch 2:16

27 ¶ Now when David had come to Mahanaim, Shobi athe son of Nahash from bRabbah of the sons of Ammon, cMachir the son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and dBarzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim, 28 brought abeds, basins, pottery, wheat, barley, flour, parched [grain], beans, lentils, parched [seeds], 29 honey, curds, sheep, and cheese of the herd, for David and for the people who [were] with him, ato eat; for they said, “The people are hungry and weary and thirsty in the wilderness.”

[27] a1S 11:1; 2S 10:1, 2 b2S 12:26, 29 c2S 9:4 d2S 19:31-39; 1K 2:7
[28] aPv 11:25; Mt 5:7
[29] a2S 16:2, 14; Pv 21:26; Ec 11:1; Ro 12:13


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Ahithophel's counsel is overthrown by Hushsai's, according to God's appointment.

1 ¶ Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: 2 And I will come upon him while he [is] weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that [are] with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only: 3 And I will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest [is] as if all returned: [so] all the people shall be in peace. 4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel. 5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith. 6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do [after] his saying? if not; speak thou. 7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given [is] not good at this time. 8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they [be] mighty men, and they [be] chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father [is] a man of war, and will not lodge with the people. 9 Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some [other] place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom. 10 And he also [that is] valiant, whose heart [is] as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father [is] a mighty man, and [they] which [be] with him [are] valiant men. 11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that [is] by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person. 12 So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that [are] with him there shall not be left so much as one. 13 Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there. 14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite [is] better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.

[1] Ps 3:3; 4:8; 109:2; Pv 1:16; 4:16; Is 59:7.
[2] Dt 25:18; 2S 16:14; 1K 22:31; Zc 13:7; Mt 21:38; 26:31; Jn 11:50; 18:4.
[3] 2S 3:21; Is 48:22; 57:21; 1Th 5:3.
[4] 1S 18:20; 23:21; 2Ch 30:4; Es 1:21; 5:14; Ro 1:32.
[5] 2S 15:32; 16:16.
[6] 2S 17:6.
[7] Pv 31:8.
[8] Jg 18:25; 1S 16:18; 17:34, 50; 23:23; 2S 15:18; 21:18; 23:8, 16, 18, 20; 2K 2:24; 1Ch 11:25; Pv 17:12; 28:15; Dn 7:5; Ho 13:8; He 11:32.
[9] Jsh 7:5; 8:6; Jg 20:32, 33; 1S 14:14; 22:1; 24:3.
[10] Gn 49:9; Ex 15:15; Nu 24:8; Dt 1:28; Jsh 2:9; 1S 18:17; 2S 1:23; 23:20; Pv 28:1; So 3:7; Is 13:7; 19:1; He 11:34.
[11] Gn 13:16; 22:17; Jsh 11:4; Jg 20:1; 2S 12:28; 24:2; 1K 4:20; 20:10; Ps 7:15; 9:16.
[12] 1S 23:23; 1K 20:10; 2K 18:23; 19:24; Is 10:13; Ob 1:3.
[13] Mt 24:2.
[14] Gn 32:28; Ex 9:16; Dt 2:30; 2S 15:31, 34; 16:23; 2Ch 25:16, 20; Jb 5:12; Ps 33:9; Pv 19:21; 21:30; Is 8:10; Lm 3:37; Am 9:3; Lk 16:8; 1Co 1:19; 3:19.

Secret intelligence is sent unto David.

15 ¶ Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled. 16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that [are] with him. 17 Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David. 18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down. 19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known. 20 And when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where [is] Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find [them], they returned to Jerusalem. 21 And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you. 22 Then David arose, and all the people that [were] with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.

[15] 2S 15:35.
[16] 1S 20:38; 2S 15:14, 28; 17:21; 20:19; Ps 35:25; 55:8; 56:2; 57:3; Pv 6:4; Mt 24:16; 1Co 15:54; 2Co 5:4.
[17] Jsh 2:4; 15:7; 18:16; 2S 15:27, 36; 1K 1:9.
[18] 2S 3:16; 16:5; 19:16.
[19] Ex 1:19; Jsh 2:4, 5.
[20] Ex 1:19; Jsh 2:4, 22; 1S 19:14; 21:2; 27:11; 2S 15:34.
[21] 2S 17:1, 15.
[22] Nu 31:49; 2S 17:24; Pv 27:12; Mt 10:16; Jn 18:9.

Ahithophel hangeth himself.

23 ¶ And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled [his] ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father. 24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

[23] 1S 31:4; 2S 15:12, 31; 1K 16:18; 2K 20:1; Jb 31:3; Ps 5:10; 55:23; Pv 16:18; 19:3; Mt 27:5.
[24] Gn 32:2; Jsh 13:26; 2S 2:8.

Amasa is made captain.

25 ¶ And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother. 26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.

[25] 2S 19:13; 20:4, 9; 1Ch 2:13, 16.
[26] Nu 32:1; Dt 3:15; Jsh 17:1.

David at Mahanaim is furnished with provision.

27 ¶ And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, 28 Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched [corn], and beans, and lentiles, and parched [pulse], 29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that [were] with him, to eat: for they said, The people [is] hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.

[27] 1S 11:1; 2S 9:4; 10:1; 12:29; 19:31; 1K 2:7; Ezr 2:61.
[28] 1S 25:18; 2S 16:1; Is 32:8; Ob 1:3.
[29] Jg 8:4; 1S 17:18; 2S 16:2, 14; 17:2; Ps 34:8; 84:11; Ec 11:1; Is 21:14; 58:7; Lk 8:3; Php 4:15.


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