NASB — Jeremiah 51 — KJV

Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel

1 Thus says the LORD:
  “Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon
  And against the inhabitants of ILeb-kamai
  IIThe aspirit of a destroyer.
  2 “I will dispatch Iforeigners to Babylon that they may awinnow her
  And may devastate her land;
  For on every side they will be opposed to her
  In the day of [her] calamity.
  3ILet not IIhim who IIIabends his bow IIIbend [it],
  INor let him rise up in his bscale-armor;
  So do not spare her young men;
  Devote all her army to destruction.
  4 “They will fall down Islain in the land of the Chaldeans,
  And apierced through in their streets.”

[1] ICryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against Me IIOr a destroying wind aJr 4:11, 12; 23:19; Ho 13:15
[2] ISome versions read winnowers aIs 41:16; Jr 15:7; Mt 3:12
[3] IM.T. reads Against him who III.e. the Chaldean defender IIILit tread(s) (in order to string) aJr 50:14, 29 bJr 46:4
[4] IOr wounded aIs 13:15; 14:19; Jr 49:26; 50:30, 37

  5 ¶ For aneither Israel nor Judah has been Iforsaken
  By his God, the LORD of hosts,
  Although their land is bfull of guilt
  IIBefore the Holy One of Israel.
  6 aFlee from the midst of Babylon,
  And each of you save his life!
  Do not be Ibdestroyed in her IIpunishment,
  For this is the cLORDS time of vengeance;
  He is going to drender recompense to her.
  7 Babylon has been a golden acup in the hand of the LORD,
  Intoxicating all the earth.
  The bnations have drunk of her wine;
  Therefore the nations are cgoing mad.
  8 Suddenly aBabylon has fallen and been broken;
  bWail over her!
  cBring Ibalm for her pain;
  Perhaps she may be healed.
  9 We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;
  Forsake her and alet us each go to his own country,
  For her judgment has breached to heaven
  And Itowers up to the very skies.
  10 The LORD has abrought Iabout our vindication;
  Come and let us brecount in Zion
  The work of the LORD our God!

[5] ILit widowed IILit From aIs 54:7, 8; Jr 33:24-26 bHo 4:1, 2
[6] IOr silenced or made lifeless IIOr penalty for iniquity aJr 50:8, 28; Rv 18:4 bNu 16:26 cJr 50:15 dJr 25:14
[7] aJr 25:15; Hab 2:16; Rv 14:8; 17:4 bRv 14:8; 18:3 cJr 25:16
[8] IOr balsam resin aIs 21:9; Jr 50:2; Rv 14:8; 18:2 bIs 13:6; Rv 18:9 cJr 46:11
[9] ILit is lifted aIs 13:14; Jr 46:16; 50:16 bEzr 9:6; Rv 18:5
[10] ILit forth aPs 37:6; Mi 7:9 bIs 40:2; Jr 50:28

  11aSharpen the arrows, fill the quivers!
  The LORD has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,
  Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;
  For it is the bvengeance of the LORD, vengeance for His temple.
  12 aLift up a Isignal against the walls of Babylon;
  Post a strong guard,
  Station IIsentries,
  Place men in ambush!
  For the LORD has both bpurposed and performed
  What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
  13 O you who adwell by many waters,
  Abundant in btreasures,
  Your end has come,
  The Imeasure of your IIcend.
  14 The aLORD of hosts has sworn by Himself:
  “Surely I will fill you with a Ipopulation like blocusts,
  And they will cry out with IIshouts of victory over you.”

[11] aJr 46:4, 9; Jol 3:9, 10 bJr 50:28
[12] IOr standard IIOr watchmen aIs 13:2; Jr 50:2; 51:27 bJr 4:28; 23:20; 51:29
[13] ILit cubit IILit being cut off aRv 17:1 bIs 45:3 cIs 57:17; Hab 2:9-11
[14] IOr mankind III.e. like the song of grape treaders aJr 49:13 bJr 51:27; Na 3:15

  15 ¶ [It is] aHe who made the earth by His power,
  Who established the world by His wisdom,
  And by His understanding He bstretched out the heavens.
  16 When He utters His avoice, [there is] a tumult of waters in the heavens,
  And He causes the bclouds to ascend from the end of the earth;
  He makes lightning for the rain
  And brings forth the cwind from His storehouses.
  17 aAll mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
  Every goldsmith is put to shame by his Iidols,
  For his molten images are bdeceitful,
  And there is no breath in them.
  18 They are aworthless, a work of mockery;
  In the time of their punishment they will perish.
  19 The aportion of Jacob is not like these;
  For the IMaker of all is He,
  And of the IItribe of His inheritance;
  The bLORD of hosts is His name.
  20 [He says], “You are My Iawar-club, [My] weapon of war;
  And with you I bshatter nations,
  And with you I destroy kingdoms.
  21 “With you I ashatter the horse and his rider,
  And with you I shatter the bchariot and its rider,
  22 And with you I shatter aman and woman,
  And with you I shatter old man and byouth,
  And with you I shatter young man and virgin,
  23 And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,
  And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,
  And with you I shatter governors and prefects.

[15] aGn 1:1; Jr 10:12-16; 51:15-19 bJb 9:8; Ps 146:5, 6; Jr 32:17; Ac 14:15; Ro 1:20
[16] aJb 37:2-6; Ps 18:13 bPs 135:7; Jr 10:13 cJna 1:4
[17] IOr graven images aIs 44:18-20; Jr 10:14 bHab 2:18, 19
[18] aJr 18:15
[19] ILit Fashioner IIOr Scepter; cf Nu 24:17 aPs 73:26; Jr 10:16 bJr 50:34
[20] ILit shatterer aIs 10:5; 41:15, 16; Jr 50:23 bIs 8:9; 41:15, 16; Mi 4:12, 13
[21] aEx 15:1 bEx 15:4; Is 43:17
[22] a2Ch 36:17; Is 13:15, 16 bIs 13:18

24 ¶ “But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of aChaldea for ball their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the LORD.
  25 “Behold, aI am against you, bO destroying mountain,
  Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the LORD,
  “And I will stretch out My hand against you,
  And roll you down from the crags,
  And I will make you a cburnt out mountain.
  26 “They will not take from you [even] a stone for a corner
  Nor a stone for foundations,
  But you will be adesolate forever,” declares the LORD.

[24] aJr 50:10 bJr 50:15, 29
[25] aJr 50:31 bIs 13:2; Zc 4:7 cRv 8:8
[26] aIs 13:19-22; Jr 50:13; 51:29

  27aLift up a Isignal in the land,
  Blow a trumpet among the nations!
  Consecrate the nations against her,
  Summon against her the bkingdoms of cArarat, Minni and dAshkenaz;
  Appoint a marshal against her,
  Bring up the ehorses like bristly locusts.
  28 Consecrate the nations against her,
  The kings of the Medes,
  ITheir governors and all Itheir IIprefects,
  And every land of IIItheir dominion.
  29 So the aland quakes and writhes,
  For the purposes of the LORD against Babylon stand,
  To make the land of Babylon
  IA bdesolation without inhabitants.
  30 The amighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
  They stay in the strongholds;
  bTheir strength is Iexhausted,
  They are becoming b[like] women;
  Their dwelling places are set on fire,
  The cbars of her [gates] are broken.
  31 One Iacourier runs to meet Ianother,
  And one IIbmessenger to meet IIanother,
  To tell the king of Babylon
  That his city has been captured from end [to end];
  32 The fords also have been seized,
  And they have burned the marshes with fire,
  And the men of war are terrified.

[27] IOr standard aIs 13:2-5; 18:3; Jr 50:2; 51:12 bJr 50:3, 9 cGn 8:4; 2K 19:37; Is 37:38 dGn 10:3 eJr 50:42
[28] ILit Her III.e. lieutenant governors IIILit his
[29] IOr An object of horror aJr 8:16; 10:10; 50:46; Am 8:8 bIs 13:19, 20; 47:11; Jr 50:13; 51:26, 43
[30] ILit dried up aPs 76:5; Jr 50:15, 36, 37 bIs 13:7, 8; Na 3:13 cIs 45:1, 2; Lm 2:9; Am 1:5; Na 3:13
[31] ILit runner IILit announcer a2Ch 30:6 b2S 18:19-31

33 ¶ For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:
  “The daughter of Babylon is like a athreshing floor
  At the time Iit is stamped firm;
  Yet in a little while the time of bharvest will come for her.”

[33] ILit of treading it aIs 21:10; 41:15, 16; Mi 4:13 bIs 17:5; Ho 6:11; Jol 3:13; Rv 14:15

  34 ¶ “Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has adevoured me [and] crushed me,
  He has set me down [like] an bempty vessel;
  He has cswallowed me like a monster,
  He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;
  He has washed me away.
  35 “May the aviolence [done] to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,”
  The Iinhabitant of Zion will say;
  And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
  Jerusalem will say.
36 Therefore thus says the LORD,
  “Behold, I am going to aplead your case
  And bexact full vengeance for you;
  And cI will dry up her Isea
  And make her fountain dry.
  37aBabylon will become a heap [of ruins], a haunt of jackals,
  An bobject of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.
  38 “They will roar together like ayoung lions,
  They will growl like lions’ cubs.
  39 “When they become heated up, I will serve [them] their banquet
  And amake them drunk, that they may become jubilant
  And may bsleep a perpetual sleep
  And not wake up,” declares the LORD.
  40 “I will bring them down like Ilambs ato the slaughter,
  Like rams together with male goats.

[34] aJr 50:17 bIs 24:1-3 cJb 20:15; Jr 51:44
[35] ILit inhabitress aPs 137:8
[36] IOr broad river aPs 140:12 bJr 51:6, 11; Ro 12:19 cJr 50:38
[37] aRv 18:2 bJr 25:9
[38] aJr 2:15
[39] aJr 25:27; 48:26; 51:57 bPs 76:5
[40] IOr young rams aJr 48:15; 50:27

  41 ¶ “How IaSheshak has been captured,
  And bthe praise of the whole earth been seized!
  How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
  42 “The Iasea has come up over Babylon;
  She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
  43 “Her cities have become an aobject of horror,
  A parched land and a desert,
  A land in which bno man lives
  And through which no son of man passes.
  44aI will punish Bel in Babylon,
  And I will make what he has swallowed bcome out of his mouth;
  And the nations will no longer cstream to him.
  Even the dwall of Babylon has fallen down!

[41] ICryptic name for Babylon aJr 25:26 bJr 49:25
[42] IOr broad river aIs 8:7, 8; Jr 51:55; Dn 9:26
[43] aJr 50:12 bIs 13:20; Jr 2:6
[44] aIs 46:1; Jr 50:2 bEzr 1:7, 8 cIs 2:2 dJr 50:15; 51:58

  45 ¶ “aCome forth from her midst, My people,
  And each of you bsave yourselves
  From the fierce anger of the LORD.
  46 “Now aso that your heart does not grow faint,
  And you are not afraid at the breport that [will be] heard in the land
  For the report will come Ione year,
  And after that IIanother report in IIanother year,
  And violence [will be] in the land
  With cruler against ruler
  47 Therefore behold, days are coming
  When I will punish the aidols of Babylon;
  And her whole land will be bput to shame
  And all her slain will fall in her midst.
  48 “Then aheaven and earth and all that is in them
  Will shout for joy over Babylon,
  For bthe destroyers will come to her from the north,”
  Declares the LORD.

[45] aIs 48:20; Jr 50:8, 28; 51:6; Rv 18:4 bGn 19:12-16; Ac 2:40
[46] ILit in the IILit the aIs 43:5; Jr 46:27, 28 b2K 19:7; Is 13:3-5 cIs 19:2
[47] aIs 21:9; 46:1, 2; Jr 50:2; 51:52 bJr 50:12, 35-37
[48] aIs 44:23; 48:20; 49:13; Rv 18:20 bJr 50:3

  49aIndeed Babylon is to fall [for] the slain of Israel,
  [As] also for Babylon bthe slain of all the earth have fallen.
  50 You awho have escaped the sword,
  Depart! Do not stay!
  bRemember the LORD from afar,
  And let Jerusalem Icome to your mind.
  51 aWe are ashamed because we have heard reproach;
  Disgrace has covered our faces,
  For baliens have entered
  The holy places of the LORDS house.

[49] aPs 137:8; Jr 50:29 bRv 18:24
[50] ILit come upon your heart aJr 44:28 bDt 4:29-31; Ps 137:6
[51] aPs 44:15 bPs 74:3-8; Lm 1:10

  52 ¶ “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the LORD,
  “When I will punish her aidols,
  And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.
  53 “Though Babylon should aascend to the heavens,
  And though she should fortify Iher lofty stronghold,
  From bMe destroyers will come to her,” declares the LORD.

[52] aJr 50:38
[53] ILit the height of her strength aGn 11:4; Jb 20:6; Ps 139:8-10; Is 14:12-14; Jr 49:16; Am 9:2; Ob 4 bIs 13:3

  54 ¶ The asound of an outcry from Babylon,
  And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!
  55 For the LORD is going to destroy Babylon,
  And He will make [her] loud Inoise vanish from her.
  And their awaves will roar like many waters;
  The tumult of their voices IIsounds forth.
  56 For the adestroyer is coming against her, against Babylon,
  And her mighty men will be captured,
  Their bbows are shattered;
  For the LORD is a God of crecompense,
  He will fully repay.
  57 “I will amake her princes and her wise men drunk,
  Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,
  That they may sleep a bperpetual sleep and not wake up,”
  cDeclares the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
58 Thus says the LORD of hosts,
  “The broad awall of Babylon will be completely razed
  And her high bgates will be set on fire;
  So the peoples will ctoil for nothing,
  And the nations become dexhausted [only] for fire.”

[54] aJr 48:3-5; 50:22, 46
[55] IOr voice IILit is given aPs 18:4; 69:2; 124:2, 4, 5; Jr 51:42
[56] aJr 51:48, 53; Hab 2:8 bPs 46:9; 76:3 cDt 32:35; Ps 94:1, 2; Jr 51:6, 24
[57] aJr 25:27 bPs 76:5, 6 cJr 46:18; 48:15
[58] aJr 50:15 bIs 45:1, 2 cHab 2:13 dJr 9:5; 51:64; Lm 5:5

59 ¶ The Imessage which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of aNeriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with bZedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.) 60 So Jeremiah awrote in a single Iscroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, [that is], all these words which have been written concerning Babylon. 61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62 and say, ‘You, O LORD, have Ipromised concerning this place to acut it off, so that there will be bnothing dwelling in it, IIwhether man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.’ 63 And as soon as you finish reading this Iscroll, you will tie a stone to it and athrow it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64 and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and anot rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become bexhausted.’” cThus far are the words of Jeremiah.

[59] ILit word aJr 32:12; 36:4; 45:1 bJr 28:1; 52:1
[60] IOr book aIs 30:8; Jr 30:2, 3; 36:2, 4, 32
[62] ILit spoken IILit from man even to beast aIs 13:19-22; 14:22, 23; Jr 50:3, 13, 39, 40 bJr 51:43; Ezk 35:9
[63] IOr book aJr 19:10, 11; Rv 18:21
[64] aNa 1:8, 9 bJr 51:58 cJb 31:40; Ps 72:20


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The severe judgment of God against Babylon in revenge of Israel.

1 ¶ Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me, a destroying wind; 2 And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about. 3 Against [him that] bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against [him that] lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host. 4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and [they that are] thrust through in her streets. 5 For Israel [hath] not [been] forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel. 6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity; for this [is] the time of the LORD'S vengeance; he will render unto her a recompence. 7 Babylon [hath been] a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad. 8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed. 9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up [even] to the skies. 10 The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God. 11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device [is] against Babylon, to destroy it; because it [is] the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple. 12 Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon. 13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness. 14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself, [saying], Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillers; and they shall lift up a shout against thee. 15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding. 16 When he uttereth [his] voice, [there is] a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures. 17 Every man is brutish by [his] knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image [is] falsehood, and [there is] no breath in them. 18 They [are] vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish. 19 The portion of Jacob [is] not like them; for he [is] the former of all things: and [Israel is] the rod of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts [is] his name. 20 Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; 21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider; 22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid; 23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers. 24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD. 25 Behold, I [am] against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. 26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD. 27 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers. 28 Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion. 29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant. 30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken. 31 One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at [one] end, 32 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. 33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon [is] like a threshingfloor, [it is] time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come. 34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out. 35 The violence done to me and to my flesh [be] upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say. 36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry. 37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant. 38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps. 39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD. 40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats. 41 How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations! 42 The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof. 43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth [any] son of man pass thereby. 44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall. 45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD. 46 And lest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumour that shall be heard in the land; a rumour shall both come [one] year, and after that in [another] year [shall come] a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler. 47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her. 48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that [is] therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD. 49 As Babylon [hath caused] the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth. 50 Ye that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still: remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind. 51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house. 52 Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images: and through all her land the wounded shall groan. 53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, [yet] from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD. 54 A sound of a cry [cometh] from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans: 55 Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon,