NASB — Esther 8 — KJV

Mordecai Promoted

1 On that day King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, athe enemy of the Jews, to Queen Esther; and Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had disclosed bwhat he was to her. 2 aThe king took off his signet ring which he had taken away from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.

[1] aEs 7:6 bEs 2:7, 15
[2] aEs 3:10

3 ¶ Then Esther spoke again to the king, fell at his feet, wept and implored him to avert the evil [scheme] of Haman the Agagite and his plot which he had devised against the Jews. 4 aThe king extended the golden scepter to Esther. So Esther arose and stood before the king. 5 Then she said, “aIf it pleases the king and if I have found favor before him and the matter [seems] proper to the king and I am pleasing in his sight, let it be written to revoke the bletters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who are in all the king’s provinces. 6 For ahow can I endure to see the calamity which will befall my people, and how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?” 7 So King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, “Behold, aI have given the house of Haman to Esther, and him they have hanged on the gallows because he had stretched out his hands against the Jews.

[4] aEs 4:11; 5:2
[5] aEs 5:8; 7:3 bEs 3:13
[6] aEs 7:4; 9:1
[7] aEs 8:1

The King’s Decree Avenges the Jews

8 Now you write to the Jews Ias you see fit, in the king’s name, and aseal [it] with the king’s signet ring; for a decree which is written in the name of the king and sealed with the king’s signet ring bmay not be revoked.”

[8] ILit according to the good in your eyes aEs 3:12; 8:10 bEs 1:19

9aSo the king’s scribes were called at that time in the third month (that is, the month Sivan), on the twenty-third Iday; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews, the satraps, the governors and the princes of the provinces which [extended] bfrom India to IIEthiopia, 127 provinces, to cevery province according to its script, and to every people according to their language as well as to the Jews according to their script and their language. 10 He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king’s signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on ahorses, riding on steeds sired by the royal stud. 11 IIn them the king granted the Jews who were in each and every city [the right] ato assemble and to defend their lives, bto destroy, to kill and to annihilate the entire army of any people or province which might attack them, including children and women, and cto plunder their spoil, 12 on aone day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar). 13 aA copy of the edict to be Iissued as law in each and every province was published to all the peoples, so that the Jews would be ready for this day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14 The couriers, hastened and impelled by the king’s command, went out, riding on the royal steeds; and the decree was given out at the citadel in Susa.

[9] ILit in it IILit Cush aEs 3:12 bEs 1:1 cEs 1:22; 3:12
[10] a1K 4:28
[11] ILit Which aEs 9:2 bEs 3:13 cEs 9:10
[12] aEs 3:13; 9:1
[13] ILit given aEs 3:14

15 ¶ Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king ain royal robes of Iblue and white, with a large crown of gold and ba garment of fine linen and purple; and cthe city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. 16 For the Jews there was alight and gladness and joy and honor. 17 In each and every province and in each and every city, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree arrived, there was gladness and joy for the Jews, a feast and a Iaholiday. And bmany among the peoples of the land became Jews, for the dread of the Jews had fallen on them.

[15] IOr violet aEs 5:11 bGn 41:42 cEs 3:15
[16] aPs 97:11; 112:4
[17] ILit good day aEs 9:19 bEs 9:27


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Mordecai is advanced.

1 ¶ On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he [was] unto her. 2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.

[1] Es 1:14; 2:7, 15; Jb 27:16; Ps 39:6; 49:6; Pv 13:22; 28:8; Ec 2:18; Lk 12:20.
[2] Gn 41:42; 2S 9:7; Es 3:10; Ps 37:34; Ec 2:18, 19; 5:13; Is 22:19; Dn 2:48; Lk 15:22.

Esther maketh suit to reverse Haman's letters.

3 ¶ And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews. 4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king, 5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and the thing [seem] right before the king, and I [be] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which [are] in all the king's provinces: 6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?

[3] 1S 25:24; 2K 4:27; Es 3:8; 7:4; Is 38:2; Ho 12:4; He 5:7.
[4] Es 4:11; 5:2.
[5] Ex 33:13, 16; 1S 20:29; Es 2:4, 17; 3:12; 7:3.
[6] Gn 44:34; Ne 2:3; Es 7:4; Jr 4:19; 9:1; Lk 19:41; Ro 9:2; 10:1.

Ahasuerus granteth to the Jews to defend themselves.

7 ¶ Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews. 8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal [it] with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse. 9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth [day] thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language. 10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed [it] with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, [and] riders on mules, camels, [and] young dromedaries: 11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey, 12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, [namely], upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which [is] the month Adar. 13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province [was] published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14 [So] the posts that rode upon mules [and] camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.

[7] Es 7:10; 8:1; Pv 13:22; Ga 3:13.
[8] 1K 21:8; Es 1:19; 3:12; 8:5; Dn 6:8, 12; 2Ti 2:19; He 6:17.
[9] 2K 18:26; Es 1:1, 22; 3:12; Dn 4:1; 6:1; 1Co 14:9.
[10] 1K 21:8; 2Ch 30:6; Es 3:13; Jb 9:25; Ec 8:4; Is 60:6; 66:20; Jr 2:23; 51:21; Dn 4:1.
[11] Es 3:13; 9:2, 10, 15; Ps 37:14; 68:3; 137:8; 146:6; Is 10:6; Ezk 39:10.
[12] Ex 15:9; Jg 1:6; Es 3:13; 9:1.
[13] Jg 16:28; Ps 37:14; 68:23; 92:10; 149:6; Lk 18:7; Rv 6:10.
[14] 1S 21:8; Ne 1:1; Es 1:2; 2:3; 3:15; Ec 9:10; Dn 8:2.

Mordecai's honour, and the Jews' joy.

15 ¶ And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. 16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour. 17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

[15] Gn 41:42; Ex 25:4; 39:27; Es 1:6; 3:15; 5:1; 6:8, 11; Pv 29:2; Mt 6:29; 11:8; Lk 16:19.
[16] Es 4:1, 16; 9:17; Ps 18:28; 30:5; 97:11; Pv 4:18; 11:10; Is 30:29; 35:10.
[17] Gn 35:5; Ex 15:16; Dt 2:25; 11:25; 1S 25:8; Ne 8:10; Es 9:2, 17, 19, 22; Ps 18:43; Zc 8:20.


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