NASB — Esther 1 — KJV

The Banquets of the King

1 Now it took place in the days of aAhasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned bfrom India to IEthiopia over c127 provinces, 2 in those days as King Ahasuerus asat on his royal throne which [was] at the citadel in bSusa, 3 in the third year of his reign ahe gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army [officers] of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence. 4 IAnd he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days.

[1] ILit Cush aEzr 4:6; Dn 9:1 bEs 8:9 cEs 9:30
[2] a1K 1:46 bNe 1:1; Dn 8:2
[3] aEs 2:18
[4] ILit When

5 ¶ When these days were completed, the king gave a banquet lasting seven days for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa, from the greatest to the least, in the court of athe garden of the king’s palace. 6 [There were hangings of] fine white and violet linen held by cords of fine purple linen on silver rings and marble columns, [and] acouches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and precious stones. 7 Drinks were served in golden vessels of various kinds, and the royal wine was plentiful aaccording to the king’s Ibounty. 8 The drinking was [done] according to the law, there was no compulsion, for so the king had given orders to each official of his household that he should do according to the desires of each person. 9 Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the Ipalace which belonged to King Ahasuerus.

[5] aEs 7:7, 8
[6] aEzk 23:41; Am 6:4
[7] ILit hand aEs 2:18
[9] ILit royal house

Queen Vashti’s Refusal

10 ¶ On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was amerry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus, 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king with [her] royal acrown in order to display her beauty to the people and the princes, for she was beautiful. 12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.

[10] aJg 16:25
[11] aEs 2:17; 6:8

13 ¶ Then the king said to athe wise men bwho understood the times—for it was the custom of the king so [to speak] before all who knew law and justice 14 and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media awho Ihad access to the king’s presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom15 “According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she did not Iobey the command of King Ahasuerus [delivered] by the eunuchs?” 16 In the presence of the king and the princes, Memucan said, “Queen Vashti has wronged not only the king but [also] all the princes and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17 For the queen’s conduct will Ibecome known to all the women causing them IIto look with contempt on their husbands by saying, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought in to his presence, but she did not come.’ 18 This day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s conduct will speak in [the same way] to all the king’s princes, and there will be plenty of contempt and anger. 19 If it pleases the king, let a royal Iedict be issued by him and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media so athat it cannot IIbe repealed, that Vashti may no longer come into the presence of King Ahasuerus, and let the king give her royal position to IIIanother who is more worthy than she. 20 When the king’s edict which he will make is heard throughout all his kingdom, Igreat as it is, then aall women will give honor to their husbands, great and small.”

[13] aJr 10:7; Dn 2:2 b1Ch 12:32
[14] ILit saw the face of the king a2K 25:19; Mt 18:10
[15] ILit do
[17] ILit go forth IILit to despise...in their eyes
[19] ILit word go forth from IILit pass away IIILit her neighbor aEs 8:8; Dn 6:8
[20] ILit for great is it aEp 5:22; Col 3:18

21 ¶ [This] word pleased the king and the princes, and the king did Ias Memucan proposed. 22 So he sent letters to all the king’s provinces, ato each province according to its script and to every people according to their language, that every man should bbe the master in his own house and the one who speaks in the language of his own people.

[21] ILit according to the word of
[22] aEs 3:12; 8:9 bEp 5:22-24


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Ahasuerus maketh royal feasts.

1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this [is] Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, [over] an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:) 2 [That] in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which [was] in Shushan the palace, 3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, [being] before him: 4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, [even] an hundred and fourscore days. 5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace; 6 [Where were] white, green, and blue, [hangings], fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds [were of] gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble. 7 And they gave [them] drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king. 8 And the drinking [was] according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure. 9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women [in] the royal house which [belonged] to king Ahasuerus.

[1] Ezr 4:6; 6:14; Es 8:9; Is 18:1; 37:9; Dn 6:1; 9:1.
[2] 2S 7:1; 1K 1:46; Ne 1:1; Es 2:3; 3:15; 4:16; 9:12; Dn 4:4; 8:2.
[3] Gn 40:20; 1K 3:15; Ezr 1:2; Es 1:14; 2:18; Is 21:2; Jr 51:11; Dn 3:2; 5:1, 28; 6:1, 6; 8:20; Mk 6:21.
[4] 1Ch 29:11, 25; Jb 40:10; Ps 21:5; 45:3; 76:1; 93:1; 145:5, 12; Is 39:2; Ezk 28:5; Dn 2:37; 4:30, 36; 5:18; 7:9; Mt 4:8; 6:13; Ro 9:23; Ep 1:18; Col 1:27; 2P 1:16; Rv 4:11.
[5] 2Ch 7:8; 30:21.
[6] Ex 26:1, 31, 36; Es 7:8; 8:15; Ezk 23:41; Am 2:8; 6:4.
[7] 1K 10:21; 2Ch 9:20; Dn 5:2.
[8] Jr 35:8; 51:7; Hab 2:15; Jn 2:8.
[9] Es 5:4, 8.

Vashti, sent for, refuseth to come.

10 ¶ On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king, 11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she [was] fair to look on. 12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by [his] chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

[10] Gn 43:34; Jg 16:25; 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; Es 7:9; Pv 20:1; Ec 7:2; 10:19; Dn 1:3, 18; Ep 5:18.
[11] 1S 25:3; 2S 14:25; Pv 16:9; 23:29; 31:30; Mk 6:21.
[12] Gn 3:16; Ex 32:19, 22; Dt 29:20; Ps 74:1; 79:5; Pv 19:12; 20:2; Dn 2:12; 3:13, 19; Na 1:6; Ep 5:22, 24; 1P 3:1; Rv 6:16.

Ahasuerus, by the counsel of Memucan, maketh the decree of man's sovereignty.

13 ¶ Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so [was] the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment: 14 And the next unto him [was] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, [and] which sat the first in the kingdom;) 15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains? 16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that [are] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. 17 For [this] deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. 18 [Likewise] shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus [shall there arise] too much contempt and wrath. 19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she. 20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. 21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan: 22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that [it] should be published according to the language of every people.

[13] 1Ch 12:32; Jr 10:7; Dn 2:2, 12, 27; 4:6; 5:7; Mt 2:1; 16:3.
[14] 2K 25:19; Ezr 7:14; Mt 18:10; Rv 22:4.
[15] Es 6:6.
[16] Ac 18:14; 25:10; 1Co 6:7.
[17] 2S 6:16; Ep 5:33.
[18] Jg 5:29; 1K 11:3.
[19] 1S 15:28; 1K 3:28; Es 1:21; 3:9; 8:5, 8; Dn 6:8, 17.
[20] Dt 17:13; 21:21; Ep 5:33; Col 3:18; 1P 3:1.
[21] Gn 41:37; Es 1:19; 2:4.
[22] Es 3:12; 8:9; Dn 3:29; 4:1; Lk 16:8; Ac 2:5; 1Co 14:19; Ep 5:22; 1Ti 2:12; Tit 2:4.


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